Azure AD 'de grup tabanlı lisanslama için PowerShell ve Graph örnekleriPowerShell and Graph examples for group-based licensing in Azure AD

Grup tabanlı lisanslama için tam işlevsellik Azure Portalaracılığıyla kullanılabilir ve şu anda PowerShell ve Microsoft Graph desteği salt okuma işlemleriyle sınırlıdır.Full functionality for group-based licensing is available through the Azure portal, and currently PowerShell and Microsoft Graph support is limited to read-only operations. Ancak, mevcut MSOnline PowerShell cmdlet 'leri ve Microsoft Graph kullanılarak gerçekleştirilebilecek bazı yararlı görevler vardır.However, there are some useful tasks that can be performed using the existing MSOnline PowerShell cmdlets and Microsoft Graph. Bu belge, mümkün olan örneklere örnek sağlar.This document provides examples of what is possible.

Not

Cmdlet 'leri çalıştırmaya başlamadan önce, Connect-MsolService cmdlet 'ini çalıştırarak öncelikle kuruluşunuza bağlandığınızdan emin olun.Before you begin running cmdlets, make sure you connect to your organization first, by running the Connect-MsolService cmdlet.

Uyarı

Bu kod, tanıtım amacıyla bir örnek olarak sağlanır.This code is provided as an example for demonstration purposes. Bunu ortamınızda kullanmak istiyorsanız, önce küçük ölçekte veya ayrı bir test kiracısında test etmeyi düşünün.If you intend to use it in your environment, consider testing it first on a small scale, or in a separate test tenant. Ortamınızın belirli ihtiyaçlarını karşılamak için kodu ayarlamanız gerekebilir.You may have to adjust the code to meet the specific needs of your environment.

Bir gruba atanan Ürün lisanslarını görüntülemeView product licenses assigned to a group

Get-MsolGroup cmdlet 'i Grup nesnesini almak ve lisanslar özelliğini denetlemek için kullanılabilir: o anda gruba atanmış olan tüm Ürün lisanslarını listeler.The Get-MsolGroup cmdlet can be used to retrieve the group object and check the Licenses property: it lists all product licenses currently assigned to the group.

(Get-MsolGroup -ObjectId 99c4216a-56de-42c4-a4ac-e411cd8c7c41).Licenses
| Select SkuPartNumber

Çıktı:Output:

SkuPartNumber
-------------
ENTERPRISEPREMIUM
EMSPREMIUM

Not

Veriler ürün (SKU) bilgileriyle sınırlandırılmıştır.The data is limited to product (SKU) information. Lisansta devre dışı bırakılan hizmet planlarını listelemek mümkün değildir.It is not possible to list the service plans disabled in the license.

Microsoft Graph aynı verileri almak için aşağıdaki örneği kullanın.Use the following sample to get the same data from Microsoft Graph.

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/groups/99c4216a-56de-42c4-a4ac-e411cd8c7c41?$select=assignedLicenses

Çıktı:Output:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
{
  "value": [
{
  "assignedLicenses": [
     {
          "accountId":"f1b45b40-57df-41f7-9596-7f2313883635",
          "skuId":"c7df2760-2c81-4ef7-b578-5b5392b571df",
      "disabledPlans":[]
     },
     {
          "accountId":"f1b45b40-57df-41f7-9596-7f2313883635",
          "skuId":" b05e124f-c7cc-45a0-a6aa-8cf78c946968",
      "disabledPlans":[]
     },
  ],
}
  ]
}

Lisansları olan tüm grupları AlGet all groups with licenses

Aşağıdaki komutu çalıştırarak, herhangi bir lisansın atandığı tüm grupları bulabilirsiniz:You can find all groups with any license assigned by running the following command:

Get-MsolGroup | Where {$_.Licenses}

Hangi ürünlerin atanabileceği hakkında daha fazla ayrıntı gösterilebilir:More details can be displayed about what products are assigned:

Get-MsolGroup | Where {$_.Licenses} | Select `
    ObjectId, `
    DisplayName, `
    @{Name="Licenses";Expression={$_.Licenses | Select -ExpandProperty SkuPartNumber}}

