ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact Method

Определение

Находит элемент, полностью совпадающий с указанной строкой.Finds the item that exactly matches the specified string.

Перегрузки

FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String)

Находит первый элемент в поле со списком, совпадающий с указанной строкой.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Находит первый элемент после указанного индекса, совпадающий с заданной строкой.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String)

Находит первый элемент в поле со списком, совпадающий с указанной строкой.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s);
public int FindStringExact (string s);
member this.FindStringExact : string -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String) As Integer

Параметры

s
String String String String

Объект String, который требуется найти.The String to search for.

Возвраты

Индекс первого найденного элемента (индексация ведется от нуля); если соответствующий элемент не найден, возвращается значение -1; или значение 0, если параметр s задает Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, ComboBox как инициализировать элемент управления, MaxDropDownItems установив свойства FindStringExact и DropDownStyle и используя методы для поиска в ComboBox.The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Он также показывает обработку SelectedIndexChanged события.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
	System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
	public Form1() : base()
	{        
		InitializeComboBox();
		InitializeTextBox();
		this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
		this.SuspendLayout();
		this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
		this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
		this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
		this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
		this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
		this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
		this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
		this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
		this.Name = "Form1";
		this.Text = "Form1";
		this.ResumeLayout(false);
	}

	public static void Main()
	{
		Application.Run(new Form1());
	}

   
	internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;
    
    
    

	// Declare and initialize the text box.
	// This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
	// allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
	internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

	private void InitializeTextBox()
	{
		this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
		this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
		this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
		this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
		this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
		this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
		this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
		this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
		this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
		this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
	}

	// Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
	internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
	// This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
	// but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
	// cover other controls when it expands.
	private void InitializeComboBox()
	{
		this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
		string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
				"Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
				"Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
				"Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
				"Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
				"Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
				"Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
				"Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
				"Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
				"Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

		ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
		this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
		this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
		this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
		this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
		this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
		this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
		
		// Associate the event-handling method with the 
		// SelectedIndexChanged event.
		this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
			new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
	}

	// This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
	// It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
	// name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
	// the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

	// CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
	// FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
	// of the array, the code throws an exception.
	private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
		System.EventArgs e)
	{

		ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

		// Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
		// the employee's name from the list.
		string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

		int count = 0;
		int resultIndex = -1;

		// Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
		// occurrence in the list.
		resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

		// Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
		// Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
		// index of the current found item so the search starts there 
		// instead of at the beginning of the list.
		while (resultIndex!=-1)
		{
			ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
			count += 1;
			resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
				resultIndex);
		}
		// Update the text in Textbox1.
		TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
			+ count;
	}

}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Комментарии

В поиске, выполняемом с помощью этого метода, регистр не учитывается.The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. s Параметр — это строка, сравниваемая с текстом, связанным с элементами в списке поля со списком.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. Поиск ищет соответствие, начиная с начала текста, и возвращает первый элемент в списке, соответствующий указанной подстроке.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. Затем можно выполнять такие задачи, как удаление элемента, содержащего искомый текст, с помощью Remove метода или изменения текста элемента.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Если вы нашли указанный текст, то если хотите найти другие экземпляры текста в ComboBox, необходимо использовать версию FindStringExact метода, который предоставляет параметр для указания начального индекса в ComboBox.Once you have found the specified text, if you want to search for other instances of the text in the ComboBox, you must use the version of the FindStringExact method that provides a parameter for specifying a starting index within the ComboBox. Если требуется выполнить частичное Поиск слов вместо точного совпадения слова, используйте FindString метод.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Находит первый элемент после указанного индекса, совпадающий с заданной строкой.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s, int startIndex);
public int FindStringExact (string s, int startIndex);
member this.FindStringExact : string * int -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Параметры

s
String String String String

Объект String, который требуется найти.The String to search for.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Индекс элемента перед первым искомым элементом (индексация ведется от нуля).The zero-based index of the item before the first item to be searched. Задано значение -1 для выполнения поиска с начала элемента управления.Set to -1 to search from the beginning of the control.

