您现在访问的是微软AZURE全球版技术文档网站,若需要访问由世纪互联运营的MICROSOFT AZURE中国区技术文档网站,请访问 https://docs.azure.cn.

什么是用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor(预览版)?What is Azure Monitor for VMs (preview)?

用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor 可以大规模监视 Azure 虚拟机 (VM) 和虚拟机规模集。Azure Monitor for VMs monitors your Azure virtual machines (VM) and virtual machine scale sets at scale. 它分析 Windows 和 Linux VM 的性能和运行状况,并监视它们的进程及其对其他资源和外部进程的依赖关系。It analyzes the performance and health of your Windows and Linux VMs, and monitors their processes and dependencies on other resources and external processes.

它包括对监视本地或其他云提供程序中的 Vm 的性能和应用程序依赖关系的支持。It includes support for monitoring performance and application dependencies for VMs that are hosted on-premises or in another cloud provider. 三个主要功能提供深入的见解:Three key features deliver in-depth insight:

  • 运行 Windows 和 Linux 的 Azure vm 和虚拟机规模集的逻辑组件针对预配置的运行状况标准进行度量,并在满足计算条件时向你发出警报。Logical components of Azure VMs and virtual machine scale sets that run Windows and Linux: Are measured against pre-configured health criteria, and they alert you when the evaluated condition is met.

  • 预定义的趋势性能图表:显示来宾 VM 操作系统中的核心性能指标。Pre-defined trending performance charts: Display core performance metrics from the guest VM operating system.

  • 依赖关系映射:显示来自不同资源组和订阅的 VM 的相互连接组件。Dependency map: Displays the interconnected components with the VM from various resource groups and subscriptions.

这些功能分成三个透视图:The features are organized into three perspectives:

  • 医疗业Health
  • 性能Performance
  • 映射Map

备注

我们最近宣布了更改,我们将根据我们从公共预览版客户收到的反馈来更改运行状况功能。We recently announced changes we are making changes to the Health feature based on the feedback we have received from our public preview customers. 考虑到我们将进行的更改数,我们将停止为新客户提供运行状况功能。Given the number of changes we will be making, we are going to stop offering the Health feature for new customers. 现有客户可继续使用运行状况功能。Existing customers can continue to use the health feature. 有关更多详细信息,请参阅我们的公开上市常见问题解答For more details, please refer to our General Availability FAQ.

与 Azure Monitor 日志集成提供了强大的聚合和筛选功能,并可随时分析数据趋势。Integration with Azure Monitor logs delivers powerful aggregation and filtering, and it can analyze data trends over time. 单独使用 Azure Monitor 或服务映射无法实现此类全面的工作负荷监视。Such comprehensive workload monitoring can't be achieved with Azure Monitor or Service Map alone.

可直接从虚拟机在单个 VM 中查看此数据,也可使用 Azure Monitor 提供 VM 的聚合视图。You can view this data in a single VM from the virtual machine directly, or you can use Azure Monitor to deliver an aggregated view of your VMs. 此视图基于每个功能的透视图:This view is based on each feature's perspective:

  • 运行状况: vm 与资源组相关。Health: The VMs are related to a resource group.
  • 映射性能: vm 配置为向特定 Log Analytics 工作区报告。Map and Performance: The VMs are configured to report to a specific Log Analytics workspace.

Azure 门户中的虚拟机见解透视图

适用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor 可以提供可预测的性能和重要应用程序的可用性。Azure Monitor for VMs can deliver predictable performance and availability of vital applications. 它标识关键的操作系统事件、性能瓶颈和网络问题。It identifies critical operating system events, performance bottlenecks, and network issues. 适用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor 还有助于理解某个问题是否与其他依赖关系相关。Azure Monitor for VMs can also help you understand whether an issue is related to other dependencies.

数据使用情况Data usage

部署用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor 时,系统会引入 VM 收集的数据并将其存储在 Azure Monitor 中。When you deploy Azure Monitor for VMs, the data that's collected by your VMs is ingested and stored in Azure Monitor. 运行状况条件指标存储在时序数据库的 Azure Monitor 中,收集的性能和依赖关系数据存储在 Log Analytics 工作区中。Health criteria metrics are stored in Azure Monitor in a time-series database, performance and dependency data collected are stored in a Log Analytics workspace. 根据在 Azure Monitor 定价页上发布的定价,将针对以下内容对用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor 进行计费:Based on the pricing that's published on the Azure Monitor pricing page, Azure Monitor for VMs is billed for:

  • 引入和存储的数据。The data that's ingested and stored.
  • 受监视的运行状况条件指标时序的数量。The number of health criteria metric time-series that are monitored.
  • 创建的预警规则。The alert rules that are created.
  • 发送的通知。The notifications that are sent.

日志大小根据性能计数器的字符串长度而变化,并且可以增加逻辑磁盘数和分配给 VM 的网络适配器数。The log size varies by the string lengths of performance counters, and it can increase with the number of logical disks and network adapters allocated to the VM. 如果你已有一个工作区并且正在收集这些计数器,则不会重复收费。If you already have a workspace and are collecting these counters, no duplicate charges are applied. 如果已在使用服务映射,则你看到的唯一变化是发送到 Azure Monitor 的额外连接数据。If you're already using Service Map, the only change you’ll see is the additional connection data that's sent to Azure Monitor.

后续步骤Next steps

请参阅部署用于 VM 的 Azure Monitor,了解有助于监视虚拟机的要求和方法。To understand the requirements and methods that help you monitor your virtual machines, review Deploy Azure Monitor for VMs.