mmioOpen function (mmiscapi.h)
The mmioOpen function opens a file for unbuffered or buffered I/O; creates a file; deletes a file; or checks whether a file exists. The file can be a standard file, a memory file, or an element of a custom storage system. The handle returned by mmioOpen is not a standard file handle; do not use it with any file I/O functions other than multimedia file I/O functions.
HMMIO mmioOpen( LPSTR pszFileName, LPMMIOINFO pmmioinfo, DWORD fdwOpen );
Pointer to a buffer that contains the name of the file. If no I/O procedure is specified to open the file, the file name determines how the file is opened, as follows:
- If the file name does not contain a plus sign (+), it is assumed to be the name of a standard file (that is, a file whose type is not HMMIO).
- If the file name is of the form EXAMPLE.EXT+ABC, the extension EXT is assumed to identify an installed I/O procedure which is called to perform I/O on the file. For more information, see mmioInstallIOProc.
- If the file name is NULL and no I/O procedure is given, the adwInfo member of the MMIOINFO structure is assumed to be the standard (non-HMMIO) file handle of a currently open file.
When opening a memory file, set szFilename to NULL.
Pointer to an MMIOINFO structure containing extra parameters used by mmioOpen. Unless you are opening a memory file, specifying the size of a buffer for buffered I/O, or specifying an uninstalled I/O procedure to open a file, this parameter should be NULL. If this parameter is not NULL, all unused members of the MMIOINFO structure it references must be set to zero, including the reserved members.
Flags for the open operation. The MMIO_READ, MMIO_WRITE, and MMIO_READWRITE flags are mutually exclusive – only one should be specified. The MMIO_COMPAT, MMIO_EXCLUSIVE, MMIO_DENYWRITE, MMIO_DENYREAD, and MMIO_DENYNONE flags are file-sharing flags. The following values are defined.
|MMIO_ALLOCBUF||Opens a file for buffered I/O. To allocate a buffer larger or smaller than the default buffer size (8K, defined as MMIO_DEFAULTBUFFER), set the cchBuffer member of the MMIOINFO structure to the desired buffer size. If cchBuffer is zero, the default buffer size is used. If you are providing your own I/O buffer, this flag should not be used.|
|MMIO_COMPAT||Opens the file with compatibility mode, allowing any process on a given machine to open the file any number of times. If the file has been opened with any of the other sharing modes, mmioOpen fails.|
|MMIO_CREATE||Creates a new file. If the file already exists, it is truncated to zero length. For memory files, this flag indicates the end of the file is initially at the start of the buffer.|
|MMIO_DELETE||Deletes a file. If this flag is specified, szFilename should not be NULL. The return value is TRUE (cast to HMMIO) if the file was deleted successfully or FALSE otherwise. Do not call the mmioClose function for a file that has been deleted. If this flag is specified, all other flags that open files are ignored.|
|MMIO_DENYNONE||Opens the file without denying other processes read or write access to the file. If the file has been opened in compatibility mode by any other process, mmioOpen fails.|
|MMIO_DENYREAD||Opens the file and denies other processes read access to the file. If the file has been opened in compatibility mode or for read access by any other process, mmioOpen fails.|
|MMIO_DENYWRITE||Opens the file and denies other processes write access to the file. If the file has been opened in compatibility mode or for write access by any other process, mmioOpen fails.|
|MMIO_EXCLUSIVE||Opens the file and denies other processes read and write access to the file. If the file has been opened in any other mode for read or write access, even by the current process, mmioOpen fails.|
|MMIO_EXIST||Determines whether the specified file exists and creates a fully qualified file name from the path specified in szFilename. The return value is TRUE (cast to HMMIO) if the qualification was successful and the file exists or FALSE otherwise. The file is not opened, and the function does not return a valid multimedia file I/O file handle, so do not attempt to close the file.
Note Applications should call GetFileAttributes or GetFileAttributesEx instead.
Creates a temporary file name, optionally using the parameters passed in szFilename. For example, you can specify "C:F" to create a temporary file residing on drive C, starting with letter "F". The resulting file name is copied to the buffer pointed to by szFilename. The buffer must be large enough to hold at least 128 characters.
