ParameterBuilder Класс

Определение

Создает или связывает сведения о параметрах.Creates or associates parameter information.

public ref class ParameterBuilder
public ref class ParameterBuilder : System::Runtime::InteropServices::_ParameterBuilder
public class ParameterBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
public class ParameterBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._ParameterBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ParameterBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._ParameterBuilder
type ParameterBuilder = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)>]
type ParameterBuilder = class
    interface _ParameterBuilder
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type ParameterBuilder = class
    interface _ParameterBuilder
Public Class ParameterBuilder
Public Class ParameterBuilder
Implements _ParameterBuilder
Наследование
ParameterBuilder
Атрибуты
Реализации

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как создать динамический метод с параметром, передаваемым по ссылке с помощью ParameterBuilder .The following example demonstrates how to create a dynamic method with a parameter passed by reference using ParameterBuilder.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;
Type^ BuildCustomerDataType()
{
   AppDomain^ myDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyDynamicAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = myDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyMod" );
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "CustomerData", TypeAttributes::Public );
   FieldBuilder^ customerNameBldr = myTypeBuilder->DefineField( "customerName", String::typeid, FieldAttributes::Private );
   FieldBuilder^ acctIDBldr = myTypeBuilder->DefineField( "acctID", String::typeid, FieldAttributes::Private );
   FieldBuilder^ balanceAmtBldr = myTypeBuilder->DefineField( "balanceAmt", double::typeid, FieldAttributes::Private );
   array<Type^>^temp0 = {String::typeid,String::typeid,double::typeid};
   ConstructorBuilder^ myCtorBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineConstructor( MethodAttributes::Public, CallingConventions::HasThis, temp0 );
   ILGenerator^ ctorIL = myCtorBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   Type^ objType = Type::GetType( "System.Object" );
   ConstructorInfo^ objCtor = objType->GetConstructor( gcnew array<Type^>(0) );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Call, objCtor );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_1 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Stfld, customerNameBldr );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_2 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Stfld, acctIDBldr );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_3 );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Stfld, balanceAmtBldr );
   ctorIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   
   // This method will take an amount from a static pool and add it to the balance.
   // Note that we are passing the first parameter, fundsPool, by reference. Therefore,
   // we need to inform the MethodBuilder to expect a ref, by declaring the first
   // parameter's type to be System::Double& (a reference to a double).
   array<Type^>^temp4 = {Type::GetType( "System.Double&" ),double::typeid};
   MethodBuilder^ myMthdBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "AddFundsFromPool", MethodAttributes::Public, double::typeid, temp4 );
   ParameterBuilder^ poolRefBuilder = myMthdBuilder->DefineParameter( 1, ParameterAttributes::Out, "fundsPool" );
   ParameterBuilder^ amountFromPoolBuilder = myMthdBuilder->DefineParameter( 2, ParameterAttributes::In, "amountFromPool" );
   ILGenerator^ mthdIL = myMthdBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_1 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_1 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldind_R8 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_2 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Sub );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Stind_R8 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_2 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Add );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Stfld, balanceAmtBldr );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr );
   mthdIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ custType = nullptr;
   Object^ custObj = nullptr;
   array<Type^>^custArgTypes = {String::typeid,String::typeid,double::typeid};
   
   // Call the method to build our dynamic class.
   custType = BuildCustomerDataType();
   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   ConstructorInfo^ myCustCtor = custType->GetConstructor( custArgTypes );
   double initialBalance = 100.00;
   array<Object^>^temp5 = {"Joe Consumer","5678-XYZ",initialBalance};
   custObj = myCustCtor->Invoke( temp5 );
   array<MemberInfo^>^myMemberInfo = custType->GetMember( "AddFundsFromPool" );
   double thePool = 1000.00;
   Console::WriteLine( "The pool is currently ${0}", thePool );
   Console::WriteLine( "The original balance of the account instance is ${0}", initialBalance );
   double amountFromPool = 50.00;
   Console::WriteLine( "The amount to be subtracted from the pool and added to the account is ${0}", amountFromPool );
   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Calling {0} ...", myMemberInfo[ 0 ] );
   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   array<Object^>^passMe = {thePool,amountFromPool};
   Console::WriteLine( "The new balance in the account instance is ${0}", custType->InvokeMember( "AddFundsFromPool", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, custObj, passMe ) );
   thePool = safe_cast<double>(passMe[ 0 ]);
   Console::WriteLine( "The new amount in the pool is ${0}", thePool );
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

class ParamBuilderDemo

{

   public static Type BuildCustomerDataType()
   {

    AppDomain myDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName,
                        AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyMod");

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("CustomerData",
                        TypeAttributes.Public);

    FieldBuilder customerNameBldr = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("customerName",
                            typeof(string),
                            FieldAttributes.Private);
    FieldBuilder acctIDBldr = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("acctID",
                            typeof(string),
                            FieldAttributes.Private);
    FieldBuilder balanceAmtBldr = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("balanceAmt",
                            typeof(double),
                            FieldAttributes.Private);
                                
    ConstructorBuilder myCtorBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineConstructor(
                            MethodAttributes.Public,
                            CallingConventions.HasThis,
                            new Type[] { typeof(string),
                                     typeof(string),
                                     typeof(double) });

    ILGenerator ctorIL = myCtorBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    Type objType = Type.GetType("System.Object");
        ConstructorInfo objCtor = objType.GetConstructor(new Type[] {});

    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Call, objCtor);

    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, customerNameBldr);

    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, acctIDBldr);

    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_3);
    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, balanceAmtBldr);

    ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    // This method will take an amount from a static pool and add it to the balance.

    // Note that we are passing the first parameter, fundsPool, by reference. Therefore,
    // we need to inform the MethodBuilder to expect a ref, by declaring the first
    // parameter's type to be System.Double& (a reference to a double).

    MethodBuilder myMthdBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("AddFundsFromPool",
                        MethodAttributes.Public,
                        typeof(double),
                        new Type[] { Type.GetType("System.Double&"),
                                 typeof(double) });

    ParameterBuilder poolRefBuilder = myMthdBuilder.DefineParameter(1,
                        ParameterAttributes.Out,
                        "fundsPool");

    ParameterBuilder amountFromPoolBuilder = myMthdBuilder.DefineParameter(2,
                        ParameterAttributes.In,
                            "amountFromPool");

    ILGenerator mthdIL = myMthdBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldind_R8);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Sub);

    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stind_R8);

    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Add);

    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, balanceAmtBldr);

    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr);
    mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
   }

   public static void Main()
   {
    Type custType = null;
    object custObj = null;

    Type[] custArgTypes = new Type[] {typeof(string), typeof(string), typeof(double)};
    
    // Call the method to build our dynamic class.

    custType = BuildCustomerDataType();

    Console.WriteLine("---");

    ConstructorInfo myCustCtor = custType.GetConstructor(custArgTypes);
    double initialBalance = 100.00;
    custObj = myCustCtor.Invoke(new object[] { "Joe Consumer",
                           "5678-XYZ",
                           initialBalance });

    MemberInfo[] myMemberInfo = custType.GetMember("AddFundsFromPool");

    double thePool = 1000.00;
    Console.WriteLine("The pool is currently ${0}", thePool);
    Console.WriteLine("The original balance of the account instance is ${0}",
                            initialBalance);

    double amountFromPool = 50.00;
    Console.WriteLine("The amount to be subtracted from the pool and added " +
              "to the account is ${0}", amountFromPool);
    
    Console.WriteLine("---");
    Console.WriteLine("Calling {0} ...", myMemberInfo[0].ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("---");

    object[] passMe = new object[] { thePool, amountFromPool };
    Console.WriteLine("The new balance in the account instance is ${0}",
                    custType.InvokeMember("AddFundsFromPool",
                    BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
                    null, custObj, passMe));
    thePool = (double)passMe[0];
    Console.WriteLine("The new amount in the pool is ${0}", thePool);
   }
}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _

Class ParamBuilderDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildCustomerDataType() As Type
      
      Dim myDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                        AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyMod")
      
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("CustomerData", TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim customerNameBldr As FieldBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("customerName", _
                                GetType(String), _
                                FieldAttributes.Private)
      Dim acctIDBldr As FieldBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("acctID", _
                                GetType(String), _
                                FieldAttributes.Private)
      Dim balanceAmtBldr As FieldBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineField("balanceAmt", _
                                GetType(Double), _
                                FieldAttributes.Private)
      
      Dim myCtorBuilder As ConstructorBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineConstructor(MethodAttributes.Public, _
                                CallingConventions.HasThis, _
                                New Type() {GetType(String), _
                                        GetType(String), _
                                        GetType(Double)})
      
      
      Dim ctorIL As ILGenerator = myCtorBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      Dim objType As Type = Type.GetType("System.Object")
      Dim objCtor As ConstructorInfo = objType.GetConstructor(New Type(){})
      
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Call, objCtor)
      
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, customerNameBldr)
      
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, acctIDBldr)
      
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_3)
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, balanceAmtBldr)
      
      ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      ' This method will take an amount from a static pool and add it to the balance.
      ' Note that we are passing the first parameter, fundsPool, by reference. Therefore,
      ' we need to inform the MethodBuilder to expect a ref, by declaring the first
      ' parameter's type to be System.Double& (a reference to a double).

      Dim myMthdBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("AddFundsFromPool", _
                                MethodAttributes.Public, _
                                GetType(Double), _
                                New Type() {Type.GetType("System.Double&"), _
                                         GetType(Double)})
      
      Dim poolRefBuilder As ParameterBuilder = myMthdBuilder.DefineParameter(1, _
                            ParameterAttributes.Out, "fundsPool")
      
      Dim amountFromPoolBuilder As ParameterBuilder = myMthdBuilder.DefineParameter(2, _
                            ParameterAttributes.In, "amountFromPool")
      
      Dim mthdIL As ILGenerator = myMthdBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldind_R8)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Sub)
      
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stind_R8)
      
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Add)
      
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, balanceAmtBldr)
      
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, balanceAmtBldr)
      mthdIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildCustomerDataType
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim custType As Type = Nothing
      Dim custObj As Object = Nothing
      
      Dim custArgTypes() As Type = {GetType(String), GetType(String), GetType(Double)}
      
      ' Call the method to build our dynamic class.
      custType = BuildCustomerDataType()
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Dim myCustCtor As ConstructorInfo = custType.GetConstructor(custArgTypes)
      Dim initialBalance As Double = 100.0
      custObj = myCustCtor.Invoke(New Object() {"Joe Consumer", "5678-XYZ", initialBalance})
      
      Dim myMemberInfo As MemberInfo() = custType.GetMember("AddFundsFromPool")
      
      
      Dim thePool As Double = 1000.0
      Console.WriteLine("The pool is currently ${0}", thePool)
      Console.WriteLine("The original balance of the account instance is ${0}", initialBalance)
      
      Dim amountFromPool As Double = 50.0
      Console.WriteLine("The amount to be subtracted from the pool and added " & _
            "to the account is ${0}", amountFromPool)
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      Console.WriteLine("Calling {0} ...", myMemberInfo(0).ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Dim passMe() As Object = {thePool, amountFromPool}
      Console.WriteLine("The new balance in the account instance is ${0}", _
                custType.InvokeMember("AddFundsFromPool", _
                BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, Nothing, custObj, passMe))
      thePool = CDbl(passMe(0))
      Console.WriteLine("The new amount in the pool is ${0}", thePool)

   End Sub

End Class

Комментарии

Атрибуты параметров должны соответствовать сигнатуре метода.Parameter attributes need to consistent with the method signature. Если Out для параметра заданы атрибуты, следует убедиться, что этот параметр метода имеет ByRef тип.If you specify Out attributes for a parameter, you should ensure that the type of that method parameter is a ByRef type.

ParameterBuilderДля некоторых атрибутов необходимо вызывать с помощью допустимых DefineMethod параметров, чтобы язык MSIL мог правильно работать во время выполнения.Some ParameterBuilder attributes require that you call DefineMethod with viable parameters in order for the Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) to work correctly at runtime. Например, если определить ParameterBuilder с помощью параметераттрибутес. out для параметра 1 MethodBuilder , то параметр 1 из MethodBuilder должен быть ссылкой, например Type. GetType ("system. String&"), а не Type. GetType ("System. String").For example, if you define a ParameterBuilder with ParameterAttributes.Out for parameter 1 of a MethodBuilder, then parameter 1 of MethodBuilder must be a reference such as Type.GetType("System.String&"), rather than Type.GetType("System.String").

Свойства

Attributes

Извлекает атрибуты данного параметра.Retrieves the attributes for this parameter.

IsIn

Сообщает, является ли данный параметр входным.Retrieves whether this is an input parameter.

IsOptional

Сообщает, является ли данный параметр необязательным.Retrieves whether this parameter is optional.

IsOut

Сообщает, является ли данный параметр выходным.Retrieves whether this parameter is an output parameter.

Name

Извлекает имя данного параметра.Retrieves the name of this parameter.

Position

Извлекает позицию подписи для данного параметра.Retrieves the signature position for this parameter.

Методы

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли указанный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetToken()

Извлекает токен данного параметра.Retrieves the token for this parameter.

GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
SetConstant(Object)

Устанавливает значение, присваиваемое параметру по умолчанию.Sets the default value of the parameter.

SetCustomAttribute(ConstructorInfo, Byte[])

Задает настраиваемый атрибут с помощью большого двоичного объекта настраиваемых атрибутов.Set a custom attribute using a specified custom attribute blob.

SetCustomAttribute(CustomAttributeBuilder)

Задает настраиваемый атрибут с помощью построителя настраиваемых атрибутов.Set a custom attribute using a custom attribute builder.

SetMarshal(UnmanagedMarshal)
Является устаревшей.
Является устаревшей.

Задает маршалинг для данного параметра.Specifies the marshaling for this parameter.

ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)

Явные реализации интерфейса

_ParameterBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Сопоставляет набор имен соответствующему набору идентификаторов диспетчеризации.Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

_ParameterBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Возвращает сведения о типе объекта, которые затем могут использоваться для получения сведений о типе интерфейса.Retrieves the type information for an object, which can then be used to get the type information for an interface.

_ParameterBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Возвращает количество предоставляемых объектом интерфейсов для доступа к сведениям о типе (0 или 1).Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

_ParameterBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Предоставляет доступ к открытым свойствам и методам объекта.Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

Применяется к