使用来宾访问权限和外部访问权限与组织外部的人员进行协作Use guest access and external access to collaborate with people outside your organization

当需要与组织外部的人员进行通信和协作时,Microsoft Teams 可为你提供两种选择:When you need to communicate and collaborate with people outside your organization, Microsoft Teams has two options:

  • 外部访问 - 一种联盟,允许用户查找其他组织中的人员以及与其通话和聊天。External access - A type of federation that allows users to find, call, and chat with people in other organizations. 除非作为来宾受到邀请,否则这些人员无法添加到团队。These people cannot be added to teams unless they are invited as guests.
  • 来宾访问 - 来宾访问允许邀请组织外部人员加入团队。Guest access - Guest access allows you to invite people from outside your organization to join a team. 受邀人员将在 Azure Active Directory 中获得来宾帐户。Invited people get a guest account in Azure Active Directory.

请注意,Teams 允许邀请组织外部人员参加会议。Note that Teams allows you to invite people outside your organization to meetings. 这不需要配置外部或来宾访问。This does not require external or guest access to be configured.

外部访问(联盟)External access (federation)

针对组织外部使用 Teams、Skype for Business(联机或本地)或 Skype 的人员,如果需要查找此类人员、与其通话和聊天以及设置与此类人员的会议,可设置外部访问。Set up external access if you need to find, call, chat, and set up meetings with people outside your organization who use Teams, Skype for Business (online or on premises) or Skype.

默认情况下,将针对所有域启用外部访问。By default, external access is enabled for all domains. 你可以通过允许或阻止特定域或者通过关闭该设置来限制外部访问。You can restrict external access by allowing or blocking specific domains or by turning it off.

外部访问设置的屏幕截图

若要配置外部访问,请参阅管理外部访问To configure external access, see Manage external access.

备注

Microsoft Teams 免费许可证不支持外部访问。Microsoft Teams free licenses do not support external access.

来宾访问Guest access

使用来宾访问将组织外部人员添加到团队,他们可在其中聊天、通话、开会和协作处理文件。Use guest access to add a person from outside your organization to a team, where they can chat, call, meet, and collaborate on files. 来宾可以获得几乎与本地团队成员相同的 Teams 功能。A guest can be given nearly all the same Teams capabilities as a native team member.

来宾将作为 B2B 用户添加到组织的 Azure Active Directory,且必须使用他们的来宾帐户登录到 Teams。Guests are added to your organization's Azure Active Directory as B2B users and must sign in to Teams using their guest account. 这意味着,他们可能需要从自己的组织注销才能登录到你的组织。This means that they may have to sign out of their own organization to sign in to your organization.

若要为 Teams 配置来宾访问,请参阅在团队中与来宾协作To configure guest access for Teams, see Collaborate with guests in a team.

比较外部访问和来宾访问Compare external and guest access

下表显示了使用外部访问(联盟)和来宾访问的区别。The following tables show the differences between using external access (federation) and guests. 在这两种情况下,组织外部人员均被标识为外部用户。In both cases, people outside your organization are identified to your users as being external.

你的用户可以进行的一些操作Things your users can do

用户可以Users can 外部访问用户External access users 来宾Guests
与其他组织中的人聊天Chat with someone in another organization Yes Yes
呼叫其他组织中的人Call someone in another organization Yes Yes
查看其他组织中的人是否可接受呼叫或聊天See if someone from another organization is available for call or chat Yes 1Yes1
搜索其他组织中的人员Search for people in other organizations 2Yes2 No
共享文件Share files No Yes
查看另一个组织中某人外出期间的邮件See the out-of-office message of someone in another organization No Yes
组织其他组织中的某个人Block someone in another organization No Yes
使用 @提及Use @mentions 3Yes3 Yes

组织外部的人员可以进行的一些操作Things people outside your organization can do

组织外部的人员可以People outside your organization can 外部访问用户External access users 来宾Guests
访问 Teams 资源Access Teams resources No Yes
被添加到群聊Be added to a group chat No Yes
受邀加入会议Be invited to a meeting Yes Yes
拨打私人电话Make private calls Yes 5Yes5
查看拨入会议参与者的电话号码View the phone number for dial-in meeting participants 4No4 Yes
使用 IP 视频Use IP video Yes 5Yes5
使用屏幕共享Use screen sharing 3Yes3 5Yes5
使用立即开会Use meet now No 5Yes5
编辑已发送的消息Edit sent messages 3Yes3 5Yes5
删除已发送的消息Delete sent messages 3Yes3 5Yes5
在对话中使用 GiphyUse Giphy in conversation 3Yes3 5Yes5
在对话中使用 MemeUse memes in conversation 3Yes3 5Yes5
在对话中使用贴纸Use stickers in conversation 3Yes3 5Yes5
将显示状态Presence is displayed Yes Yes
使用 @提及Use @mentions 3Yes3 Yes

1 前提是已将用户添加为来宾,并且对方已使用来宾帐户登录。1 Provided that the user has been added as a guest and is signed with the guest account.
2 仅通过电子邮件或会话初始协议 (SIP) 地址。2 Only by email or Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) address.
3 支持来自不同组织的仅 Teams 对仅 Teams 用户的一对一聊天。3 Supported for 1:1 chat for Teams Only to Teams Only users from two different organizations.
4 默认情况下,外部参与者看不到拨入参与者的电话号码。4 By default, external participants can't see the phone numbers of dialed-in participants. 如果想要保持这些电话号码的隐私,请选择“进入/退出公告类型”的“提示音”(这会阻止 Teams 读出电话号码)。If you want to maintain the privacy of these phone numbers, select Tones for Entry/exit announcement type (this prevents the numbers from being read out by Teams). 若要了解详细信息,请参阅在 Microsoft Teams 中打开或关闭会议的进入和退出公告To learn more, read Turn on or off entry and exit announcements for meetings in Microsoft Teams.
5 默认允许,但可由 Teams 管理员禁用5 Allowed by default, but can be turned off by the Teams admin

Teams 中的外部访问External access in Teams

Teams 中的来宾访问Guest access in Teams