Type.Attributes Свойство

Определение

Возвращает атрибуты, связанные с объектом Type.Gets the attributes associated with the Type.

public:
 property System::Reflection::TypeAttributes Attributes { System::Reflection::TypeAttributes get(); };
public System.Reflection.TypeAttributes Attributes { get; }
member this.Attributes : System.Reflection.TypeAttributes
Public ReadOnly Property Attributes As TypeAttributes

Значение свойства

Объект TypeAttributes, представляющий набор атрибутов типа Type, если Type не представляет параметр универсального типа. В противном случае это значение не определено.A TypeAttributes object representing the attribute set of the Type, unless the Type represents a generic type parameter, in which case the value is unspecified.

Реализации

Примеры

В следующем примере используется Attributes свойство.The following example uses the Attributes property.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

internal struct S
{
    public int X;
}

public abstract class Example
{
    protected sealed class NestedClass {}

    public interface INested {}

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an array of types.
        Type[] types = { typeof(Example), typeof(NestedClass),
                         typeof(INested), typeof(S) };

        foreach (var t in types) 
        {
           Console.WriteLine("Attributes for type {0}:", t.Name);

           TypeAttributes attr = t.Attributes;

           // To test for visibility attributes, you must use the visibility mask.
           TypeAttributes visibility = attr & TypeAttributes.VisibilityMask;
           switch (visibility)
           {
               case TypeAttributes.NotPublic:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is not public");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.Public:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is public");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedPublic:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and public");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedPrivate:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and private");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedFamANDAssem:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested, and inheritable only within the assembly" +
                      "\n         (cannot be declared in C#)");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedAssembly:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and internal");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedFamily:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and protected");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.NestedFamORAssem:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and protected internal");
                   break;
           }

           // Use the layout mask to test for layout attributes.
           TypeAttributes layout = attr & TypeAttributes.LayoutMask;
           switch (layout)
           {
               case TypeAttributes.AutoLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is AutoLayout");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.SequentialLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is SequentialLayout");
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.ExplicitLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is ExplicitLayout");
                   break;
           }

           // Use the class semantics mask to test for class semantics attributes.
           TypeAttributes classSemantics = attr & TypeAttributes.ClassSemanticsMask;
           switch (classSemantics)
           {
               case TypeAttributes.Class:
                   if (t.IsValueType)
                   {
                       Console.WriteLine("   ...is a value type");
                   }
                   else
                   {
                       Console.WriteLine("   ...is a class");
                   }
                   break;
               case TypeAttributes.Interface:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is an interface");
                   break;
           }

           if ((attr & TypeAttributes.Abstract) != 0)
           {
               Console.WriteLine("   ...is abstract");
           }

           if ((attr & TypeAttributes.Sealed) != 0)
           {
               Console.WriteLine("   ...is sealed");
           }
           
           Console.WriteLine();
       }
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
// Attributes for type Example:
//    ...is public
//    ...is AutoLayout
//    ...is a class
//    ...is abstract

// Attributes for type NestedClass:
//    ...is nested and protected
//    ...is AutoLayout
//    ...is a class
//    ...is sealed

// Attributes for type INested:
//    ...is nested and public
//    ...is AutoLayout
//    ...is an interface
//    ...is abstract

// Attributes for type S:
//    ...is not public
//    ...is SequentialLayout
//    ...is a value type
//    ...is sealed
Imports System.Reflection

Friend Structure S
    Public X As Integer
End Structure

Public MustInherit Class Example
    Protected NotInheritable Class NestedClass
    End Class

    Public Interface INested
    End Interface

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create an array of types.
        Dim types() As Type = { GetType(Example), GetType(NestedClass),
                                GetType(INested), GetType(S) }

        For Each t In types
           Console.WriteLine("Attributes for type {0}:", t.Name)

           Dim attr As TypeAttributes = t.Attributes

           ' Use the visibility mask to test for visibility attributes.
           Dim visibility As TypeAttributes = attr And TypeAttributes.VisibilityMask
           Select Case visibility
               Case TypeAttributes.NotPublic:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is not Public")
               Case TypeAttributes.Public:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is Public")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedPublic:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and Public")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedPrivate:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and Private")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedFamANDAssem:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested, and inheritable only within the assembly" & _
                      vbLf & "         (cannot be declared in Visual Basic)")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedAssembly:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and Friend")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedFamily:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and Protected")
               Case TypeAttributes.NestedFamORAssem:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is nested and Protected Friend")
           End Select

