在 Exchange 管理中心创建共享邮箱Create shared mailboxes in the Exchange admin center

如果你的组织使用的是混合 Exchange 环境,则你应使用本地 Exchange 管理中心 (EAC) 创建和管理共享邮箱。If your organization uses a hybrid Exchange environment, you should use the on-premises Exchange admin center (EAC) to create and manage shared mailboxes. Exchange 管理中心(EAC)是单一的统一管理控制台,可用于管理内部部署组织和 Exchange Online 组织,并允许您连接和配置两个组织的功能。The Exchange admin center (EAC) is the single unified management console that allows for managing both your on-premises and Exchange Online organizations and allows you to connect and configure features for both organizations. 有关详细信息,请参阅Exchange 混合部署中的混合管理For more information, see Hybrid management in Exchange hybrid deployments.

使用 EAC 创建共享邮箱Use the EAC to create a shared mailbox

有关限制、自动映射和用户设置的信息,请参阅创建共享邮箱For information on limitations, automapping, and getting your users set up, see Create a shared mailbox.

您必须先获得权限,然后才能执行此过程或多个过程。若要查看所需的权限,请参阅 收件人权限主题中的"用户邮箱"条目。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "User mailboxes" entry in the Recipients Permissions topic.

  1. 转到 " 共享" "添加" "添加" > Shared > Add  图标 Go to Recipients > Shared > Add Add icon.

  2. 填写必填字段:Fill-in the required fields:

    • 显示名称Display name

    • 电子邮件地址Email address

  3. 若要授予 "完全访问" 或 "代理发送" 权限,请单击 "添加  添加图标 ",然后选择要向其授予权限的用户。To grant Full Access or Send As permissions, click Add Add icon, and then select the users you want to grant permissions to. 您可以使用 CTRL 键来选择多个用户。You can use the CTRL key to select multiple users. 不清楚要使用什么权限?Confused about which permission to use? 请参阅本主题后面部分中的 您应使用哪些权限?See Which permissions should you use? later in this topic.

    备注

    “完全访问”权限允许用户打开邮箱,以及创建和修改其中的项目。“代理发送”权限允许除邮箱所有者以外的任何人从该共享邮箱发送电子邮件。这两个权限是成功操作共享邮箱所必需的。The Full Access permission allows a user to open the mailbox as well as create and modify items in it. The Send As permission allows anyone other than the mailbox owner to send email from this shared mailbox. Both permissions are required for successful shared mailbox operation.

  4. 单击“保存”**** 保存您的更改,并创建共享邮箱。Click Save to save your changes and create the shared mailbox.

使用 EAC 编辑共享邮箱委派Use the EAC to edit shared mailbox delegation

  1. 转到Recipients > 共享 > 编辑  编辑图标 的收件人。Go to Recipients > Shared > Edit Edit icon.

  2. 单击“邮箱委派”****Click Mailbox delegation

  3. 若要授予或删除 "完全访问权限" 和 "代理发送" 权限,请单击 "添加  添加图标 " 或 "删除  删除" 图标, 然后选择要向其授予权限的用户。To grant or remove Full Access and Send As permissions, click Add Add icon or Remove Remove icon and then select the users you want to grant permissions to.

    备注

    “完全访问”权限允许用户打开邮箱,以及创建和修改其中的项目。“代理发送”权限允许除邮箱所有者以外的任何人从该共享邮箱发送电子邮件。这两个权限是成功操作共享邮箱所必需的。The Full Access permission allows a user to open the mailbox as well as create and modify items in it. The Send As permission allows anyone other than the mailbox owner to send email from this shared mailbox. Both permissions are required for successful shared mailbox operation.

  4. 单击“保存”**** 保存更改。Click Save to save your changes.

使用 Exchange 命令行管理程序创建共享邮箱Use the Exchange Management Shell to create a shared mailbox

该示例可创建共享的邮箱销售部门,并对安全组 MarketingSG 授予“完全访问权限”和“代表发送”权限。将对属于安全组成员的用户授予邮箱的权限。This example creates the shared mailbox Sales Department and grants Full Access and Send on Behalf permissions for the security group MarketingSG. Users who are members of the security group will be granted the permissions to the mailbox.

备注

该示例假定您已经创建了安全组 MarketingSG,并且该安全组已启用邮件。This example assumes that you've already created the security group MarketingSG and that security group is mail-enabled. 请参阅在 Exchange Server 中管理启用邮件的安全组See Manage mail-enabled security groups in Exchange Server.

New-Mailbox -Shared -Name "Sales Department" -DisplayName "Sales Department" -Alias Sales | Set-Mailbox -GrantSendOnBehalfTo MarketingSG | Add-MailboxPermission -User MarketingSG -AccessRights FullAccess -InheritanceType All

有关语法和参数的详细信息,请参阅 New-MailboxFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see New-Mailbox.

您应使用哪些权限?Which permissions should you use?

在对 DNS 记录进行任何更改之前,我们强烈建议您将要更改的每个 DNS 记录的生存时间 (TTL) 值降低至最小间隔。TTL 值决定 DNS 记录在 DNS 服务器上保持缓存的时间。间隔越小(如 5 或 10 分钟),恢复任何更改的速度就越快(在需要恢复到原始配置的情况下)。如果您不需要更改 DNS 记录的 TTL,请不要在初始 TTL 间隔结束之前进行任何其他更改。You can use the following permissions with a shared mailbox.

  • 完全访问权限: "完全访问" 权限允许用户登录共享邮箱并充当该邮箱的所有者。Full Access: The Full Access permission lets a user log into the shared mailbox and act as the owner of that mailbox. 登录后,用户可以创建日历项目;阅读、查看、删除和更改电子邮件;创建任务和日历联系人。While logged in, the user can create calendar items; read, view, delete, and change email messages; create tasks and calendar contacts. 但是,除非用户还具有"代理发送"或"代表发送"权限,否则具有"完全访问"权限的用户无法从共享邮箱发送电子邮件。However, a user with Full Access permission can't send email from the shared mailbox unless they also have Send As or Send on Behalf permission.

  • 完全访问权限:“完全访问权限”权限允许用户登录共享邮箱并作为该邮箱的所有者。登录后,用户可以创建日历项目;读取、查看、删除和更改电子邮件消息;创建任务和日历联系人。然而,具有“完全访问权限”权限的用户无法从共享邮箱发送电子邮件,除非他们同时拥有“发送为”或“代表发送”权限。Send As: The Send As permission lets a user impersonate the shared mailbox when sending mail. For example, if Kweku logs into the shared mailbox Marketing Department and sends an email, it will look like the Marketing Department sent the email.

  • 代表发送: "代表发送" 权限允许用户代表共享邮箱发送电子邮件。Send on Behalf: The Send on Behalf permission lets a user send email on behalf of the shared mailbox. 例如,如果 John 登录共享邮箱"Reception Building 32"并发送电子邮件,邮件将显示为由"John 代表 Reception Building 32"发送。For example, if John logs into the shared mailbox Reception Building 32 and sends an email, it look like the mail was sent by "John on behalf of Reception Building 32". 不能使用 EAC 授予 "代表发送" 权限,必须将 "设置邮箱cmdlet" 与_GrantSendonBehalf_参数一起使用。You can't use the EAC to grant Send on Behalf permissions, you must use Set-Mailbox cmdlet with the GrantSendonBehalf parameter.

更多信息More information

若要了解本主题中的过程可能适用的键盘快捷键,请参阅 Exchange 管理中心内的键盘快捷键For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

遇到问题?请访问以下 Exchange 论坛寻求帮助:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online ProtectionHaving problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at: Exchange Server, Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection.