SharePoint 术语表SharePoint glossary

查找 SharePoint 开发者文档中所用术语的定义。Find definitions for terms used in SharePoint developer documentation.

术语表Glossary

术语Term 定义Definition
访问控制条目access control entry
安全对象的自由访问控制列表 (DACL) 或对象的系统访问控制列表 (SACL) 中的一项。在 DACL 中,该项向用户或组授予权限或者拒绝向用户或组授予权限。在 SACL 中,该项指定审核特定用户或组的哪些安全事件或者控制对象的 Windows 完整性级别。An entry in either a securable object's discretionary access control list (DACL) or an object's system access control list (SACL). In a DACL, the entry grants or denies permissions to a user or group. In a SACL, the entry specifies which security events to audit for a particular user or group or controls the Windows Integrity Level for the object.
“访问控制列表”access control list
基于 Windows 的系统中的访问控制项 (ACE) 的列表,这些项应用于整个对象、对象的属性集或对象的单个属性,并定义授予一个或多个安全主体的访问权限。In Windows-based systems, a list of access control entries (ACE) that apply to an entire object, a set of the object's properties, or an individual property of an object, and that define the access granted to one or more security principals.
访问 URLaccess URL
爬网程序用于标识和访问项目的内部 URL。The internal URL that is used by a crawler to identify and access an item.
ACEACE
安全对象的自由访问控制列表 (DACL) 或对象的系统访问控制列表 (SACL) 中的一项。在 DACL 中,该项向用户或组授予权限或者拒绝向用户或组授予权限。在 SACL 中,该项指定审核特定用户或组的哪些安全事件或者控制对象的 Windows 完整性级别。An entry in either a securable object's discretionary access control list (DACL) or an object's system access control list (SACL). In a DACL, the entry grants or denies permissions to a user or group. In a SACL, the entry specifies which security events to audit for a particular user or group or controls the Windows Integrity Level for the object.
ACLACL
基于 Windows 的系统中的访问控制项 (ACE) 的列表,这些项应用于整个对象、对象的属性集或对象的单个属性,并定义授予一个或多个安全主体的访问权限。In Windows-based systems, a list of access control entries (ACE) that apply to an entire object, a set of the object's properties, or an individual property of an object, and that define the access granted to one or more security principals.
activity feed - 活动源activity feed
根据您关注的人员、文档和标签提供信息、通知和更新的源。A feed that provides information, notifications and updates based on people, documents, and tags you are following.
活动流activity flow
正在运行的工作流实例,其中包括一系列操作实例和/或活动模型实例。操作实例和活动模型实例可按任何顺序排列,以创建单个活动流。A running instance of a workflow that consists of a sequence of action instances and/or activity model instances. Action instances and activity model instances can be sequenced in any order to create a single activity flow.
活动模型activity model
预定义的一系列操作。A predefined sequence of actions.
后期事件after event
其处理程序仅在引发事件的操作完成后才运行的异步事件。An asynchronous event whose handler runs only after the action that raised the event is complete.
警报订阅alert subscription
当满足用户定义的条件时自动接收 Internet 消息的请求。A request to receive an Internet message automatically when user-defined criteria are met. 在服务器上更改文档、网页、列表项、网站或其他资源时,会自动生成此类消息。Such messages are generated automatically when items such as documents, webpages, list items, sites, or other resources on a server are changed.
备用帐户alternate account
额外的用户帐户,位于不同域中,但与主帐户位于同一个林中。An additional user account that is in a different domain, but within the same forest as the primary account.
应用程序目录app catalog
管理员可用于将 Office 和 SharePoint 相关应用程序分发给其最终用户的 SharePoint 文档库。A SharePoint document library that administrators can use to distribute apps for Office and SharePoint to their end users.
应用程序自定义操作app custom action
由 SharePoint 外接程序(以前称为 SharePoint 相关应用)添加到主机网站并链接到该外接程序包含的更多功能的一种自定义操作。A type of custom action that is added to a host site by a SharePoint Add-in (formerly an app for SharePoint) and that links to more functionality that is contained by the add-in.
SharePoint 相关应用程序app for SharePoint
支持云计算的应用程序,可将基于场景的丰富内容和服务集成到 SharePoint 环境。A cloud-enabled app that integrates rich, scenario-focused content and services into a SharePoint environment. 现在称为“SharePoint 外接程序”。Now known as "SharePoint Add-in."
应用程序部件app part
SharePoint 外接程序(以前称为 SharePoint 相关应用程序)的一个组件,可嵌入到网站页面上来公开该外接程序的功能。A component of a SharePoint Add-in (formerly an app for SharePoint) that can be embedded on a site page to expose the functionality of the add-in.
应用程序 Webapp web
在主机 Web 上安装外接程序时将外接程序的 SharePoint 组件部署到的子网站。A sub website to which the SharePoint components of an add-in are deployed when the add-in is installed on a host web.
应用程序目录application directory
索引服务器或查询服务器上的目录,其中存储的所有文件均用于创建全文本索引目录或对全文本索引目录执行查询。The directory on an index server or a query server where all files are stored for the purpose of creating a full-text index catalog or performing queries on a full-text index catalog.
应用程序会话application session
运行应用程序的时间段。应用程序启动时,会话启动。应用程序退出时,会话结束。The period of time when an application is running. When an application starts, the session starts. When an application quits, the session ends.
AppSourceAppSource
以前称为 Office 应用商店。Formerly known as Office Store. 向 Microsoft Office 用户提供 Microsoft 合作伙伴开发的产品和服务集合的 Internet 网站。An Internet site that provides a collection of products and services developed by Microsoft partners for Microsoft Office users.
访问群体标识符audience identifier
用于唯一标识访问群体的 GUID 或字符串。A GUID or string that is used to uniquely identify an audience.
访问群体规则audience rule
一组逻辑条件,用于确定用户配置文件能否成为访问群体的成员。A set of logical conditions that determine whether a user profile can be a member of an audience.
权威页面authoritative page
网站集管理员指定的比其他网页更具相关性的网页。A webpage that a site collection administrator has designated as more relevant than other webpages. 它通常是组织内部网的主页 URL。This is typically the URL of the home page for the intranet of an organization. 分配给网页的权威级别越高,网页在搜索结果中的位置就越靠前。The higher the authority level assigned to a page, the higher the page appears in search results. 也称为权威页面。Also referred to as authoritative page.
权限级别authority level
指定特定网页比其他网页更具相关性的浮点数。A floating-point number that designates that a specific webpage is more relevant than other webpages. 允许的值为 0、1 或 2。Allowed values are 0, 1, or 2. 零 (0) 表示最重要的权威性页面级别。Zero (0) signifies the most valuable authoritative page level.
权威网页authority page
网站集管理员指定的比其他网页更具相关性的网页。A webpage that a site collection administrator has designated as more relevant than other webpages. 它通常是组织内部网的主页 URL。This is typically the URL of the home page for the intranet of an organization. 分配给网页的权威级别越高,网页在搜索结果中的位置就越靠前。The higher the authority level assigned to a page, the higher the page appears in search results. 也称为权威性页面。Also referred to as authoritative page.
自动托管autohost
自动在适当的主机上部署外接程序组件并建立外接程序隔离。To deploy the components of an add-in on appropriate hosts and establish add-in isolation automatically.
可用网站模板available site template
基于 XML 的预定义或用户定义设置集合;这些设置以网站定义配置或网站模板的形式存储,可在创建网站时使用。An XML-based collection of predefined or user-defined settings that are stored as a site definition configuration or a site template, and can be used when creating a site.
向后签名backward signing
图像或 .ink 文件中手写签名的条件,该条件指定签名中的字符方向,从右向左或从左向右。A condition of a handwritten signature, in an image or .ink file, that specifies the direction of the characters in the signature, right-to-left or left-to-right.
基本视图标识符base view identifier
一个唯一地标识列表视图定义的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies a view definition for a list.
基本页面basic page
一个 Web 部件页,其中只包含一个 Web 部件区域,默认情况下还包含一个内容编辑器 Web 部件。A web parts page that contains only one web part zone and, by default, a Content Editor web part.
BCSBCS
使用户能够从 Office 套件和 SharePoint 内与后端 (LOB) 数据交互的功能。A feature that enables users to interact with back-end (LOB) data from within the Office Suite and SharePoint.
BCS 解决方案部署BCS solution deployment
基于 ClickOnce 技术的 BCS 服务器到客户端解决方案部署。BCS server to client solution deployment that is based on ClickOnce technology.
前期事件before event
其处理程序在引发事件的操作开始前完全运行的同步事件。A synchronous event whose handler runs completely before the action that raised the event starts.
空白网站blank site
使用“空白”网站模板创建的网站。A site that was created by using the "Blank" site template.
Business ConnectivityBusiness Connectivity
使用户能够从 Office 套件和 SharePoint 内与后端 (LOB) 数据交互的功能。A feature that enables users to interact with back-end (LOB) data from within the Office Suite and SharePoint.
Business Connectivity ServicesBusiness Connectivity Services
一种使用户能够从 Office 套件和 SharePoint 内与后端 (LOB) 数据交互的功能。A feature that enables users to interact with back-end (LOB) data from within the Office Suite and SharePoint.
CAMLCAML
一种基于 XML 的语言,用于描述基于 SharePoint 产品和技术的网站中的各种元素,如查询和视图。An XML-based language that is used to describe various elements, such as queries and views, in sites that are based on SharePoint products and technologies.
管理中心站点Central Administration site
一个特殊 SharePoint 站点,管理员可从中管理正在运行 SharePoint 产品和技术的服务器场中的所有网站和服务器。A special SharePoint site where an administrator can manage all sites and servers in a farm that is running SharePoint products and technologies.
部件版式控制chrome control
可在 SharePoint 相关应用程序中使用的、基于 HTML 和 JavaScript 的控件,用于呈现顶部的部件版式。An HTML and JavaScript based control that renders the top chrome, which is available to use in apps for SharePoint.
协作应用程序标记语言Collaborative Application Markup Language
一种基于 XML 的语言,用于描述基于 SharePoint 产品和技术的网站中的各种元素,如查询和视图。An XML-based language that is used to describe various elements, such as queries and views, in sites that are based on SharePoint products and technologies.
内容迁移包content migration package
XML 格式文件的程序包,用于在网站集、网站和列表之间迁移内容。A package of XML-formatted files that is used to migrate content between site collections, sites, and lists.
内容占位符content placeholder
页面布局中的一个区域,将用该区域绑定到的发布页字段的值动态填充该区域。A region within a page layout that is populated dynamically with the value of the publishing page field to which it is bound.
内容类型组content type group
内容类型的指定类别,用于组织用途相似的内容类型。A named category of content types that is used to organize content types of a similar purpose.
内容类型标识符content type identifier
分配给内容类型的唯一标识符。A unique identifier that is assigned to a content type.
内容类型顺序content type order
内容类型的显示顺序。The sequence in which content types are displayed.
内容类型资源文件夹content type resource folder
存储与内容类型关联的资源文件的文件夹。A folder that stores the resource files that are associated with a content type.
内容类型架构content type schema
一项描述某内容类型的内容的 XML 定义。An XML definition that describes the contents of a content type.
特定于内容类型的视图content type specific view
与特定内容类型(与文件夹关联)关联的视图。A view that is associated with a particular content type that is associated with a folder.
上下文网站context site
与当前请求的上下文对应的网站。A site that corresponds to the context of the current request.
上下文类型context type
一个用作事件接收器的分类的 GUID。A GUID that is used as a classification for an event receiver.
上下文搜索范围contextual search scope
系统定义的限制,可根据需要将该限制添加到查询中以将查询结果局限于来自特定网站或列表的项。A system-defined restriction that can optionally be added to a query to restrict the query results to items that are from a specific site or list.
爬网日志crawl log
一组属性,用于提供有关爬网显示 URL 的结果的信息。该信息包括爬网是否成功、显示 URL 所属的内容源以及发生的任何错误的级别、消息、时间和标识符。A set of properties that provides information about the results of crawling a display URL. The information includes whether the crawl was successful, the content source to which the display URL belongs, and the level, message, time, and identifier for any errors that occur.
爬网队列crawl queue
存储接下来要爬网的项目列表的数据结构。A data structure that stores the list of items to crawl next.
已爬网属性crawled property
可在爬网期间发现并应用于一个或多个项目的元数据类型。可将其映射到托管属性。A type of metadata that can be discovered during a crawl and applied to one or more items. It can be mapped to a managed property.
跨域库cross-domain library
SharePoint 相关应用程序中提供的以允许在客户端级别进行跨域通信的 JavaScript 库。A JavaScript library available in apps for SharePoint to allow cross-domain client-level communication.
自定义操作custom action
添加到网站页面的下拉菜单项或功能区组件。A dropdown menu item or ribbon component that is added to a site page.
数据视图 Web 部件Data View web part
用于显示列表项的 Web 部件。A web part that is used to display items in a list.
声明性工作流关联declarative workflow association
声明性工作流到特定列表或内容类型的不含代码的绑定,此绑定使用 XAML(可扩展应用程序标记语言)。A code-free binding of a declarative workflow to a specific list or content type using XAML (Extensible Application Markup Language).
默认列表视图default list view
列表所有者定义的列表视图,在未指定视图的情况下当用户浏览到列表时将显示该视图。The view of a list that is defined by the owner of the list to appear when users browse to the list without specifying a view.
默认移动列表视图default mobile list view
列表所有者定义的列表视图,在未指定视图的情况下当用户从移动设备中浏览到列表时将显示该视图。The view of a list that is defined by the owner of the list to appear when users browse to the list from a mobile device without specifying a view.
默认搜索范围default search scope
自动分配给搜索范围显示组的搜索范围。The search scope that is assigned automatically to a search scope display group.
默认用户存储default user store
当 FAST Search Authorization 中未指定用户存储时,作为扩展组成员身份的起始点提供的用户存储。A user store supplied as a starting point for expanding group membership when a user store is not already specified in FAST Search Authorization.
部署系统对象deployment system object
一个作为网站或网站集的一部分创建的对象。部署系统对象的示例包括在创建网站或网站集期间创建的根文件夹、目录、默认页和库。部署系统对象不是模板的一部分。An object that is created as part of a site or site collection. Examples of deployment system objects are root folders, catalogs, default pages, and galleries that are created during site or site collection creation. A deployment system object is not part of a template.
后代内容类型descendant content type
继承自其他内容类型的任何内容类型。Any content type that inherits from another content type.
动态分级dynamic rank
依赖于查询文本与索引项的匹配情况的分级的组件。A component of the rank that depends on how well query text matches an indexed item.
已排除项目excluded item
主机网站管理员或爬网程序的搜索管理员已从爬网中排除的项目。An item that is excluded from a crawl by the administrator of the host site or the search administrator of the crawler.
已提取的定义extracted definition
索引服务器在爬网过程中获得的定义,用于确定项目中的任何句子是否与用于定义术语的模式相匹配。The definition that is obtained by an index server during a crawl, to identify if any sentences in the item match the pattern for defining a term.
已提取的术语extracted term
应用已提取的定义的术语。A term that an extracted definition applies to.
Farm Administrators 组Farm Administrators group
有权限管理服务器场中所有服务器的用户组。A group of users that has permission to manage all the servers in a server farm. Farm Administrators 组的成员可以在服务器或服务器场的管理中心中执行命令行操作和所有管理任务。Members of the Farm Administrators group can perform command-line operations and all the administrative tasks in Central Administration for the server or server farm.
服务器场解决方案farm solution
可由服务器场管理员部署到服务器场的自定义解决方案。服务器场解决方案对服务器场中的系统资源和其他网站拥有完全访问权限。A custom solution that can be deployed to a farm by a farm administrator. A farm solution has full access to system resources and other sites in the farm.
功能定义feature definition
一个定义功能及其属性的 XML 片段。An XML fragment that defines a feature and its attributes.
功能标识符feature identifier
一个标识功能的 GUID。A GUID that identifies a feature.
功能属性feature property
在特定范围与活动功能关联的属性。A property that is associated with an active feature at a particular scope.
功能范围feature scope
可在其中激活功能的范围。The scope at which a feature can be activated.
