在包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 上停用系統服務的指引Guidance on disabling system services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience

適用於:Windows Server 2016Applies to: Windows Server 2016

Windows 作業系統包含許多可提供重要功能的系統服務。The Windows operating system includes many system services that provide important functionality. 不同的服務有不同的預設啟動原則:有些預設會啟動 (自動),有些會在需要時啟動 (手動),有些預設會停用且必須先明確地啟用之後才能執行。Different services have different default startup policies: some are started by default (automatic), some when needed (manual), and some are disabled by default and must be explicitly enabled before they can run. 已針對每個服務仔細選擇這些預設值,以平衡一般客戶的效能、功能和安全性。These defaults were chosen carefully for each service to balance performance, functionality, and security for typical customers.

不過,有些企業客戶可能想要針對其 Windows 電腦和伺服器達成更專注於安全性的平衡,以將其攻擊面降至絕對最小值,因此可能希望完全停用其特定服務環境中不需要的所有服務。However, some enterprise customers may prefer a more security-focused balance for their Windows PCs and servers, one that reduces their attack surface to the absolute minimum, and may therefore wish to fully disable all services that are not needed in their specific environments. 對於那些客戶,Microsoft® 隨附如何基於此目的安全停用哪些服務的相關指引。For those customers, Microsoft® is providing the accompanying guidance regarding which services can safely be disabled for this purpose.

本指引僅適用於包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 (除非用來作為終端使用者的桌面取代項目)。The guidance is only for Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience (unless used as a desktop replacement for end users). 從 Windows Server 2019 開始,預設會設定這些方針。Beginning with Windows Server 2019, these guidelines are configured by default. 系統上每個服務的分類方式如下:Each service on the system is categorized as follows:

  • 應該停用: 專注於安全性的企業最有可能想要停用此服務並放棄其功能 (請參閱下列其他詳細資料)。Should Disable: A security-focused enterprise will most likely prefer to disable this service and forego its functionality (see additional details below).
  • 確定停用: 此服務提供適用於部分企業而非所有企業的功能,而對於專注於安全性的企業,若未用到此服務,即可安全地停用它。OK to Disable: This service provides functionality that is useful to some but not all enterprises, and security-focused enterprises that don't use it can safely disable it.
  • 請勿停用: 停用此服務將對重要功能產生影響,或是讓特定角色或功能無法正確運作。Do Not Disable: Disabling this service will impact essential functionality or prevent specific roles or features from functioning correctly. 因此,不應停用此服務。Therefore it should not be disabled.
  • (沒有指引): 尚未完整評估停用這些服務的影響。(No guidance): The impact of disabling these services has not been fully evaluated. 因此,不應變更這些服務的預設設定。Therefore, the default configuration of these services should not be changed.

客戶可以設定他們的 Windows 電腦和伺服器,以使用其群組原則中的安全性範本或使用 PowerShell 自動化來停用所選取的服務。Customers can configure their Windows PCs and servers to disable selected services using the Security Templates in their Group Policies or using PowerShell automation. 在某些情況下,本指引會包含特定的群組原則設定作為停用服務本身的替代方案,以直接停用服務的功能。In some cases, the guidance includes specific Group Policy settings that disable the service's functionality directly, as an alternative to disabling the service itself.

Microsoft 建議客戶在包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 上停用下列服務及其各自排定的工作:Microsoft recommends that customers disable the following services and their respective scheduled tasks on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:

服務:Services:

  1. Xbox Live Auth ManagerXbox Live Auth Manager
  2. Xbox Live Game SaveXbox Live Game Save

排定的工作:Scheduled tasks:

  1. \Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTask\Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTask
  2. \Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTaskLogon\Microsoft\XblGameSave\XblGameSaveTaskLogon

您也可以檢視附加的 Microsoft Excel 試算表,來存取本文詳述之所有服務的相關資訊:在包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 上停用系統服務的指引 (英文))You can also access the information on all services detailed in this article by viewing the attached Microsoft Excel spreadsheet: Guidance on Disabling System Services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience)

停用預設未安裝的服務Disabling services not installed by default

Microsoft 建議不要套用原則來停用預設未安裝的服務。Microsoft recommends against applying policies to disable services that are not installed by default.

  • 如果安裝功能,通常就需要服務。The service is usually needed if the feature is installed. 安裝服務或功能需要系統管理權限。Installing the service or the feature requires administrative rights. 不允許功能安裝,而非服務啟動。Disallow the feature installation, not the service startup.
  • 封鎖 Microsoft Windows 服務不會阻止系統管理員 (或者在某些情況下為非系統管理員) 安裝類似第三方對等項目,可能是具較高安全性風險的對等項目。Blocking the Microsoft Windows service doesn't stop an admin (or non-admin in some cases) from installing a similar third-party equivalent, perhaps one with a higher security risk.
  • 停用非預設 Windows 服務 (例如 W3SVC) 的基準或效能評定,將為一些稽核員給予該技術 (例如 IIS) 原本就不安全且不應使用的錯誤印象。A baseline or benchmark that disables a non-default Windows service (for example, W3SVC) will give some auditors the mistaken impression that the technology (for example, IIS) is inherently insecure and should never be used.
  • 如果從未安裝功能 (和服務),這只會大規模新增不必要的基準和驗證工作。If the feature (and service) is never installed, this just adds unnecessary bulk to the baseline and to verification work.

針對本文件列出的所有系統服務,下列這兩個表格均提供在包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 中啟用和停用系統服務的欄及 Microsoft 建議的說明:For all system services listed in this document, the two tables that follow offer an explanation of columns and Microsoft recommendations for enabling and disabling system services in Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:

欄說明Explanation of columns

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 服務的金鑰 (內部) 名稱Key (internal) name of the service
描述Description 服務的描述 (來自 sc.exe qdescription)。The service's description, from sc.exe qdescription.
安裝Installation 必須安裝:服務已安裝於 Windows Server 2016 Core 和具有桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016。Always installed: Service is installed on Windows Server 2016 Core and Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience. 僅包含桌面體驗:服務位於具有桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 上,但安裝於 Server Core 上。Only with Desktop Experience: Service is on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience, but is not installed on Server Core.
啟動類型Startup type Windows Server 2016 上的服務啟動類型Service Startup type on Windows Server 2016
建議Recommendation Microsoft 建議/通知在管理完善的典型企業部署中,在未將伺服器用來作為終端使用者桌面取代項目的情況下,於 Windows Server 2016 上停用此服務。Microsoft recommendation/advice about disabling this service on Windows Server 2016 in a typical, well-managed enterprise deployment and where the server is not being used as an end-user desktop replacement.
註解Comments 其他說明Additional explanation

Microsoft 建議的說明Explanation of Microsoft recommendations

名稱Name 描述Description
請勿停用Do not disable 不應停用此服務This service should not be disabled
確定停用OK to disable 如果未使用服務所支援的功能,即可停用此服務。This service can be disabled if the feature it supports is not being used.
已經停用Already disabled 此服務預設會停用;不需透過原則強制執行This service is disabled by default; no need to enforce with policy
應該停用Should be disabled 永遠都不應在管理完善的企業系統上啟用此服務。This service should never be enabled on a well-managed enterprise system.

下列表格提供在包含桌面體驗的 Windows Server 2016 上停用系統服務的 Microsoft 指引:The following tables offer Microsoft guidance on disabling system services on Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience:

ActiveX 安裝程式 (AxInstSV)ActiveX Installer (AxInstSV)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AxInstSVAxInstSV
描述Description 提供使用者帳戶控制驗證以從網際網路安裝 ActiveX 控制項,並且能夠根據群組原則設定來管理 ActiveX 控制項安裝。Provides User Account Control validation for the installation of ActiveX controls from the Internet and enables management of ActiveX control installation based on Group Policy settings. 此服務會依需求啟動,而且如果停用,ActiveX 控制項的安裝將根據預設瀏覽器設定來動作。This service is started on demand and if disabled the installation of ActiveX controls will behave according to default browser settings.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 如果不需要功能,則確定停用OK to disable if feature not needed

AllJoyn 路由器服務AllJoyn Router Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AJRouterAJRouter
描述Description 路由傳送適用於本機 AllJoyn 用戶端的 AllJoyn 訊息。Routes AllJoyn messages for the local AllJoyn clients. 如果停止此服務,沒有自己的繫結路由器的 AllJoyn 用戶端將無法執行。If this service is stopped the AllJoyn clients that do not have their own bundled routers will be unable to run.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

應用程式整備App Readiness

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppReadinessAppReadiness
描述Description 備妥應用程式,供使用者第一次登入此電腦和新增應用程式時使用。Gets apps ready for use the first time a user signs in to this PC and when adding new apps.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments NoneNone

應用程式識別碼Application Identity

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppIDSvcAppIDSvc
描述Description 判斷並確定應用程式的身分識別。Determines and verifies the identity of an application. 停用此服務將讓 AppLocker 無法強制執行。Disabling this service will prevent AppLocker from being enforced.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

應用程式資訊Application Information

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppinfoAppinfo
描述Description 以其他系統管理權限協助執行互動式應用程式。Facilitates the running of interactive applications with additional administrative privileges. 使用者在執行想要的工作時可能需要這些權限。如果停止此服務,使用者將無法以其他管理權限來啟動應用程式。If this service is stopped, users will be unable to launch applications with the additional administrative privileges they may require to perform desired user tasks.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments 支援與 UAC 相同的桌面提高權限Supports UAC same-desktop elevation

應用程式層閘道服務Application Layer Gateway Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name ALGALG
描述Description 針對網際網路連線共用提供協力廠商通訊協定外掛程式的支援Provides support for third-party protocol plug-ins for Internet Connection Sharing
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

應用程式管理Application Management

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppMgmtAppMgmt
描述Description 針對透過群組原則部署的軟體處理安裝、移除和列舉要求。Processes installation, removal, and enumeration requests for software deployed through Group Policy. 如果停用此服務,使用者將無法安裝、移除或列舉透過群組原則部署的軟體。If the service is disabled, users will be unable to install, remove, or enumerate software deployed through Group Policy. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

AppX 部署服務 (AppXSVC)AppX Deployment Service (AppXSVC)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppXSvcAppXSvc
描述Description 提供用來部署市集應用程式的基礎結構支援。Provides infrastructure support for deploying Store applications. 此服務會依需求啟動,而且如果停用,市集應用程式將不會部署到系統且可能無法正常運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled Store applications will not be deployed to the system, and may not function properly.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

自動時區更新程式Auto Time Zone Updater

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name tzautoupdatetzautoupdate
描述Description 自動設定系統時區。Automatically sets the system time zone.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

背景智慧型傳送服務Background Intelligent Transfer Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name BITSBITS
描述Description 使用閒置的網路頻寬,在背景中傳輸檔案。Transfers files in the background using idle network bandwidth. 如果停用此服務,則任何相依於 BITS (例如 Windows Update 或 MSN Explorer) 的應用程式都將無法自動下載程式和其他資訊。If the service is disabled, then any applications that depend on BITS, such as Windows Update or MSN Explorer, will be unable to automatically download programs and other information.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