Çıktı:Output:

ObjectId                             DisplayName              Licenses
--------                             -----------              --------
7023a314-6148-4d7b-b33f-6c775572879a EMS E5 – Licensed users  EMSPREMIUM
cf41f428-3b45-490b-b69f-a349c8a4c38e PowerBi - Licensed users POWER\_BI\_STANDARD
962f7189-59d9-4a29-983f-556ae56f19a5 O365 E3 - Licensed users ENTERPRISEPACK
c2652d63-9161-439b-b74e-fcd8228a7074 EMSandOffice             {ENTERPRISEPREMIUM,EMSPREMIUM}

Lisanslanan gruplar için istatistikleri alGet statistics for groups with licenses

Lisanslar içeren gruplar için temel istatistikleri rapor edebilirsiniz.You can report basic statistics for groups with licenses. Aşağıdaki örnekte, komut dosyası Toplam Kullanıcı sayısını, grup tarafından zaten lisans atanmış olan kullanıcı sayısını ve lisansları grup tarafından atanmayan Kullanıcı sayısını listeler.In the example below, the script lists the total user count, the count of users with licenses already assigned by the group, and the count of users for whom licenses could not be assigned by the group.

#get all groups with licenses
Get-MsolGroup -All | Where {$_.Licenses}  | Foreach {
    $groupId = $_.ObjectId;
    $groupName = $_.DisplayName;
    $groupLicenses = $_.Licenses | Select -ExpandProperty SkuPartNumber
    $totalCount = 0;
    $licenseAssignedCount = 0;
    $licenseErrorCount = 0;

    Get-MsolGroupMember -All -GroupObjectId $groupId |
    #get full info about each user in the group
    Get-MsolUser -ObjectId {$_.ObjectId} |     Foreach {
        $user = $_;
        $totalCount++

        #check if any licenses are assigned via this group
        if($user.Licenses | ? {$_.GroupsAssigningLicense -ieq $groupId })
        {
            $licenseAssignedCount++
        }
        #check if user has any licenses that failed to be assigned from this group
        if ($user.IndirectLicenseErrors | ? {$_.ReferencedObjectId -ieq $groupId })
        {
            $licenseErrorCount++
        }     
    }

    #aggregate results for this group
    New-Object Object |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName GroupName -NotePropertyValue $groupName -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName GroupId -NotePropertyValue $groupId -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName GroupLicenses -NotePropertyValue $groupLicenses -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName TotalUserCount -NotePropertyValue $totalCount -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName LicensedUserCount -NotePropertyValue $licenseAssignedCount -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName LicenseErrorCount -NotePropertyValue $licenseErrorCount -PassThru

    } | Format-Table

Çıktı:Output:

GroupName         GroupId                              GroupLicenses       TotalUserCount LicensedUserCount LicenseErrorCount
---------         -------                              -------------       -------------- ----------------- -----------------
Dynamics Licen... 9160c903-9f91-4597-8f79-22b6c47eafbf AAD_PREMIUM_P2                   0                 0                 0
O365 E5 - base... 055dcca3-fb75-4398-a1b8-f8c6f4c24e65 ENTERPRISEPREMIUM                2                 2                 0
O365 E5 - extr... 6b14a1fe-c3a9-4786-9ee4-3a2bb54dcb8e ENTERPRISEPREMIUM                3                 3                 0
EMS E5 - all s... 7023a314-6148-4d7b-b33f-6c775572879a EMSPREMIUM                       2                 2                 0
PowerBi - Lice... cf41f428-3b45-490b-b69f-a349c8a4c38e POWER_BI_STANDARD                2                 2                 0
O365 E3 - all ... 962f7189-59d9-4a29-983f-556ae56f19a5 ENTERPRISEPACK                   2                 2                 0
O365 E5 - EXO     102fb8f4-bbe7-462b-83ff-2145e7cdd6ed ENTERPRISEPREMIUM                1                 1                 0
Access to Offi... 11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42 STANDARDPACK                     4                 3                 1

Lisans hataları olan tüm grupları AlGet all groups with license errors

Lisansları atanmayan bazı kullanıcıları içeren grupları bulmak için:To find groups that contain some users for whom licenses could not be assigned:

