AccessibleNavigation Перечисление

Определение

Определяет значения для перехода между доступными объектами.Specifies values for navigating among accessible objects.

public enum class AccessibleNavigation
public enum AccessibleNavigation
type AccessibleNavigation = 
Public Enum AccessibleNavigation
Наследование
AccessibleNavigation

Поля

Down 2

Переход к родственному объекту, расположенному ниже начального объекта.Navigation to a sibling object located below the starting object.

FirstChild 7

Переход к первому дочернему объекту родительского объекта.Navigation to the first child of the object.

LastChild 8

Переход к последнему дочернему объекту родительского объекта.Navigation to the last child of the object.

Left 3

Переход к родственному объекту, расположенному слева от начального объекта.Navigation to the sibling object located to the left of the starting object.

Next 5

Переход к следующему логическому объекту — как правило, от родственного объекта к начальному объекту.Navigation to the next logical object, typically from a sibling object to the starting object.

Previous 6

Переход к предыдущему логическому объекту — как правило, от родственного объекта к начальному объекту.Navigation to the previous logical object, typically from a sibling object to the starting object.

Right 4

Переход к родственному объекту, расположенному справа от начального объекта.Navigation to the sibling object located to the right of the starting object.

Up 1

Переход к родственному объекту, расположенному выше начального объекта.Navigation to a sibling object located above the starting object.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано создание элемента управления диаграммы с поддержкой специальных возможностей с помощью AccessibleObject Control.ControlAccessibleObject классов и для предоставления доступной информации.The following code example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. Элемент управления отображает две кривые вместе с условными обозначениями.The control plots two curves along with a legend. ChartControlAccessibleObjectКласс, производный от ControlAccessibleObject , используется в CreateAccessibilityInstance методе для предоставления настраиваемой информации, доступной для элемента управления диаграммы.The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Поскольку условные обозначения диаграммы не являются реальным Control элементом управления, а обрисованы элементом управления диаграммы, он не содержит встроенных доступных сведений.Since the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not any built-in accessible information. Поэтому ChartControlAccessibleObject класс переопределяет GetChild метод для возврата CurveLegendAccessibleObject , который представляет доступную информацию для каждой части условных обозначений.Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. Если приложение, поддерживающее доступ, использует этот элемент управления, элемент управления может предоставить необходимые сведения о специальных возможностях.When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

В этом примере демонстрируется использование AccessibleNavigation перечисления с Navigate методом.This example demonstrates using the AccessibleNavigation enumeration with the Navigate method. AccessibleObjectПолный пример кода см. в обзоре класса.See the AccessibleObject class overview for the complete code example.

// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject: public ControlAccessibleObject
{
private:
   ChartControl^ chartControl;

public:
   ChartControlAccessibleObject( ChartControl^ ctrl )
      : ControlAccessibleObject( ctrl )
   {
      chartControl = ctrl;
   }


   property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
   {

      // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
      {
         return ::AccessibleRole::Chart;
      }

   }

   property AccessibleStates State 
   {

      // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual AccessibleStates get() override
      {
         return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
      }

   }

   // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
   // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
   virtual int GetChildCount() override
   {
      return chartControl->Legends->Length;
   }


   // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
   virtual AccessibleObject^ GetChild( int index ) override
   {
      if ( index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length )
      {
         return chartControl->Legends[ index ]->AccessibilityObject;
      }

      return nullptr;
   }


internal:

   // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
   // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
   // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
   AccessibleObject^ NavigateFromChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleNavigation navdir )
   {
      switch ( navdir )
      {
         case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
         case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
            return GetChild( child->ID + 1 );

         case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
         case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
            return GetChild( child->ID - 1 );
      }
      return nullptr;
   }


   // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
   // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
   // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
   void SelectChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleSelection selection )
   {
      int childID = child->ID;
      
      // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
      // AccessibleSelection value.
      if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
      {
         for ( int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++ )
         {
            if ( i == childID )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = true;
            }
            else
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = false;
            }

         }
         
         // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = true;
         }
         
         // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = false;
         }
      }
   }

};

// class ChartControlAccessibleObject
// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
{
    ChartControl chartControl;

    public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
    {
        chartControl = ctrl;
    }

    // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleRole Role
    {  
        get {
            return AccessibleRole.Chart;
        }
    }

    // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleStates State
    {  
        get {                    
            return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
        }
    }

    // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
    public override int GetChildCount()
    {  
        return chartControl.Legends.Length;
    }

    // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
    {  
        if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
            return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
        }                
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
    {  
        switch(navdir) {
            case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                
            case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
        }
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
    // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
    internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
    {   
        int childID = child.ID;

        // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        // AccessibleSelection value.
        if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
            for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                if (i == childID) {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                } else {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
            }
        }            
    }
}
' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
' associated with the ChartControl.
' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
    Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

    Private chartControl As ChartControl
    
    Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
        MyBase.New(ctrl)
        chartControl = ctrl
    End Sub
    
    ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
        Get
            Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
        Get
            Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
        End Get
    End Property                        
    
    ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
    Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
        Return chartControl.Legends.Length
    End Function 
    
    ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
        If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
            Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
        End If
        Return Nothing
    End Function 
    
    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                    navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
        Select Case navdir
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                    Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
            
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                    Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
        End Select
        Return Nothing
    End Function            

    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
    ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
    Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
        Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
        
        ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        ' AccessibleSelection value.
        If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                If i = childID Then
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                Else
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                End If
            Next i
            
            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
            End If

            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
            End If
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

Доступные направления навигации: пространственный (вверх, вниз, слева и справа) или логический (первый дочерний, последний дочерний, следующий и предыдущий).Accessible navigation directions are either spatial (up, down, left, and right) or logical (first child, last child, next, and previous). Логические направления используются при переходе клиентов из одного элемента пользовательского интерфейса в другой в пределах того же контейнера.Logical directions are used when clients navigate from one user interface element to another within the same container.

AccessibleObjectиспользует это перечисление.AccessibleObject uses this enumeration.

Дополнительные сведения о приложении для обеспечения специальных возможностей см. в разделе «Microsoft Active Accessibility» в библиотеке MSDN.For more information about the accessibility application, search for the "Microsoft Active Accessibility" topic in the MSDN library.

Применяется к

См. также раздел