背景工作基礎結構服務Background Tasks Infrastructure Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name BrokerInfrastructureBrokerInfrastructure
描述Description Windows 基礎結構服務,控制哪些背景工作可以在系統上執行。Windows infrastructure service that controls which background tasks can run on the system.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

基礎篩選引擎Base Filtering Engine

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name BFEBFE
描述Description 基礎篩選引擎 (BFE) 是一個服務,可管理防火牆與網際網路通訊協定安全性 (IPsec) 原則,以及實作使用者模式篩選。The Base Filtering Engine (BFE) is a service that manages firewall and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) policies and implements user mode filtering. 停止或停用 BFE 服務將大幅降低系統的安全性。Stopping or disabling the BFE service will significantly reduce the security of the system. 它也將在 IPsec 管理和防火牆應用程式中導致無法預期的行為。It will also result in unpredictable behavior in IPsec management and firewall applications.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

藍芽支援服務Bluetooth Support Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name bthservbthserv
描述Description 藍牙服務支援遠端藍芽裝置的探索和關聯。The Bluetooth service supports discovery and association of remote Bluetooth devices. 停止或停用此服務可能導致已安裝的藍芽裝置無法正常運作,並防止探索或關聯新的裝置。Stopping or disabling this service may cause already installed Bluetooth devices to fail to operate properly and prevent new devices from being discovered or associated.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 若未用到,則確定停用。OK to disable if not used. 另一個停用機制:停用藍牙和紅外線傳輸Another disabling mechanism: Disabling Bluetooth and Infrared Beaming

CDPUserSvcCDPUserSvc

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CDPUserSvcCDPUserSvc
描述Description 此使用者服務適用於連線的裝置平台案例This user service is used for Connected Devices Platform scenarios
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

憑證傳播Certificate Propagation

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CertPropSvcCertPropSvc
描述Description 將使用者憑證和根憑證從智慧卡複製到目前使用者的憑證存放區、偵測何時將智慧卡插入智慧卡讀卡機,並視需要安裝智慧卡隨插即用迷你驅動程式。Copies user certificates and root certificates from smart cards into the current user's certificate store, detects when a smart card is inserted into a smart card reader, and if needed, installs the smart card Plug and Play minidriver.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

用戶端授權服務 (ClipSVC)Client License Service (ClipSVC)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name ClipSVCClipSVC
描述Description 提供 Microsoft Store 的基礎結構支援。Provides infrastructure support for the Microsoft Store. 此服務會依需求啟動,如果停用,則使用 Microsoft Store 購買的應用程式將無法正確運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled applications bought using Microsoft Store will not behave correctly.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

CNG 金鑰隔離CNG Key Isolation

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name KeyIsoKeyIso
描述Description CNG 金鑰隔離服務裝載於 LSA 處理序。The CNG key isolation service is hosted in the LSA process. 該服務可依據通用條件來隔離私密金鑰和相關聯密碼編譯作業的金鑰處理序。The service provides key process isolation to private keys and associated cryptographic operations as required by the Common Criteria. 該服務會以符合通用條件需求的安全處理序來儲存和使用長效金鑰。The service stores and uses long-lived keys in a secure process complying with Common Criteria requirements.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

COM+ 事件系統COM+ Event System

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name EventSystemEventSystem
描述Description 支援系統事件通知服務 (SENS),它可讓事件自動分散到訂閱的元件物件模型 (COM) 元件。Supports System Event Notification Service (SENS), which provides automatic distribution of events to subscribing Component Object Model (COM) components. 如果停止此服務,SENS 將會關閉且將無法提供登入及登出通知。If the service is stopped, SENS will close and will not be able to provide logon and logoff notifications. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

COM+ 系統應用程式COM+ System Application

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name COMSysAppCOMSysApp
描述Description 管理以元件物件模型 (COM)+ 為基礎之元件的設定和追蹤。Manages the configuration and tracking of Component Object Model (COM)+-based components. 如果停止此服務,大部分以 COM+ 為基礎的元件都將無法正確運作。If the service is stopped, most COM+-based components will not function properly. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

電腦瀏覽器Computer Browser

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 瀏覽器Browser
描述Description 維護網路上更新的電腦清單,並將這份清單提供給指定為瀏覽器的電腦。Maintains an updated list of computers on the network and supplies this list to computers designated as browsers. 如果停止此服務,將不會更新或維護這份清單。If this service is stopped, this list will not be updated or maintained. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

已連線的裝置平台服務Connected Devices Platform Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CDPSvcCDPSvc
描述Description 此服務適用於「已連線的裝置」與 Universal Glass 案例This service is used for Connected Devices and Universal Glass scenarios
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

已連線使用者體驗與遙測Connected User Experiences and Telemetry

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DiagTrackDiagTrack
描述Description 已連線使用者體驗與遙測服務可啟用支援應用程式內與已連線使用者體驗的功能。The Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service enables features that support in-application and connected user experiences. 此外,在 [意見反應與診斷] 下啟用診斷與使用方式隱私權選項設定時,此服務會管理診斷與使用方式資訊 (用於改進 Windows 平台的體驗與品質) 的事件導向收集與傳輸。Additionally, this service manages the event-driven collection and transmission of diagnostic and usage information (used to improve the experience and quality of the Windows Platform) when the diagnostics and usage privacy option settings are enabled under Feedback and Diagnostics.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

連絡人資料Contact Data

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PimIndexMaintenanceSvcPimIndexMaintenanceSvc
描述Description 為連絡人資料編製索引,以加快搜尋連絡人的速度。Indexes contact data for fast contact searching. 如果您停止或停用此服務,則搜尋結果中可能會遺漏連絡人資訊。If you stop or disable this service, contacts might be missing from your search results.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

CoreMessagingCoreMessaging

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CoreMessagingRegistrarCoreMessagingRegistrar
描述Description 管理系統元件之間的通訊。Manages communication between system components.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

認證管理員Credential Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name VaultSvcVaultSvc
描述Description 讓使用者、應用程式及安全性服務套件能夠安全地儲存與擷取認證。Provides secure storage and retrieval of credentials to users, applications and security service packages.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

密碼編譯服務Cryptographic Services

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CryptSvcCryptSvc
描述Description 提供三種管理服務:目錄資料庫服務:確認 Windows 檔案的簽章並允許安裝新程式;受保護的根目錄服務:從這部電腦新增及移除可信任的根憑證授權單位憑證;以及自動根憑證更新服務:從 Windows Update 擷取根憑證並啟用 SSL 之類的案例。Provides three management services: Catalog Database Service, which confirms the signatures of Windows files and allows new programs to be installed; Protected Root Service, which adds and removes Trusted Root Certification Authority certificates from this computer; and Automatic Root Certificate Update Service, which retrieves root certificates from Windows Update and enable scenarios such as SSL. 如果停止此服務,這些管理服務都將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, these management services will not function properly. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

資料共用服務Data Sharing Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DsSvcDsSvc
描述Description 提供應用程式之間的資料代理。Provides data brokering between applications.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

DataCollectionPublishingServiceDataCollectionPublishingService

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DcpSvcDcpSvc
描述Description DCP (資料收集與發佈) 服務支援第一方應用程式將資料上傳至雲端。The DCP (Data Collection and Publishing) service supports first-party apps to upload data to cloud.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

DCOM 伺服器處理序啟動器DCOM Server Process Launcher

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DcomLaunchDcomLaunch
描述Description DCOMLAUNCH 服務會啟動 COM 和 DCOM 伺服器,以回應物件啟用要求。The DCOMLAUNCH service launches COM and DCOM servers in response to object activation requests. 如果停止或停用此服務,使用 COM 或 DCOM 的程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using COM or DCOM will not function properly. 強烈建議您持續執行 DCOMLAUNCH 服務。It is strongly recommended that you have the DCOMLAUNCH service running.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

裝置關聯服務Device Association Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DeviceAssociationServiceDeviceAssociationService
描述Description 啟用系統與有線或無線裝置之間的配對。Enables pairing between the system and wired or wireless devices.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

裝置安裝服務Device Install Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DeviceInstallDeviceInstall
描述Description 讓電腦能夠利用少許或沒有任何的使用者輸入來識別及適應硬體變更。Enables a computer to recognize and adapt to hardware changes with little or no user input. 停止或停用此服務將導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

裝置管理註冊服務Device Management Enrollment Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DmEnrollmentSvcDmEnrollmentSvc
描述Description 針對裝置管理執行裝置註冊活動Performs Device Enrollment Activities for Device Management
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

裝置設定管理員Device Setup Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DsmSvcDsmSvc
描述Description 啟用裝置相關軟體的偵測、下載及安裝。Enables the detection, download and installation of device-related software. 如果停用此服務,裝置可能會使用過期的軟體來設定且可能無法正確運作。If this service is disabled, devices may be configured with outdated software, and may not work correctly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

DevQuery 背景探索代理人DevQuery Background Discovery Broker

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DevQueryBrokerDevQueryBroker
描述Description 讓應用程式能夠使用背景工作來探索裝置Enables apps to discover devices with a backgroud task
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

DHCP 用戶端DHCP Client

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DhcpDhcp
描述Description 為這部電腦註冊及更新 IP 位址和 DNS 記錄。Registers and updates IP addresses and DNS records for this computer. 如果停止此服務,這部電腦將不會接收動態 IP 位址和 DNS 更新。If this service is stopped, this computer will not receive dynamic IP addresses and DNS updates. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

診斷原則服務Diagnostic Policy Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DPSDPS
描述Description 診斷原則服務能夠針對 Windows 元件進行問題偵測、疑難排解並提供解決方案。The Diagnostic Policy Service enables problem detection, troubleshooting and resolution for Windows components. 如果停止此服務,診斷將不再運作。If this service is stopped, diagnostics will no longer function.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

診斷服務裝載Diagnostic Service Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WdiServiceHostWdiServiceHost
描述Description 診斷原則服務會使用診斷服務裝載,來裝載需要在本機服務內容上執行的診斷。The Diagnostic Service Host is used by the Diagnostic Policy Service to host diagnostics that need to run in a Local Service context. 如果停止此服務,則與其相依的任何診斷都將不再運作。If this service is stopped, any diagnostics that depend on it will no longer function.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

診斷系統裝載Diagnostic System Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WdiSystemHostWdiSystemHost
描述Description 診斷原則服務會使用診斷系統裝載,來裝載需要在本機系統內容上執行的診斷。The Diagnostic System Host is used by the Diagnostic Policy Service to host diagnostics that need to run in a Local System context. 如果停止此服務,則與其相依的任何診斷都將不再運作。If this service is stopped, any diagnostics that depend on it will no longer function.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone
名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TrkWksTrkWks
描述Description 在某部電腦內或跨網路中的不同電腦上,維護 NTFS 檔案之間的連結。Maintains links between NTFS files within a computer or across computers in a network.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

分散式交易協調器Distributed Transaction Coordinator

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name MSDTCMSDTC
描述Description 協調跨越多個資源管理員的交易,例如資料庫、訊息佇列及檔案系統。Coordinates transactions that span multiple resource managers, such as databases, message queues, and file systems. 如果停止此服務,這些交易都將失敗。If this service is stopped, these transactions will fail. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

dmwappushsvcdmwappushsvc

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name dmwappushservicedmwappushservice
描述Description WAP 推播訊息路由服務WAP Push Message Routing Service
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 用戶端裝置上需要針對 Intune、MDM 和類似管理技術,以及針對統一寫入篩選器使用的服務。Service required on client devices for Intune, MDM and similar management technologies, and for Unified Write Filter. 不需針對伺服器使用。Not needed for Server.

