HashSet<T>.ExceptWith(IEnumerable<T>) Yöntem

Tanım

Geçerli nesneden belirtilen koleksiyondaki tüm öğeleri kaldırır HashSet<T> .Removes all elements in the specified collection from the current HashSet<T> object.

public:
 virtual void ExceptWith(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ other);
public:
 void ExceptWith(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ other);
public void ExceptWith (System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> other);
abstract member ExceptWith : seq<'T> -> unit
override this.ExceptWith : seq<'T> -> unit
member this.ExceptWith : seq<'T> -> unit
Public Sub ExceptWith (other As IEnumerable(Of T))

Parametreler

other
IEnumerable<T>

Nesneden kaldırılacak öğelerin koleksiyonu HashSet<T> .The collection of items to remove from the HashSet<T> object.

Uygulamalar

Özel durumlar

other, null değeridir.other is null.

Örnekler

Aşağıdaki örnek, HashSet<T> çakışan veri kümelerine sahip iki koleksiyon oluşturur.The following example creates two HashSet<T> collections with overlapping sets of data. Daha sonra değer aralığı, yöntemi kullanılarak daha büyük kümesinden kaldırılır ExceptWith .The lower range of values is then removed from the larger set using the ExceptWith method.

static void Main()
{
    HashSet<int>^ lowNumbers = gcnew HashSet<int>();
    HashSet<int>^ highNumbers = gcnew HashSet<int>();

    for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++)
    {
        lowNumbers->Add(i);
    }

    for (int i = 3; i < 10; i++)
    {
        highNumbers->Add(i);
    }

    Console::Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(lowNumbers);

    Console::Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(highNumbers);

    Console::WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...");
    highNumbers->ExceptWith(lowNumbers);

    Console::Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers->Count);
    DisplaySet(highNumbers);
}
/* This example provides output similar to the following:
 * lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
 * highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
 * highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
 * highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }
 */
HashSet<int> lowNumbers = new HashSet<int>();
HashSet<int> highNumbers = new HashSet<int>();

for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++)
{
    lowNumbers.Add(i);
}

for (int i = 3; i < 10; i++)
{
    highNumbers.Add(i);
}

Console.Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(lowNumbers);

Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(highNumbers);

Console.WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...");
highNumbers.ExceptWith(lowNumbers);

Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(highNumbers);

void DisplaySet(HashSet<int> set)
{
    Console.Write("{");
    foreach (int i in set)
    {
        Console.Write(" {0}", i);
    }
    Console.WriteLine(" }");
}

/* This example provides output similar to the following:
* lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
* highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
* highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
* highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }
*/
Shared Sub Main()

    Dim lowNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()
    Dim highNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()

    For i As Integer = 0 To 5
        lowNumbers.Add(i)
    Next i

    For i As Integer = 3 To 9
        highNumbers.Add(i)
    Next i

    Console.Write("lowNumbers contains {0} elements: ", lowNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(lowNumbers)

    Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(highNumbers)

    Console.WriteLine("highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...")
    highNumbers.ExceptWith(lowNumbers)

    Console.Write("highNumbers contains {0} elements: ", highNumbers.Count)
    DisplaySet(highNumbers)

End Sub
' This example provides output similar to the following:
' lowNumbers contains 6 elements: { 0 1 2 3 4 5 }
' highNumbers contains 7 elements: { 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 }
' highNumbers ExceptWith lowNumbers...
' highNumbers contains 4 elements: { 6 7 8 9 }

Açıklamalar

ExceptWithYöntemi matematik kümesi çıkarma 'nın eşdeğeridir.The ExceptWith method is the equivalent of mathematical set subtraction.

Bu yöntem bir O ( n ) işlemidir; burada, n parametresindeki öğelerin sayısıdır other .This method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in the other parameter.

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