联合位置federated location
针对指定搜索查询返回一组搜索结果的源。该源可以是本地服务器场或其他服务器场中的搜索服务,或者是与 OpenSearch 协议兼容的其他搜索引擎。A source that returns a set of search results for a given search query. The source can be a search service in the local server farm or another server farm, or another search engine that is compliant with the OpenSearch protocol.
联合位置定义federated location definition
描述如何发出针对给定联合位置的查询并显示搜索结果的配置设置。The configuration settings that describe how to issue a query for a given federated location and display the search results.
字段内部名称field internal name
一个唯一标识内容类型或 SharePoint 列表中的字段的字符串。A string that uniquely identifies a field in a content type or a SharePoint list.
第一阶段回收站first-stage Recycle Bin
一个收集删除的项的容器。此容器中的项对具有相应权限的用户以及网站集管理员可见。A container for items that are deleted. Items in this container are visible to users with the appropriate permissions and to site collection administrators.
FSA ManagerFSA Manager
为 FAST Search Authorization 提供管理功能的 Windows 服务。The Windows service that provides administration functionality for FAST Search Authorization.
FSA WorkerFSA worker
在 FAST Search Authorization 中生成用户搜索安全筛选器的 Windows 服务。The Windows service that generates user search security filters in FAST Search Authorization.
全文本索引组件full-text index component
一组文件,其中包含从一组项中提取的所有索引键。A set of files that contain all index keys that are extracted from a set of items.
泛型列表generic list
基类型为泛型列表的列表。A list whose base type is Generic List.
中文电子审批流程文档标识符Group Approval document identifier
一个字符串,用于唯一标识须遵守为中文电子审批流程工作流定义的策略的文档。此字符串由协议服务器自动生成并分配给文档。A string that uniquely identifies a document that is subject to the policies defined for a Group Approval workflow. The string is generated and assigned automatically to a document by a protocol server.
高可信度属性high confidence property
元数据索引中被管理员标识为表示高度相关项的托管属性。用来生成高可信度结果。A managed property from the metadata index that the administrator identifies as a good indicator of a highly relevant item. It is used to produce a high confidence result.
高可信度结果high confidence result
由于高可信度属性值与查询文本中的标记之间精确匹配而被视为高度相关的搜索结果。A search result that is considered to be highly relevant because of a precise match between a high confidence property value and the tokens in the query text.
高信任应用程序high-trust app
使用服务器到服务器 (S2S) 协议的应用程序,其中应用程序负责创建访问令牌的用户部分,因此可以提出任何用户标识。An app that uses the server-to-server (S2S) protocol, where the app is responsible for creating the user portion of the access token, and therefore is trusted to assert any user identity.
主机 Webhost web
在其中安装外接程序的 SharePoint 网站。A SharePoint site to which an add-in is installed.
项标识符item identifier
一个唯一标识 SharePoint 列表项的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies an item in a SharePoint list.
关键字使用者keyword consumer
一个使用特定的一组关键字、同义词和最佳匹配的网站集。A site collection that uses a particular set of keywords, synonyms, and Best Bets.
关键字同义词keyword synonym
特定关键字的替代表述。当用户键入关键字同义词时,搜索将返回相同的最佳匹配结果作为关键字。An alternate phrasing of a particular keyword. When a user types a keyword synonym, search returns the same Best Bet result as the keyword.
语言自动检测language auto-detection
自动确定文档中文本的语言代码标识符 (LCID) 的过程。A process that automatically determines the language code identifier (LCID) for text in a document.
列表文件夹list folder
包含在 SharePoint 列表中的文件夹。列表文件夹可能包含文档或列表项,并且会保留列表中其他项的特征,如可自定义的架构。A folder that is contained within a SharePoint list. A list folder can contain documents or list items, and it retains the characteristics of other items in the list, such as a customizable schema.
列表表单list form
允许用户创建、查看或编辑列表项的页面。A page that allows users to create, view, or edit an item in a list.
列表表单 Web 部件List Form web part
用于显示、编辑或查看列表项的 Web 部件。A web part that is used to display, edit, or view an item in a list.
列表标识符list identifier
一个用于标识网站集中的列表的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a list in a site collection.
列表项附件list item attachment
列表项内包含的一个文件,存储在列表中具有“附件”段的文件夹中。A file contained within a list item that is stored in a folder in the list with the segment "Attachments."
列表项标识符list item identifier
一个唯一标识 SharePoint 列表项的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies an item in a SharePoint list.
列表服务器模板list server template
一个标识用于列表的模板的值。A value that identifies the template that is used for a list.
列表模板list template
基于 XML 的列表设置定义,包括字段和视图以及可选的列表项。列表模板以 .stp 文件形式存储在内容数据库中。An XML-based definition of list settings, including fields and views, and optionally list items. List templates are stored in .stp files in the content database.
列表模板标识符list template identifier
一个用于标识列表模板的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a list template.
列表视图页面list view page
一个显示列表视图的 Web 部件页。A web part page that displays a view of a list.
列表视图 Web 部件List View web part
一个可重用的组件,可在 SharePoint 列表中生成基于 HTML 的项视图。A reusable component that generates HTML-based views of items in a SharePoint list.
日志级别log level
日志文件中存储的事务的信息量。日志级别可以由数字或字词按从最详细到最简洁的顺序表示。The amount of information that is stored in a log file for a transaction. Log levels can be represented by numbers or by words from the most to the least verbose.
