DictionaryBase Sınıf

Tanım

abstractAnahtar/değer çiftleri türü kesin belirlenmiş bir koleksiyon için temel sınıf sağlar.Provides the abstract base class for a strongly typed collection of key/value pairs.

public ref class DictionaryBase abstract : System::Collections::IDictionary
public abstract class DictionaryBase : System.Collections.IDictionary
[System.Serializable]
public abstract class DictionaryBase : System.Collections.IDictionary
[System.Serializable]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public abstract class DictionaryBase : System.Collections.IDictionary
type DictionaryBase = class
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IDictionary
[<System.Serializable>]
type DictionaryBase = class
    interface IDictionary
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
[<System.Serializable>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type DictionaryBase = class
    interface IDictionary
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public MustInherit Class DictionaryBase
Implements IDictionary
Devralma
DictionaryBase
Türetilmiş
Öznitelikler
Uygulamalar

Örnekler

Aşağıdaki kod örneği, sınıfını uygular DictionaryBase ve String Length 5 karakterden veya daha az karakter içeren bir anahtar ve değer sözlüğü oluşturmak için bu uygulamayı kullanır.The following code example implements the DictionaryBase class and uses that implementation to create a dictionary of String keys and values that have a Length of 5 characters or less.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

public ref class ShortStringDictionary: public DictionaryBase
{
public:

   property String^ Item [String^]
   {
      String^ get( String^ key )
      {
         return (dynamic_cast<String^>(Dictionary[ key ]));
      }

      void set( String^ value, String^ key )
      {
         Dictionary[ key ] = value;
      }
   }

   property ICollection^ Keys 
   {
      ICollection^ get()
      {
         return (Dictionary->Keys);
      }
   }

   property ICollection^ Values 
   {
      ICollection^ get()
      {
         return (Dictionary->Values);
      }
   }
   void Add( String^ key, String^ value )
   {
      Dictionary->Add( key, value );
   }

   bool Contains( String^ key )
   {
      return (Dictionary->Contains( key ));
   }

   void Remove( String^ key )
   {
      Dictionary->Remove( key );
   }


protected:
   virtual void OnInsert( Object^ key, Object^ value ) override
   {
      if ( key->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.","key" );
      else
      {
         String^ strKey = dynamic_cast<String^>(key);
         if ( strKey->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.","key" );
      }

      if ( value->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "value must be of type String.","value" );
      else
      {
         String^ strValue = dynamic_cast<String^>(value);
         if ( strValue->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "value must be no more than 5 characters in length.","value" );
      }
   }

   virtual void OnRemove( Object^ key, Object^ /*value*/ ) override
   {
      if ( key->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.","key" );
      else
      {
         String^ strKey = dynamic_cast<String^>(key);
         if ( strKey->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.","key" );
      }
   }

   virtual void OnSet( Object^ key, Object^ /*oldValue*/, Object^ newValue ) override
   {
      if ( key->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.","key" );
      else
      {
         String^ strKey = dynamic_cast<String^>(key);
         if ( strKey->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.","key" );
      }

      if ( newValue->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "newValue must be of type String.","newValue" );
      else
      {
         String^ strValue = dynamic_cast<String^>(newValue);
         if ( strValue->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "newValue must be no more than 5 characters in length.","newValue" );
      }
   }

   virtual void OnValidate( Object^ key, Object^ value ) override
   {
      if ( key->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.","key" );
      else
      {
         String^ strKey = dynamic_cast<String^>(key);
         if ( strKey->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.","key" );
      }

      if ( value->GetType() != Type::GetType( "System.String" ) )
            throw gcnew ArgumentException( "value must be of type String.","value" );
      else
      {
         String^ strValue = dynamic_cast<String^>(value);
         if ( strValue->Length > 5 )
                  throw gcnew ArgumentException( "value must be no more than 5 characters in length.","value" );
      }
   }

};

void PrintKeysAndValues2( ShortStringDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( ShortStringDictionary^ myCol );
int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new DictionaryBase.
   ShortStringDictionary^ mySSC = gcnew ShortStringDictionary;

   // Adds elements to the collection.
   mySSC->Add( "One", "a" );
   mySSC->Add( "Two", "ab" );
   mySSC->Add( "Three", "abc" );
   mySSC->Add( "Four", "abcd" );
   mySSC->Add( "Five", "abcde" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using enumerator):" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( mySSC );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys property and the Item property.
   Console::WriteLine( "Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( mySSC );

   // Tries to add a value that is too long.
   try
   {
      mySSC->Add( "Ten", "abcdefghij" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   // Tries to add a key that is too long.
   try
   {
      mySSC->Add( "Eleven", "ijk" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();

   // Searches the collection with Contains.
   Console::WriteLine( "Contains \"Three\": {0}", mySSC->Contains( "Three" ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Contains \"Twelve\": {0}", mySSC->Contains( "Twelve" ) );
   Console::WriteLine();

   // Removes an element from the collection.
   mySSC->Remove( "Two" );

   // Displays the contents of the collection.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"Two\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( mySSC );
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( ShortStringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   DictionaryEntry myDE;
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
      if ( myEnumerator->Current != nullptr )
   {
      myDE =  *dynamic_cast<DictionaryEntry^>(myEnumerator->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} : {1}", myDE.Key, myDE.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}


// Uses the Keys property and the Item property.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( ShortStringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   ICollection^ myKeys = myCol->Keys;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = myKeys->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
   {
      String^ k = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum1->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} : {1}", k, myCol->Item[ k ] );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

Contents of the collection (using enumerator):
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   Two   : ab
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   Two   : ab
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

System.ArgumentException: value must be no more than 5 characters in length.
Parameter name: value
   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()
System.ArgumentException: key must be no more than 5 characters in length.
Parameter name: key
   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()

Contains "Three": True
Contains "Twelve": False

After removing "Two":
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class ShortStringDictionary : DictionaryBase  {

   public String this[ String key ]  {
      get  {
         return( (String) Dictionary[key] );
      }
      set  {
         Dictionary[key] = value;
      }
   }

   public ICollection Keys  {
      get  {
         return( Dictionary.Keys );
      }
   }

   public ICollection Values  {
      get  {
         return( Dictionary.Values );
      }
   }

   public void Add( String key, String value )  {
      Dictionary.Add( key, value );
   }

   public bool Contains( String key )  {
      return( Dictionary.Contains( key ) );
   }

   public void Remove( String key )  {
      Dictionary.Remove( key );
   }

   protected override void OnInsert( Object key, Object value )  {
      if ( key.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.", "key" );
        }
        else  {
         String strKey = (String) key;
         if ( strKey.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key" );
      }

      if ( value.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "value must be of type String.", "value" );
        }
        else  {
         String strValue = (String) value;
         if ( strValue.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "value must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "value" );
      }
   }

   protected override void OnRemove( Object key, Object value )  {
      if ( key.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.", "key" );
        }
        else  {
         String strKey = (String) key;
         if ( strKey.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key" );
      }
   }

   protected override void OnSet( Object key, Object oldValue, Object newValue )  {
      if ( key.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.", "key" );
        }
        else  {
         String strKey = (String) key;
         if ( strKey.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key" );
      }

      if ( newValue.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "newValue must be of type String.", "newValue" );
        }
        else  {
         String strValue = (String) newValue;
         if ( strValue.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "newValue must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "newValue" );
      }
   }

   protected override void OnValidate( Object key, Object value )  {
      if ( key.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be of type String.", "key" );
        }
        else  {
         String strKey = (String) key;
         if ( strKey.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key" );
      }

      if ( value.GetType() != typeof(System.String) )
        {
            throw new ArgumentException( "value must be of type String.", "value" );
        }
        else  {
         String strValue = (String) value;
         if ( strValue.Length > 5 )
            throw new ArgumentException( "value must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "value" );
      }
   }
}

public class SamplesDictionaryBase  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new DictionaryBase.
      ShortStringDictionary mySSC = new ShortStringDictionary();

      // Adds elements to the collection.
      mySSC.Add( "One", "a" );
      mySSC.Add( "Two", "ab" );
      mySSC.Add( "Three", "abc" );
      mySSC.Add( "Four", "abcd" );
      mySSC.Add( "Five", "abcde" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using foreach):" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( mySSC );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contents of the collection (using enumerator):" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( mySSC );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys property and the Item property.
      Console.WriteLine( "Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( mySSC );