DNS 用戶端DNS Client

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name DnscacheDnscache
描述Description DNS 用戶端服務 (dnscache) 會快取網域名稱系統 (DNS) 名稱,並會為此電腦註冊完整的電腦名稱。The DNS Client service (dnscache) caches Domain Name System (DNS) names and registers the full computer name for this computer. 如果服務已停止,會繼續解析 DNS 名稱。If the service is stopped, DNS names will continue to be resolved. 但將不會快取 DNS 名稱查詢的結果,而且將不會註冊電腦的名稱。However, the results of DNS name queries will not be cached and the computer's name will not be registered. 如果已停用該服務,所有明確依賴該服務的所有服務,將無法啟動。If the service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

已下載的地圖管理員Downloaded Maps Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name MapsBrokerMapsBroker
描述Description 適用於應用程式存取已下載地圖的 Windows 服務。Windows service for application access to downloaded maps. 要存取已下載地圖的應用程式會依需求啟動此服務。This service is started on-demand by application accessing downloaded maps. 停用此服務將讓應用程式無法存取地圖。Disabling this service will prevent apps from accessing maps.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 停用中斷依賴服務的應用程式;如果應用程式未依賴它,則確定停用Disabling breaks apps that rely on the service; OK to disable if apps not relying on it

內嵌模式Embedded Mode

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name embeddedmodeembeddedmode
描述Description 內嵌模式服務可啟用與背景應用程式相關的案例。The Embedded Mode service enables scenarios related to Background Applications. 停用此服務將防止背景應用程式啟用。Disabling this service will prevent Background Applications from being activated.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

加密檔案系統 (EFS)Encrypting File System (EFS)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name EFSEFS
描述Description 提供核心檔案加密技術,以用來在 NTFS 檔案系統磁碟區上儲存加密的檔案。Provides the core file encryption technology used to store encrypted files on NTFS file system volumes. 如果停止或停用此服務,應用程式將無法存取加密的檔案。If this service is stopped or disabled, applications will be unable to access encrypted files.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

企業應用程式管理服務Enterprise App Management Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name EntAppSvcEntAppSvc
描述Description 啟用企業應用程式管理。Enables enterprise application management.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

可延伸的驗證通訊協定Extensible Authentication Protocol

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name EapHostEapHost
描述Description 可延伸的驗證通訊協定 (EAP) 服務會在 802.1x 有線和無線、VPN 及網路存取保護 (NAP) 之類案例中提供網路驗證。The Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) service provides network authentication in such scenarios as 802.1x wired and wireless, VPN, and Network Access Protection (NAP). EAP 也會在驗證程序期間,提供網路存取用戶端 (包括無線及 VPN 用戶端) 所使用的應用程式開發介面 (API)。EAP also provides application programming interfaces (APIs) that are used by network access clients, including wireless and VPN clients, during the authentication process. 如果您停用此服務,這部電腦將無法存取需要 EAP 驗證的網路。If you disable this service, this computer is prevented from accessing networks that require EAP authentication.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

功能探索提供者裝載Function Discovery Provider Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name fdPHostfdPHost
描述Description FDPHOST 服務會裝載功能探索 (FD) 網路探索提供者。The FDPHOST service hosts the Function Discovery (FD) network discovery providers. 這些 FD 提供者提供簡單服務探索通訊協定 (SSDP) 和 Web 服務 - 探索 (WS-D) 通訊協定的網路探索服務。These FD providers supply network discovery services for the Simple Services Discovery Protocol (SSDP) and Web Services - Discovery (WS-D) protocol. 停止或停用 FDPHOST 服務,將會在使用 FD 時,停用這些通訊協定的網路探索。Stopping or disabling the FDPHOST service will disable network discovery for these protocols when using FD. 無法使用此服務時,使用 FD 及依賴這些探索通訊協定的網路服務將找不到網路裝置或資源。When this service is unavailable, network services using FD and relying on these discovery protocols will be unable to find network devices or resources.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

功能探索資源發佈Function Discovery Resource Publication

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name FDResPubFDResPub
描述Description 發佈這部電腦及連結至此電腦的資源,如此便可在網路上找到它們。Publishes this computer and resources attached to this computer so they can be discovered over the network. 如果停止此服務,將不再發佈網路資源,而網路上的其他電腦將無法找到它們。If this service is stopped, network resources will no longer be published and they will not be discovered by other computers on the network.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

地理位置服務Geolocation Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name lfsvclfsvc
描述Description 此服務會監視目前的系統位置並管理地理柵欄 (具有關聯事件的地理位置)。This service monitors the current location of the system and manages geofences (a geographical location with associated events). 如果關閉此服務,應用程式將無法用來或接收地理位置或地理柵欄的通知。If you turn off this service, applications will be unable to use or receive notifications for geolocation or geofences.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 停用中斷依賴服務的應用程式;如果應用程式未依賴它,則確定停用Disabling breaks apps that rely on the service; OK to disable if apps not relying on it

群組原則用戶端Group Policy Client

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name gpsvcgpsvc
描述Description 此服務負責透過群組原則元件來套用系統管理員為電腦與使用者所設定的設定。The service is responsible for applying settings configured by administrators for the computer and users through the Group Policy component. 如果停用服務,將不會套用設定,而且將無法透過群組原則來管理應用程式與元件。If the service is disabled, the settings will not be applied and applications and components will not be manageable through Group Policy. 如果停用此服務,相依於群組原則元件的所有元件或應用程式可能都無法運作。Any components or applications that depend on the Group Policy component might not be functional if the service is disabled.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

人性化介面裝置服務Human Interface Device Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name hidservhidserv
描述Description 啟用並維護鍵盤、遙控器及其他多媒體裝置上之常用按鈕的使用。Activates and maintains the use of hot buttons on keyboards, remote controls, and other multimedia devices. 建議您讓此服務繼續執行。It is recommended that you keep this service running.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

HV 主機服務HV Host Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name HvHostHvHost
描述Description 提供適用於 Hyper-V Hypervisor 的介面,以便為主機作業系統提供每個分割區的效能計數器。Provides an interface for the Hyper-V hypervisor to provide per-partition performance counters to the host operating system.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 適用於客體 VM 的效能加強程式。Performance enhancers for guest VMs. 除了明確填入 VM 之外,目前並未使用,但將用於應用程式防護Not used today except for explicitly populated VMs, but will be used in Application Guard

Hyper-V 資料交換服務Hyper-V Data Exchange Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmickvpexchangevmickvpexchange
描述Description 提供一種機制,以便在虛擬機器及實體電腦上執行之作業系統間交換資料。Provides a mechanism to exchange data between the virtual machine and the operating system running on the physical computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 客體服務介面Hyper-V Guest Service Interface

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicguestinterfacevmicguestinterface
描述Description 提供適用於 Hyper-V 主機的介面,以便與虛擬機器內執行的特定服務互動。Provides an interface for the Hyper-V host to interact with specific services running inside the virtual machine.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 客體關機服務Hyper-V Guest Shutdown Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicshutdownvmicshutdown
描述Description 提供一種機制,以從實體電腦上的管理介面關閉這部虛擬機器的作業系統。Provides a mechanism to shut down the operating system of this virtual machine from the management interfaces on the physical computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 活動訊號服務Hyper-V Heartbeat Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicheartbeatvmicheartbeat
描述Description 定期報告活動訊號,藉以監視這部虛擬機器的狀態。Monitors the state of this virtual machine by reporting a heartbeat at regular intervals. 此服務可協助您識別已停止回應的執行中虛擬機器。This service helps you identify running virtual machines that have stopped responding.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V PowerShell Direct 服務Hyper-V PowerShell Direct Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicvmsessionvmicvmsession
描述Description 提供一種機制,以便在沒有虛擬網路的情況下,透過 VM 工作階段搭配 PowerShell 來管理虛擬機器。Provides a mechanism to manage virtual machine with PowerShell via VM session without a virtual network.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 遠端桌面虛擬服務Hyper-V Remote Desktop Virtualization Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicrdvvmicrdv
描述Description 提供一個平台,以便在虛擬機器及實體電腦上執行的作業系統之間進行通訊。Provides a platform for communication between the virtual machine and the operating system running on the physical computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 時間同步化服務Hyper-V Time Synchronization Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmictimesyncvmictimesync
描述Description 將這部虛擬機器的系統時間與實體電腦的系統時間同步。Synchronizes the system time of this virtual machine with the system time of the physical computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

Hyper-V 磁碟區陰影複製要求者Hyper-V Volume Shadow Copy Requestor

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vmicvssvmicvss
描述Description 協調使用磁碟區陰影複製服務所需的通訊,以便將應用程式與資料從實體電腦上的作業系統備份到這部虛擬機器上。Coordinates the communications that are required to use Volume Shadow Copy Service to back up applications and data on this virtual machine from the operating system on the physical computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 請參閱 HvHostSee HvHost

IKE 和 AuthIP IPsec 金鑰處理模組IKE and AuthIP IPsec Keying Modules

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name IKEEXTIKEEXT
描述Description IKEEXT 服務會裝載網際網路金鑰交換 (IKE) 和已驗證網際網路通訊協定 (AuthIP) 金鑰處理模組。The IKEEXT service hosts the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) and Authenticated Internet Protocol (AuthIP) keying modules. 這些金鑰處理模組會用來在網際網路通訊協定安全性 (IPsec) 中進行驗證及金鑰交換。These keying modules are used for authentication and key exchange in Internet Protocol security (IPsec). 停止或停用 IKEEXT 服務將會停用與對等電腦進行的 IKE 和 AuthIP 金鑰交換。Stopping or disabling the IKEEXT service will disable IKE and AuthIP key exchange with peer computers. IPsec 通常會設定為使用 IKE 或 AuthIP;因此,停止或停用 IKEEXT 服務可能導致 IPsec 失敗,並且可能危害系統的安全性。IPsec is typically configured to use IKE or AuthIP; therefore, stopping or disabling the IKEEXT service might result in an IPsec failure and might compromise the security of the system. 強烈建議您持續執行 IKEEXT 服務。It is strongly recommended that you have the IKEEXT service running.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