If the temporary file name was created successfully, the return value is MMSYSERR_NOERROR (cast to HMMIO). Otherwise, the return value is MMIOERR_FILENOTFOUND otherwise. The file is not opened, and the function does not return a valid multimedia file I/O file handle, so do not attempt to close the file. This flag overrides all other flags.
Note Applications should call GetTempFileName instead.
Creates a fully qualified file name from the path specified in szFilename. The fully qualified name is copied to the buffer pointed to by szFilename. The buffer must be large enough to hold at least 128 characters.
If the function succeeds, the return value is TRUE (cast to HMMIO). Otherwise, the return value is FALSE. The file is not opened, and the function does not return a valid multimedia file I/O file handle, so do not attempt to close the file. If this flag is specified, all flags that open files are ignored.
Note Applications should call GetFullPathName instead.
|MMIO_READ||Opens the file for reading only. This is the default if MMIO_WRITE and MMIO_READWRITE are not specified.|
|MMIO_READWRITE||Opens the file for reading and writing.|
|MMIO_WRITE||Opens the file for writing only.|
Returns a handle of the opened file. If the file cannot be opened, the return value is NULL. If lpmmioinfo is not NULL, the wErrorRet member of the MMIOINFO structure will contain one of the following error values.
||The file is protected and cannot be opened.|
||Another failure condition occurred. This is the default error for an open-file failure.|
||The network is not responding to the request to open a remote file.|
||The directory specification is incorrect.|
||The file is being used by another application and is unavailable.|
||The number of files simultaneously open is at a maximum level. The system has run out of available file handles.|
If lpmmioinfo points to an MMIOINFO structure, initialize the members of the structure as follows. All unused members must be set to zero, including reserved members.
- To request that a file be opened with an installed I/O procedure, set fccIOProc to the four-character code of the I/O procedure, and set pIOProc to NULL.
- To request that a file be opened with an uninstalled I/O procedure, set IOProc to point to the I/O procedure, and set fccIOProc to NULL.
- To request that mmioOpen determine which I/O procedure to use to open the file based on the file name contained in szFilename, set fccIOProc and pIOProc to NULL. This is the default behavior if no MMIOINFO structure is specified.
- To open a memory file using an internally allocated and managed buffer, set pchBuffer to NULL, fccIOProc to FOURCC_MEM, cchBuffer to the initial size of the buffer, and adwInfo to the incremental expansion size of the buffer. This memory file will automatically be expanded in increments of the number of bytes specified in adwInfo when necessary. Specify the MMIO_CREATE flag for the dwOpenFlags parameter to initially set the end of the file to be the beginning of the buffer.
- To open a memory file using an application-supplied buffer, set pchBuffer to point to the memory buffer, fccIOProc to FOURCC_MEM, cchBuffer to the size of the buffer, and adwInfo to the incremental expansion size of the buffer. The expansion size in adwInfo should be nonzero only if pchBuffer is a pointer obtained by calling the GlobalAlloc and GlobalLock functions; in this case, the GlobalReAlloc function will be called to expand the buffer. In other words, if pchBuffer points to a local or global array or a block of memory in the local heap, adwInfo must be zero. Specify the MMIO_CREATE flag for the dwOpenFlags parameter to initially set the end of the file to be the beginning of the buffer. Otherwise, the entire block of memory is considered readable.
- To use a currently open standard file handle (that is, a file handle that does not have the HMMIO type) with multimedia file I/O services, set fccIOProc to FOURCC_DOS, pchBuffer to NULL, and adwInfo to the standard file handle. Offsets within the file will be relative to the beginning of the file and are not related to the position in the standard file at the time mmioOpen is called; the initial multimedia file I/O offset will be the same as the offset in the standard file when mmioOpen is called. To close the multimedia file I/O file handle without closing the standard file handle, pass the MMIO_FHOPEN flag to mmioClose.
|Minimum supported client||Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]|
|Minimum supported server||Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]|
|Header||mmiscapi.h (include Mmiscapi.h, Windows.h)|