      // Tries to add a value that is too long.
      try  {
         mySSC.Add( "Ten", "abcdefghij" );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( e.ToString() );
      }

      // Tries to add a key that is too long.
      try  {
         mySSC.Add( "Eleven", "ijk" );
      }
      catch ( ArgumentException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( e.ToString() );
      }

      Console.WriteLine();

      // Searches the collection with Contains.
      Console.WriteLine( "Contains \"Three\": {0}", mySSC.Contains( "Three" ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Contains \"Twelve\": {0}", mySSC.Contains( "Twelve" ) );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Removes an element from the collection.
      mySSC.Remove( "Two" );

      // Displays the contents of the collection.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"Two\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( mySSC );
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( ShortStringDictionary myCol )  {
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry myDE in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} : {1}", myDE.Key, myDE.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( ShortStringDictionary myCol )  {
      DictionaryEntry myDE;
      System.Collections.IEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )
         if ( myEnumerator.Current != null )  {
            myDE = (DictionaryEntry) myEnumerator.Current;
            Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} : {1}", myDE.Key, myDE.Value );
         }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys property and the Item property.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( ShortStringDictionary myCol )  {
      ICollection myKeys = myCol.Keys;
      foreach ( String k in myKeys )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} : {1}", k, myCol[k] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Contents of the collection (using foreach):
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   Two   : ab
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

Contents of the collection (using enumerator):
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   Two   : ab
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   Two   : ab
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

System.ArgumentException: value must be no more than 5 characters in length.
Parameter name: value
   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()
System.ArgumentException: key must be no more than 5 characters in length.
Parameter name: key
   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()

Contains "Three": True
Contains "Twelve": False

After removing "Two":
   Three : abc
   Five  : abcde
   One   : a
   Four  : abcd

*/

Imports System.Collections

Public Class ShortStringDictionary
   Inherits DictionaryBase

   Default Public Property Item(key As String) As String
      Get
         Return CType(Dictionary(key), String)
      End Get
      Set
         Dictionary(key) = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public ReadOnly Property Keys() As ICollection
      Get
         Return Dictionary.Keys
      End Get
   End Property

   Public ReadOnly Property Values() As ICollection
      Get
         Return Dictionary.Values
      End Get
   End Property

   Public Sub Add(key As String, value As String)
      Dictionary.Add(key, value)
   End Sub

   Public Function Contains(key As String) As Boolean
      Return Dictionary.Contains(key)
   End Function 'Contains

   Public Sub Remove(key As String)
      Dictionary.Remove(key)
   End Sub

   Protected Overrides Sub OnInsert(key As Object, value As Object)
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(key.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("key must be of type String.", "key")
      Else
         Dim strKey As String = CType(key, String)
         If strKey.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key")
         End If
      End If 
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(value.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("value must be of type String.", "value")
      Else
         Dim strValue As String = CType(value, String)
         If strValue.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("value must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "value")
         End If
      End If
   End Sub

   Protected Overrides Sub OnRemove(key As Object, value As Object)
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(key.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("key must be of type String.", "key")
      Else
         Dim strKey As String = CType(key, String)
         If strKey.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key")
         End If
      End If
   End Sub

   Protected Overrides Sub OnSet(key As Object, oldValue As Object, newValue As Object)
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(key.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("key must be of type String.", "key")
      Else
         Dim strKey As String = CType(key, String)
         If strKey.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key")
         End If
      End If 
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(newValue.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("newValue must be of type String.", "newValue")
      Else
         Dim strValue As String = CType(newValue, String)
         If strValue.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("newValue must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "newValue")
         End If
      End If
   End Sub

   Protected Overrides Sub OnValidate(key As Object, value As Object)
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(key.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("key must be of type String.", "key")
      Else
         Dim strKey As String = CType(key, String)
         If strKey.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("key must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "key")
         End If
      End If 
      If Not GetType(System.String).IsAssignableFrom(value.GetType()) Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("value must be of type String.", "value")
      Else
         Dim strValue As String = CType(value, String)
         If strValue.Length > 5 Then
            Throw New ArgumentException("value must be no more than 5 characters in length.", "value")
         End If
      End If
   End Sub

End Class


Public Class SamplesDictionaryBase

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new DictionaryBase.
      Dim mySSC As New ShortStringDictionary()

      ' Adds elements to the collection.
      mySSC.Add("One", "a")
      mySSC.Add("Two", "ab")
      mySSC.Add("Three", "abc")
      mySSC.Add("Four", "abcd")
      mySSC.Add("Five", "abcde")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Contents of the collection (using For Each):")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(mySSC)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Contents of the collection (using enumerator):")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(mySSC)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys property and the Item property.
      Console.WriteLine("Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(mySSC)

      ' Tries to add a value that is too long.
      Try
          mySSC.Add("Ten", "abcdefghij")
      Catch e As ArgumentException
          Console.WriteLine(e.ToString())
      End Try

      ' Tries to add a key that is too long.
      Try
          mySSC.Add("Eleven", "ijk")
      Catch e As ArgumentException
          Console.WriteLine(e.ToString())
      End Try

      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Searches the collection with Contains.
      Console.WriteLine("Contains ""Three"": {0}", mySSC.Contains("Three"))
      Console.WriteLine("Contains ""Twelve"": {0}", mySSC.Contains("Twelve"))
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Removes an element from the collection.
      mySSC.Remove("Two")

      ' Displays the contents of the collection.
      Console.WriteLine("After removing ""Two"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(mySSC)

    End Sub


    ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
    ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol As ShortStringDictionary)
      Dim myDE As DictionaryEntry
      For Each myDE In  myCol
          Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} : {1}", myDE.Key, myDE.Value)
      Next myDE
      Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub


    ' Uses the enumerator. 
    ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As ShortStringDictionary)
      Dim myDE As DictionaryEntry
      Dim myEnumerator As System.Collections.IEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
          If Not (myEnumerator.Current Is Nothing) Then
            myDE = CType(myEnumerator.Current, DictionaryEntry)
            Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} : {1}", myDE.Key, myDE.Value)
          End If
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub


    ' Uses the Keys property and the Item property.
    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As ShortStringDictionary)
      Dim myKeys As ICollection = myCol.Keys
      Dim k As String
      For Each k In  myKeys
          Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} : {1}", k, myCol(k))
      Next k
      Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Contents of the collection (using For Each):
'   Three : abc
'   Five  : abcde
'   Two   : ab
'   One   : a
'   Four  : abcd
'
'Contents of the collection (using enumerator):
'   Three : abc
'   Five  : abcde
'   Two   : ab
'   One   : a
'   Four  : abcd
'
'Initial contents of the collection (using Keys and Item):
'   Three : abc
'   Five  : abcde
'   Two   : ab
'   One   : a
'   Four  : abcd
'
'System.ArgumentException: value must be no more than 5 characters in length.
'Parameter name: value
'   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
'   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()
'System.ArgumentException: key must be no more than 5 characters in length.
'Parameter name: key
'   at ShortStringDictionary.OnValidate(Object key, Object value)
'   at System.Collections.DictionaryBase.System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesDictionaryBase.Main()
'
'Contains "Three": True
'Contains "Twelve": False
'
'After removing "Two":
'   Three : abc
'   Five  : abcde
'   One   : a
'   Four  : abcd

Açıklamalar

Önemli

DictionaryBaseYeni geliştirme için sınıfını kullanmanızı önermiyoruz.We don't recommend that you use the DictionaryBase class for new development. Bunun yerine, genel Dictionary<TKey,TValue> veya sınıfını kullanmanızı öneririz KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> .Instead, we recommend that you use the generic Dictionary<TKey,TValue> or KeyedCollection<TKey,TItem> class . Daha fazla bilgi için bkz. GitHub 'da genel olmayan koleksiyonlar kullanılmamalıdır .For more information, see Non-generic collections shouldn't be used on GitHub.

