Encoding.BigEndianUnicode Свойство

Определение

Получает кодировку для формата UTF-16 с обратным порядком байтов.Gets an encoding for the UTF-16 format that uses the big endian byte order.

public:
 static property System::Text::Encoding ^ BigEndianUnicode { System::Text::Encoding ^ get(); };
public static System.Text.Encoding BigEndianUnicode { get; }
member this.BigEndianUnicode : System.Text.Encoding
Public Shared ReadOnly Property BigEndianUnicode As Encoding

Значение свойства

Объект кодировки для формата UTF-16 с обратным порядком байтов.An encoding object for the UTF-16 format that uses the big endian byte order.

Примеры

В следующем примере выполняется чтение текстового файла с кодировкой UTF-16 с обратным порядком байтов.The following example reads a text file with a UTF-16 encoding using the big endian byte order.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   // Read a text file saved with Big Endian Unicode encoding.
   System::Text::Encoding^ encoding = System::Text::Encoding::BigEndianUnicode;
   StreamReader^ reader = gcnew StreamReader( "TextFile.txt",encoding );
   String^ line = reader->ReadLine();
   while ( line != nullptr )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( line );
      line = reader->ReadLine();
   }
}

using System;
using System.IO;

namespace BigEndianExample
{
   public class Class1 
   {
      public static void Main(string[] args) 
      {
         // Read a text file saved with Big Endian Unicode encoding.
         System.Text.Encoding encoding = System.Text.Encoding.BigEndianUnicode;
         StreamReader reader = new StreamReader("TextFile.txt", encoding);
         string line = reader.ReadLine();
         while (line != null) 
         {
            Console.WriteLine(line);
            line = reader.ReadLine();
         }
       }
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Namespace BigEndianExample
   Public Class Class1
      Public Overloads Shared Sub Main()
         ' Read a text file saved with Big Endian Unicode encoding.
         Dim encoding As System.Text.Encoding = System.Text.Encoding.BigEndianUnicode
         Dim reader As New StreamReader("TextFile.txt", encoding)
         Dim line As String = reader.ReadLine()
         While Not (line Is Nothing)
            Console.WriteLine(line)
            line = reader.ReadLine()
         End While
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace

В следующем примере определяется число байтов, необходимое для кодирования массива символов, символы кодируются и выводятся полученные байты.The following example determines the number of bytes required to encode a character array, encodes the characters, and displays the resulting bytes.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
void PrintCountsAndBytes( array<Char>^chars, Encoding^ enc );
void PrintHexBytes( array<Byte>^bytes );
int main()
{
   
   // The characters to encode:
   //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
   //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
   //    Combining Breve (U+0306)
   //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
   //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
   //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
   //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
   array<Char>^myChars = gcnew array<Char>{
      L'z','a',L'\u0306',L'\u01FD',L'\u03B2',L'\xD8FF',L'\xDCFF'
   };
   
   // Get different encodings.
   Encoding^ u7 = Encoding::UTF7;
   Encoding^ u8 = Encoding::UTF8;
   Encoding^ u16LE = Encoding::Unicode;
   Encoding^ u16BE = Encoding::BigEndianUnicode;
   Encoding^ u32 = Encoding::UTF32;
   
   // Encode the entire array, and print out the counts and the resulting bytes.
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u7 );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u8 );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u16LE );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u16BE );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u32 );
}

void PrintCountsAndBytes( array<Char>^chars, Encoding^ enc )
{
   
   // Display the name of the encoding used.
   Console::Write( "{0,-30} :", enc );
   
   // Display the exact byte count.
   int iBC = enc->GetByteCount( chars );
   Console::Write( " {0,-3}", iBC );
   
   // Display the maximum byte count.
   int iMBC = enc->GetMaxByteCount( chars->Length );
   Console::Write( " {0,-3} :", iMBC );
   
   // Encode the array of chars.
   array<Byte>^bytes = enc->GetBytes( chars );
   
