Запросы OData в Microsoft Defender для конечной точки

Область применения:

Примечание

Если вы клиент правительства США, используйте URL-адреса, указанные в Microsoft Defender для конечных точек для государственных клиентов США.

Совет

Для улучшения производительности можно использовать сервер ближе к географическому расположению:

  • api-us.securitycenter.microsoft.com
  • api-eu.securitycenter.microsoft.com
  • api-uk.securitycenter.microsoft.com

Если вы не знакомы с запросами OData, см.: запросы OData V4

Не все свойства можно фильтровать.

Свойства, поддерживают $filter

  • Оповещение: alertCreationTime , , , , , и lastUpdateTime incidentId InvestigationId status severity category .
  • Машина: ComputerDnsName , , , , , и LastSeen HealthStatus OsPlatform onboardingStatus RiskScore RbacGroupId .
  • MachineAction: Status , , и MachineId Type Requestor CreationDateTimeUtc .
  • Индикатор: indicatorValue , , , и indicatorType creationTimeDateTimeUtc createdBy severity action .

Пример 1

Получите 10 последних оповещений со связанными доказательствами:

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/alerts?$top=10&$expand=evidence

Отклик

{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Alerts",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "da637472900382838869_1364969609",
            "incidentId": 1126093,
            "investigationId": null,
            "assignedTo": null,
            "severity": "Low",
            "status": "New",
            "classification": null,
            "determination": null,
            "investigationState": "Queued",
            "detectionSource": "WindowsDefenderAtp",
            "detectorId": "17e10bbc-3a68-474a-8aad-faef14d43952",
            "category": "Execution",
            "threatFamilyName": null,
            "title": "Low-reputation arbitrary code executed by signed executable",
            "description": "Binaries signed by Microsoft can be used to run low-reputation arbitrary code. This technique hides the execution of malicious code within a trusted process. As a result, the trusted process might exhibit suspicious behaviors, such as opening a listening port or connecting to a command-and-control (C&C) server.",
            "alertCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:33:57.7220239Z",
            "firstEventTime": "2021-01-26T20:31:32.9562661Z",
            "lastEventTime": "2021-01-26T20:31:33.0577322Z",
            "lastUpdateTime": "2021-01-26T20:33:59.2Z",
            "resolvedTime": null,
            "machineId": "111e6dd8c833c8a052ea231ec1b19adaf497b625",
            "computerDnsName": "temp123.middleeast.corp.microsoft.com",
            "rbacGroupName": "A",
            "aadTenantId": "a839b112-1253-6432-9bf6-94542403f21c",
            "threatName": null,
            "mitreTechniques": [
                "T1064",
                "T1085",
                "T1220"
            ],
            "relatedUser": {
                "userName": "temp123",
                "domainName": "DOMAIN"
            },
            "comments": [
                {
                    "comment": "test comment for docs",
                    "createdBy": "secop123@contoso.com",
                    "createdTime": "2021-01-26T01:00:37.8404534Z"
                }
            ],
            "evidence": [
                {
                    "entityType": "User",
                    "evidenceCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:33:58.42Z",
                    "sha1": null,
                    "sha256": null,
                    "fileName": null,
                    "filePath": null,
                    "processId": null,
                    "processCommandLine": null,
                    "processCreationTime": null,
                    "parentProcessId": null,
                    "parentProcessCreationTime": null,
                    "parentProcessFileName": null,
                    "parentProcessFilePath": null,
                    "ipAddress": null,
                    "url": null,
                    "registryKey": null,
                    "registryHive": null,
                    "registryValueType": null,
                    "registryValue": null,
                    "accountName": "name",
                    "domainName": "DOMAIN",
                    "userSid": "S-1-5-21-11111607-1111760036-109187956-75141",
                    "aadUserId": "11118379-2a59-1111-ac3c-a51eb4a3c627",
                    "userPrincipalName": "temp123@microsoft.com",
                    "detectionStatus": null
                },
                {
                    "entityType": "Process",
                    "evidenceCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:33:58.6133333Z",
                    "sha1": "ff836cfb1af40252bd2a2ea843032e99a5b262ed",
                    "sha256": "a4752c71d81afd3d5865d24ddb11a6b0c615062fcc448d24050c2172d2cbccd6",
                    "fileName": "rundll32.exe",
                    "filePath": "C:\\Windows\\SysWOW64",
                    "processId": 3276,
                    "processCommandLine": "rundll32.exe  c:\\temp\\suspicious.dll,RepeatAfterMe",
                    "processCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:31:32.9581596Z",
                    "parentProcessId": 8420,
                    "parentProcessCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:31:32.9004163Z",
                    "parentProcessFileName": "rundll32.exe",
                    "parentProcessFilePath": "C:\\Windows\\System32",
                    "ipAddress": null,
                    "url": null,
                    "registryKey": null,
                    "registryHive": null,
                    "registryValueType": null,
                    "registryValue": null,
                    "accountName": null,
                    "domainName": null,
                    "userSid": null,
                    "aadUserId": null,
                    "userPrincipalName": null,
                    "detectionStatus": "Detected"
                },
                {
                    "entityType": "File",
                    "evidenceCreationTime": "2021-01-26T20:33:58.42Z",
                    "sha1": "8563f95b2f8a284fc99da44500cd51a77c1ff36c",
                    "sha256": "dc0ade0c95d6db98882bc8fa6707e64353cd6f7767ff48d6a81a6c2aef21c608",
                    "fileName": "suspicious.dll",
                    "filePath": "c:\\temp",
                    "processId": null,
                    "processCommandLine": null,
                    "processCreationTime": null,
                    "parentProcessId": null,
                    "parentProcessCreationTime": null,
                    "parentProcessFileName": null,
                    "parentProcessFilePath": null,
                    "ipAddress": null,
                    "url": null,
                    "registryKey": null,
                    "registryHive": null,
                    "registryValueType": null,
                    "registryValue": null,
                    "accountName": null,
                    "domainName": null,
                    "userSid": null,
                    "aadUserId": null,
                    "userPrincipalName": null,
                    "detectionStatus": "Detected"
                }
            ]
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 2