Get-MsolGroup -HasLicenseErrorsOnly $true

Çıktı:Output:

ObjectId                             DisplayName             GroupType Description
--------                             -----------             --------- -----------
11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42 Access to Office 365 E1 Security  Users who should have E1 licenses

Microsoft Graph aynı verileri almak için aşağıdakileri kullanınUse following to get the same data from Microsoft Graph

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/groups?$filter=hasMembersWithLicenseErrors+eq+true

Çıktı:Output:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
{
  "value":[
    {
      "odata.type": "Microsoft.DirectoryServices.Group",
      "objectType": "Group",
      "id": "11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42",
      ... # other group properties.
    },
    {
      "odata.type": "Microsoft.DirectoryServices.Group",
      "objectType": "Group",
      "id": "c57cdc98-0dcd-4f90-a82f-c911b288bab9",
      ...
    },
    ... # other groups with license errors.
  ]
"odata.nextLink":"https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/ groups?$filter=hasMembersWithLicenseErrors+eq+true&$skipToken=<encodedPageToken>"
}

Bir grupta lisans hataları olan tüm kullanıcıları alGet all users with license errors in a group

Lisansla ilgili bazı hatalar içeren bir grup verildiğinde, artık bu hatalardan etkilenen tüm kullanıcıları listeleyebilirsiniz.Given a group that contains some license-related errors, you can now list all users affected by those errors. Bir kullanıcı da diğer gruplardan hata verebilir.A user can have errors from other groups, too. Ancak, bu örnekte, Kullanıcı üzerindeki her bir ındirectlicenseerror girişinin Referencedobjectıd özelliğini denetleyerek, sonuçları yalnızca söz konusu grupla ilgili hatalarla sınırlandırdık.However, in this example we limit results only to errors relevant to the group in question by checking the ReferencedObjectId property of each IndirectLicenseError entry on the user.

#a sample group with errors
$groupId = '11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42'

#get all user members of the group
Get-MsolGroupMember -All -GroupObjectId $groupId |
    #get full information about user objects
    Get-MsolUser -ObjectId {$_.ObjectId} |
    #filter out users without license errors and users with license errors from other groups
    Where {$_.IndirectLicenseErrors -and $_.IndirectLicenseErrors.ReferencedObjectId -eq $groupId} |
    #display id, name and error detail. Note: we are filtering out license errors from other groups
    Select ObjectId, `
           DisplayName, `
           @{Name="LicenseError";Expression={$_.IndirectLicenseErrors | Where {$_.ReferencedObjectId -eq $groupId} | Select -ExpandProperty Error}}

Çıktı:Output:

ObjectId                             DisplayName      License Error
--------                             -----------      ------------
6d325baf-22b7-46fa-a2fc-a2500613ca15 Catherine Gibson MutuallyExclusiveViolation

Microsoft Graph aynı verileri almak için aşağıdakileri kullanın:Use following to get the same data from Microsoft Graph:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/groups/11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42/membersWithLicenseErrors

Çıktı:Output:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
{
  "value":[
    {
      "odata.type": "Microsoft.DirectoryServices.User",
      "objectType": "User",
      "id": "6d325baf-22b7-46fa-a2fc-a2500613ca15",
      ... # other user properties.
    },
    ... # other users.
  ],
  "odata.nextLink":"https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/groups/11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42/membersWithLicenseErrors?$skipToken=<encodedPageToken>"
}

Tüm Kiracıdaki lisans hataları olan tüm kullanıcıları alGet all users with license errors in the entire tenant

Aşağıdaki betik, bir veya daha fazla gruptan lisans hataları olan tüm kullanıcıları almak için kullanılabilir.The following script can be used to get all users who have license errors from one or more groups. Komut dosyası her bir hata kaynağını açıkça tanımlamanızı sağlayan her bir lisans hatası için Kullanıcı başına bir satır yazdırır.The script prints one row per user, per license error, which allows you to clearly identify the source of each error.