托管关键字managed keyword
作为“托管关键字”列中的值或社会性标签添加到 SharePoint 项目中的字词或短语。A word or phrase that is added to a SharePoint item, either as a value in the Managed Keyword column or as a social tag.
成员组member group
特定于 User Profile Service 的一组用户。A group of users that is specific to the User Profile service.
成员组源member group source
标识成员组的源的限定域名,如 domain.corp.microsoft.com。A qualified domain name, such as domain.corp.microsoft.com, that identifies the source of a member group.
Members 组Members group
SharePoint 网站中的默认用户组。默认情况下,会为 Members 组分配“参与讨论”权限级别。A default group of users on a SharePoint site. By default, the Members group is assigned the Contribute permission level.
成员资格组记录标识符membership group record identifier
成员组记录的唯一标识符。A unique identifier for a member group record.
元数据索引metadata index
后端数据库服务器上的一种数据结构,该服务器存储与每个项目关联的属性 (Property) 以及这些属性 (Property) 的属性 (Attribute)。A data structure on a back-end database server that stores properties that are associated with each item, and attributes of those properties.
元数据架构metadata schema
用于管理有关项的信息的架构。A schema that is used to manage information about an item.
Microsoft Business Connectivity ServicesMicrosoft Business Connectivity Services
使用户能够从 Office 套件和 SharePoint 内与后端 (LOB) 数据交互的功能。A feature that enables users to interact with back-end (LOB) data from within the Office Suite and SharePoint.
审查的对象moderated object
一个由审查方查看并同意或拒绝添加或更改的对象。其他用户只有经审查方批准后,才能查看新对象以及对现有对象所做的更改。An object for which a moderator reviews and either approves or rejects additions or changes to that object. New objects and changes to existing objects can be seen by other users only after they have been approved by the moderator.
裁决状态moderation status
列表中项目的内容审批状态。A content approval status of an item in a list.
多值属性multivalue property
可以包含同一变量类型的多个值的属性。A property that can contain multiple values of the same variant type.
导航结构navigation structure
相关内容之间的链接的分层组织,如网站内的列表。A hierarchical organization of links between related content, such as lists within a site.
新表单new form
一个允许创建列表项的表单。A form that allows for the creation of a list item.
Office SharePoint Server 搜索服务Office SharePoint Server Search service
用于响应来自前端 Web 服务器的查询请求或用于爬网项目的服务器场范围的服务。The farm-wide service that either responds to query requests from front-end web servers or crawls items.
Office 应用商店Office Store
现在称为 AppSource。Now known as AppSource. 向 Microsoft Office 用户提供 Microsoft 合作伙伴开发的产品和服务集合的 Internet 网站。An Internet site that provides a collection of products and services developed by Microsoft partners for Microsoft Office users.
“打开项目”权限Open Item permission
允许用户检索整个文件的授权。An authorization that allows a user to retrieve an entire file.
“打开网页”权限Open web permission
在导入或导出 SharePoint 站点期间必需的权限。A requisite permission during the import or export of a SharePoint site.
操作员帐户operator account
管理部署包导入过程的用户的帐户。The account of the user who is managing the import process for a deployment package.
组织标识符organization identifier
一个用于唯一标识组织的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies an organization.
孤立对象orphaned object
缺少与相应对象之间的必要关系的内容数据库对象。A content database object that lacks a requisite relationship to a corresponding object.
分页视图paged view
支持一个或多个可视页的视图。分页视图用于将大组数据分成较小的组从而提高性能和可管理性。A view that supports one or more visual pages. A paged view is used to break up large sets of data into smaller sets for increased performance and manageability.
父服务器场parent farm
可对其他服务器场中的内容进行爬网,还可以响应来自该服务器场的查询请求的服务器场。A farm that crawls content from another farm and also responds to query requests from that farm.
父列表parent list
一个包含列表项或列表文件夹的列表。A list that contains a list item or list folder.
PerformancePoint 数据连接库PerformancePoint Data Connections Library
一个包含 PerformancePoint 数据源的 SharePoint 文档库。A SharePoint document library that contains PerformancePoint data sources.
个人网站personal site
单个用户用于提高个人工作效率的一种 SharePoint 网站类型。该网站会向用户显示为“我的网站”。A type of SharePoint site that is used by an individual user for personal productivity. The site appears to the user as My Site.
门户内容portal content
主搜索目录,其中包含与爬网相关的内容源和设置。The main search catalog, which contains content sources and settings that are related to a crawl.
主体别名判别principal aliasing
将一个用户存储中的用户或组映射到另一个用户存储中的用户或组的过程,目的是返回该用户或组有权查看的所有文档,而不考虑该用户或组身份验证到哪个用户存储。The process of mapping a user or a group in one user store to a user or a group in another user store for the purpose of returning all documents that the user or group has rights to view, regardless of which user store the user or group is authenticated to.
隐私级别privacy level
指定用户类别的设置,这些用户可以查看其他用户的个人信息,如用户配置文件属性、同事或成员资格。A setting that specifies the category of users who are allowed to view the personal information of other users, such as user profile properties, colleagues, or memberships.
已设置provisioned
成功创建和部署对象的情况。A condition of an object that was created and deployed successfully.
公共筛选器public filter
FSA 中用于查找所有用户都有权访问的文档的搜索安全筛选器。The search security filter in FSA that finds documents that all users have access to.
发布到服务器publish to server
用于将文档或文档的某些部分保存到 Web 服务器的过程。A process that facilitates saving a document or portions of a document to a web server.