Возвраты

Индекс первого найденного элемента (индексация ведется от нуля); если соответствующий элемент не найден, возвращается значение -1; или значение 0, если параметр s задает Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Исключения

Значение параметра startIndex меньше –1.The startIndex is less than -1.

-или--or- Параметр startIndex равен последнему индексу в коллекции.The startIndex is equal to the last index in the collection.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, ComboBox как инициализировать элемент управления, MaxDropDownItems установив свойства FindStringExact и DropDownStyle и используя методы для поиска в ComboBox.The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Он также показывает обработку SelectedIndexChanged события.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
	System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
	public Form1() : base()
	{        
		InitializeComboBox();
		InitializeTextBox();
		this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
		this.SuspendLayout();
		this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
		this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
		this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
		this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
		this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
		this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
		this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
		this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
		this.Name = "Form1";
		this.Text = "Form1";
		this.ResumeLayout(false);
	}

	public static void Main()
	{
		Application.Run(new Form1());
	}

   
	internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;
    
    
    

	// Declare and initialize the text box.
	// This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
	// allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
	internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

	private void InitializeTextBox()
	{
		this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
		this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
		this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
		this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
		this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
		this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
		this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
		this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
		this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
		this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
	}

	// Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
	internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
	// This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
	// but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
	// cover other controls when it expands.
	private void InitializeComboBox()
	{
		this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
		string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
				"Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
				"Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
				"Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
				"Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
				"Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
				"Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
				"Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
				"Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
				"Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

		ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
		this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
		this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
		this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
		this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
		this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
		this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
		
		// Associate the event-handling method with the 
		// SelectedIndexChanged event.
		this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
			new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
	}

	// This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
	// It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
	// name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
	// the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

	// CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
	// FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
	// of the array, the code throws an exception.
	private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
		System.EventArgs e)
	{

		ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

		// Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
		// the employee's name from the list.
		string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

		int count = 0;
		int resultIndex = -1;

		// Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
		// occurrence in the list.
		resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

		// Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
		// Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
		// index of the current found item so the search starts there 
		// instead of at the beginning of the list.
		while (resultIndex!=-1)
		{
			ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
			count += 1;
			resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
				resultIndex);
		}
		// Update the text in Textbox1.
		TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
			+ count;
	}

}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Комментарии

В поиске, выполняемом с помощью этого метода, регистр не учитывается.The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. s Параметр — это строка, сравниваемая с текстом, связанным с элементами в списке поля со списком.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. Поиск ищет соответствие, начиная с начала текста, и возвращает первый элемент в списке, соответствующий указанной подстроке.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. Затем можно выполнять такие задачи, как удаление элемента, содержащего искомый текст, с помощью Remove метода или изменения текста элемента.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Этот метод обычно используется после того, как был выполнен вызов с использованием версии этого метода, которая не задает начальный индекс.This method is typically used after a call has been made using the version of this method that does not specify a starting index. После того как исходный элемент найден в списке, этот метод обычно используется для поиска дальнейших экземпляров искомого текста путем указания позиции индекса в startIndex параметре элемента после первого найденного экземпляра искомого текста.Once an initial item has been found in the list, this method is typically used to find further instances of the search text by specifying the index position in the startIndex parameter of the item after the first found instance of the search text. Если требуется выполнить частичное Поиск слов вместо точного совпадения слова, используйте FindString метод.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

Поиск, выполняемый этим методом, является циклическим.The search performed by this method is circular. Хотя поиск начинается со следующего индекса после startIndex параметра, при достижении конца коллекции Поиск перезапускается в 0.Although the search starts at the next index after the startIndex parameter, the search restarts at 0 when the end of the collection is reached. Однако обратите внимание, что startIndex если сам параметр равен последнему индексу в коллекции, создается исключение.However, note that if the startIndex parameter itself is equal to the last index in the collection, an exception is thrown.

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