Not

Bu betik, Kiracıdaki tüm kullanıcıları numaralandırır ve bu, büyük kiracılar için ideal olmayabilir.This script enumerates all users in the tenant, which might not be optimal for large tenants.

Get-MsolUser -All | Where {$_.IndirectLicenseErrors } | % {   
    $user = $_;
    $user.IndirectLicenseErrors | % {
            New-Object Object |
                Add-Member -NotePropertyName UserName -NotePropertyValue $user.DisplayName -PassThru |
                Add-Member -NotePropertyName UserId -NotePropertyValue $user.ObjectId -PassThru |
                Add-Member -NotePropertyName GroupId -NotePropertyValue $_.ReferencedObjectId -PassThru |
                Add-Member -NotePropertyName LicenseError -NotePropertyValue $_.Error -PassThru
        }
    }  

Çıktı:Output:

UserName         UserId                               GroupId                              LicenseError
--------         ------                               -------                              ------------
Anna Bergman     0d0fd16d-872d-4e87-b0fb-83c610db12bc 7946137d-b00d-4336-975e-b1b81b0666d0 MutuallyExclusiveViolation
Catherine Gibson 6d325baf-22b7-46fa-a2fc-a2500613ca15 f2503e79-0edc-4253-8bed-3e158366466b CountViolation
Catherine Gibson 6d325baf-22b7-46fa-a2fc-a2500613ca15 11151866-5419-4d93-9141-0603bbf78b42 MutuallyExclusiveViolation
Drew Fogarty     f2af28fc-db0b-4909-873d-ddd2ab1fd58c 1ebd5028-6092-41d0-9668-129a3c471332 MutuallyExclusiveViolation

Aşağıda yalnızca lisans hatalarını içeren gruplar üzerinde arama yapan başka bir betik sürümü verilmiştir.Here is another version of the script that searches only through groups that contain license errors. Sorun olan birkaç gruba sahip olmak istediğiniz senaryolar için daha iyileştirilmiş olabilir.It may be more optimized for scenarios where you expect to have few groups with problems.

$groupIds = Get-MsolGroup -HasLicenseErrorsOnly $true
    foreach ($groupId in $groupIds) {
    Get-MsolGroupMember -All -GroupObjectId $groupId.ObjectID |
        Get-MsolUser -ObjectId {$_.ObjectId} |
        Where {$_.IndirectLicenseErrors -and $_.IndirectLicenseErrors.ReferencedObjectId -eq $groupId.ObjectID} |
        Select DisplayName, `
               ObjectId, `
               @{Name="LicenseError";Expression={$_.IndirectLicenseErrors | Where {$_.ReferencedObjectId -eq $groupId.ObjectID} | Select -ExpandProperty Error}}
 
    } 

Kullanıcı lisansının doğrudan atanıp atanamayacağını veya bir gruptan devralındığını denetleCheck if user license is assigned directly or inherited from a group

Bir kullanıcı nesnesi için, belirli bir ürün lisansının bir gruptan mi atandığını yoksa doğrudan mi atandığını denetlemek mümkündür.For a user object, it is possible to check if a particular product license is assigned from a group or if it is assigned directly.

Aşağıdaki iki örnek işlev, tek bir kullanıcının atama türünü çözümlemek için kullanılabilir:The two sample functions below can be used to analyze the type of assignment on an individual user:

#Returns TRUE if the user has the license assigned directly
function UserHasLicenseAssignedDirectly
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId)

    foreach($license in $user.Licenses)
    {
        #we look for the specific license SKU in all licenses assigned to the user
        if ($license.AccountSkuId -ieq $skuId)
        {
            #GroupsAssigningLicense contains a collection of IDs of objects assigning the license
            #This could be a group object or a user object (contrary to what the name suggests)
            #If the collection is empty, this means the license is assigned directly - this is the case for users who have never been licensed via groups in the past
            if ($license.GroupsAssigningLicense.Count -eq 0)
            {
                return $true
            }

            #If the collection contains the ID of the user object, this means the license is assigned directly
            #Note: the license may also be assigned through one or more groups in addition to being assigned directly
            foreach ($assignmentSource in $license.GroupsAssigningLicense)
            {
                if ($assignmentSource -ieq $user.ObjectId)
                {
                    return $true
                }
            }
            return $false
        }
    }
    return $false
}
#Returns TRUE if the user is inheriting the license from a group
function UserHasLicenseAssignedFromGroup
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId)

    foreach($license in $user.Licenses)
    {
        #we look for the specific license SKU in all licenses assigned to the user
        if ($license.AccountSkuId -ieq $skuId)
        {
            #GroupsAssigningLicense contains a collection of IDs of objects assigning the license
            #This could be a group object or a user object (contrary to what the name suggests)
            foreach ($assignmentSource in $license.GroupsAssigningLicense)
            {
                #If the collection contains at least one ID not matching the user ID this means that the license is inherited from a group.
                #Note: the license may also be assigned directly in addition to being inherited
                if ($assignmentSource -ine $user.ObjectId)
                {
                    return $true
                }
            }
            return $false
        }
    }
    return $false
}

Bu komut dosyası, kiracı 'daki her bir kullanıcı için bu işlevleri, bu örnekte, kiracımızda contoso: EMSkimliğiyle temsil edilen Enterprise Mobility + Securitylisansıyla ilgilentireceğiz.This script executes those functions on each user in the tenant, using the SKU ID as input - in this example we are interested in the license for Enterprise Mobility + Security, which in our tenant is represented with ID contoso:EMS:

#the license SKU we are interested in. use Get-MsolAccountSku to see a list of all identifiers in your tenant
$skuId = "contoso:EMS"

#find all users that have the SKU license assigned
Get-MsolUser -All | where {$_.isLicensed -eq $true -and $_.Licenses.AccountSKUID -eq $skuId} | select `
    ObjectId, `
    @{Name="SkuId";Expression={$skuId}}, `
    @{Name="AssignedDirectly";Expression={(UserHasLicenseAssignedDirectly $_ $skuId)}}, `
    @{Name="AssignedFromGroup";Expression={(UserHasLicenseAssignedFromGroup $_ $skuId)}}

Çıktı:Output:

ObjectId                             SkuId       AssignedDirectly AssignedFromGroup
--------                             -----       ---------------- -----------------
157870f6-e050-4b3c-ad5e-0f0a377c8f4d contoso:EMS             True             False
1f3174e2-ee9d-49e9-b917-e8d84650f895 contoso:EMS            False              True
240622ac-b9b8-4d50-94e2-dad19a3bf4b5 contoso:EMS             True              True

Grafik, sonucu göstermek için basit bir yönteme sahip değil, ancak bu API 'den görünebilirler:Graph doesn’t have a straightforward way to show the result, but it can be seen from this API:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/e61ff361-5baf-41f0-b2fd-380a6a5e406a?$select=licenseAssignmentStates

Çıktı:Output:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
{
  "value":[
    {
      "odata.type": "Microsoft.DirectoryServices.User",
      "objectType": "User",
      "id": "e61ff361-5baf-41f0-b2fd-380a6a5e406a",
      "licenseAssignmentState":[
        {
          "skuId": "157870f6-e050-4b3c-ad5e-0f0a377c8f4d",
          "disabledPlans":[],
          "assignedByGroup": null, # assigned directly.
          "state": "Active",
          "error": "None"
        },
        {
          "skuId": "1f3174e2-ee9d-49e9-b917-e8d84650f895",
          "disabledPlans":[],
          "assignedByGroup": "e61ff361-5baf-41f0-b2fd-380a6a5e406a", # assigned by this group.
          "state": "Active",
          "error": "None"
        },
        {
          "skuId": "240622ac-b9b8-4d50-94e2-dad19a3bf4b5", 
          "disabledPlans":[
            "e61ff361-5baf-41f0-b2fd-380a6a5e406a"
          ],
          "assignedByGroup": "e61ff361-5baf-41f0-b2fd-380a6a5e406a",
          "state": "Active",
          "error": "None"
        },
        {
          "skuId": "240622ac-b9b8-4d50-94e2-dad19a3bf4b5",
          "disabledPlans":[],
          "assignedByGroup": null, # It is the same license as the previous one. It means the license is assigned directly once and inherited from group as well.
          "state": " Active ",
          "error": " None"
        }
      ],
      ...
    }
  ],
}

