Шаг 3. Подтверждение концепции: подключение к SQL с помощью JavaStep 3: Proof of concept connecting to SQL using Java

В этом примере следует рассматривать подтверждение концепции только.This example should be considered a proof of concept only. Пример кода упрощен для ясности и не обязательно представляет рекомендации, рекомендуемые корпорацией Майкрософт.The sample code is simplified for clarity, and doesn't necessarily represent best practices recommended by Microsoft.

Шаг 1: подключениеStep 1: Connect

Используйте класс подключения для подключения к базе данных SQL.Use the connection class to connect to SQL Database.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class SQLDatabaseConnection {
    // Connect to your database.
    // Replace server name, username, and password with your credentials
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String connectionUrl =
                "jdbc:sqlserver://yourserver.database.windows.net:1433;"
                        + "database=AdventureWorks;"
                        + "user=yourusername@yourserver;"
                        + "password=yourpassword;"
                        + "encrypt=true;"
                        + "trustServerCertificate=false;"
                        + "loginTimeout=30;";

        try (Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionUrl);) {
            // Code here.
        }
        // Handle any errors that may have occurred.
        catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Шаг 2. Выполнение запросаStep 2: Execute a query

В этом примере для базы данных SQL Azure, выполнить инструкцию SELECT и вернуть выбранные строки.In this sample, connect to Azure SQL Database, execute a SELECT statement, and return selected rows.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class SQLDatabaseConnection {

    // Connect to your database.
    // Replace server name, username, and password with your credentials
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String connectionUrl =
                "jdbc:sqlserver://yourserver.database.windows.net:1433;"
                + "database=AdventureWorks;"
                + "user=yourusername@yourserver;"
                + "password=yourpassword;"
                + "encrypt=true;"
                + "trustServerCertificate=false;"
                + "loginTimeout=30;";

        ResultSet resultSet = null;

        try (Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionUrl);
                Statement statement = connection.createStatement();) {

            // Create and execute a SELECT SQL statement.
            String selectSql = "SELECT TOP 10 Title, FirstName, LastName from SalesLT.Customer";
            resultSet = statement.executeQuery(selectSql);

            // Print results from select statement
            while (resultSet.next()) {
                System.out.println(resultSet.getString(2) + " " + resultSet.getString(3));
            }
        }
        catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Шаг 3. Вставить строкуStep 3: Insert a row

В этом примере выполнить инструкцию INSERT, передать параметры и извлечь значение первичного ключа автоматически созданный.In this example, execute an INSERT statement, pass parameters, and retrieve the auto-generated Primary Key value.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class SQLDatabaseConnection {

    // Connect to your database.
    // Replace server name, username, and password with your credentials
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String connectionUrl =
                "jdbc:sqlserver://yourserver.database.windows.net:1433;"
                        + "database=AdventureWorks;"
                        + "user=yourusername@yourserver;"
                        + "password=yourpassword;"
                        + "encrypt=true;"
                        + "trustServerCertificate=false;"
                        + "loginTimeout=30;";

        String insertSql = "INSERT INTO SalesLT.Product (Name, ProductNumber, Color, StandardCost, ListPrice, SellStartDate) VALUES "
                + "('NewBike', 'BikeNew', 'Blue', 50, 120, '2016-01-01');";

        ResultSet resultSet = null;

        try (Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionUrl);
                PreparedStatement prepsInsertProduct = connection.prepareStatement(insertSql, Statement.RETURN_GENERATED_KEYS);) {

            prepsInsertProduct.execute();
            // Retrieve the generated key from the insert.
            resultSet = prepsInsertProduct.getGeneratedKeys();

            // Print the ID of the inserted row.
            while (resultSet.next()) {
                System.out.println("Generated: " + resultSet.getString(1));
            }
        }
        // Handle any errors that may have occurred.
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Дополнительные примерыAdditional Samples

Пример приложений драйвера JDBCSample JDBC Driver Applications