互動式服務偵測Interactive Services Detection

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UI0DetectUI0Detect
描述Description 針對互動式服務啟用使用者輸入的使用者通知,這樣就能在互動式服務所建立的對話方塊出現時存取它們。Enables user notification of user input for interactive services, which enables access to dialogs created by interactive services when they appear. 如果停止此服務,新互動式服務對話方塊的通知將不再運作,而且可能無法存取互動式服務對話方塊。If this service is stopped, notifications of new interactive service dialogs will no longer function and there might not be access to interactive service dialogs. 如果停用此服務,新互動式服務對話方塊的通知及存取都將不再運作。If this service is disabled, both notifications of and access to new interactive service dialogs will no longer function.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網際網路連線共用 (ICS)Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SharedAccessSharedAccess
描述Description 為家用網路或小型辦公室網路提供網路位址轉譯、定址、名稱解析和/或入侵防範服務。Provides network address translation, addressing, name resolution and/or intrusion prevention services for a home or small office network.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 用來作為 WiFi 熱點用戶端需要,而在 Miracast 投影兩端也需要。Required for clients used as WiFi hotspots, and also on both ends of Miracast projection. ICS 可以使用下列 GPO 設定來封鎖:「禁止在您的 DNS 網域網路中使用網際網路連線共用」ICS can be blocked with GPO setting, "Prohibit use of Internet Connection Sharing on your DNS domain network"

IP 協助程式IP Helper

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name iphlpsvciphlpsvc
描述Description 使用 IPv6 轉換技術 (6to4、ISATAP、連接埠 Proxy 及 Teredo) 和 IP-HTTPS 來提供通道連線。Provides tunnel connectivity using IPv6 transition technologies (6to4, ISATAP, Port Proxy, and Teredo), and IP-HTTPS. 如果停止此服務,電腦將不具備這些技術所提供的增強連線優點。If this service is stopped, the computer will not have the enhanced connectivity benefits that these technologies offer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

IPSec 原則代理程式IPsec Policy Agent

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PolicyAgentPolicyAgent
描述Description 網際網路通訊協定安全性 (IPsec) 支援網路層級的對等驗證、資料來源驗證、資料完整性、資料機密性 (加密),以及重新執行保護。Internet Protocol security (IPsec) supports network-level peer authentication, data origin authentication, data integrity, data confidentiality (encryption), and replay protection. 此服務會強制執行透過 IP 安全性原則嵌入式管理單元或 " netsh ipsec" 命令列工具建立的 IPsec 原則。This service enforces IPsec policies created through the IP Security Policies snap-in or the command-line tool "netsh ipsec". 如果您停止此服務,當您的原則需要使用 IPsec 連線時,可能會發生網路連線問題。If you stop this service, you may experience network connectivity issues if your policy requires that connections use IPsec. 此外,在停止此服務時,也無法使用 Windows 防火牆的遠端管理。Also, remote management of Windows Firewall is not available when this service is stopped.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

KDC Proxy 伺服器服務 (KPS)KDC Proxy Server service (KPS)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name KPSSVCKPSSVC
描述Description KDC Proxy 伺服器服務會在 Edge Server 上執行,以將 Kerberos 通訊協定訊息 Proxy 處理到公司網路上的網域控制站。KDC Proxy Server service runs on edge servers to proxy Kerberos protocol messages to domain controllers on the corporate network.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

用於分散式交易協調器的 KtmRmKtmRm for Distributed Transaction Coordinator

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name KtmRmKtmRm
描述Description 協調分散式交易協調器 (MSDTC) 與核心交易管理員 (KTM) 之間的交易。Coordinates transactions between the Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) and the Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM). 如果不需要這樣做,建議您讓此服務維持停止狀態。If it is not needed, it is recommended that this service remain stopped. 如果需要這樣做,MSDTC 與 KTM 都將自動啟動此服務。If it is needed, both MSDTC and KTM will start this service automatically. 如果停用此服務,任何與核心資源管理員互動的 MSDTC 交易都將失敗,而且明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any MSDTC transaction interacting with a Kernel Resource Manager will fail and any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone
名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name lltdsvclltdsvc
描述Description 建立網路對應,其中包含電腦和裝置拓撲 (連線能力) 資訊,以及描述每部電腦和裝置的中繼資料。Creates a Network Map, consisting of PC and device topology (connectivity) information, and metadata describing each PC and device. 如果停用此服務,網路對應將無法正常運作。If this service is disabled, the Network Map will not function properly.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 如果網路對應上沒有任何相依性,則確定停用OK to disable if no dependencies on Network Map

本機工作階段管理員Local Session Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name LSMLSM
描述Description 管理本機使用者工作階段的核心 Windows 服務。Core Windows Service that manages local user sessions. 停止或停用此服務將導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Microsoft (R) 診斷集線器標準收集器Microsoft (R) Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name diagnosticshub.standardcollector.servicediagnosticshub.standardcollector.service
描述Description 診斷集線器標準收集器服務。Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector Service. 執行時,此服務會收集即時 ETW 事件並加以處理。When running, this service collects real time ETW events and processes them.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Microsoft 帳戶登入小幫手Microsoft Account Sign-in Assistant

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wlidsvcwlidsvc
描述Description 可讓使用者透過 Microsoft 帳戶身分識別服務登入。Enables user sign-in through Microsoft account identity services. 如果停止此服務,使用者將無法使用他們的 Microsoft 帳戶登入電腦。If this service is stopped, users will not be able to log on to the computer with their Microsoft account.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments Microsoft 帳戶在 Windows Server 上為 N/AMicrosoft Accounts are N/A on Windows Server

Microsoft App-V 用戶端Microsoft App-V Client

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AppVClientAppVClient
描述Description 管理 App-V 使用者和虛擬應用程式Manages App-V users and virtual applications
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

Microsoft iSCSI 啟動器服務Microsoft iSCSI Initiator Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name MSiSCSIMSiSCSI
描述Description 管理從這部電腦至遠端 iSCSI 目標裝置的 Internet SCSI (iSCSI) 工作階段。Manages Internet SCSI (iSCSI) sessions from this computer to remote iSCSI target devices. 如果停止此服務,這部電腦將無法登入或存取 iSCSI 目標。If this service is stopped, this computer will not be able to login or access iSCSI targets. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 我們的診斷資料指出這適用於用戶端以及伺服器上。Our diagnostic data indicates this is used on client as well as server. 停用此服務沒有任何好處。No benefit to disabling this.

Microsoft PassportMicrosoft Passport

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NgcSvcNgcSvc
描述Description 針對用於驗證使用者關聯身分識別提供者的密碼編譯金鑰提供處理序隔離。Provides process isolation for cryptographic keys used to authenticate to a user's associated identity providers. 如果停用此服務,將無法使用及管理這些金鑰,包括電腦登入及應用程式與網站的單一登入。If this service is disabled, all uses and management of these keys will not be available, which includes machine logon and single-sign on for apps and websites. 此服務會自動啟動和停止。This service starts and stops automatically. 建議您不要重新設定此服務。It is recommended that you do not reconfigure this service.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 為伺服器上不支援之 PIN/Hello 登入的必要項Needed for PIN/Hello logons, which aren't supported on Server

Microsoft Passport 容器Microsoft Passport Container

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NgcCtnrSvcNgcCtnrSvc
描述Description 管理用來向身分識別提供者驗證使用者的本機使用者身分識別金鑰,以及 TPM 虛擬智慧卡。Manages local user identity keys used to authenticate user to identity providers as well as TPM virtual smart cards. 如果停用此服務,將無法存取本機使用者身分識別金鑰與 TPM 虛擬智慧卡。If this service is disabled, local user identity keys and TPM virtual smart cards will not be accessible. 建議您不要重新設定此服務。It is recommended that you do not reconfigure this service.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Microsoft 軟體陰影複製提供者Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name swprvswprv
描述Description 管理磁碟區陰影複製服務所採用之以軟體為基礎的磁碟區陰影複製。Manages software-based volume shadow copies taken by the Volume Shadow Copy service. 如果停止此服務,就無法管理以軟體為基礎的磁碟區陰影複製。If this service is stopped, software-based volume shadow copies cannot be managed. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Microsoft 儲存空間 SMPMicrosoft Storage Spaces SMP

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name smphostsmphost
描述Description 裝載適用於 Microsoft 儲存空間管理提供者的服務。Host service for the Microsoft Storage Spaces management provider. 如果停止或停用此服務,將無法管理儲存空間。If this service is stopped or disabled, Storage Spaces cannot be managed.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 如果沒有此服務,儲存管理 API 就會失敗。Storage management APIs fail without this service. 範例:"Get-WmiObject -class MSFT_Disk -Namespace Root\Microsoft\Windows\Storage"。Example: "Get-WmiObject -class MSFT_Disk -Namespace Root\Microsoft\Windows\Storage".

Net.Tcp 連接埠共用服務Net.Tcp Port Sharing Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NetTcpPortSharingNetTcpPortSharing
描述Description 提供透過 net.tcp 通訊協定共用 TCP 連接埠的能力。Provides ability to share TCP ports over the net.tcp protocol.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

NetlogonNetlogon

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NetlogonNetlogon
描述Description 在這部電腦與網域控制站之間維持一個安全通道,以用來驗證使用者和服務。Maintains a secure channel between this computer and the domain controller for authenticating users and services. 如果停止此服務,電腦可能就不會驗證使用者和服務,而且網域控制站無法註冊 DNS 記錄。If this service is stopped, the computer may not authenticate users and services and the domain controller cannot register DNS records. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路連線代理人Network Connection Broker

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NcbServiceNcbService
描述Description 允許 Microsoft Store 應用程式從網際網路接收通知的代理人連線。Brokers connections that allow Microsoft Store Apps to receive notifications from the internet.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

網路連線Network Connections

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NetmanNetman
描述Description 管理 [網路] 和 [撥號連線] 資料夾中的物件,您可以在其中檢視區域網路和遠端連線。Manages objects in the Network and Dial-Up Connections folder, in which you can view both local area network and remote connections.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路連線助理Network Connectivity Assistant

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NcaSvcNcaSvc
描述Description 提供 UI 元件的 DirectAccess 狀態通知Provides DirectAccess status notification for UI components
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路清單服務Network List Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name netprofmnetprofm
描述Description 識別電腦已連線的網路、收集並儲存這些網路的屬性,並在這些屬性變更時通知應用程式。Identifies the networks to which the computer has connected, collects and stores properties for these networks, and notifies applications when these properties change.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路定位知悉Network Location Awareness