Grup lisanslarına sahip kullanıcılar için doğrudan lisansları kaldırmaRemove direct licenses for users with group licenses

Bu betiğin amacı, bir gruptan zaten aynı lisansı paylaşan kullanıcılardan gereksiz doğrudan lisansları kaldıralmaktır; Örneğin, grup tabanlı lisanslamanınbir parçası olarak.The purpose of this script is to remove unnecessary direct licenses from users who already inherit the same license from a group; for example, as part of a transitioning to group-based licensing.

Not

İlk olarak, kaldırılacak olan doğrudan lisansların, devralınan lisanslardan daha fazla hizmet işlevselliği etkinleştirmediğinden emin olmak önemlidir.It is important to first validate that the direct licenses to be removed do not enable more service functionality than the inherited licenses. Aksi takdirde, doğrudan lisansın kaldırılması, kullanıcılara yönelik hizmetlere ve verilere erişimi devre dışı bırakabilir.Otherwise, removing the direct license may disable access to services and data for users. Şu anda, devralınan lisanslar vs Direct aracılığıyla hangi hizmetlerin etkinleştirildiği PowerShell aracılığıyla denetlenmesi mümkün değildir.Currently it is not possible to check via PowerShell which services are enabled via inherited licenses vs direct. Betikte, bilinen en düşük hizmet düzeyini, gruplardan devralındığını ve kullanıcıların, hizmetlere erişimi beklenmedik bir şekilde kaybetmediğinden emin olmak için bu hizmetleri belirttik.In the script, we specify the minimum level of services we know are being inherited from groups and check against that to make sure users do not unexpectedly lose access to services.

#BEGIN: Helper functions used by the script

#Returns TRUE if the user has the license assigned directly
function UserHasLicenseAssignedDirectly
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId)

    $license = GetUserLicense $user $skuId

    if ($license -ne $null)
    {
        #GroupsAssigningLicense contains a collection of IDs of objects assigning the license
        #This could be a group object or a user object (contrary to what the name suggests)
        #If the collection is empty, this means the license is assigned directly - this is the case for users who have never been licensed via groups in the past
        if ($license.GroupsAssigningLicense.Count -eq 0)
        {
            return $true
        }

        #If the collection contains the ID of the user object, this means the license is assigned directly
        #Note: the license may also be assigned through one or more groups in addition to being assigned directly
        foreach ($assignmentSource in $license.GroupsAssigningLicense)
        {
            if ($assignmentSource -ieq $user.ObjectId)
            {
                return $true
            }
        }
        return $false
    }
    return $false
}
#Returns TRUE if the user is inheriting the license from a specific group
function UserHasLicenseAssignedFromThisGroup
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId, [Guid]$groupId)

    $license = GetUserLicense $user $skuId

    if ($license -ne $null)
    {
        #GroupsAssigningLicense contains a collection of IDs of objects assigning the license
        #This could be a group object or a user object (contrary to what the name suggests)
        foreach ($assignmentSource in $license.GroupsAssigningLicense)
        {
            #If the collection contains at least one ID not matching the user ID this means that the license is inherited from a group.
            #Note: the license may also be assigned directly in addition to being inherited
            if ($assignmentSource -ieq $groupId)
            {
                return $true
            }
        }
        return $false
    }
    return $false
}

#Returns the license object corresponding to the skuId. Returns NULL if not found
function GetUserLicense
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId, [Guid]$groupId)
    #we look for the specific license SKU in all licenses assigned to the user
    foreach($license in $user.Licenses)
    {
        if ($license.AccountSkuId -ieq $skuId)
        {
            return $license
        }
    }
    return $null
}

#produces a list of disabled service plan names for a set of plans we want to leave enabled
function GetDisabledPlansForSKU
{
    Param([string]$skuId, [string[]]$enabledPlans)

