Практическое руководство. Анимирование свойства с помощью раскадровки (класс Storyboard)How to: Animate a Property by Using a Storyboard

В этом примере показано, как использовать Storyboard для анимации свойств.This example shows how to use a Storyboard to animate properties. Чтобы анимировать свойство с помощью Storyboard, создайте анимацию для каждого свойства, которое необходимо анимировать, а также создайте Storyboard для хранения анимации.To animate a property by using a Storyboard, create an animation for each property that you want to animate and also create a Storyboard to contain the animations.

Тип свойства определяет тип используемой анимации.The type of property determines the type of animation to use. Например, чтобы анимировать свойство, принимающее Double значения, используйте DoubleAnimation.For example, to animate a property that takes Double values, use a DoubleAnimation. Присоединенные свойства TargetName и TargetProperty указывают объект и свойство, к которому применяется анимация.The TargetName and TargetProperty attached properties specify the object and property to which the animation is applied.

Чтобы запустить раскадровку в Язык XAMLExtensible Application Markup Language (XAML), используйте BeginStoryboard действие и EventTrigger.To start a storyboard in Язык XAMLExtensible Application Markup Language (XAML), use a BeginStoryboard action and an EventTrigger. EventTrigger начинает действие BeginStoryboard, когда происходит событие, заданное свойством RoutedEvent.The EventTrigger begins the BeginStoryboard action when the event that is specified by its RoutedEvent property occurs. Действие BeginStoryboard запускает Storyboard.The BeginStoryboard action starts the Storyboard.

В следующем примере объекты Storyboard используются для анимации двух элементов управления Button.The following example uses Storyboard objects to animate two Button controls. Чтобы изменить размер первой кнопки, ее Width анимируется.To make the first button change in size, its Width is animated. Чтобы изменить цвет второй кнопки, свойство Color SolidColorBrush используется для задания Background анимированной кнопки.To make the second button change color, the Color property of the SolidColorBrush is used to set the Background of the button that is animated.

ПримерExample

<!-- StoryboardExample.xaml
     Uses storyboards to animate properties. -->
<Page
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  WindowTitle="Animate Properties with Storyboards">

  <Border Background="White">
    <StackPanel Margin="30" HorizontalAlignment="Left" MinWidth="500">

      <TextBlock>Storyboard Animation Example</TextBlock>
      
      <!-- The width of this button is animated. -->
      <Button Name="myWidthAnimatedButton"
        Height="30" Width="200" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
        A Button   
        <Button.Triggers>
        
          <!-- Animates the width of the first button 
               from 200 to 300. -->         
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>           
                <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="myWidthAnimatedButton"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                  From="200" To="300" Duration="0:0:3" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>

      <!-- The color of the brush used to paint this button is animated. -->
      <Button Height="30" Width="200" 
        HorizontalAlignment="Left">Another Button
        <Button.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush x:Name="myAnimatedBrush" Color="Blue" />
        </Button.Background>
        <Button.Triggers>
        
        <!-- Animates the color of the brush used to paint 
             the second button from red to blue . -->             
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">    
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>
                <ColorAnimation 
                  Storyboard.TargetName="myAnimatedBrush"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Color"
                  From="Red" To="Blue" Duration="0:0:7" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>
    </StackPanel>
  </Border>
</Page>

Примечание

Хотя анимация может ориентироваться как на объект FrameworkElement, например Control, Panel, так и на объект Freezable, например Brush или Transform, только элементы платформы имеют свойство Name.Although animations can target both a FrameworkElement object, such as a Control or Panel, and a Freezable object, such as a Brush or Transform, only framework elements have a Name property. Для назначения имени объекту freezable, чтобы его можно было использовать в анимации, следует использовать директиву x:Name, как показано в предыдущем примере.To assign a name to a freezable so that it can be targeted by an animation, use the x:Name Directive, as the previous example shows.

