XmlSerializer.UnreferencedObject Событие

Определение

Происходит во время десериализации SOAP-кодированного потока XML, когда XmlSerializer обнаруживает неиспользуемый тип или тип без ссылок.Occurs during deserialization of a SOAP-encoded XML stream, when the XmlSerializer encounters a recognized type that is not used or is unreferenced.

public:
 event System::Xml::Serialization::UnreferencedObjectEventHandler ^ UnreferencedObject;
public event System.Xml.Serialization.UnreferencedObjectEventHandler UnreferencedObject;
member this.UnreferencedObject : System.Xml.Serialization.UnreferencedObjectEventHandler 
Public Custom Event UnreferencedObject As UnreferencedObjectEventHandler 

Примеры

В следующем примере в XmlSerializerдобавляется UnreferencedObjectEventHandler.The following example adds an UnreferencedObjectEventHandler to an XmlSerializer. Событие обрабатывается методом Serializer``_``UnreferencedObject.The event is handled by the Serializer``_``UnreferencedObject method. Чтобы выполнить пример, вырежьте и вставьте следующий XML-код в файл с именем «Унрефобж. XML».To run the example, cut and paste the following XML into a file named "UnrefObj.xml".

<wrapper>  
  <Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" id="id1" n1:GroupName=".NET" xmlns:n1="http://www.cpandl.com">  
   </Group>  
<Vehicle id="id2" n1:type="Vehicle" xmlns:n1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">  
    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" n1:type="q1:string">ABCD</licenseNumber>  
  </Vehicle>  
<Vehicle id="id3" n1:type="Vehicle" xmlns:n1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">  
    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" n1:type="q1:string">1234</licenseNumber>  
  </Vehicle>  
</wrapper>  
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

ref class Vehicle;

[SoapInclude(Vehicle::typeid)]
public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ licenseNumber;
};


// You must use the SoapIncludeAttribute to inform the XmlSerializer
// that the Vehicle type should be recognized when deserializing.

[SoapInclude(Vehicle::typeid)]
public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;
   Vehicle^ GroupVehicle;
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = ((gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid ));
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
      mySerializer->UnreferencedObject += gcnew UnreferencedObjectEventHandler( this, &Run::Serializer_UnreferencedObject );
      
      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader^ reader = gcnew XmlTextReader( filename );
      reader->ReadStartElement();
      
      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( reader ));
      reader->ReadEndElement();
      reader->Close();
   }

private:
   void Serializer_UnreferencedObject( Object^ /*sender*/, UnreferencedObjectEventArgs^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "UnreferencedObject:" );
      Console::WriteLine( "ID: {0}", e->UnreferencedId );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnreferencedObject: {0}", e->UnreferencedObject );
      Vehicle^ myVehicle = dynamic_cast<Vehicle^>(e->UnreferencedObject);
      Console::WriteLine( "License: {0}", myVehicle->licenseNumber );
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run^ test = gcnew Run;
   test->DeserializeObject( "UnrefObj.xml" );
}

// The file named S"UnrefObj.xml" should contain this XML:
//  <Group xmlns:xsi=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
//xmlns:xsd=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" id=S"id1" 
//n1:GroupName=S".NET" xmlns:n1=S"http://www.cpandl.com">
//<Vehicle id=S"id2" n1:type=S"Vehicle" 
//xmlns:n1=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
//   <licenseNumber xmlns:q1=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
//n1:type=S"q1:String*">ABCD</licenseNumber>
//<Vehicle id=S"id3" n1:type=S"Vehicle" 
//xmlns:n1=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
//    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1=S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
//n1:type=S"q1:String*">1234</licenseNumber>
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml.Schema;

// You must use the SoapIncludeAttribute to inform the XmlSerializer
// that the Vehicle type should be recognized when deserializing.
[SoapInclude(typeof(Vehicle))]
public class Group
{
   public string GroupName;
   public Vehicle GroupVehicle;
}
 [SoapInclude(typeof(Vehicle))]
public class Vehicle
{
   public string licenseNumber;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.DeserializeObject("UnrefObj.xml");
   }
   
   public void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = 
      (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping(
      typeof(Group)));
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  
      new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
 
      mySerializer.UnreferencedObject += 
      new UnreferencedObjectEventHandler
      (Serializer_UnreferencedObject);

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader reader= 
      new XmlTextReader(filename);
      reader.ReadStartElement();

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group myGroup; 
      myGroup = (Group) mySerializer.Deserialize(reader);
      reader.ReadEndElement();
      reader.Close();
   }

   private void Serializer_UnreferencedObject
   (object sender, UnreferencedObjectEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("UnreferencedObject:");
      Console.WriteLine("ID: " + e.UnreferencedId);
      Console.WriteLine("UnreferencedObject: " + e.UnreferencedObject);
      Vehicle myVehicle = (Vehicle) e.UnreferencedObject;
      Console.WriteLine("License: " + myVehicle.licenseNumber);
   }
}

// The file named "UnrefObj.xml" should contain this XML:


//  <Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
//xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" id="id1" 
//n1:GroupName=".NET" xmlns:n1="http://www.cpandl.com">