已发布的版本published version
已审批且所有用户均可看到的列表项的版本。发布版本的用户界面 (UI) 版本号将增大为下一个正的主版本号,次要版本为零。The version of a list item that is approved and can be seen by all users. The user interface (UI) version number for a published version is incremented to the next positive major version number and the minor version is zero.
发布级别publishing level
分配给文档以用于指示文档版本的发布状态的整数。An integer that is assigned to a document to indicate the publishing status of that version of the document.
发布页面publishing page
绑定到页面布局以生成向读者显示的 HTML 页面的文档。发布页面具有特定字段,其中包含 HTML 页面中显示的内容。A document that binds to a page layout to generate an HTML page for display to a reader. Publishing pages have specific fields that contain the content that is displayed in an HTML page.
查询独立排名query independent rank
一个对项目进行排名的系统,该系统使用不因不同查询而变化的功能。A system to rank items that uses features that do not vary with different queries.
查询表query table
提供外部数据源中数据的二维表格。A two-dimensional table that presents data from an external data source.
排名参数ranking parameter
用于影响确定项目排名的算法的值。A value that is used to influence the algorithm that determines the rank of an item.
角色标识符role identifier
一个唯一标识网站中的角色定义的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies a role definition within a site.
角色类型role type
预定义的角色定义。A predefined role definition.
根文档root document
网站根文件夹中的文档。A document in the root folder of a site.
已计划scheduled
一个应用于列表项或文档的状态,用于指定将发布或不发布该项或文档的时间。A status that is applied to a list item or document that specifies a time when the item or document will be published or unpublished.
架构版本schema version
一个表示部署包架构版本号的整数值。An integer value that represents the version number of the schema for a deployment package.
搜索应用程序search application
与共享服务提供程序一对一关联的一组唯一的搜索设置。A unique group of search settings that is associated, one-to-one, with a shared service provider.
搜索目录search catalog
与给定的搜索应用程序相关联的所有爬网数据。All the crawl data that is associated with a given search application. 搜索目录可提供用于生成查询结果的信息。A search catalog provides information that is used to generate query results.
搜索数据库search database
存储与搜索相关的信息的数据库,这些信息包括用于爬网程序数据的存储过程和表、文档元数据和管理信息。A database that stores search-related information, including stored procedures and tables that are used for crawler data, document metadata, and administration information.
搜索查询日志search query log
有关用户搜索的信息记录,如搜索术语和访问时间。A record of information about user searches, such as search terms and time of access.
搜索范围使用者search scope consumer
使用特定搜索范围显示组的网站集。A site collection that uses a particular search scope display group.
搜索范围显示组search scope display group
一组由管理员定义或以编程方式定义、用于返回搜索范围组的有序搜索范围。系统会为每个搜索范围使用者保存搜索范围显示组,搜索范围可以位于多个搜索范围显示组中。An ordered set of search scopes, defined by an administrator or programmatically, and used for returning groups of search scopes. Search scope display groups are saved for each search scope consumer and search scopes can be in multiple search scope display groups.
搜索范围索引search scope index
全文本索引目录的专门组件,基于优化查询的范围属性值而构建。A specialized component of a full-text index catalog that is built on the values of scoped properties for optimized queries.
搜索范围规则search scope rule
用于指定给定搜索范围中包括哪些项目的属性。An attribute that specifies which items are included in a given search scope.
搜索服务帐户search service account
运行搜索服务的用户帐户。A user account under which the search service runs.
搜索共享应用程序对象search shared application object
用于搜索的共享应用程序实例,其中包含特定于搜索的设置。An instance of a shared application for search that holds search-specific settings.
第二阶段回收站second-stage Recycle Bin
用于收集从第一阶段回收站中删除的项的容器。第二阶段回收站中的项只对网站集管理员可见。A container for items that have been deleted from a first-stage Recycle Bin. Items in a second-stage Recycle Bin are visible only to site collection administrators.
服务器到服务器协议server-to-server protocol
两台服务器或两个服务之间的身份验证协议。An authentication protocol between two servers or services.
共享文档库Shared Documents library
默认情况下包含在“工作组网站”网站模板中的文档库。A document library that is included by default in the Team Site site template.
共享视图shared view
每个具有相应权限的用户都可以看到的列表或 Web 部件页的视图。A view of a list or web part page that every user who has the appropriate permissions can see.
SharePoint 外接程序SharePoint Add-in
以前称为“SharePoint 相关应用程序”。Formerly "app for SharePoint." 一种支持云的外接程序,可将以方案为中心的丰富的内容和服务集成到 SharePoint 环境中。A cloud-enabled add-in that integrates rich, scenario-focused content and services into a SharePoint environment.
SharePoint Search SQL 语法SharePoint Search SQL syntax
用于管理企业级搜索 SQL 查询的构造的规则。The rules that govern the construction of an enterprise search SQL query.
单一登录票证single sign-on ticket
包含安全标识符字符串形式的单一登录 (SSO) 用户的加密标识的令牌。A token that contains the encrypted identity of a single sign-on (SSO) user in the form of a security identifier string and a nonce.
网站集管理员site collection administrator
具有网站集管理权限的用户。A user who has administrative permissions for a site collection.
网站集标志site collection flag
一个指定网站集全局属性的 4 字节无符号整数位掩码。可以为此位掩码设置一个或多个值。A 4-byte unsigned integer bit mask that specifies the properties that are global to a site collection. One or more values can be set for this bit mask.