   // Display all the encoded bytes.
   PrintHexBytes( bytes );
}

void PrintHexBytes( array<Byte>^bytes )
{
   if ( (bytes == nullptr) || (bytes->Length == 0) )
      Console::WriteLine( "<none>" );
   else
   {
      for ( int i = 0; i < bytes->Length; i++ )
         Console::Write( "{0:X2} ", bytes[ i ] );
      Console::WriteLine();
   }
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

System.Text.UTF7Encoding       : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
System.Text.UTF8Encoding       : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :7A 00 61 00 06 03 FD 01 B2 03 FF D8 FF DC
System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :00 7A 00 61 03 06 01 FD 03 B2 D8 FF DC FF
System.Text.UTF32Encoding      : 24  32  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

*/
using System;
using System.Text;

public class SamplesEncoding  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // The characters to encode:
      //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
      //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
      //    Combining Breve (U+0306)
      //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
      //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
      //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
      //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      char[] myChars = new char[] { 'z', 'a', '\u0306', '\u01FD', '\u03B2', '\uD8FF', '\uDCFF' };

      // Get different encodings.
      Encoding  u7    = Encoding.UTF7;
      Encoding  u8    = Encoding.UTF8;
      Encoding  u16LE = Encoding.Unicode;
      Encoding  u16BE = Encoding.BigEndianUnicode;
      Encoding  u32   = Encoding.UTF32;

      // Encode the entire array, and print out the counts and the resulting bytes.
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u7 );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u8 );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u16LE );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u16BE );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myChars, u32 );

   }


   public static void PrintCountsAndBytes( char[] chars, Encoding enc )  {

      // Display the name of the encoding used.
      Console.Write( "{0,-30} :", enc.ToString() );

      // Display the exact byte count.
      int iBC  = enc.GetByteCount( chars );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3}", iBC );

      // Display the maximum byte count.
      int iMBC = enc.GetMaxByteCount( chars.Length );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3} :", iMBC );

      // Encode the array of chars.
      byte[] bytes = enc.GetBytes( chars );

      // Display all the encoded bytes.
      PrintHexBytes( bytes );

   }


   public static void PrintHexBytes( byte[] bytes )  {

      if (( bytes == null ) || ( bytes.Length == 0 ))
         Console.WriteLine( "<none>" );
      else  {
         for ( int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++ )
            Console.Write( "{0:X2} ", bytes[i] );
         Console.WriteLine();
      }

   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

System.Text.UTF7Encoding       : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
System.Text.UTF8Encoding       : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :7A 00 61 00 06 03 FD 01 B2 03 FF D8 FF DC
System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :00 7A 00 61 03 06 01 FD 03 B2 D8 FF DC FF
System.Text.UTF32Encoding      : 24  32  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

*/

Imports System.Text

Public Class SamplesEncoding   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' The characters to encode:
      '    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
      '    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
      '    Combining Breve (U+0306)
      '    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
      '    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
      '    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
      '    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      Dim myChars() As Char = {"z"c, "a"c, ChrW(&H0306), ChrW(&H01FD), ChrW(&H03B2), ChrW(&HD8FF), ChrW(&HDCFF)}
 

      ' Get different encodings.
      Dim u7 As Encoding = Encoding.UTF7
      Dim u8 As Encoding = Encoding.UTF8
      Dim u16LE As Encoding = Encoding.Unicode
      Dim u16BE As Encoding = Encoding.BigEndianUnicode
      Dim u32 As Encoding = Encoding.UTF32

      ' Encode the entire array, and print out the counts and the resulting bytes.
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, u7)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, u8)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, u16LE)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, u16BE)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, u32)

   End Sub


   Public Shared Sub PrintCountsAndBytes(chars() As Char, enc As Encoding)

      ' Display the name of the encoding used.
      Console.Write("{0,-30} :", enc.ToString())

      ' Display the exact byte count.
      Dim iBC As Integer = enc.GetByteCount(chars)
      Console.Write(" {0,-3}", iBC)

      ' Display the maximum byte count.
      Dim iMBC As Integer = enc.GetMaxByteCount(chars.Length)
      Console.Write(" {0,-3} :", iMBC)

      ' Encode the array of chars.
      Dim bytes As Byte() = enc.GetBytes(chars)

      ' Display all the encoded bytes.
      PrintHexBytes(bytes)