Получите все оповещений последнего обновления после 2019-11-22 00:00:00:

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/alerts?$filter=lastUpdateTime+ge+2019-11-22T00:00:00Z

Отклик

{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Alerts",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "da637308392288907382_-880718168",
            "incidentId": 7587,
            "investigationId": 723156,
            "assignedTo": "secop123@contoso.com",
            "severity": "Low",
            "status": "New",
            "classification": "TruePositive",
            "determination": null,
            "investigationState": "Queued",
            "detectionSource": "WindowsDefenderAv",
            "category": "SuspiciousActivity",
            "threatFamilyName": "Meterpreter",
            "title": "Suspicious 'Meterpreter' behavior was detected",
            "description": "Malware and unwanted software are undesirable applications that perform annoying, disruptive, or harmful actions on affected machines. Some of these undesirable applications can replicate and spread from one machine to another. Others are able to receive commands from remote attackers and perform activities associated with cyber attacks.\n\nA malware is considered active if it is found running on the machine or it already has persistence mechanisms in place. Active malware detections are assigned higher severity ratings.\n\nBecause this malware was active, take precautionary measures and check for residual signs of infection.",
            "alertCreationTime": "2020-07-20T10:53:48.7657932Z",
            "firstEventTime": "2020-07-20T10:52:17.6654369Z",
            "lastEventTime": "2020-07-20T10:52:18.1362905Z",
            "lastUpdateTime": "2020-07-20T10:53:50.19Z",
            "resolvedTime": null,
            "machineId": "12ee6dd8c833c8a052ea231ec1b19adaf497b625",
            "computerDnsName": "temp123.middleeast.corp.microsoft.com",
            "rbacGroupName": "MiddleEast",
            "aadTenantId": "a839b112-1253-6432-9bf6-94542403f21c",
            "threatName": null,
            "mitreTechniques": [
                "T1064",
                "T1085",
                "T1220"
            ],
            "relatedUser": {
                "userName": "temp123",
                "domainName": "DOMAIN"
            },
            "comments": [
                {
                    "comment": "test comment for docs",
                    "createdBy": "secop123@contoso.com",
                    "createdTime": "2020-07-21T01:00:37.8404534Z"
                }
            ],
            "evidence": []
        }
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 3

Получите все устройства с 'High' 'RiskScore':

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machines?$filter=riskScore+eq+'High'

Отклик

{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Machines",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "1e5bc9d7e413ddd7902c2932e418702b84d0cc07",
            "computerDnsName": "mymachine1.contoso.com",
            "firstSeen": "2018-08-02T14:55:03.7791856Z",
            "lastSeen": "2021-01-25T07:27:36.052313Z",
            "osPlatform": "Windows10",
            "osProcessor": "x64",
            "version": "1901",
            "lastIpAddress": "10.166.113.46",
            "lastExternalIpAddress": "167.220.203.175",
            "osBuild": 19042,
            "healthStatus": "Active",
            "deviceValue": "Normal",
            "rbacGroupName": "The-A-Team",
            "riskScore": "High",
            "exposureLevel": "Low",
            "aadDeviceId": "fd2e4d29-7072-4195-aaa5-1af139b78028",
            "machineTags": [
                "Tag1",
                "Tag2"
            ],
            "ipAddresses": [
                {
                    "ipAddress": "10.166.113.47",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                },
                {
                    "ipAddress": "2a01:110:68:4:59e4:3916:3b3e:4f96",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                }
            ]
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 4

Получите 100 устройств с "HealthStatus", не равные "Active":

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machines?$filter=healthStatus+ne+'Active'&$top=100 

Отклик

{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Machines",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "1e5bc9d7e413ddd7902c2932e418702b84d0cc07",
            "computerDnsName": "mymachine1.contoso.com",
            "firstSeen": "2018-08-02T14:55:03.7791856Z",
            "lastSeen": "2021-01-25T07:27:36.052313Z",
            "osPlatform": "Windows10",
            "osProcessor": "x64",
            "version": "1901",
            "lastIpAddress": "10.166.113.46",
            "lastExternalIpAddress": "167.220.203.175",
            "osBuild": 19042,
            "healthStatus": "Active",
            "deviceValue": "Normal",
            "rbacGroupName": "The-A-Team",
            "riskScore": "Low",
            "exposureLevel": "Low",
            "aadDeviceId": "fd2e4d29-7072-4195-aaa5-1af139b78028",
            "machineTags": [
                "Tag1",
                "Tag2"
            ],
            "ipAddresses": [
                {
                    "ipAddress": "10.166.113.47",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                },
                {
                    "ipAddress": "2a01:110:68:4:59e4:3916:3b3e:4f96",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                }
            ]
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 5

Получите все устройства, которые последний раз видели после 2018-10-20:

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machines?$filter=lastSeen gt 2018-08-01Z

Отклик

{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Machines",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "1e5bc9d7e413ddd7902c2932e418702b84d0cc07",
            "computerDnsName": "mymachine1.contoso.com",
            "firstSeen": "2018-08-02T14:55:03.7791856Z",
            "lastSeen": "2021-01-25T07:27:36.052313Z",
            "osPlatform": "Windows10",
            "osProcessor": "x64",
            "version": "1901",
            "lastIpAddress": "10.166.113.46",
            "lastExternalIpAddress": "167.220.203.175",
            "osBuild": 19042,
            "healthStatus": "Active",
            "deviceValue": "Normal",
            "rbacGroupName": "The-A-Team",
            "riskScore": "Low",
            "exposureLevel": "Low",
            "aadDeviceId": "fd2e4d29-7072-4195-aaa5-1af139b78028",
            "machineTags": [
                "Tag1",
                "Tag2"
            ],
            "ipAddresses": [
                {
                    "ipAddress": "10.166.113.47",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                },
                {
                    "ipAddress": "2a01:110:68:4:59e4:3916:3b3e:4f96",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                }
            ]
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 6

Получите все антивирусные проверки, созданные пользователем Analyst@examples.onmicrosoft.com с помощью Microsoft Defender для конечной точки:

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machineactions?$filter=requestor eq 'Analyst@contoso.com' and type eq 'RunAntiVirusScan'

Отклик

json{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#MachineActions",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "2e9da30d-27f6-4208-81f2-9cd3d67893ba",
            "type": "RunAntiVirusScan",
            "scope": "Full",
            "requestor": "Analyst@contoso.com",
            "requestorComment": "Check machine for viruses due to alert 3212",
            "status": "Succeeded",
            "machineId": "f46b9bb259ed4a7fb9981b73510e3cc7aa81ec1f",
            "computerDnsName": "desktop-39g9tgl",
            "creationDateTimeUtc": "2018-12-04T12:18:27.1293487Z",
            "lastUpdateTimeUtc": "2018-12-04T12:18:57.5511934Z",
            "relatedFileInfo": null
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Пример 7

Получите количество открытых оповещений для определенного устройства:

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machines/123321d0c675eaa415b8e5f383c6388bff446c62/alerts/$count?$filter=status ne 'Resolved'

Отклик

4

Пример 8

Получите все устройства с "computerDnsName", начиная с "mymachine":

HTTP GET  https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/machines?$filter=startswith(computerDnsName,'mymachine')

Отклик

json{
    "@odata.context": "https://api.securitycenter.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Machines",
    "value": [
        {
            "id": "1e5bc9d7e413ddd7902c2932e418702b84d0cc07",
            "computerDnsName": "mymachine1.contoso.com",
            "firstSeen": "2018-08-02T14:55:03.7791856Z",
            "lastSeen": "2021-01-25T07:27:36.052313Z",
            "osPlatform": "Windows10",
            "osProcessor": "x64",
            "version": "1901",
            "lastIpAddress": "10.166.113.46",
            "lastExternalIpAddress": "167.220.203.175",
            "osBuild": 19042,
            "healthStatus": "Active",
            "deviceValue": "Normal",
            "rbacGroupName": "The-A-Team",
            "riskScore": "Low",
            "exposureLevel": "Low",
            "aadDeviceId": "fd2e4d29-7072-4195-aaa5-1af139b78028",
            "machineTags": [
                "Tag1",
                "Tag2"
            ],
            "ipAddresses": [
                {
                    "ipAddress": "10.166.113.47",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                },
                {
                    "ipAddress": "2a01:110:68:4:59e4:3916:3b3e:4f96",
                    "macAddress": "8CEC4B897E73",
                    "operationalStatus": "Up"
                }
            ]
        },
        ...
    ]
}

См. также

Microsoft Defender для API конечных точек