网站集标识符site collection identifier
一个标识网站集的 GUID。A GUID that identifies a site collection. 在存储过程中,该标识符通常是 @SiteId 或 @webSiteId。In stored procedures, the identifier is typically @SiteId or @webSiteId. 在数据库中,标识符通常是 SiteId/tp_SiteId。In databases, the identifier is typically SiteId/tp_SiteId.
网站集配额site collection quota
一个网站集选项,利用该选项,管理员可以设置允许的最大存储级别、允许的最大用户数以及与最大级别关联的警告。An option for a site collection that allows administrators to set levels for maximum storage allowed, maximum number of users allowed, and warnings that are associated with the maximum levels.
网站栏site column
一个可与网站或网站集中的内容类型或列表关联的字段。A field that can be associated with a content type or list within a site or site collection.
网站内容类型site content type
设置和字段的可唯一标识的命名集合,这些设置和字段存储单个网站内的列表的元数据。A named and uniquely identifiable collection of settings and fields that store metadata for lists within individual sites.
网站定义site definition
一系列网站定义配置。每个网站定义都指定名称并且包含网站定义配置的列表。A family of site definition configurations. Each site definition specifies a name and contains a list of the site definition configurations.
网站定义配置site definition configuration
共同定义 SharePoint 网站类型的列表、功能、模块和其他数据的基于 XML 的定义。网站定义配置存储在 ONET.xml 文件中。An XML-based definition of lists, features, modules, and other data, that collectively define a type of SharePoint site. Site definition configurations are stored in the ONET.xml file.
网站定义版本site definition version
表示网站定义版本号的从零开始的整数。建议在每次更新网站定义后增加版本号。A zero-based integer that indicates the version number of the site definition. Every time a site definition is updated, it is suggested that the version number be increased.
网站标志site flag
一个指定网站所特有的属性的 4 字节无符号整数位掩码。A 4-byte unsigned integer bit mask that specifies properties that are unique to a site.
网站标识符site identifier
一个用于标识 SharePoint 网站集中的网站的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a site in a SharePoint site collection.
网站成员身份site membership
网站成员的身份,该身份具有定义的一组用户权限,这些权限可用于访问或管理该网站上的内容。The status of being a member of a site and having a defined set of user rights for accessing or managing content on that site.
网站属性site property
用作网站元数据(如标题或默认语言)的字符串的名称/值对。A name/value pair of strings that serves as metadata for a site, such as the title or default language.
网站解决方案site solution
一个可部署且可重复使用的程序包,它包含一组应用于网站的功能、网站定义和程序集,并且可以单独被启用或禁用。A deployable, reusable package that contains a set of features, site definitions, and assemblies that apply to sites, and that can be enabled or disabled individually.
网站模板site template
基于 XML 的网站设置定义,其中包括格式设置、列表、视图以及诸如文本、图形、页面布局和样式之类的元素。网站模板以 .stp 文件形式存储在内容数据库中。An XML-based definition of site settings, including formatting, lists, views, and elements such as text, graphics, page layout, and styles. Site templates are stored in .stp files in the content database.
开始地址start address
标识开始爬网的位置的 URL。管理员会在创建或编辑内容源时指定开始地址。A URL that identifies a point at which to start a crawl. Administrators specify start addresses when they create or edit a content source.
静态排名static rank
不依赖搜索查询的排名的组成部分。它表示项目的感知重要性,可能与项目来源以及项目与其他项目或搜索应用程序中定义的业务规则之间的关系有关。The component of a rank that does not depend on the search query. It represents the perceived importance of an item and may be related to the origin of the item and relationships between the item and other items or business rules that are defined in the search application.
受信任的身份验证trusted authentication
可使用用户帐户或过程帐户代表当前用户执行操作的机制。A mechanism whereby a user account or a process account can be used to perform operations on behalf of the current user.
受信任的子系统trusted subsystem
可在两个服务器组件之间建立双向信任的通信方法。每个服务器组件使用经授权可执行检索文件和设置等特权操作的帐户与其他组件进行通信。A method of communication in which two-way trust is established between two server components. Each server component communicates with the other component by using an account that is authorized to perform privileged actions such as retrieving files and settings.
UI 区域性UI culture
用于在用户界面中显示字符串和其他图形元素的语言。The language that is used to display strings and other graphical elements in a user interface.
用户显示名称user display name
一个可包含用户的首选名称的用户配置文件属性。A user profile property that can contain the preferred name of a user.
用户配置文件更改条目日志user profile change entry log
记录在用户配置文件中发生的所有更改的库。A repository that logs all the changes that take place in a user profile.
用户配置文件更改事件user profile change event
在任何用户配置文件的属性更改时发生的事件。An event that occurs when a property of any user profile is changed.
用户配置文件导入user profile import
从目录服务向用户配置文件存储导入记录的过程。The process of importing records from a directory service to the user profile store.
用户配置文件记录标识符user profile record identifier
一个唯一标识用户配置文件记录的整数。An integer that uniquely identifies a user profile record.
用户配置文件存储user profile store
存储有关每个用户配置文件的信息的数据库。A database that stores information about each user profile.
用户搜索安全筛选器user search security filter
用于为特定快速搜索用户指定组和用户权限的用户搜索安全筛选器。The user search security filter that specifies group and user permissions for a specific FAST Search user. 快速搜索授权 (FSA) 可通过将用户查询与用户搜索安全筛选器相交,并检查每个文档的访问控制列表,以确定用户是否有权查看该文档,从而筛选出不适当的搜索结果。FAST Search Authorization (FSA) filters out inappropriate search results by intersecting the user's query with the user's search security filter, and checking each document's access control list to determine if the user has permission to view that document. 用户搜索安全筛选器是 FSA 强制实施文档级安全(“安全修整”)的主要方式,有助于确保搜索结果仅显示用户有权阅读的文档。The user search security filter is FSA's primary means of enforcing document-level security ("security trimming"), which helps to ensure that search results display only documents that the user has permissions to read.