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NlaSvcNlaSvc
描述Description 收集並儲存網路的設定資訊,且在修改此資訊時通知程式。Collects and stores configuration information for the network and notifies programs when this information is modified. 如果停止此服務,設定資訊可能就無法使用。If this service is stopped, configuration information might be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路設定服務Network Setup Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name NetSetupSvcNetSetupSvc
描述Description 網路設定服務會管理網路驅動程式的安裝,並允許設定低階網路設定。The Network Setup Service manages the installation of network drivers and permits the configuration of low-level network settings. 如果停止此服務,可能就會取消所有進行中的驅動程式安裝。If this service is stopped, any driver installations that are in-progress may be cancelled.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

網路儲存介面服務Network Store Interface Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name nsinsi
描述Description 此服務可將網路通知 (例如新增/刪除介面等) 傳遞給使用者模式的用戶端。This service delivers network notifications (e.g. interface addition/deleting etc) to user mode clients. 停止此服務將導致網路連線中斷。Stopping this service will cause loss of network connectivity. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有其他服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any other services that explicitly depend on this service will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

離線檔案Offline Files

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name CscServiceCscService
描述Description 離線檔案服務能在離線檔案快取上執行維護活動、回應使用者登入和登出事件、實作公用 API 內部,以及將有趣的事件分派給對離線檔案活動及快取狀態的變更感興趣的使用者。The Offline Files service performs maintenance activities on the Offline Files cache, responds to user logon and logoff events, implements the internals of the public API, and dispatches interesting events to those interested in Offline Files activities and changes in cache state.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

最佳化磁碟機Optimize drives

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name defragsvcdefragsvc
描述Description 將儲存磁碟機上的檔案最佳化,有助於提高電腦執行效率。Helps the computer run more efficiently by optimizing files on storage drives.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

效能計數器 DLL主機Performance Counter DLL Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PerfHostPerfHost
描述Description 允許遠端使用者和 64 位元處理序查詢 32 位元 DLL 所提供的效能計數器。Enables remote users and 64-bit processes to query performance counters provided by 32-bit DLLs. 如果停止此服務,則只有本機使用者和 32 位元處理序可以查詢 32 位元 DLL 所提供的效能計數器。If this service is stopped, only local users and 32-bit processes will be able to query performance counters provided by 32-bit DLLs.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

效能記錄及警示Performance Logs & Alerts

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name plapla
描述Description 效能記錄及警示會根據預先設定的排程參數,從本機或遠端電腦收集效能資料,然後將資料寫入到記錄或觸發警示。Performance Logs and Alerts Collects performance data from local or remote computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters, then writes the data to a log or triggers an alert. 如果停止此服務,將不會收集效能資訊。If this service is stopped, performance information will not be collected. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

電話服務Phone Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PhoneSvcPhoneSvc
描述Description 管理裝置上的電話語音狀態Manages the telephony state on the device
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 由新式 VoIP 應用程式所使用Used by modern VoIP apps

隨插即用Plug and Play

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PlugPlayPlugPlay
描述Description 讓電腦能夠利用少許或沒有任何的使用者輸入來識別及適應硬體變更。Enables a computer to recognize and adapt to hardware changes with little or no user input. 停止或停用此服務將導致系統不穩定。Stopping or disabling this service will result in system instability.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

可攜式裝置列舉程式服務Portable Device Enumerator Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WPDBusEnumWPDBusEnum
描述Description 針對抽取式大型存放裝置強制執行群組原則。Enforces group policy for removable mass-storage devices. 讓 Windows Media Player 及影像匯入精靈等應用程式能夠使用抽取式大型存放裝置來傳輸並同步處理內容。Enables applications such as Windows Media Player and Image Import Wizard to transfer and synchronize content using removable mass-storage devices.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

電源Power

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 電源Power
描述Description 管理電源原則與電源原則通知傳遞。Manages power policy and power policy notification delivery.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone
名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 多工緩衝處理器Spooler
描述Description 此服務會多工緩衝處理列印工作,並處理與印表機的互動。This service spools print jobs and handles interaction with the printer. 如果您關閉此服務,將無法列印或看見您的印表機。If you turn off this service, you won't be able to print or see your printers.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 如果不是列印伺服器或 DC,則確定停用OK to disable if not a print server or a DC
註解Comments 在網域控制站上,安裝 DC 角色會將執行緒新增至負責執行列印剪除的多工緩衝處理器服務:從 Active Directory 中移除過時的列印佇列物件。On a domain controller, the installation of the DC role adds a thread to the spooler service that is responsible for performing print pruning – removing the stale print queue objects from the Active Directory. 如果多工緩衝處理器服務未在每個網站中至少一個 DC 上執行,則 AD 就無法移除不再存在的舊佇列。If the spooler service is not running on at least one DC in each site, then the AD has no means to remove old queues that no longer exist. 詢問效能小組部落格Ask the performance team blog.

印表機擴充功能與通知Printer Extensions and Notifications

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PrintNotifyPrintNotify
描述Description 此服務會開啟自訂印表機對話方塊,以及處理來自遠端列印伺服器或印表機的通知。This service opens custom printer dialog boxes and handles notifications from a remote print server or a printer. 如果您關閉此服務,將無法查看印表機擴充功能或通知。If you turn off this service, you won't be able to see printer extensions or notifications.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 如果不是列印伺服器,則確定停用OK to disable if not a print server
註解Comments NoneNone

問題報告及解決方案控制台支援Problem Reports and Solutions Control Panel Support

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wercplsupportwercplsupport
描述Description 此服務提供對檢視、傳送及刪除 [問題報告及解決方案] 控制台之系統層級問題報告的支援。This service provides support for viewing, sending and deletion of system-level problem reports for the Problem Reports and Solutions control panel.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

程式相容性助理服務Program Compatibility Assistant Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name PcaSvcPcaSvc
描述Description 此服務可對程式相容性助理 (PCA) 提供支援。This service provides support for the Program Compatibility Assistant (PCA). PCA 會監視使用者所安裝和執行的程式,並偵測已知的相容性問題。PCA monitors programs installed and run by the user and detects known compatibility problems. 如果停止此服務,PCA 將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, PCA will not function properly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

高品質 Windows 音訊/視訊體驗Quality Windows Audio Video Experience

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name QWAVEQWAVE
描述Description 高品質 Windows 音訊/視訊體驗 (qWave) 是一種架構在 IP 家用網路上,適用於音訊/視訊 (AV) 串流處理應用程式的網路平台。Quality Windows Audio Video Experience (qWave) is a networking platform for Audio Video (AV) streaming applications on IP home networks. qWave 可確保 AV 應用程式的網路服務品質 (QoS),進而增強 AV 串流處理的效能與可靠性。qWave enhances AV streaming performance and reliability by ensuring network quality-of-service (QoS) for AV applications. 它提供許可控制、執行階段監視與強制處理、應用程式意見反應,以及流量優先順序等機制。It provides mechanisms for admission control, run time monitoring and enforcement, application feedback, and traffic prioritization.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 用戶端 QoS 服務Client-side QoS service

Radio Management ServiceRadio Management Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RmSvcRmSvc
描述Description 無線電波管理與飛航模式服務Radio Management and Airplane Mode Service
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Remote Access Auto Connection ManagerRemote Access Auto Connection Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RasAutoRasAuto
描述Description 每當程式參照遠端 DNS 或 NetBIOS 名稱或位址時,建立遠端網路的連線。Creates a connection to a remote network whenever a program references a remote DNS or NetBIOS name or address.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端存取連線管理員Remote Access Connection Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RasManRasMan
描述Description 管理從這部電腦到網際網路或其他遠端網路的撥號及虛擬私人網路 (VPN) 連線。Manages dial-up and virtual private network (VPN) connections from this computer to the Internet or other remote networks. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端桌面設定Remote Desktop Configuration

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SessionEnvSessionEnv
描述Description 遠端桌面設定服務 (RDCS) 負責處理所有遠端桌面服務和遠端桌面相關的設定及工作階段維護活動 (需要系統內容)。Remote Desktop Configuration service (RDCS) is responsible for all Remote Desktop Services and Remote Desktop related configuration and session maintenance activities that require SYSTEM context. 這些包括每一工作階段暫存資料夾、RD 佈景主題與 RD 憑證。These include per-session temporary folders, RD themes, and RD certificates.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端桌面服務問題Remote Desktop Services

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TermServiceTermService
描述Description 允許使用者以互動方式連線到遠端電腦。Allows users to connect interactively to a remote computer. 遠端桌面及遠端桌面工作階段主機伺服器均相依於此服務。Remote Desktop and Remote Desktop Session Host Server depend on this service. 若要避免從遠端使用這部電腦,請取消選取 [系統屬性] 控制台項目之 [遠端] 索引標籤上的核取方塊。To prevent remote use of this computer, clear the checkboxes on the Remote tab of the System properties control panel item.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端桌面服務使用者模式連接埠重新導向器Remote Desktop Services UserMode Port Redirector

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UmRdpServiceUmRdpService
描述Description 允許將印表機/磁碟機/連接埠重新導向以進行 RDP 連線Allows the redirection of Printers/Drives/Ports for RDP connections
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 在連線的伺服器端上支援重新導向。Supports redirections on the server side of the connection.

遠端程序呼叫 (RPC)Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RpcSsRpcSs
描述Description RPCSS 服務是適用於 COM 與 DCOM 伺服器的服務控制管理員。The RPCSS service is the Service Control Manager for COM and DCOM servers. 此服務會針對 COM 與 DCOM 伺服器執行物件啟用要求、物件輸出程式解析,以及分散式記憶體回收。It performs object activations requests, object exporter resolutions and distributed garbage collection for COM and DCOM servers. 如果停止或停用此服務,使用 COM 或 DCOM 的程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using COM or DCOM will not function properly. 強烈建議您持續執行 RPCSS 服務。It is strongly recommended that you have the RPCSS service running.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 尋找程式Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RpcLocatorRpcLocator
描述Description 在 Windows 2003 及更早的 Windows 版本中,遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 尋找程式服務會管理 RPC 名稱服務資料庫。In Windows 2003 and earlier versions of Windows, the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator service manages the RPC name service database. 在 Windows Vista 及更新的 Windows 版本中,此服務不提供任何功能,只是為了應用程式相容性而保留。In Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, this service does not provide any functionality and is present for application compatibility.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

遠端登錄Remote Registry

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RemoteRegistryRemoteRegistry
描述Description 讓遠端使用者能夠修改這部電腦上的登錄設定。Enables remote users to modify registry settings on this computer. 如果停止此服務,則只有這部電腦上的使用者能夠修改登錄。If this service is stopped, the registry can be modified only by users on this computer. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments NoneNone

原則結果組提供者Resultant Set of Policy Provider

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RSoPProvRSoPProv
描述Description 提供網路服務來處理要求,以模擬在各種情況下,將群組原則設定套用至目標使用者或電腦,並計算原則結果組設定。Provides a network service that processes requests to simulate application of Group Policy settings for a target user or computer in various situations and computes the Resultant Set of Policy settings.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