C# foreach Ifadesi ve her deyimin Visual Basic koleksiyondaki öğelerin türünün bir nesnesini döndürür.The C# foreach statement and the Visual Basic For Each statement return an object of the type of the elements in the collection. Öğesinin her öğesi DictionaryBase bir anahtar/değer çifti olduğundan, öğe türü anahtarın türü veya değer türü değil.Since each element of the DictionaryBase is a key/value pair, the element type is not the type of the key or the type of the value. Bunun yerine, öğe türü DictionaryEntry .Instead, the element type is DictionaryEntry.

foreachİfade, bir Numaralandırıcı etrafında bir sarmalayıcıdır. Bu, koleksiyon için yalnızca okuma ve yazma için izin verir.The foreach statement is a wrapper around the enumerator, which only allows reading from, not writing to, the collection.

Not

Anahtarlar devralınabileceğinden ve davranışları değiştiği için, yöntemi kullanılarak karşılaştırmalar tarafından mutlak benzersizliği garanti edilemez Equals .Because keys can be inherited and their behavior changed, their absolute uniqueness cannot be guaranteed by comparisons using the Equals method.

Uygulayanlara Notlar

Bu temel sınıf, ımplemenonun kesin belirlenmiş bir özel koleksiyon oluşturmasını kolaylaştırmak için sağlanır.This base class is provided to make it easier for implementers to create a strongly typed custom collection. Implemenonun kendi kendine oluşturulması yerine bu temel sınıfı genişletmesi önerilir.Implementers are encouraged to extend this base class instead of creating their own.

Bu temel sınıfın üyeleri korunur ve yalnızca türetilmiş bir sınıf aracılığıyla kullanılmak üzere tasarlanmıştır.Members of this base class are protected and are intended to be used through a derived class only.

Oluşturucular

DictionaryBase()

DictionaryBase sınıfının yeni bir örneğini başlatır.Initializes a new instance of the DictionaryBase class.

Özellikler

Count

Örnekte bulunan öğelerin sayısını alır DictionaryBase .Gets the number of elements contained in the DictionaryBase instance.

Dictionary

Örnekte yer alan öğelerin listesini alır DictionaryBase .Gets the list of elements contained in the DictionaryBase instance.

InnerHashtable

Örnekte yer alan öğelerin listesini alır DictionaryBase .Gets the list of elements contained in the DictionaryBase instance.

Yöntemler

Clear()

Örneğin içeriğini temizler DictionaryBase .Clears the contents of the DictionaryBase instance.

CopyTo(Array, Int32)

DictionaryBaseÖğeleri belirtilen dizinde tek boyutlu olarak kopyalar Array .Copies the DictionaryBase elements to a one-dimensional Array at the specified index.

Equals(Object)

Belirtilen nesnenin geçerli nesneye eşit olup olmadığını belirler.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Devralındığı yer: Object)
GetEnumerator()

IDictionaryEnumeratorÖrnek boyunca yinelenen bir döndürür DictionaryBase .Returns an IDictionaryEnumerator that iterates through the DictionaryBase instance.

GetHashCode()

Varsayılan karma işlevi olarak işlev görür.Serves as the default hash function.

(Devralındığı yer: Object)
GetType()

TypeGeçerli örneği alır.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Devralındığı yer: Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Geçerli bir basit kopyasını oluşturur Object .Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Devralındığı yer: Object)
OnClear()

Örneğin içeriğini temizlemeden önce ek özel işlem gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes before clearing the contents of the DictionaryBase instance.

OnClearComplete()

Örneğin içeriğini temizledikten sonra ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes after clearing the contents of the DictionaryBase instance.

OnGet(Object, Object)

Örnekteki belirtilen anahtar ve değere sahip öğeyi alır DictionaryBase .Gets the element with the specified key and value in the DictionaryBase instance.

OnInsert(Object, Object)

Örneğe yeni bir öğe eklemeden önce ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes before inserting a new element into the DictionaryBase instance.

OnInsertComplete(Object, Object)

Örneğe yeni bir öğe ekledikten sonra ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes after inserting a new element into the DictionaryBase instance.

OnRemove(Object, Object)

Örnekten bir öğeyi kaldırmadan önce ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes before removing an element from the DictionaryBase instance.

OnRemoveComplete(Object, Object)

Örnekten bir öğe kaldırıldıktan sonra ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes after removing an element from the DictionaryBase instance.

OnSet(Object, Object, Object)

Örnekte bir değer ayarlamadan önce ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes before setting a value in the DictionaryBase instance.

