ExceptionHandlingClause Класс

Определение

Представляет предложение в структурированном блоке обработки исключений.Represents a clause in a structured exception-handling block.

public ref class ExceptionHandlingClause
public ref class ExceptionHandlingClause sealed
public class ExceptionHandlingClause
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public sealed class ExceptionHandlingClause
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ExceptionHandlingClause
type ExceptionHandlingClause = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type ExceptionHandlingClause = class
Public Class ExceptionHandlingClause
Public NotInheritable Class ExceptionHandlingClause
Наследование
ExceptionHandlingClause
Атрибуты

Примеры

В следующем примере кода определяется метод теста с именем MethodBodyExample и отображаются сведения о его локальной переменной и предложениях по обработке исключений.The following code example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information and exception-handling clauses. MethodBase.GetMethodBodyМетод используется для получения MethodBody объекта для метода теста.The MethodBase.GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. ExceptionHandlingClausesСвойство используется для получения списка ExceptionHandlingClause объектов и вывода их свойств.The ExceptionHandlingClauses property is used to obtain a list of ExceptionHandlingClause objects and display their properties.

Вы можете использовать Ildasm.exe, чтобы изучить код MSIL для примера скомпилированного кода, чтобы увидеть, как выполняется вычисление смещений и длин.You can use Ildasm.exe to examine the MSIL for the compiled code example, to see how the offsets and lengths are calculated.

Этот код является частью более крупного примера, расположенного в MethodBody разделе класс.This code is part of a larger example located in the MethodBody class topic.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}",
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}",
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console::WriteLine();
for each(ExceptionHandlingClause^ exhc in mb->ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console::WriteLine(exhc->Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    // Filter or Finally clauses. 
    switch(exhc->Flags)
    {
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Filter:
        Console::WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", 
            exhc->FilterOffset);
        break;
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Finally:
        break;
    default:
        Console::WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", 
            exhc->CatchType);
        break;
    }

    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}",
        exhc->HandlerLength);
    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", 
        exhc->HandlerOffset);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", exhc->TryLength);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", exhc->TryOffset);
}

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (ExceptionHandlingClause ehc in mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for
    // Filter or Finally clauses.
    switch (ehc.Flags)
    {
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter:
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}",
                ehc.FilterOffset);
            break;
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally:
            break;
        default:
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}",
                ehc.CatchType);
            break;
    }

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength);
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset);
}

' Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each ehc As ExceptionHandlingClause In mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString())

    ' The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    ' clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    ' Filter or Finally clauses. 
    Select Case ehc.Flags
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", _
                ehc.FilterOffset)
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally
        Case Else
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", _
                ehc.CatchType)
    End Select

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength)
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }
        }

        // This filter clause selects only exceptions that derive
        // from the ArgumentException class.
        // Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself,
        // are not handled by this filter clause.
        catch (ArgumentException ex) when (ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(ArgumentException)))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType());
        }

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}",
                ex.GetType());
        }
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.ArgumentException
//       Handler Length: 29
//       Handler Offset: 78
//     Try Block Length: 65
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 13
//       Handler Offset: 113
//     Try Block Length: 100
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//
//Filter
//      Filter Offset: 71
//      Handler Length: 23
//      Handler Offset: 116
//      Try Block Length: 61
//      Try Block Offset: 10
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.Exception
//       Handler Length: 21
//       Handler Offset: 70
//     Try Block Length: 61
//     Try Block Offset: 9
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 14
//       Handler Offset: 94
//     Try Block Length: 85
//     Try Block Offset: 9
'
'Filter
'        Filter Offset: 0
'       Handler Length: 19
'       Handler Offset: 99
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Clause
'    Type of exception: System.Exception
'       Handler Length: 25
'       Handler Offset: 118
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Finally
'       Handler Length: 13
'       Handler Offset: 153
'     Try Block Length: 144
'     Try Block Offset: 9

Комментарии

ExceptionHandlingClauseКласс предоставляет сведения о предложениях в try ... catch ...finallyThe ExceptionHandlingClause class provides information about the clauses in a trycatchfinally блок ( Try ... Catch ...Finallyblock (TryCatchFinally в Visual Basic).in Visual Basic). Чтобы получить список предложений обработки исключений в методе, получите объект MethodInfo , представляющий метод.To get a list of exception-handling clauses in a method, obtain a MethodInfo that represents the method. Используйте GetMethodBody метод для получения MethodBody объекта, а затем используйте ExceptionHandlingClauses свойство для получения списка предложений.Use the GetMethodBody method to obtain a MethodBody object, and then use the ExceptionHandlingClauses property to get the list of clauses.

Примечание

Работа с предложениями обработки исключений требует глубокого понимания метаданных и форматов инструкций языка MSIL.Working with exception-handling clauses requires a thorough understanding of metadata and Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) instruction formats. Сведения можно найти в документации по Common Language Infrastructure (CLI), особенно "Partition II: определение метаданных и семантика" и "Partition III: набор инструкций CIL".Information can be found in the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) documentation, especially "Partition II: Metadata Definition and Semantics" and "Partition III: CIL Instruction Set". Документация доступна в Интернете; см. страницы ECMAC# и стандарты Common Language Infrastructure на сайте MSDN и Стандарт ECMA-335 — общеязыковая инфраструктура (CLI) на международном веб-сайте организации ECMA.The documentation is available online; see ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards on MSDN and Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) on the Ecma International Web site.

Конструкторы

ExceptionHandlingClause()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса ExceptionHandlingClause.Initializes a new instance of the ExceptionHandlingClause class.

Свойства

CatchType

Возвращает тип исключения, обрабатываемого этим предложением.Gets the type of exception handled by this clause.

FilterOffset

Возвращает смещение в теле метода в байтах для предоставленного пользователем кода фильтра.Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of the user-supplied filter code.

Flags

Возвращает значение, указывающее, является ли это предложение обработки ошибок предложением "finally", предложением фильтра по типу или предложением фильтра по пользователю.Gets a value indicating whether this exception-handling clause is a finally clause, a type-filtered clause, or a user-filtered clause.

HandlerLength

Возвращает длину тела этого предложения обработки исключений в байтах.Gets the length, in bytes, of the body of this exception-handling clause.

HandlerOffset

Возвращает смещение в теле метода этого предложения обработки исключений в байтах.Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of this exception-handling clause.

TryLength

Общая длина блока "try", содержащего это предложение обработки исключений, в байтах.The total length, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

TryOffset

Смещение в методе блока "try", содержащего это предложение обработки исключений, в байтах.The offset within the method, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

Методы

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли указанный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
ToString()

Строковое представление предложения обработки исключений.A string representation of the exception-handling clause.

Применяется к

См. также раздел