使用 Active Directory 激活 Office 的批量许可版本Activate volume licensed versions of Office by using Active Directory

**适用于:****Office 2019 和 Office 2016(包括 Project 和 Visio)的批量许可版本Applies to: Volume licensed versions of Office 2019 and Office 2016, including Project and Visio

基于 Active Directory 的激活使得组织能够激活加入 Active Directory 域的计算机上的 Office(包括 Project 和 Visio)的批量许可版本。Active Directory-based activation enables an organization to activate volume licensed versions of Office, including Project and Visio, on computers that are joined to an Active Directory domain. 基于 Active Directory 的激活是作为 Windows Server 上的角色服务实现的,并且依赖 Active Directory 域服务来存储激活对象。Active Directory-based activation is implemented as a role service on Windows Server and relies on Active Directory Domain Services to store an activation object. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用基于 Active Directory 激活的激活For more information, see Activate using Active Directory-based activation.

使用基于 Active Directory 的激活的要求Requirements for using Active Directory-based activation

要使用基于 Active Directory 的激活,Office、Project 或 Visio 的批量许可版本必须具有通用批量许可证密钥 (GVLK),且必须在以下任一操作系统上安装:To use Active Directory-based activation, the volume licensed version of Office, Project, or Visio must have a Generic Volume License Key (GVLK) and must be installed on one of the following operating systems:

  • Windows 10Windows 10
  • Windows 8.1Windows 8.1
  • Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
  • Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012

查看 Office 的系统要求,确定你为组织中的用户部署的 Office、Project 或 Visio 的批量许可版本支持的操作系统。Review the System requirements for Office to determine which operating systems are supported by the volume licensed version of Office, Project, or Visio that you're deploying the users in your organization. 例如,Office Professional Plus 2019 受 Windows 10 支持,但不受 Windows 8.1 支持。For example, Office Professional Plus 2019 is supported on Windows 10 but isn't supported on Windows 8.1.

配置基于 Active Directory 的激活Configure Active Directory-based activation

若要配置基于 Active Directory 的激活,必须具有域管理员和企业管理员凭据。To configure Active Directory-based activation, you must have Domain Administrator and Enterprise Administrator credentials.

  1. 登录 Active Directory 中的域控制器,并使用服务器管理器安装批量激活服务角色。Sign in to a domain controller in Active Directory and use Server Manager to install the Volume Activation Services role.

  2. 登录批量许可服务中心获取你的 Office 版本的 KMS 密钥。Sign in to the Volume Licensing Service Center and get your KMS key for your version of Office.

  3. 从 Microsoft 下载中心下载相应的 Office 批量许可证包:Office 2019Office 2016Download the appropriate Office Volume License Pack from the Microsoft Download Center: Office 2019, Office 2016.

  4. 运行 Office 批量许可证包可执行文件。Run the Office Volume License Pack executable file. 这将安装 Office 批量许可包并打开批量激活工具向导。This will install the Office Volume License Pack and opens the Volume Activation Tools wizard.

  5. 选择“下一步”****,在“选择批量激活方法”**** 页面上选择“基于 Active Directory 的激活”****。Choose Next, and then on the Select Volume Activation Method page, choose Active Directory-Based Activation.

    “管理激活对象”页面

  6. 在“管理激活对象”**** 页面上,输入 KMS 主机密钥(你从 VLSC 获取该密钥),还可以为它指定一个名称。On the Manage Activation Objects page, enter the KMS host key, which you got from the VLSC, and, optionally, give it a name. 然后选择“下一步”。Then choose Next.

  7. 激活产品页面,通过联机或手机方式激活 KMS 主机密钥,然后按照向导中的其余说明操作。On the Activate Product page, either activate the KMS host key online or by phone, and then follow the rest of the wizard instructions.

  8. 完成后,将显示“激活成功”页面。When you're done, an Activation Succeeded page displays.

有关基于 Active Directory 的激活的其他信息Additional information about Active-Directory based activation

  • 基于 Active-Directory 的激活使用密钥管理服务 (KMS) 所使用的相同密钥。Active-Directory based activation uses the same keys that are used by Key Management Service (KMS). 但是基于 Active Directory 的激活不需要专用主机,因为激活对象将复制到 Active Directory 林中的所有域控制器。But Active Directory-based activation doesn't require a dedicated host computer, because the activation object is replicated across all the domain controllers in the Active Directory forest.
  • 成功的基于 Active Directory 的 Office 激活持续达 180 天。A successful Active Directory-based activation of Office lasts for up to 180 days. 在计算机上运行的软件保护服务定期尝试通过查询激活对象的 Active Directory 来重新激活 Office。The Software Protection service running on the computer periodically attempts to re-activate Office by querying Active Directory for the activation object. 如果无法联系 Active Directory,Office 将尝试使用可发现的 KMS 主机进行激活。If Active Directory can't be contacted, Office will try to activate by using a discoverable KMS host computer.