//<Vehicle id="id2" n1:type="Vehicle" 
//xmlns:n1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
//   <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
//n1:type="q1:string">ABCD</licenseNumber>

//<Vehicle id="id3" n1:type="Vehicle" 
//xmlns:n1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
//    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
//n1:type="q1:string">1234</licenseNumber>


Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml.Schema

' You must use the SoapIncludeAttribute to inform the XmlSerializer
' that the Vehicle type should be recognized when deserializing.
<SoapInclude(GetType(Vehicle))> _
Public Class Group
    Public GroupName As String 
   public GroupVehicle As Vehicle 
End Class

Public Class Vehicle
   Public licenseNumber As String 
End Class

 
Public Class Run
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim test As Run = new Run()
      test.DeserializeObject("UnrefObj.xml")
   End Sub
   
   Public Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = _
      (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping _
      (GetType(Group)))
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  _
      new XmlSerializer(myMapping)

      AddHandler mySerializer.UnreferencedObject, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnreferencedObject

      ' Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      Dim reader As XmlTextReader = _
      new XmlTextReader(filename)
      reader.ReadStartElement()

      ' Deserialize and cast the object.
      Dim myGroup As Group  
      myGroup = CType( mySerializer.Deserialize(reader), Group)
      reader.ReadEndElement()
      reader.Close()
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub Serializer_UnreferencedObject _
   (sender As object , e As UnreferencedObjectEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("UnreferencedObject:")
      Console.WriteLine("ID: " + e.UnreferencedId)
      Console.WriteLine("UnreferencedObject: " + e.UnreferencedObject)
      Dim myVehicle As Vehicle = CType(e.UnreferencedObject, Vehicle)
      Console.WriteLine("License: " + myVehicle.licenseNumber)
       End Sub
 End Class
 
' The XML document should contain this information:


'  <Group xmlns:xsi="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
'xmlns:xsd="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" id="id1" 
'n1:GroupName=".NET" xmlns:n1="http:'www.cpandl.com">

'<Vehicle id="id2" n1:type="Vehicle" 
'xmlns:n1="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
'    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
'n1:type="q1:string">ABCD</licenseNumber>

'<Vehicle id="id3" n1:type="Vehicle" 
'xmlns:n1="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
'    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http:'www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
'n1:type="q1:string">1234</licenseNumber>


Комментарии

Событие UnreferencedObject возникает, только если XmlSerializer используется для десериализации XML-документа, содержащего сообщение SOAP, которое соответствует разделу 5 консорциум W3C документа, протоколу SOAP 1,1.The UnreferencedObject event only occurs when the XmlSerializer is used to deserialize an XML document that contains a SOAP message that conforms to section 5 of the World Wide Web Consortium document, Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) 1.1.

Документы, соответствующие разделу 5, имеют особый формат.Documents that conform to section 5 are in a special format. Как минимум, такой документ включает основной текст сообщения SOAP.At the very least, such a document includes the main body of the SOAP message. Однако вместо того, чтобы все типы определялись встроенными в документе, некоторые определения типов могут быть закодированы в виде ссылок на элементы верхнего уровня в документе.However, rather than having all types defined inline in the document, some type definitions can be encoded as references to top-level elements in the document. Таким образом, для каждого элемента, найденного в основном тексте, который является ссылкой, должен быть соответствующий элемент, содержащий определение типа.Thus, for every element found in the main body that is a reference, there must be a corresponding element that contains the type definition. Для сопоставления ссылочного элемента и определения типа определение типа имеет атрибут id, для которого задан уникальный идентификатор строки, а ссылающийся элемент имеет атрибут href, который ссылается на тот же идентификатор.To correlate the referencing element and the type definition, the type definition has an id attribute set to a unique string ID and the referencing element has an href attribute that references the same ID.

<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" id="id1" n1:GroupName=".NET" GroupNumber="ZDI=" CreationDate="2002-05-02" xmlns:n1="http:'www.cpandl.com">  
    <PosInt xsi:type="xsd:nonNegativeInteger">10000</PosInt>  
    <GroupVehicle href="#id2" />  
  </Group>  
  <Vehicle id="id2" n1:type="Vehicle" xmlns:n1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">  
    <licenseNumber xmlns:q1="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" n1:type="q1:string">1234</licenseNumber>  
  </Vehicle>  

Событие UnreferencedObject возникает, если в документе обнаружено определение типа, но ни один параметр в основном тексте не ссылается на него.The UnreferencedObject event occur when there is a type definition found in the document, but no parameter in the main body references it. При возникновении этого события можно получить XML-тип объекта, на который нет ссылок, путем проверки свойства UnreferencedObject класса UnreferencedObjectEventArgs.When the event occurs, you can retrieve the XML type of the unreferenced object by examining the UnreferencedObject property of the UnreferencedObjectEventArgs class. Идентификатор XML объекта возвращается свойством UnreferencedId.The XML ID of the object is returned by the UnreferencedId property.

Событие UnreferencedObject не следует путать с событиями UnknownElement и UnknownNode, происходящими при отсутствии члена класса, соответствующего XML-узлу или типу элемента.The UnreferencedObject event should not be confused with the UnknownElement and UnknownNode events, which occur when there is no class member that corresponds to the XML node or element type.

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