OnSetComplete(Object, Object, Object)

Örnekte bir değer ayarladıktan sonra ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir DictionaryBase .Performs additional custom processes after setting a value in the DictionaryBase instance.

OnValidate(Object, Object)

Belirtilen anahtar ve değere sahip öğeyi doğrularken ek özel süreçler gerçekleştirir.Performs additional custom processes when validating the element with the specified key and value.

ToString()

Geçerli nesneyi temsil eden dizeyi döndürür.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Devralındığı yer: Object)

Belirtik Arabirim Kullanımları

ICollection.IsSynchronized

Bir DictionaryBase nesneye erişimin eşitlenip eşitlenmediğini (iş parçacığı açısından güvenli) gösteren bir değer alır.Gets a value indicating whether access to a DictionaryBase object is synchronized (thread safe).

ICollection.SyncRoot

Bir nesneye erişimi eşzamanlı hale getirmek için kullanılabilecek bir nesne alır DictionaryBase .Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to a DictionaryBase object.

IDictionary.Add(Object, Object)

Öğesine belirtilen anahtarı ve değeri içeren bir öğesi ekler DictionaryBase .Adds an element with the specified key and value into the DictionaryBase.

IDictionary.Contains(Object)

' In DictionaryBase belirli bir anahtar içerip içermediğini belirler.Determines whether the DictionaryBase contains a specific key.

IDictionary.IsFixedSize

Bir nesnenin sabit boyuta sahip olup olmadığını gösteren bir değer alır DictionaryBase .Gets a value indicating whether a DictionaryBase object has a fixed size.

IDictionary.IsReadOnly

Bir nesnenin salt okunurdur olduğunu gösteren bir değer alır DictionaryBase .Gets a value indicating whether a DictionaryBase object is read-only.

IDictionary.Item[Object]

Belirtilen anahtarla ilişkili değeri alır veya ayarlar.Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

IDictionary.Keys

ICollectionNesnedeki anahtarları içeren bir nesne alır DictionaryBase .Gets an ICollection object containing the keys in the DictionaryBase object.

IDictionary.Remove(Object)

Öğesinden belirtilen anahtara sahip öğeyi kaldırır DictionaryBase .Removes the element with the specified key from the DictionaryBase.

IDictionary.Values

ICollectionNesnedeki değerleri içeren bir nesne alır DictionaryBase .Gets an ICollection object containing the values in the DictionaryBase object.

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

IEnumeratorİle yinelenen bir döndürür DictionaryBase .Returns an IEnumerator that iterates through the DictionaryBase.

Uzantı Metotları

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Öğesinin öğelerini IEnumerable belirtilen türe yayınlar.Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Öğesinin öğelerini IEnumerable belirtilen bir türe göre filtreler.Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Bir sorgunun paralelleştirilmesini mümkün hale getirme.Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Bir IEnumerable öğesine dönüştürür IQueryable .Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Şunlara uygulanır

İş Parçacığı Güvenliği

Ortak statik ( Shared Visual Basic) bu türün üyeleri iş parçacığı güvenlidir.Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Örnek üyelerin iş parçacığı güvenli olmaları garanti edilmez.Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Bu uygulama, için eşitlenmiş (iş parçacığı açısından güvenli) sarmalayıcı sağlamaz DictionaryBase , ancak türetilmiş sınıflar özelliğini kullanarak kendi eşitlenmiş sürümlerini oluşturabilir DictionaryBase SyncRoot .This implementation does not provide a synchronized (thread-safe) wrapper for a DictionaryBase, but derived classes can create their own synchronized versions of the DictionaryBase using the SyncRoot property.

Bir koleksiyon ile numaralandırma, aslında iş parçacığı açısından güvenli yordam değildir.Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. Bir koleksiyon eşitlendiği zaman bile, diğer iş parçacıkları numaralandırıcının özel durum oluşturmasına neden olan koleksiyonu değiştirebilir.Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. Numaralandırma sırasında iş parçacığı güvenliği sağlamak için tüm numaralandırma sırasında koleksiyonu kilitleyebilir veya diğer iş parçacıkları tarafından yapılan değişikliklerden kaynaklanan özel durumları yakalayabilirsiniz.To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

Ayrıca bkz.