    $allPlans = Get-MsolAccountSku | where {$_.AccountSkuId -ieq $skuId} | Select -ExpandProperty ServiceStatus | Where {$_.ProvisioningStatus -ine "PendingActivation" -and $_.ServicePlan.TargetClass -ieq "User"} | Select -ExpandProperty ServicePlan | Select -ExpandProperty ServiceName
    $disabledPlans = $allPlans | Where {$enabledPlans -inotcontains $_}

    return $disabledPlans
}

function GetUnexpectedEnabledPlansForUser
{
    Param([Microsoft.Online.Administration.User]$user, [string]$skuId, [string[]]$expectedDisabledPlans)

    $license = GetUserLicense $user $skuId

    $extraPlans = @();

    if($license -ne $null)
    {
        $userDisabledPlans = $license.ServiceStatus | where {$_.ProvisioningStatus -ieq "Disabled"} | Select -ExpandProperty ServicePlan | Select -ExpandProperty ServiceName

        $extraPlans = $expectedDisabledPlans | where {$userDisabledPlans -notcontains $_}
    }
    return $extraPlans
}
#END: helper functions

#BEGIN: executing the script
#the group to be processed
$groupId = "48ca647b-7e4d-41e5-aa66-40cab1e19101"

#license to be removed - Office 365 E3
$skuId = "contoso:ENTERPRISEPACK"

#minimum set of service plans we know are inherited from groups - we want to make sure that there aren't any users who have more services enabled
#which could mean that they may lose access after we remove direct licenses
$servicePlansFromGroups = ("EXCHANGE_S_ENTERPRISE", "SHAREPOINTENTERPRISE", "OFFICESUBSCRIPTION")

$expectedDisabledPlans = GetDisabledPlansForSKU $skuId $servicePlansFromGroups

#process all members in the group and get full info about each user in the group looping through group members. 
Get-MsolGroupMember -All -GroupObjectId $groupId | Get-MsolUser -ObjectId {$_.ObjectId} | Foreach {
        $user = $_;
        $operationResult = "";

        #check if Direct license exists on the user
        if (UserHasLicenseAssignedDirectly $user $skuId)
        {
            #check if the license is assigned from this group, as expected
            if (UserHasLicenseAssignedFromThisGroup $user $skuId $groupId)
            {
                #check if there are any extra plans we didn't expect - we are being extra careful not to remove unexpected services
                $extraPlans = GetUnexpectedEnabledPlansForUser $user $skuId $expectedDisabledPlans
                if ($extraPlans.Count -gt 0)
                {
                    $operationResult = "User has extra plans that may be lost - license removal was skipped. Extra plans: $extraPlans"
                }
                else
                {
                    #remove the direct license from user
                    Set-MsolUserLicense -ObjectId $user.ObjectId -RemoveLicenses $skuId
                    $operationResult = "Removed direct license from user."   
                }

            }
            else
            {
                $operationResult = "User does not inherit this license from this group. License removal was skipped."
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $operationResult = "User has no direct license to remove. Skipping."
        }

        #format output
        New-Object Object |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName UserId -NotePropertyValue $user.ObjectId -PassThru |
                    Add-Member -NotePropertyName OperationResult -NotePropertyValue $operationResult -PassThru
    } | Format-Table
#END: executing the script

Çıktı:Output:

UserId                               OperationResult
------                               ---------------
7c7f860f-700a-462a-826c-f50633931362 Removed direct license from user.
0ddacdd5-0364-477d-9e4b-07eb6cdbc8ea User has extra plans that may be lost - license removal was skipped. Extra plans: SHAREPOINTWAC
aadbe4da-c4b5-4d84-800a-9400f31d7371 User has no direct license to remove. Skipping.

Not

Yukarıdaki betiği çalıştırmadan önce, test ortamınız uyarınca doğrudan lisansların kaldırılması hedeflenmekte olan $skuId değişkenleri için değerleri güncelleştirin ve $groupId .Please update the values for the variables $skuId and $groupId which is being targeted for removal of Direct Licenses as per your test environment before running the above script.

Sonraki adımlarNext steps

Gruplar aracılığıyla lisans yönetimi için özellik kümesi hakkında daha fazla bilgi edinmek için aşağıdaki makalelere bakın:To learn more about the feature set for license management through groups, see the following articles: