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创建适合无服务器代码执行的函数应用Create a function app for serverless code execution

此 Azure Functions 示例脚本将创建一个函数应用,作为函数的容器。This Azure Functions sample script creates a function app, which is a container for your functions. 将使用消耗计划创建最适合事件驱动无服务器工作负荷的函数应用。The function app is created using the consumption plan, which is ideal for event-driven serverless workloads.

通过此脚本创建的函数应用使用 1.x 版 Azure Functions 运行时The function app created by this script uses version 1.x of the Azure Functions runtime. 若要了解如何升级到 2.x 版,请参阅使用 Azure CLI 指定版本To learn how to upgrade to version 2.x, see Target a version using Azure CLI.

如果还没有 Azure 订阅,可以在开始前创建一个免费帐户If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

打开 Azure Cloud ShellOpen Azure Cloud Shell

Azure Cloud Shell 是一个托管在 Azure 中的交互式 shell 环境,可通过浏览器使用。Azure Cloud Shell is an interactive shell environment hosted in Azure and used through your browse. Azure Cloud Shell 允许你使用 bashPowerShell shell 运行各种工具来使用 Azure 服务。Azure Cloud Shell allows you to use either bash or PowerShell shells to run a variety of tools to work with Azure services. Azure Cloud Shell 预安装了一些命令,允许你运行本文的内容,而不必在本地环境中安装任何内容。Azure Cloud Shell comes pre-installed with the commands to allow you to run the content of this article without having to install anything on your local environment.

若要在 Azure Cloud Shell 上运行本文中包含的任何代码,请打开 Cloud Shell 会话,对代码块使用“复制” 按钮以复制代码,然后使用 Ctrl+Shift+V(在 Windows 和 Linux 上)或 Cmd+Shift+V(在 macOS 上)将其粘贴到 Cloud Shell 会话中。To run any code contained in this article on Azure Cloud Shell, open a Cloud Shell session, use the Copy button on a code block to copy the code, and paste it into the Cloud Shell session with Ctrl+Shift+V on Windows and Linux, or Cmd+Shift+V on macOS. 粘贴的文本不会自动执行,因此请按 Enter 运行代码。Pasted text is not automatically executed, so press Enter to run code.

可以通过以下方式启动 Azure Cloud Shell:You can launch Azure Cloud Shell with:

选项Option 示例/链接Example/Link
选择代码块右上角的“试用”。 Select Try It in the upper-right corner of a code block. 这__不__会自动将文本复制到 Cloud Shell。This doesn't automatically copy text to Cloud Shell. Azure Cloud Shell 的“试用”示例
在浏览器中打开 Azure Cloud ShellOpen Azure Cloud Shell in your browser. <a href="https://shell.azure.com" title="启动 Azure Cloud Shell
选择 Azure 门户右上角菜单上的“Cloud Shell” 按钮。Select the Cloud Shell button on the menu in the upper-right corner of the Azure portal. Azure 门户中的“Cloud Shell”按钮

如果选择在本地安装并使用 CLI,本文要求运行 Azure CLI 2.0 版或更高版本。If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, this article requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0 or later. 运行 az --version 即可查找版本。Run az --version to find the version. 如需进行安装或升级,请参阅安装 Azure CLIIf you need to install or upgrade, see Install the Azure CLI.

示例脚本Sample script

此脚本使用消耗计划创建 Azure Function app。This script creates an Azure Function app using the consumption plan.

#!/bin/bash

# Function app and storage account names must be unique.
storageName=mystorageaccount$RANDOM
functionAppName=myserverlessfunc$RANDOM

# Create a resource group.
az group create --name myResourceGroup --location westeurope

# Create an Azure storage account in the resource group.
az storage account create \
  --name $storageName \
  --location westeurope \
  --resource-group myResourceGroup \
  --sku Standard_LRS

# Create a serverless function app in the resource group.
az functionapp create \
  --name $functionAppName \
  --storage-account $storageName \
  --consumption-plan-location westeurope \
  --resource-group myResourceGroup
  

清理部署Clean up deployment

运行示例脚本后,可以使用以下命令删除资源组以及与其关联的所有资源。After the sample script has been run, the following command can be used to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it.

az group delete --name myResourceGroup

脚本说明Script explanation

表中的每条命令均链接到特定于命令的文档。Each command in the table links to command specific documentation. 此脚本使用以下命令:This script uses the following commands:

命令Command 说明Notes
az group createaz group create 创建用于存储所有资源的资源组。Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az storage account createaz storage account create 创建 Azure 存储帐户。Creates an Azure Storage account.
az functionapp createaz functionapp create 创建 Function App。Creates a function app.

后续步骤Next steps

有关 Azure CLI 的详细信息,请参阅 Azure CLI 文档For more information on the Azure CLI, see Azure CLI documentation.

可以在 Azure Functions 文档中找到其他 Azure Functions CLI 脚本示例。Additional Azure Functions CLI script samples can be found in the Azure Functions documentation.