AccessibleObject.GetChild(Int32) Метод

Определение

Извлекает доступный дочерний элемент, соответствующий указанному индексу.Retrieves the accessible child corresponding to the specified index.

public:
 virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleObject ^ GetChild(int index);
public virtual System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleObject GetChild (int index);
abstract member GetChild : int -> System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleObject
override this.GetChild : int -> System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleObject
Public Overridable Function GetChild (index As Integer) As AccessibleObject

Параметры

index
Int32

Отсчитываемый от нуля индекс доступного дочернего элемента.The zero-based index of the accessible child.

Возвраты

Класс AccessibleObject, который представляет доступный дочерний элемент, соответствующий указанному индексу.An AccessibleObject that represents the accessible child corresponding to the specified index.

Примеры

В следующем примере демонстрируется создание элемента управления диаграммы с поддержкой специальных возможностей с помощью классов AccessibleObject и Control.ControlAccessibleObject для предоставления доступной информации.The following example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. Элемент управления отображает две кривые вместе с условными обозначениями.The control plots two curves along with a legend. Класс ChartControlAccessibleObject, который является производным от ControlAccessibleObject, используется в методе CreateAccessibilityInstance для предоставления настраиваемой информации, доступной для элемента управления диаграммы.The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Так как условные обозначения диаграммы не являются фактическим элементом управления на основе Control, а нарисованы элементом управления диаграммы, он не имеет встроенных доступных сведений.Since the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not have any built-in accessible information. В связи с этим класс ChartControlAccessibleObject переопределяет метод GetChild для возврата CurveLegendAccessibleObject, который представляет доступную информацию для каждой части условных обозначений.Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. Если приложение, поддерживающее доступ, использует этот элемент управления, элемент управления может предоставить необходимые сведения о специальных возможностях.When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

Этот фрагмент кода демонстрирует переопределение метода GetChild.This code excerpt demonstrates overriding the GetChild method. Полный пример кода см. в обзоре класса AccessibleObject.See the AccessibleObject class overview for the complete code example.

// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject: public ControlAccessibleObject
{
private:
   ChartControl^ chartControl;

public:
   ChartControlAccessibleObject( ChartControl^ ctrl )
      : ControlAccessibleObject( ctrl )
   {
      chartControl = ctrl;
   }


   property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
   {

      // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
      {
         return ::AccessibleRole::Chart;
      }

   }

   property AccessibleStates State 
   {

      // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
      virtual AccessibleStates get() override
      {
         return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
      }

   }

   // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
   // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
   virtual int GetChildCount() override
   {
      return chartControl->Legends->Length;
   }


   // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
   virtual AccessibleObject^ GetChild( int index ) override
   {
      if ( index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length )
      {
         return chartControl->Legends[ index ]->AccessibilityObject;
      }

      return nullptr;
   }


internal:

   // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
   // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
   // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
   AccessibleObject^ NavigateFromChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleNavigation navdir )
   {
      switch ( navdir )
      {
         case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
         case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
            return GetChild( child->ID + 1 );

         case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
         case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
            return GetChild( child->ID - 1 );
      }
      return nullptr;
   }


   // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
   // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
   // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
   void SelectChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleSelection selection )
   {
      int childID = child->ID;
      
      // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
      // AccessibleSelection value.
      if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
      {
         for ( int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++ )
         {
            if ( i == childID )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = true;
            }
            else
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = false;
            }

         }
         
         // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = true;
         }
         
         // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = false;
         }
      }
   }

};

// class ChartControlAccessibleObject
// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
{
    ChartControl chartControl;

    public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
    {
        chartControl = ctrl;
    }

    // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleRole Role
    {  
        get {
            return AccessibleRole.Chart;
        }
    }

    // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleStates State
    {  
        get {                    
            return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
        }
    }

    // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
    public override int GetChildCount()
    {  
        return chartControl.Legends.Length;
    }

    // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
    {  
        if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
            return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
        }                
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
    {  
        switch(navdir) {
            case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                
            case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
        }
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
    // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
    internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
    {   
        int childID = child.ID;

        // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        // AccessibleSelection value.
        if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
            for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                if (i == childID) {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                } else {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
            }
        }            
    }
}
' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
' associated with the ChartControl.
' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
    Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

    Private chartControl As ChartControl
    
    Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
        MyBase.New(ctrl)
        chartControl = ctrl
    End Sub
    
    ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
        Get
            Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
        Get
            Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
        End Get
    End Property                        
    
    ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
    Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
        Return chartControl.Legends.Length
    End Function 
    
    ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
        If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
            Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
        End If
        Return Nothing
    End Function 
    
    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                    navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
        Select Case navdir
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                    Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
            
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                    Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
        End Select
        Return Nothing
    End Function            

    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
    ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
    Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
        Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
        
        ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        ' AccessibleSelection value.
        If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                If i = childID Then
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                Else
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                End If
            Next i
            
            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
            End If

            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
            End If
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

Примечания для тех, кто наследует этот метод

Все доступные объекты должны поддерживать это свойство.All accessible objects must support this property. Если метод не переопределен, возвращается значение null.If the method is not overridden, it returns null. Переопределите этот метод, если доступный объект должен предоставлять пользовательские доступные дочерние элементы.Override this method when an accessible object needs to provide custom accessible children. Если индекс является недопустимым, этот метод должен возвращать значение null.If the index is invalid, then this method should return null. При переопределении этого метода необходимо также переопределить GetChildCount().When you override this method, you must also override GetChildCount().

Применяется к