   End Sub


   Public Shared Sub PrintHexBytes(bytes() As Byte)

      If bytes Is Nothing OrElse bytes.Length = 0 Then
         Console.WriteLine("<none>")
      Else
         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To bytes.Length - 1
            Console.Write("{0:X2} ", bytes(i))
         Next i
         Console.WriteLine()
      End If

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'System.Text.UTF7Encoding       : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
'System.Text.UTF8Encoding       : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
'System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :7A 00 61 00 06 03 FD 01 B2 03 FF D8 FF DC
'System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 14  16  :00 7A 00 61 03 06 01 FD 03 B2 D8 FF DC FF
'System.Text.UTF32Encoding      : 24  32  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

Комментарии

UnicodeEncoding Объект, возвращаемый этим свойством, может не иметь соответствующего поведения для приложения.The UnicodeEncoding object that is returned by this property may not have the appropriate behavior for your app. Он использует резервный вариант замены, чтобы заменить каждую строку, которую не удается закодировать, и каждый байт, который не может быть декодирован символом вопросительного знака ("?").It uses replacement fallback to replace each string that it cannot encode and each byte that it cannot decode with a question mark ("?") character. UnicodeEncoding.UnicodeEncoding(Boolean, Boolean, Boolean) Вместо этого можно вызвать конструктор для создания экземпляра объекта с обратным порядком байтов UnicodeEncoding , резерв EncoderFallbackException которого DecoderFallbackExceptionимеет значение или, как показано в следующем примере.Instead, you can call the UnicodeEncoding.UnicodeEncoding(Boolean, Boolean, Boolean) constructor to instantiate a big endian UnicodeEncoding object whose fallback is either an EncoderFallbackException or a DecoderFallbackException, as the following example illustrates.

using System;
using System.Text;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      byte[] bytes = { 0x00, 0x20, 0xd8, 0x01, 0x00, 0x68, 0xA7, 0x00 };
      Encoding enc = new UnicodeEncoding(true, true, true);
      
      try {
         string value = enc.GetString(bytes);
         Console.WriteLine();
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}'", value);
      }
      catch (DecoderFallbackException e) {      
         Console.WriteLine("Unable to decode {0} at index {1}", 
                           ShowBytes(e.BytesUnknown), e.Index);
      }
   }

   private static string ShowBytes(byte[] bytes) 
   {
      string returnString = null;
      foreach (var byteValue in bytes)
         returnString += String.Format("0x{0:X2} ", byteValue);

      return returnString.Trim();
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//        Unable to decode 0xD8 0x01 at index 4
Imports System.Text

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim bytes() As Byte = { &h00, &h20, &hd8, &h01, &h00, &h68, &hA7, &h00}
      Dim enc As Encoding = New UnicodeEncoding(True, True, True)
      
      Try
         Dim value As String = enc.GetString(bytes)
         Console.WriteLine()
         Console.WriteLine("'{0}'", value)
      Catch e As DecoderFallbackException      
         Console.WriteLine("Unable to decode {0} at index {1}", 
                           ShowBytes(e.BytesUnknown), e.Index)
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Private Function ShowBytes(bytes As Byte()) As String
      Dim returnString As String = Nothing
      For Each byteValue In bytes
         returnString += String.Format("0x{0:X2} ", byteValue)
      Next
      Return returnString.Trim()
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Unable to decode 0xD8 0x01 at index 4

Возвращаемый UnicodeEncoding объект имеет BodyNameсвойства HeaderName, и WebName , которые дают имя "уникодефффе".The returned UnicodeEncoding object has BodyName, HeaderName, and WebName properties, which yield the name "unicodeFFFE". Несмотря на то, что метка порядка байтов в кодировке UTF-16 имеет шестнадцатеричное значение FEFF, было выбрано имя «Уникодефффе», поскольку метка порядка байтов отображается как шестнадцатеричная ФФФЕ на компьютерах Windows с прямым порядком байтов.Although the UTF-16 big endian byte order mark is hexadecimal FEFF, the name "unicodeFFFE" was chosen because the byte order mark appears as hexadecimal FFFE on little endian Windows computers.

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