统一消息权限Unified Messaging permissions

管理 Exchange 2016 邮箱服务器上的统一消息服务和功能所需的权限视所执行的过程或要运行的 cmdlet 而变化。The permissions required to manage Unified Messaging services and features on Exchange 2016 Mailbox servers vary depending on the procedure being performed or the cmdlet you want to run.

备注

统一消息在 Exchange 2019 中不可用。Unified Messaging is not available in Exchange 2019.

要管理的某些功能可能存在于边缘传输服务器上。若要管理边缘传输服务器上的功能,需要成为要管理的边缘传输服务器上 Local Administrators 组的成员。边缘传输服务器不使用基于角色的访问控制 (RBAC)。在下表中,可在边缘传输服务器上管理的功能所对应的“所需权限”列中标识有“边缘传输本地管理员”。To find out what permissions you need to perform the procedure or run the cmdlet, do the following:

  1. 若要了解执行过程或运行 cmdlet 所需的权限,请执行以下操作:In the table below, find the feature that is most related to the procedure you want to perform or the cmdlet you want to run.

  2. 接下来,查看该功能所需的权限。您必须被分配到其中一个角色组、等效的自定义角色组或等效的管理角色。还可以单击角色组查看其管理角色。如果某个功能列出多个角色组,则您只需要被分配到其中一个角色组就可以使用此功能。有关角色组和管理角色的详细信息,请参阅 Understanding Role Based Access ControlNext, look at the permissions required for the feature. You must be assigned one of those role groups, an equivalent custom role group, or an equivalent management role. You can also click on a role group to see its management roles. If a feature lists more than one role group, you only need to be assigned one of the role groups to use the feature. For more information about role groups and management roles, see Understanding Role Based Access Control.

  3. 现在运行 Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet 以查看分配给您的角色组或管理角色,以便确定您是否具有管理该功能所需的权限。Now, run the Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet to look at the role groups or management roles assigned to you to see if you have the permissions that are necessary to manage the feature.

    备注

    必须分配了 Role Management 管理角色才能运行 Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet。如果没有运行 Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet 的权限,则请求 Exchange 管理员检索分配给您的角色组或管理角色。You must be assigned the Role Management management role to run the Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet. If you don't have permissions to run the Get-ManagementRoleAssignment cmdlet, ask your Exchange administrator to retrieve the role groups or management roles assigned to you.

如果要将管理一项功能的权限委派给另一个用户,请参阅委派角色分配If you want to delegate the ability to manage a feature to another user, see Delegate role assignments.

UM 组件权限UM component permissions

您可以在下表中为 UM 组件和功能配置设置。You can configure settings for the UM components and features in the following table.

分配了仅限查看管理角色组的用户可以查看下表所示功能的配置。有关详细信息,请参阅仅查看组织管理Users who are assigned the View-Only Management role group can view the configuration of the features in the following table. For more information, see View-only Organization Management.

功能Feature 所需的权限Permissions required
UM 自动助理UM auto attendants Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 呼叫应答规则UM call answering rules Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 呼叫数据和摘要报告UM call data and summary reports Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 呼叫路由器服务(前端)UM Call Router service (front-end) Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 拨号计划UM dial plans Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 智能寻线UM hunt groups Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM IP 网关UM IP gateways Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 邮箱策略UM mailbox policies Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 邮箱UM mailboxes Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 提示UM prompts Organization ManagementOrganization Management
Unified Messaging ManagementUnified Messaging Management
UM 服务(后端)UM service (back-end) 组织管理Organization Management
服务器管理Server Management