При использовании кода необходимо создать NameScope для FrameworkElement и зарегистрировать имена объектов для анимации с этим FrameworkElement.If you use code, you must create a NameScope for a FrameworkElement and register the names of the objects to animate with that FrameworkElement. Чтобы начать анимацию в коде, используйте BeginStoryboard действие с EventTrigger.To start the animations in code, use a BeginStoryboard action with an EventTrigger. При необходимости можно использовать обработчик событий и метод Begin Storyboard.Optionally, you can use an event handler and the Begin method of Storyboard. В следующем примере показано, как использовать метод Begin.The following example shows how to use the Begin method.

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.AnimatingWithStoryboards
{

    // Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    // of two buttons.
    public class StoryboardExample : Page
    {

        public StoryboardExample()
        {
            // Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(this, new NameScope());
            
            this.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards";
            StackPanel myStackPanel = new StackPanel();
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500;
            myStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(30);
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example";
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock);
            
            //
            // Create and animate the first button.
            //
            
            // Create a button.
            Button myWidthAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button";

            // Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            // to in the storyboard that's created later.
            // The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            // it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton";
            
            // Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            this.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton);
            
            // Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            DoubleAnimation myDoubleAnimation = new DoubleAnimation();
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200;
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300;
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000));          
   
            // Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name); 
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, new PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty));
            
            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation);
            
            // Animate the button width when it's clicked.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton);

            //
            // Create and animate the second button.
            //

            // Create a second button.
            Button myColorAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button";
            
            // Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            SolidColorBrush myBackgroundBrush = new SolidColorBrush();
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue;
            
            // Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            // have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            // register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            // the page where it's used.
            this.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush);
            
            // Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush;
            
            // Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            ColorAnimation myColorAnimation = new ColorAnimation();
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red;
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue;
            myColorAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000));    
            
            // Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush");                        
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, new PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty));    

            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation);

            // Animate the button background color when it's clicked.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton);
            this.Content = myStackPanel;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation

Namespace SDKSample


    ' Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    ' of two buttons.
    Public Class StoryboardExample
        Inherits Page
        
        Private Dim WithEvents myWidthAnimatedButton As Button
        Private Dim WithEvents myColorAnimatedButton As Button        
        Private Dim myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        Private Dim myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        

        Public Sub New()
            ' Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(Me, New NameScope())

            Me.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards"
            Dim myStackPanel As New StackPanel()
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500
            myStackPanel.Margin = New Thickness(30)
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            Dim myTextBlock As New TextBlock()
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example"
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock)

            '
            ' Create and animate the first button.
            '

            ' Create a button.
            myWidthAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button"

            ' Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            ' to in the storyboard that's created later.
            ' The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            ' it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton"

            ' Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            Me.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton)

            ' Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            Dim myDoubleAnimation As New DoubleAnimation()
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name)
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, New PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton)

            '
            ' Create and animate the second button.
            '

            ' Create a second button.
            myColorAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button"

            ' Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            Dim myBackgroundBrush As New SolidColorBrush()
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue

            ' Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            ' have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            ' register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            ' the page where it's used.
            Me.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush)

            ' Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush

            ' Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            Dim myColorAnimation As New ColorAnimation()
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue
            myColorAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush")
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, New PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton)
            Me.Content = myStackPanel

        End Sub
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myWidthAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myWidthAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub        
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myColorAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myColorAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub           
        
    End Class
End Namespace

Дополнительные сведения об анимации и раскадровках см. в разделе Общие сведения об эффектах анимации.For more information about animation and storyboards, see Animation Overview.

Если вы используете код, вы не ограничены использованием объектов Storyboard для анимации свойств.If you use code, you are not limited to using Storyboard objects in order to animate properties. Дополнительные сведения и примеры см. в разделах Анимация свойств без использования раскадровки и Анимация свойств с помощью AnimationClock.For more information and examples, see Animate a Property Without Using a Storyboard and Animate a Property by Using an AnimationClock.