路由及遠端存取Routing and Remote Access

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RemoteAccessRemoteAccess
描述Description 為區域及廣域網路環境中的公司提供路由服務。Offers routing services to businesses in local area and wide area network environments.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments 已經停用Already disabled

RPC 端點對應程式RPC Endpoint Mapper

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name RpcEptMapperRpcEptMapper
描述Description 解析 RPC 介面識別碼以傳輸端點。Resolves RPC interfaces identifiers to transport endpoints. 如果停止或停用此服務,則使用遠端程序呼叫 (RPC) 服務的程式將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped or disabled, programs using Remote Procedure Call (RPC) services will not function properly.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

次要登入Secondary Logon

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name seclogonseclogon
描述Description 能夠以備用認證來啟動處理序。Enables starting processes under alternate credentials. 如果停止此服務,將無法使用此類型的登入存取。If this service is stopped, this type of logon access will be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

安全通訊端通道通訊協定服務Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SstpSvcSstpSvc
描述Description 針對安全通訊端通道通訊協定 (SSTP) 提供使用 VPN 連線到遠端電腦的支援。Provides support for the Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol (SSTP) to connect to remote computers using VPN. 如果停用此服務,使用者將無法使用 SSTP 來存取遠端伺服器。If this service is disabled, users will not be able to use SSTP to access remote servers.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 停用中斷 RRASDisabling breaks RRAS

安全性帳戶管理員Security Accounts Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SamSsSamSs
描述Description 啟動此服務即會告知其他服務,安全性帳戶管理員 (SAM) 已準備好接受要求。The startup of this service signals other services that the Security Accounts Manager (SAM) is ready to accept requests. 停用此服務將無法通知系統中的其他服務 SAM 已經就緒,從而導致那些服務無法正確啟動。Disabling this service will prevent other services in the system from being notified when the SAM is ready, which may in turn cause those services to fail to start correctly. 此服務不應停用。This service should not be disabled.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments NoneNone

感應器資料服務Sensor Data Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SensorDataServiceSensorDataService
描述Description 傳遞來自各種感應器的資料Delivers data from a variety of sensors
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

感應器監視服務Sensor Monitoring Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SensrSvcSensrSvc
描述Description 監視各種感應器,以公開資料並隨著系統與使用者狀態進行調整。Monitors various sensors in order to expose data and adapt to system and user state. 如果停止或停用此服務,顯示器亮度將無法隨著光線狀況進行調整。If this service is stopped or disabled, the display brightness will not adapt to lighting conditions. 停止此服務可能也會影響其他系統功能與特性。Stopping this service may affect other system functionality and features as well.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

感應器服務Sensor Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SensorServiceSensorService
描述Description 管理不同感應器功能的感應器服務。A service for sensors that manages the functionality of different sensors. 管理感應器的簡易裝置方向 (SDO) 與記錄。Manages Simple Device Orientation (SDO) and History for sensors. 載入 SDO 感應器以報告裝置方向變更。Loads the SDO sensor that reports device orientation changes. 如果停止或停用此服務,將不會載入 SDO 感應器,因此將不會發生自動旋轉。If this service is stopped or disabled, the SDO sensor will not be loaded and so auto-rotation will not occur. 來自感應器的記錄收集也將停止。History collection from Sensors will also be stopped.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

伺服器Server

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name LanmanServerLanmanServer
描述Description 針對這部電腦支援網路上的檔案、列印和具名管道共用。Supports file, print, and named-pipe sharing over the network for this computer. 如果停止此服務,將無法使用這些功能。If this service is stopped, these functions will be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 對於遠端管理、IPC$、SMB 檔案共用的必要項Needed for remote management, IPC$, SMB file sharing

殼層硬體偵測Shell Hardware Detection

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name ShellHWDetectionShellHWDetection
描述Description 提供自動播放硬體事件的通知。Provides notifications for AutoPlay hardware events.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

智慧卡Smart Card

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SCardSvrSCardSvr
描述Description 管理這部電腦讀取智慧卡的存取權。Manages access to smart cards read by this computer. 如果停止此服務,這部電腦將無法讀取智慧卡。If this service is stopped, this computer will be unable to read smart cards. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

智慧卡裝置列舉服務Smart Card Device Enumeration Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name ScDeviceEnumScDeviceEnum
描述Description 為指定工作階段可存取的所有智慧卡讀卡機,建立軟體裝置節點。Creates software device nodes for all smart card readers accessible to a given session. 如果停用此服務,WinRT API 將無法列舉智慧卡讀卡機。If this service is disabled, WinRT APIs will not be able to enumerate smart card readers.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 幾乎是專供 WinRT 應用程式使用的必要項Needed almost exclusively for WinRT apps

智慧卡移除原則Smart Card Removal Policy

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SCPolicySvcSCPolicySvc
描述Description 允許將系統設定為在智慧卡移除時,鎖定使用者桌面。Allows the system to be configured to lock the user desktop upon smart card removal.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

SNMP 陷阱SNMP Trap

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SNMPTRAPSNMPTRAP
描述Description 接收由本機或遠端簡易網路管理通訊協定 (SNMP) 代理程式所產生的陷阱訊息,並將該訊息轉送給在這部電腦上執行的 SNMP 管理程式。Receives trap messages generated by local or remote Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agents and forwards the messages to SNMP management programs running on this computer. 如果停止此服務,這部電腦上以 SNMP 為基礎的程式將不會收到 SNMP 陷阱訊息。If this service is stopped, SNMP-based programs on this computer will not receive SNMP trap messages. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

軟體保護Software Protection

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name sppsvcsppsvc
描述Description 能夠針對 Windows 及 Windows 應用程式,下載、安裝及強制執行數位授權。Enables the download, installation and enforcement of digital licenses for Windows and Windows applications. 如果停用此服務,作業系統及已授權的應用程式可能會以通知模式執行。If the service is disabled, the operating system and licensed applications may run in a notification mode. 強烈建議您不要停用軟體保護服務。It is strongly recommended that you not disable the Software Protection service.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

特殊的管理主控台協助程式Special Administration Console Helper

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name sacsvrsacsvr
描述Description 允許系統管理員使用緊急管理服務,遠端存取命令提示字元。Allows administrators to remotely access a command prompt using Emergency Management Services.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

錯誤檢查器Spot Verifier

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name svsvcsvsvc
描述Description 驗證可能發生的檔案系統損毀。Verifies potential file system corruptions.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

SSDP 探索SSDP Discovery

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SSDPSRVSSDPSRV
描述Description 探索使用 SSDP 探索通訊協定且已連上網路的裝置及服務,例如 UPnP 裝置。Discovers networked devices and services that use the SSDP discovery protocol, such as UPnP devices. 此外,還會宣告在本機電腦上執行的 SSDP 裝置及服務。Also announces SSDP devices and services running on the local computer. 如果停止此服務,將無法探索以 SSDP 為基礎的裝置。If this service is stopped, SSDP-based devices will not be discovered. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

狀態存放庫服務State Repository Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name StateRepositoryStateRepository
描述Description 為應用程式模型提供必要的基礎結構支援。Provides required infrastructure support for the application model.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

靜止影像擷取事件Still Image Acquisition Events

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WiaRpcWiaRpc
描述Description 啟動與靜態影像擷取事件相關聯的應用程式。Launches applications associated with still image acquisition events.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

儲存空間服務Storage Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name StorSvcStorSvc
描述Description 提供為儲存空間設定與外部儲存空間擴充啟用服務的功能Provides enabling services for storage settings and external storage expansion
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

儲存層管理Storage Tiers Management

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TieringEngineServiceTieringEngineService
描述Description 在系統中的所有階層式儲存空間上,將儲存層中資料的放置方式最佳化。Optimizes the placement of data in storage tiers on all tiered storage spaces in the system.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

SuperfetchSuperfetch

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SysMainSysMain
描述Description 維護並改進一段時間後的系統效能。Maintains and improves system performance over time.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

同步主機Sync Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name OneSyncSvcOneSyncSvc
描述Description 此服務會將郵件、連絡人、行事曆與各種其他使用者資料同步。This service synchronizes mail, contacts, calendar and various other user data. 若此服務未執行,相依於此功能的郵件與其他應用程式都將無法正常運作。Mail and other applications dependent on this functionality will not work properly when this service is not running.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

系統事件通知服務System Event Notification Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SENSSENS
描述Description 監視系統事件,並通知 COM+ 事件系統的訂閱者有關這些事件的內容。Monitors system events and notifies subscribers to COM+ Event System of these events.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

系統事件代理人System Events Broker

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name SystemEventsBrokerSystemEventsBroker
描述Description 協調 WinRT 應用程式的背景工作執行。Coordinates execution of background work for WinRT application. 如果停止或停用此服務,則可能不會觸發背景工作。If this service is stopped or disabled, then background work might not be triggered.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 儘管其描述表示它僅適用於 WinRT 應用程式,但工作排程器、代理人基礎結構服務及其他內部元件仍然需要它。In spite of the fact that its description implies it is only for WinRT apps, it's needed for task scheduler, broker infrastructure service, and other internal components.

工作排程器Task Scheduler

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 排程Schedule
描述Description 讓使用者能夠在這部電腦上設定和排程自動化工作。Enables a user to configure and schedule automated tasks on this computer. 此服務也會裝載多個 Windows 系統重要工作。The service also hosts multiple Windows system-critical tasks. 如果停止或停用此服務,這些工作將不會在其排定的時間執行。If this service is stopped or disabled, these tasks will not be run at their scheduled times. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

TCP/IP NetBIOS 協助程式TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name lmhostslmhosts
描述Description 提供對 NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) 服務及網路上用戶端之 NetBIOS 名稱解析的支援,因而讓使用者能夠共用檔案、列印及登入至網路。Provides support for the NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) service and NetBIOS name resolution for clients on the network, therefore enabling users to share files, print, and log on to the network. 如果停止此服務,可能就無法使用這些功能。If this service is stopped, these functions might be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

TelephonyTelephony

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TapiSrvTapiSrv
描述Description 為程式提供電話語音 API (TAPI) 支援,以便在本機電腦上,以及透過 LAN 在同樣執行此服務的伺服器上,控制電話語音裝置。Provides Telephony API (TAPI) support for programs that control telephony devices on the local computer and, through the LAN, on servers that are also running the service.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 停用中斷 RRASDisabling breaks RRAS

佈景主題Themes

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name 佈景主題Themes
描述Description 提供使用者體驗佈景主題管理。Provides user experience theme management.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 若停用此服務,便無法設定協助工具佈景主題Can't set accessibility themes when this service is disabled

磚資料模型伺服器Tile Data model server

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name tiledatamodelsvctiledatamodelsvc
描述Description 適用於磚更新的磚伺服器。Tile Server for tile updates.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 如果停用此服務,則開始功能表會中斷Start menu breaks if this service is disabled

計時代理人Time Broker

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TimeBrokerSvcTimeBrokerSvc
描述Description 協調 WinRT 應用程式的背景工作執行。Coordinates execution of background work for WinRT application. 如果停止或停用此服務,則可能不會觸發背景工作。If this service is stopped or disabled, then background work might not be triggered.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 儘管其描述表示它僅適用於 WinRT 應用程式,但工作排程器、代理人基礎結構服務及其他內部元件仍然需要它。In spite of the fact that its description implies it is only for WinRT apps, it's needed for task scheduler, broker infrastructure service, and other internal components.