           ' Use the layout mask to test for layout attributes.
           Dim layout As TypeAttributes = attr And TypeAttributes.LayoutMask
           Select Case layout
               Case TypeAttributes.AutoLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is AutoLayout")
               Case TypeAttributes.SequentialLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is SequentialLayout")
               Case TypeAttributes.ExplicitLayout:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is ExplicitLayout")
           End Select

           ' Use the class semantics mask to test for class semantics attributes.
           Dim classSemantics As TypeAttributes = attr And TypeAttributes.ClassSemanticsMask
           Select Case classSemantics
               Case TypeAttributes.Class:
                   If t.IsValueType Then
                       Console.WriteLine("   ...is a value type")
                   Else
                       Console.WriteLine("   ...is a class")
                   End If
               Case TypeAttributes.Interface:
                   Console.WriteLine("   ...is an interface")
           End Select

           If 0 <> (attr And TypeAttributes.Abstract) Then _
               Console.WriteLine("   ...is MustInherit")

           If 0 <> (attr And TypeAttributes.Sealed) Then _
               Console.WriteLine("   ...is NotInheritable")
           Console.WriteLine()
       Next
    End Sub
End Class
' The example displays the following output:
'       Attributes for type Example:
'          ...is Public
'          ...is AutoLayout
'          ...is a class
'          ...is MustInherit
'
'       Attributes for type NestedClass:
'          ...is nested and Protected
'          ...is AutoLayout
'          ...is a class
'          ...is NotInheritable
'
'       Attributes for type INested:
'          ...is nested and Public
'          ...is AutoLayout
'          ...is an interface
'          ...is MustInherit
'
'       Attributes for type S:
'          ...is not Public
'          ...is SequentialLayout
'          ...is a value type
'          ...is NotInheritable

Комментарии

Некоторые члены TypeAttributes перечисления — это маски, представляющие группу значений.Some members of the TypeAttributes enumeration are masks that represent a group of values. Каждая группа содержит один член, базовое значение которого равно нулю.Each group includes one member whose underlying value is zero. TypeAttributes.NotPublic Например, базовое значение элемента TypeAttributes.VisibilityMask в группе равно TypeAttributes.AutoLayout нулю, как и элемент в TypeAttributes.SequentialLayout группе.For example, the underlying value of the TypeAttributes.NotPublic member in the TypeAttributes.VisibilityMask group is zero, as is the TypeAttributes.AutoLayout member in the TypeAttributes.SequentialLayout group. Поэтому перед тестированием этих значений необходимо использовать маску.Because of this, you must use the mask before testing for those values. Иллюстрация приведена в примере.The example provides an illustration.

Совет

Для большинства целей такие свойства, IsClassкакIsAutoLayout, и IsSpecialName , проще в использовании, чем атрибуты типа.For most purposes, properties like IsClass,IsAutoLayout, and IsSpecialName are easier to use than type attributes.

Если текущий Type объект представляет сконструированный универсальный тип, это свойство возвращает атрибуты определения универсального типа.If the current Type represents a constructed generic type, this property returns the attributes of the generic type definition. Например, атрибуты, возвращаемые для MyGenericClass<int> (MyGenericClass(Of Integer) в Visual Basic MyGenericClass<T> ), являются атрибутами (MyGenericClass(Of T) в Visual Basic).For example, the attributes returned for MyGenericClass<int> (MyGenericClass(Of Integer) in Visual Basic) are the attributes of MyGenericClass<T> (MyGenericClass(Of T) in Visual Basic).

Если Current Type представляет параметр универсального типа, то есть, IsGenericParameter если свойство возвращает true TypeAttributes , значение, возвращаемое этим свойством, не определено.If the current Type represents a generic type parameter - that is, if the IsGenericParameter property returns true - the TypeAttributes value returned by this property is unspecified.

Применяется к

Дополнительно