String.IsInterned(String) String.IsInterned(String) String.IsInterned(String) String.IsInterned(String) Method

Определение

Извлекает ссылку на указанный объект String.Retrieves a reference to a specified String.

public:
 static System::String ^ IsInterned(System::String ^ str);
public static string IsInterned (string str);
static member IsInterned : string -> string
Public Shared Function IsInterned (str As String) As String

Параметры

str
String String String String

Строка для поиска в пуле интернирования.The string to search for in the intern pool.

Возвраты

Ссылка на значение str, если оно находится в пуле интернирования среды CLR; в противном случае — значение null.A reference to str if it is in the common language runtime intern pool; otherwise, null.

Исключения

Свойство str имеет значение null.str is null.

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, что строки литерала автоматически интернированы компилятором.The following example demonstrates that literal strings are interned automatically by the compiler.

// Sample for String::IsInterned(String)
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Runtime::CompilerServices;

// In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
// avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
// to the native image cache.
[assembly:CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations::NoStringInterning)];
void Test( int sequence, String^ str )
{
   Console::Write( "{0} The string '", sequence );
   String^ strInterned = String::IsInterned( str );
   if ( strInterned == nullptr )
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}' is not interned.", str );
   else
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}' is interned.", strInterned );
}

int main()
{
   
   // String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
   String^ str1 = "abcd";
   
   // Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
   String^ str2 = (gcnew StringBuilder)->Append( "wx" )->Append( "yz" )->ToString();
   Console::WriteLine();
   Test( 1, str1 );
   Test( 2, str2 );
}

//This example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

//If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
//example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

// Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

// In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
// avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
// to the native image cache.
[assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)]
class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
        String str1 = "abcd";

        // Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
        String str2 = new StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString();
        Console.WriteLine();
        Test(1, str1);
        Test(2, str2);
    }

    public static void Test(int sequence, String str)
    {
        Console.Write("{0}) The string, '", sequence);
        String strInterned = String.IsInterned(str);
        if (strInterned == null)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is not interned.", str);
        else
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is interned.", strInterned);
    }
}

//This example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

//If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
//example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

' Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

' In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
' avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
' to the native image cache.
<Assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)> 
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
        Dim str1 As [String] = "abcd"

        ' Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
        Dim str2 As [String] = New StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString()
        Console.WriteLine()
        Test(1, str1)
        Test(2, str2)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Test(ByVal sequence As Integer, ByVal str As [String])
        Console.Write("{0}) The string, '", sequence)
        Dim strInterned As [String] = [String].IsInterned(str)
        If strInterned Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is not interned.", str)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is interned.", strInterned)
        End If
    End Sub
End Class 'Sample '

'This example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

'If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
'example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

Комментарии

Среда CLR автоматически поддерживает таблицу, называемую пулом интернирования, которая содержит единственный экземпляр каждой уникальной константы строкового литерала, объявленной в программе, а также любой уникальный экземпляр String , добавляемый программным путем вызова метода Intern метод.The common language runtime automatically maintains a table, called the intern pool, which contains a single instance of each unique literal string constant declared in a program, as well as any unique instance of String you add programmatically by calling the Intern method.

Пул интернирования экономит хранилище строк.The intern pool conserves string storage. Если литеральная строковая константа присваивается нескольким переменным, каждая переменная задается как ссылка на одну и ту же константу в пуле интернирования String , а не на несколько разных экземпляров, имеющих одинаковые значения.If you assign a literal string constant to several variables, each variable is set to reference the same constant in the intern pool instead of referencing several different instances of String that have identical values.

Этот метод выполняет поиск str в пуле интернирования.This method looks up str in the intern pool. Если str уже был интернирован, возвращается ссылка на этот экземпляр; null в противном случае возвращается значение.If str has already been interned, a reference to that instance is returned; otherwise, null is returned.

Сравните этот метод с Intern методом.Compare this method to the Intern method.

Этот метод не возвращает логическое значение.This method does not return a Boolean value. При вызове метода, так как требуется логическое значение, указывающее, является ли конкретная строка интернированной, можно использовать следующий код.If you call the method because you want a Boolean value that indicates whether a particular string is interned, you can use code such as the following.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string str1 = "a";
      string str2 = str1 + "b";
      string str3 = str2 + "c";
      string[] strings = { "value", "part1" + "_" + "part2", str3, 
                           String.Empty, null };
      foreach (var value in strings) {
         if (value == null) continue;
         
         bool interned = String.IsInterned(value) != null;
         if (interned)
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is in the string intern pool.", 
                              value);
         else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the string intern pool.",
                              value);                      
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       'value' is in the string intern pool.
//       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
//       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
//       '' is in the string intern pool.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim str1 As String = "a"
      Dim str2 As String = str1 + "b"
      Dim str3 As String = str2 + "c"
      Dim strings() As String = { "value", "part1" + "_" + "part2", str3, 
                                  String.Empty, Nothing }
      For Each value In strings
         If value Is Nothing Then Continue For
         
         Dim interned As Boolean = (String.IsInterned(value) IsNot Nothing)
         If interned Then
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is in the string intern pool.", 
                              value)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the string intern pool.",
                              value)                      
         End If
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       'value' is in the string intern pool.
'       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
'       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
'       '' is in the string intern pool.

Примечание

Начиная с версии .NET Framework 2,0, можно переопределить использование пула интернирования при использовании Ngen. exe (генератор образов в машинном кодах) для установки сборки в кэш образов в машинном кодах на локальном компьютере.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, you can override the use of the intern pool when you use the Ngen.exe (Native Image Generator) to install an assembly to the native image cache on a local computer. Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе "рекомендации по производительности" раздела " Intern примечания" для свойства.For more information, see Performance Considerations in the Remarks section for the Intern property.

Применяется к

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