觸控式鍵盤與手寫面板服務Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TabletInputServiceTabletInputService
描述Description 啟用觸控式鍵盤和手寫面板及筆跡功能Enables Touch Keyboard and Handwriting Panel pen and ink functionality
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

更新 Windows Update 的 Orchestrator 服務Update Orchestrator Service for Windows Update

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UsoSvcUsoSvc
描述Description 管理 Windows 更新。Manages Windows Updates. 如果停止,您的裝置將無法下載並安裝最新的更新。If stopped, your devices will not be able to download and install latest updates.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments V1607 中遺漏了服務描述;Windows Update (包括 WSUS) 相依於此服務。Service description was missing in v1607; Windows Update (incl. WSUS) depends on this service.

UPnP 裝置主機UPnP Device Host

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name upnphostupnphost
描述Description 允許在這部電腦上裝載 UPnP 裝置。Allows UPnP devices to be hosted on this computer. 如果停止此服務,任何裝載的 UPnP 裝置都將停止運作且無法新增其他裝載的裝置。If this service is stopped, any hosted UPnP devices will stop functioning and no additional hosted devices can be added. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

使用者存取記錄服務User Access Logging Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UALSVCUALSVC
描述Description 此服務會記錄本機伺服器上所安裝產品與角色的唯一用戶端存取要求 (形式為 IP 位址和使用者名稱)。This service logs unique client access requests, in the form of IP addresses and user names, of installed products and roles on the local server. 當系統管理員需要將伺服器軟體的用戶端需求量化以進行離線用戶端存取使用權 (CAL) 管理時,可以透過 Powershell 查詢此資訊。This information can be queried, via Powershell, by administrators needing to quantify client demand of server software for offline Client Access License (CAL) management. 如果停用此服務,將不會記錄用戶端要求,也無法透過 Powershell 查詢加以擷取。If the service is disabled, client requests will not be logged and will not be retrievable via Powershell queries. 停止此服務將不會影響歷史資料的查詢 (如需刪除歷史資料的步驟,請參閱支援文件)。Stopping the service will not affect query of historical data (see supporting documentation for steps to delete historical data). 本機系統管理員必須參閱其 Windows Server 授權條款,以決定對伺服器軟體進行適當授權所需的 CAL 數目;使用 UAL 服務和資料並不會變更此義務。The local system administrator must consult his, or her, Windows Server license terms to determine the number of CALs that are required for the server software to be appropriately licensed; use of the UAL service and data does not alter this obligation.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

使用者資料存取User Data Access

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UserDataSvcUserDataSvc
描述Description 為應用程式提供對結構化使用者資料 (包括連絡人資訊、行事曆、訊息與其他內容) 的存取權。Provides apps access to structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content. 如果您停止或停用此服務,使用此資料的應用程式可能無法正確運作。If you stop or disable this service, apps that use this data might not work correctly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

使用者資料儲存User Data Storage

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UnistoreSvcUnistoreSvc
描述Description 處理結構化使用者資料 (包括連絡人資訊、行事曆、訊息與其他內容) 的儲存。Handles storage of structured user data, including contact info, calendars, messages, and other content. 如果您停止或停用此服務,使用此資料的應用程式可能無法正確運作。If you stop or disable this service, apps that use this data might not work correctly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

使用者體驗虛擬化服務User Experience Virtualization Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UevAgentServiceUevAgentService
描述Description 提供對應用程式和 OS 設定漫遊的支援Provides support for application and OS settings roaming
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

使用者管理員User Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name UserManagerUserManager
描述Description 使用者管理員提供多使用者互動所需的執行階段元件。User Manager provides the runtime components required for multi-user interaction. 如果停止此服務,某些應用程式可能無法正確運作。If this service is stopped, some applications may not operate correctly.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

使用者設定檔服務User Profile Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name ProfSvcProfSvc
描述Description 此服務會負責載入和卸載使用者設定檔。This service is responsible for loading and unloading user profiles. 如果停止或停用此服務,使用者將無法順利登入或登出、應用程式可能會在取得使用者的資料時發生問題,而已註冊來接收設定檔事件通知的元件將無法接收通知。If this service is stopped or disabled, users will no longer be able to successfully sign in or sign out, apps might have problems getting to users' data, and components registered to receive profile event notifications won't receive them.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

虛擬磁碟Virtual Disk

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name vdsvds
描述Description 提供磁碟、磁碟區、檔案系統與儲存空間陣列的管理服務。Provides management services for disks, volumes, file systems, and storage arrays.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

磁碟區陰影複製Volume Shadow Copy

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name VSSVSS
描述Description 管理及實作用於備份和其他用途的磁碟區陰影複製。Manages and implements Volume Shadow Copies used for backup and other purposes. 如果停止此服務,陰影複製將無法用於備份,且備份可能會失敗。If this service is stopped, shadow copies will be unavailable for backup and the backup may fail. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

WalletServiceWalletService

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WalletServiceWalletService
描述Description 裝載電子錢包用戶端所使用的物件Hosts objects used by clients of the wallet
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 音訊Windows Audio

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AudiosrvAudiosrv
描述Description 管理 Windows 程式的音訊。Manages audio for Windows-based programs. 如果停止此服務,音訊裝置及效果都將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, audio devices and effects will not function properly. 如果停用此服務,明確依賴此服務的任何服務都將無法啟動If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 音訊端點產生器Windows Audio Endpoint Builder

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name AudioEndpointBuilderAudioEndpointBuilder
描述Description 管理 Windows 音訊服務的音訊裝置。Manages audio devices for the Windows Audio service. 如果停止此服務,音訊裝置及效果都將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, audio devices and effects will not function properly. 如果停用此服務,明確依賴此服務的任何服務都將無法啟動If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 生物特徵辨識服務Windows Biometric Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WbioSrvcWbioSrvc
描述Description Windows 生物特徵辨識服務讓用戶端應用程式能夠擷取、比較、操縱及儲存生物特徵辨識資料,而不需直接存取任何生物特徵辨識硬體或樣本。The Windows biometric service gives client applications the ability to capture, compare, manipulate, and store biometric data without gaining direct access to any biometric hardware or samples. 此服務裝載於具有特殊權限的 SVCHOST 處理序中。The service is hosted in a privileged SVCHOST process.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 相機框架伺服器Windows Camera Frame Server

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name FrameServerFrameServer
描述Description 讓多個用戶端能夠存取來自相機裝置的視訊框架。Enables multiple clients to access video frames from camera devices.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 連線管理員Windows Connection Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WcmsvcWcmsvc
描述Description 依據 PC 目前可用的網路連線選項來進行自動連線/中斷連線決策,並且能夠依據群組原則設定來管理網路連線。Makes automatic connect/disconnect decisions based on the network connectivity options currently available to the PC and enables management of network connectivity based on Group Policy settings.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows Defender 網路檢查服務Windows Defender Network Inspection Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WdNisSvcWdNisSvc
描述Description 協助抵禦以網路通訊協定中已知與新發現的弱點為目標而發動的入侵攻擊Helps guard against intrusion attempts targeting known and newly discovered vulnerabilities in network protocols
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows Defender 服務Windows Defender Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WinDefendWinDefend
描述Description 協助使用者防制惡意程式碼及其他潛在的垃圾軟體Helps protect users from malware and other potentially unwanted software
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 驅動程式基礎 - 使用者模式驅動程式架構Windows Driver Foundation - User-mode Driver Framework

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wudfsvcwudfsvc
描述Description 建立並管理使用者模式驅動程式處理序。Creates and manages user-mode driver processes. 此服務無法停止。This service cannot be stopped.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 加密提供者主機服務Windows Encryption Provider Host Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WEPHOSTSVCWEPHOSTSVC
描述Description Windows 加密提供者主機服務會將來自協力廠商加密提供者的加密相關功能,仲介給需要評估並套用 EAS 原則的處理序。Windows Encryption Provider Host Service brokers encryption related functionalities from third-party Encryption Providers to processes that need to evaluate and apply EAS policies. 停止此服務,將會破壞已連線郵件帳戶所建立的 EAS 合規性檢查Stopping this will compromise EAS compliancy checks that have been established by the connected Mail Accounts
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 錯誤報告服務Windows Error Reporting Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WerSvcWerSvc
描述Description 允許在程式停止運作或回應時報告錯誤,並允許傳遞現有的解決方案。Allows errors to be reported when programs stop working or responding and allows existing solutions to be delivered. 此外,也允許產生用於診斷與修復服務的記錄。Also allows logs to be generated for diagnostic and repair services. 如果停止此服務,錯誤報告可能就無法正常運作,而且可能無法顯示診斷服務及修復的結果。If this service is stopped, error reporting might not work correctly and results of diagnostic services and repairs might not be displayed.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 收集並傳送 MS 和協力廠商 ISV/IHV 所使用的當機/停止回應資料。Collects and sends crash/hang data used by both MS and third party ISVs/IHVs. 此資料可用來診斷當機引發的錯誤,其中可能包括安全性錯誤。The data is used to diagnose crash-inducing bugs, which may include security bugs. 也需要用於企業錯誤報告Also needed for Corporate Error Reporting

Windows 事件收集器Windows Event Collector

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WecsvcWecsvc
描述Description 此服務會管理持續訂閱來自支援 WS-Management 通訊協定之遠端來源的事件。This service manages persistent subscriptions to events from remote sources that support WS-Management protocol. 這包括 Windows Vista 事件記錄檔、硬體,以及啟用 IPMI 的事件來源。This includes Windows Vista event logs, hardware and IPMI-enabled event sources. 此服務會將轉送的事件儲存於本機事件記錄檔。The service stores forwarded events in a local Event Log. 如果停止或停用此服務,將無法建立事件訂閱,也無法接受轉送的事件。If this service is stopped or disabled event subscriptions cannot be created and forwarded events cannot be accepted.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 基於管理與診斷目的來收集 ETW 事件 (包括安全性事件)。Collects ETW events (including security events) for manageability, diagnostics. 許多功能和協力廠商工具均依賴此功能,包括安全性稽核工具Lots of features and third-party tools rely on it, including security audit tools

Windows 事件日誌Windows Event Log

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name EventLogEventLog
描述Description 此服務會管理事件與事件記錄檔。This service manages events and event logs. 它支援記錄事件、查詢事件、訂閱事件、封存事件記錄檔,以及管理事件中繼資料。It supports logging events, querying events, subscribing to events, archiving event logs, and managing event metadata. 它可以使用 XML 與純文字格式來顯示事件。It can display events in both XML and plain text format. 停止此服務可能會危害系統的安全性與可靠性。Stopping this service may compromise security and reliability of the system.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 防火牆Windows Firewall

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name MpsSvcMpsSvc
描述Description Windows 防火牆可遏止未經授權的使用者透過網際網路或網路存取您的電腦,從而達到保護您電腦的目的。Windows Firewall helps protect your computer by preventing unauthorized users from gaining access to your computer through the Internet or a network.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 字型快取服務Windows Font Cache Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name FontCacheFontCache
描述Description 透過快取常用的字型資料,將應用程式效能最佳化。Optimizes performance of applications by caching commonly used font data. 如果此服務尚未執行,應用程式將會啟動它。Applications will start this service if it is not already running. 您也可以停用此服務,不過,這樣做將會降低應用程式效能。It can be disabled, though doing so will degrade application performance.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name stisvcstisvc
描述Description 為掃描器與數位相機提供影像擷取服務Provides image acquisition services for scanners and cameras
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 測試人員服務Windows Insider Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wisvcwisvc
描述Description wisvcwisvc
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 伺服器不支援正式發行前小眾測試,因此它不會在伺服器上執行任何操作。Server doesn't support flighting, so it's a no-op on Server. 功能也可透過 GP 停用。Feature can be disabled via GP as well.