用户存储user store
FAST Search Authorization 访问的第三方安全或内容系统的用户、组和内容权限的逻辑分组。A logical grouping of users, groups, and content permissions for a third-party security or content system that is accessed by FAST Search Authorization.
可见范围visible scope
向网站集管理员和用户显示的搜索范围。A search scope that is displayed to site collection administrators and users.
Visitors 组Visitors group
SharePoint 网站上的一个默认用户组。默认情况下,Visitors 组分配有读取权限级别。A default group of users on a SharePoint site. By default, the Visitors group is assigned the Read permission level.
Web 应用程序标识符web application identifier
一个标识 Web 应用程序的 GUID。A GUID that identifies a web application.
Web 控件web control
一个服务器端组件,用于封装用户界面及相关功能。A server-side component that encapsulates user interface and related functionality.
Web 讨论备注web discussion comment
在 Web 讨论中添加的个人评论。An individual comment that is added within a web discussion.
Web 标识符web identifier
一个用于标识 SharePoint 网站集中网站的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a site in a SharePoint site collection.
Web 部件缓存web part cache
一个用于缓存和定位 Web 部件内部信息的键/值对的哈希表。A hash table of key/value pairs that is used to cache and locate internal information for web parts.
Web 部件版式状态web part chrome state
Web 部件和及其周围的 Web 部件版式的状况。The condition of a web part and the web part chrome surrounding it. 可能的值为零 (0),表示正常状态,或一 (1),表示最小化状态。Possible values are zero (0) for normal state or one (1) for minimized state.
Web 部件连接web part connection
Web 部件页中的一个元素,用于定义两个 Web 部件之间的提供商-消费者的数据关系。An element in a web parts page that defines a provider-consumer data relationship between two web parts. 当呈现 Web 部件页时,一个 Web 部件提供的数据可能会影响另一个 Web 部件的呈现方式和呈现内容。When a web parts page is rendered, data provided by one web part can affect how and what is rendered by the other web part.
Web 部件标识符web part identifier
一个标识 Web 部件的 GUID。A GUID that identifies a web part.
Web 部件属性web part property
Web 部件的一个可配置的特征,用于确定 Web 部件的行为。A configurable characteristic of a web part that determines the behavior of the web part.
Web 部件类型标识符web part type identifier
分配给每个 Web 部件类型的唯一的 16 字节值。A unique 16-byte value that is assigned to each web part type.
Web 部件区域标识符web part zone identifier
一个标识 Web 部件页上 Web 部件区域的字符串。A string that identifies a web part zone on a web parts page.
Web 部件区域索引web part zone index
一个指定 Web 部件在 Web 部件区域中相对位置的整数。An integer that specifies the relative position of a web part in a web part zone. Web 部件按照区域索引从小到大放置。web parts are positioned from the smallest to the largest zone index. 如果两个或以上 Web 部件有相同的区域索引,则彼此相邻放置,顺序不定。If two or more web parts have the same zone index, they are positioned adjacent to each other in an undefined order.
Web 代理web proxy
客户端对象模型中公开的一种方法,用于从 SharePoint 向开发人员可能在 SharePoint 相关应用程序中使用的远程服务发出请求。A method exposed in a client object model to issue requests from SharePoint to a remote service that developers can use in apps for SharePoint.
Web 服务方法web service method
作为可在 Web 服务上调用的操作呈现给 Web 服务客户端的过程。A procedure that is exposed to web service clients as an operation that can be called on the web service.
工作项过程work item process
运行工作项的过程。A process that runs a work item.
工作项类型标识符work item type identifier
一个用于标识工作项类型的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a work item type.
工作流关联workflow association
工作流模板与特定列表或内容类型的关联。An association of a workflow template to a specific list or content type.
工作流配置文件workflow configuration file
作为工作流的一部分的特定于实现的文件。工作流配置文件包含根据指定的工作流标记和规则文件创建工作流模板,以及将此工作流模板与特定列表相关联所需的信息。An implementation-specific file that is a part of a workflow. The workflow configuration file contains information that is necessary to create a workflow template from the specified workflow markup and rules files, and to associate it to a specific list.
工作流历史记录项workflow history item
一个列表项,用于存储与工作流关联的文档或项的当前状态以及过去操作的相关信息。A list item that stores information about the current status of, and past actions for, a document or item that is associated with a workflow.
工作流历史记录列表workflow history list
一个存储业务流程操作或任务的历史记录的列表。A list that stores the history of actions or tasks for a business process.
工作流标识符workflow identifier
一个用于标识工作流的 GUID。A GUID that is used to identify a workflow.
工作流标记文件workflow markup file
一个包含标记以指定工作流的功能行为的文件。A file that contains markup to specify the functional behavior of a workflow.
工作流任务workflow task
序列中与内置或用户定义的业务流程相关的操作或任务。An action or task in a sequence that is related to a built-in or user-defined business process.
工作流任务列表workflow task list
一个存储业务流程的系列操作或任务的列表。A list that stores the sequence of actions or tasks for a business process.
从零开始的索引zero-based index
第一项的索引为零的索引。An index in which the first item has an index of zero.