Deploy Certificates to VMs from customer-managed Key Vault in Node

This sample explains how you can create a VM in Nodejs, with certificates installed automatically from a Key Vault account.

Getting Started



  1. If you don't already have it, get node.js.

  2. Clone the repository.

    git clone
  3. Install the dependencies using pip.

    cd key-vault-node-deploy-certificates-to-vm
    npm install
  4. Export these environment variables into your current shell or update the credentials in the example file.

    export AZURE_TENANT_ID={your tenant id}
    export AZURE_CLIENT_ID={your client id}
    export AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET={your client secret}
    export AZURE_SUBSCRIPTION_ID={your subscription id}

    Optional, but recommended; this sample will attempt to obtain through graph if not provided:

    export AZURE_OBJECT_ID={your object id},

    you can access the object_id through portal by navigating to your service principal. Object ID through Portal screenshot

    [AZURE.NOTE] On Windows, use set instead of export.

  5. Run the sample.

    node index.js


Preliminary operations

This example setup some preliminary components that are no the topic of this sample and do not differ from regular scenarios:

  • A Resource Group
  • A Virtual Network
  • A Subnet
  • A Public IP
  • A Network Interface

For details about creation of these components, you can refer to the generic sample:

Creating a KeyVault account enabled for deployment

    let keyVaultParameters = {
      location: location,
      tenantId: domain,
      properties: {
        sku: {
          name: 'standard',
        accessPolicies: [
            tenantId: domain,
            objectId: objectId,
            permissions: {
              certificates: ['all'],
              secrets: ['all']
        # Critical to allow the VM to download certificates later
        enabledForDeployment: true
      tags: {}
    return keyVaultManagementClient.vaults.createOrUpdate(resourceGroupName, keyVaultName, keyVaultParameters);

You can also found different example on how to create a Key Vault account:

In order to execute this sample, your Key Vault account MUST have the "enabled-for-deployment" special permission. The EnabledForDeployment flag explicitly gives Azure (Microsoft.Compute resource provider) permission to use the certificates stored as secrets for this deployment.

Note that access policy takes an object_id, not a client_id as parameter. This sample provides a quick way to convert a Service Principal client_id to an object_id using the azure-graphrbac client, provided the service principal used has the permission to view information on Microsoft Graph; this can be done by navigating to the service-principal => Settings => Required Permissions => Add (Microsoft Graph). Alternatively, simply set the AZURE_OBJECT_ID environment variable (see above).

Ask Key Vault to create a certificate for you

    keyVaultClient.createCertificate(, certificateName, { certificatePolicy: certificatePolicy });

A default certificatePolicy is described in the sample file:

    let certificatePolicy = {
      keyProperties: {
        exportable: true,
        keyType: 'RSA',
        keySize: 2048,
        reuseKey: true
      secretProperties: {
        contentType: 'application/x-pkcs12'
      issuerParameters: {
        name: 'Self'
      x509CertificateProperties: {
        subject: 'CN=CLIGetDefaultPolicy',
        validity_in_months: 12,
        key_usage: [
      lifetimeActions: [
          action: { actionType: "AutoRenew" },
          trigger: { daysBeforeExpiry: 90 }

This is the same policy that:

  • Is pre-configured in the Portal when you choose "Generate" in the Certificates tab
  • You get when you use the CLI 2.0: az keyvault certificate get-default-policy

Create certificate is an async operation. This sample provides a simple polling mechanism example.

Create a VM with Certificates from Key Vault

First, get your certificate as a Secret object:

    keyVaultClient.getSecret(, certificateName, '')

During the creation of the VM, use the secrets atribute to assign your certificate:.

  let vmParameters = {
    location: location,
    osProfile: {
      computerName: vmName,
      adminUsername: adminUsername,
      adminPassword: adminPassword,
      // Key Vault Critical part
      secrets: [{
        sourceVault: {
        vaultCertificates: [{
    hardwareProfile: {
      vmSize: 'Basic_A0'
    storageProfile: {
      imageReference: {
        publisher: publisher,
        offer: offer,
        sku: sku,
        version: "latest"
    networkProfile: {
      networkInterfaces: [
          id: nicId,
          primary: true

  return computeClient.virtualMachines.createOrUpdate(resourceGroupName, vmName, vmParameters);

[AZURE.NOTE] By default, this sample deletes the resources created in the sample. To retain them, comment out the line: return resourceClient.resourceGroups.deleteMethod(resourceGroupName);