Windows InstallerWindows Installer

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name msiservermsiserver
描述Description 新增、修改及移除以 Windows Installer (*.msi、*.msp) 套件形式提供的應用程式。Adds, modifies, and removes applications provided as a Windows Installer (*.msi, *.msp) package. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 授權管理員服務Windows License Manager Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name LicenseManagerLicenseManager
描述Description 提供 Microsoft Store 的基礎結構支援。Provides infrastructure support for the Microsoft Store. 此服務會依需求啟動,而且如果停用,則透過 Microsoft Store 取得的內容將無法正常運作。This service is started on demand and if disabled then content acquired through the Microsoft Store will not function properly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows Management InstrumentationWindows Management Instrumentation

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WinmgmtWinmgmt
描述Description 提供通用介面和物件模型,以存取有關作業系統、裝置、應用程式及服務的管理資訊。Provides a common interface and object model to access management information about operating system, devices, applications and services. 如果停止此服務,則大多數的 Windows 軟體都將無法正常運作。If this service is stopped, most Windows-based software will not function properly. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 行動熱點服務Windows Mobile Hotspot Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name icssvcicssvc
描述Description 提供與其他裝置共用行動數據連線的能力。Provides the ability to share a cellular data connection with another device.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 模組安裝程式Windows Modules Installer

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name TrustedInstallerTrustedInstaller
描述Description 能夠安裝、修改及移除 Windows 更新和選用元件。Enables installation, modification, and removal of Windows updates and optional components. 如果停用此服務,則針對這部電腦安裝或解除安裝 Windows 更新可能會失敗。If this service is disabled, install or uninstall of Windows updates might fail for this computer.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows 推播通知系統服務Windows Push Notifications System Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WpnServiceWpnService
描述Description 此服務會在工作階段 0 執行並裝載通知平台與連線提供者,其會處理裝置與 WNS 伺服器之間的連線。This service runs in session 0 and hosts the notification platform and connection provider which handles the connection between the device and WNS server.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 對於動態磚和其他功能的必要項Needed for live tiles and other features

Windows 推播通知使用者服務Windows Push Notifications User Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WpnUserServiceWpnUserService
描述Description 此服務會裝載 Windows 通知平台,此平台提供對本機與推播通知的支援。This service hosts Windows notification platform which provides support for local and push notifications. 支援的通知為磚、快顯通知與原始通知。Supported notifications are tile, toast and raw.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 確定停用OK to disable
註解Comments 使用者服務範本User service template

Windows 遠端管理 (WS-Management)Windows Remote Management (WS-Management)

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WinRMWinRM
描述Description Windows 遠端管理 (WinRM) 服務實作了 WS-Management 通訊協定來執行遠端管理。Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service implements the WS-Management protocol for remote management. WS-Management 是可用於管理遠端軟體及硬體的標準 Web 服務通訊協定。WS-Management is a standard web services protocol used for remote software and hardware management. WinRM 服務會接聽並處理網路上的 WS-Management 要求。The WinRM service listens on the network for WS-Management requests and processes them. 您必須使用 winrm.cmd 命令列工具或透過群組原則,為 WinRM 服務設定接聽程式,如此 WinRM 服務才能執行網路接聽工作。The WinRM Service needs to be configured with a listener using winrm.cmd command line tool or through Group Policy in order for it to listen over the network. WinRM 服務提供 WMI 資料的存取權及事件收集的功能。The WinRM service provides access to WMI data and enables event collection. 這項服務必須在執行中,才能執行事件收集及訂閱事件。Event collection and subscription to events require that the service is running. WinRM 訊息使用 HTTP 及 HTTPS 進行傳輸。WinRM messages use HTTP and HTTPS as transports. WinRM 服務與 IIS 並無依存關係,但會預先設定成與 IIS 並用同一部機器上的同一個連接埠。The WinRM service does not depend on IIS but is preconfigured to share a port with IIS on the same machine. WinRM 服務會保留 /wsman URL 首碼。The WinRM service reserves the /wsman URL prefix. 為避免與 IIS 發生衝突,系統管理員應確定 IIS 上所代管的網站未使用 /wsman URL 首碼。To prevent conflicts with IIS, administrators should ensure that any websites hosted on IIS do not use the /wsman URL prefix.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 遠端管理的必要項Needed for remote management
名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WSearchWSearch
描述Description 提供檔案、電子郵件和其他內容的內容索引、屬性快取及搜尋結果。Provides content indexing, property caching, and search results for files, e-mail, and other content.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 停用Disabled
建議Recommendation 已經停用Already disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows TimeWindows Time

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name W32TimeW32Time
描述Description 讓網路中所有用戶端與伺服器的日期和時間維持同步。Maintains date and time synchronization on all clients and servers in the network. 如果此服務停止,將無法使用日期和時間同步處理。If this service is stopped, date and time synchronization will be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Windows UpdateWindows Update

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wuauservwuauserv
描述Description 能夠偵測、下載及安裝 Windows 和其他程式的更新。Enables the detection, download, and installation of updates for Windows and other programs. 如果停用此服務,這部電腦的使用者將無法使用 Windows Update 或其自動更新功能,而且程式將無法使用 Windows Update 代理程式 (WUA) API。If this service is disabled, users of this computer will not be able to use Windows Update or its automatic updating feature, and programs will not be able to use the Windows Update Agent (WUA) API.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

WinHTTP Web Proxy 自動探索服務WinHTTP Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Service

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name WinHttpAutoProxySvcWinHttpAutoProxySvc
描述Description WinHTTP 會實作用戶端 HTTP 堆疊,並為開發人員提供 Win32 API 及 COM 自動化元件來傳送 HTTP 要求及接收回應。WinHTTP implements the client HTTP stack and provides developers with a Win32 API and COM Automation component for sending HTTP requests and receiving responses. 此外,WinHTTP 會透過實作 Web Proxy 自動探索 (WPAD) 通訊協定,來提供自動探索 Proxy 設定的支援。In addition, WinHTTP provides support for auto-discovering a proxy configuration via its implementation of the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery (WPAD) protocol.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 請勿停用Do not disable
註解Comments 任何使用網路堆疊的項目都會對此服務具有功能相依性。Anything that uses the network stack can have a functional dependency on this service. 許多組織都依賴此服務來設定其內部網路的 HTTP Proxy 路由。Many organizations rely on this to configure their internal networks' HTTP proxy routing. 如果沒有此服務,則源自內部且連至網際網路的 HTTP 連線全部都將失敗。Without it, internally-originating HTTP connections to the Internet will all fail.

有線自動設定服務Wired AutoConfig

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name dot3svcdot3svc
描述Description 有線自動設定 (DOT3SVC) 服務會負責在乙太網路介面上執行 IEEE 802.1X 驗證。The Wired AutoConfig (DOT3SVC) service is responsible for performing IEEE 802.1X authentication on Ethernet interfaces. 如果目前的有線網路部署會強制執行 802.1X 驗證,則應該設定執行 DOT3SVC 服務,以建立第 2 層連線及/或提供網路資源的存取。If your current wired network deployment enforces 802.1X authentication, the DOT3SVC service should be configured to run for establishing Layer 2 connectivity and/or providing access to network resources. 未強制執行 802.1X 驗證的有線網路則不受 DOT3SVC 服務所影響。Wired networks that do not enforce 802.1X authentication are unaffected by the DOT3SVC service.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

WMI 效能配接器WMI Performance Adapter

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name wmiApSrvwmiApSrv
描述Description 將來自 Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) 提供者的效能程式庫資訊提供給網路上的用戶端。Provides performance library information from Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) providers to clients on the network. 此服務只有在啟用效能資料協助程式時才會執行。This service only runs when Performance Data Helper is activated.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

工作站Workstation

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name LanmanWorkstationLanmanWorkstation
描述Description 使用 SMB 通訊協定來建立並維護連到遠端伺服器的用戶端網路連線。Creates and maintains client network connections to remote servers using the SMB protocol. 如果停用此服務,這些連線都將無法使用。If this service is stopped, these connections will be unavailable. 如果停用此服務,明確依存於此服務的所有服務都將無法啟動。If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
安裝Installation 必須安裝Always installed
啟動類型Startup type 自動Automatic
建議Recommendation 沒有指引No guidance
註解Comments NoneNone

Xbox Live Auth ManagerXbox Live Auth Manager

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name XblAuthManagerXblAuthManager
描述Description 提供驗證和授權服務以便與 Xbox Live 互動。Provides authentication and authorization services for interacting with Xbox Live. 如果停止此服務,某些應用程式可能無法正確運作。If this service is stopped, some applications may not operate correctly.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 應該停用Should be disabled
註解Comments NoneNone

Xbox Live Game SaveXbox Live Game Save

名稱Name 描述Description
服務名稱Service name XblGameSaveXblGameSave
描述Description 此服務會針對 Xbox Live 中已啟用儲存功能的遊戲同步處理儲存資料。This service syncs save data for Xbox Live save enabled games. 如果停止此服務,遊戲儲存資料將不會上傳至 Xbox Live 或從中下載。If this service is stopped, game save data will not upload to or download from Xbox Live.
安裝Installation 僅包含桌面體驗Only with Desktop Experience
啟動類型Startup type 手動Manual
建議Recommendation 應該停用Should be disabled
註解Comments 此服務會針對 Xbox Live 中已啟用儲存功能的遊戲同步處理儲存資料。This service syncs save data for Xbox Live save enabled games. 如果停止此服務,遊戲儲存資料將不會上傳至 Xbox Live 或從中下載。If this service is stopped, game save data will not upload to or download from Xbox Live.