ListView.Sort(String, SortDirection) Метод

Определение

Сортирует элемент управления ListView в соответствии с указанным выражением сортировки и направлением.Sorts the ListView control, depending on the specified sort expression and direction.

public:
 virtual void Sort(System::String ^ sortExpression, System::Web::UI::WebControls::SortDirection sortDirection);
public virtual void Sort (string sortExpression, System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection sortDirection);
abstract member Sort : string * System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection -> unit
override this.Sort : string * System.Web.UI.WebControls.SortDirection -> unit

Параметры

sortExpression
String

Выражение сортировки для элемента управления ListView.The sort expression to sort the ListView control with.

sortDirection
SortDirection

Одно из значений перечисления SortDirection.One of the SortDirection values.

Исключения

Элемент управления ListView привязан к источнику данных, но объект DataSourceView, связанный с источником данных, имеет значение null.The ListView control is bound to a data source control, but the DataSourceView object that is associated with the data source is null.

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как использовать Sort метод для программной ListView сортировки элемента управления по нескольким полям данных.The following example shows how to use the Sort method to programmatically sort the ListView control by multiple data fields.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">        
    
  // <Snippet2>
  void SortButton_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Create the sort expression from the values selected 
    // by the user from the DropDownList controls. Multiple
    // columns can be sorted by creating a sort expression
    // that contains a comma-separated list of field names.
    String expression = SortList1.SelectedValue + " " + 
        DirectionList1.SelectedValue + " ," + 
        SortList2.SelectedValue;

    // Determine the sort direction of the second column.
    // The sort direction parameter applies only to the 
    // last column sorted.
    SortDirection direction2 = SortDirection.Ascending;
    if (DirectionList2.SelectedValue == "DESC")
        direction2 = SortDirection.Descending;

    // Use the Sort method to programmatically sort the ListView
    // control using the sort expression and direction.
    ContactsListView.Sort(expression, direction2);

  }
  // </Snippet2>
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server"> 
    <title>ListView Sort Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      body {  font: 10pt Trebuchet MS; }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
          
      <h3>ListView Sort Example</h3>

      <table>
        <tr>
          <td>Sort by:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="SortList1" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem>ContactID</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Selected="true">FirstName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>LastName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>EmailAddress</asp:ListItem>              
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
          <td>Sort order:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="DirectionList1" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem Value="ASC" Text="Ascending" Selected="True" />
              <asp:ListItem Value="DESC" Text="Descending" />
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>Then by:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="SortList2" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem>ContactID</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>FirstName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Selected="true">LastName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>EmailAddress</asp:ListItem>
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
          <td>Sort order:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="DirectionList2" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem Value="ASC" Text="Ascending" Selected="True" />
              <asp:ListItem Value="DESC" Text="Descending" />
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <asp:Button id="SortButton"
        Text="Sort"
        OnClick="SortButton_Click" 
        runat="server"/>  

      <br/><br />

      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" width="640px" border="1" runat="server" id="tblContacts">
            <tr runat="server">
              <th runat="server">ContactID</th>
              <th runat="server">FirstName</th>
              <th runat="server">LastName</th>
              <th runat="server">EmailAddress</th>
            </tr>
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="ContactsDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField ButtonType="Button"
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" 
                ShowLastPageButton="true" />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="ContactIDLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("ContactID") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailAddressLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>              
        
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->      
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">        
    
  ' <Snippet2>
  Sub SortButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) 
      
    ' Create the sort expression from the values selected 
    ' by the user from the DropDownList controls. Multiple
    ' columns can be sorted by creating a sort expression
    ' that contains a comma-separated list of field names.
    Dim expression As String = SortList1.SelectedValue & " " & _
      DirectionList1.SelectedValue & " ," & SortList2.SelectedValue
    
    ' Determine the sort direction of the second column.
    ' The sort direction parameter applies only to the 
    ' last column sorted.
    Dim direction2 As SortDirection = SortDirection.Ascending
    If DirectionList2.SelectedValue = "DESC" Then
        direction2 = SortDirection.Descending
    End If
    
    ' Use the Sort method to programmatically sort the ListView
    ' control using the sort expression and direction.
    ContactsListView.Sort(expression, direction2)

  End Sub
  ' </Snippet2>
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server"> 
    <title>ListView Sort Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      body {  font: 10pt Trebuchet MS; }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
          
      <h3>ListView Sort Example</h3>

      <table>
        <tr>
          <td>Sort by:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="SortList1" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem>ContactID</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Selected="true">FirstName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>LastName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>EmailAddress</asp:ListItem>              
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
          <td>Sort order:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="DirectionList1" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem Value="ASC" Text="Ascending" Selected="True" />
              <asp:ListItem Value="DESC" Text="Descending" />
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>Then by:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="SortList2" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem>ContactID</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>FirstName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Selected="true">LastName</asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem>EmailAddress</asp:ListItem>
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
          <td>Sort order:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:DropDownList ID="DirectionList2" runat="server">
              <asp:ListItem Value="ASC" Text="Ascending" Selected="True" />
              <asp:ListItem Value="DESC" Text="Descending" />
            </asp:DropDownList>
          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <asp:Button id="SortButton"
        Text="Sort"
        OnClick="SortButton_Click" 
        runat="server"/>  

      <br/><br />

      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" width="640px" border="1" runat="server" id="tblContacts">
            <tr runat="server">
              <th runat="server">ContactID</th>
              <th runat="server">FirstName</th>
              <th runat="server">LastName</th>
              <th runat="server">EmailAddress</th>
            </tr>
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="ContactsDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField ButtonType="Button"
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" 
                ShowLastPageButton="true" />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="ContactIDLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("ContactID") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailAddressLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>              
        
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->      
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Комментарии

Используйте метод для программной сортировки данных, отображаемых ListView в элементе управления, с помощью указанного выражения и направления сортировки. SortUse the Sort method to programmatically sort the data that is displayed in the ListView control by using the specified sort expression and direction. Выражение сортировки указывает столбец или столбцы для сортировки.The sort expression specifies the column or columns to sort with. Чтобы отсортировать несколько столбцов, создайте выражение сортировки, содержащее разделенный запятыми список имен полей.To sort multiple columns, create a sort expression that contains a comma-separated list of field names. Направление сортировки указывает, выполняется ли сортировка в возрастающем или убывающем порядке.The sort direction indicates whether sorting is performed in ascending or descending order.

Этот метод обычно используется, если нужно отсортировать содержимое ListView элемента управления извне элемента управления, например из другого элемента управления на странице.You typically use this method when you want to sort the contents of the ListView control from outside the control, such as from a different control on the page. Этот метод также используется для программного задания порядка ListView сортировки элемента управления по умолчанию при его первом отображении.This method is also used to programmatically set a default sort order for the ListView control when it is first rendered.

Этот метод вызывает Sorted события и Sorting .This method raises the Sorted and Sorting events.

Применяется к

Дополнительно