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使用 DPM 将 SharePoint 场备份到 AzureBack up a SharePoint farm to Azure with DPM

使用 System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) 将 SharePoint 场备份到 Microsoft Azure,其方法与备份其他数据源极为类似。You back up a SharePoint farm to Microsoft Azure by using System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) in much the same way that you back up other data sources. Azure 备份提供灵活的备份计划来创建每日、每周、每月或每年备份点,并提供适用于各种备份点的保留策略选项。Azure Backup provides flexibility in the backup schedule to create daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly backup points and gives you retention policy options for various backup points. 利用 DPM,不仅可以存储本地磁盘副本以实现快速的恢复时间目标 (RTO),还可以将副本存储到 Azure 进行经济高效的长期保留。DPM provides the capability to store local disk copies for quick recovery-time objectives (RTO) and to store copies to Azure for economical, long-term retention.

使用 DPM 将 SharePoint 备份到 Azure 的过程非常类似于在本地将 SharePoint 备份到 DPM 的过程。Backing up SharePoint to Azure with DPM is a very similar process to backing up SharePoint to DPM locally. 本文将注明 Azure 的特别注意事项。Particular considerations for Azure will be noted in this article.

有关支持的 SharePoint 和用于进行备份的 DPM 的版本的列表,请参阅 DPM 可以备份什么?For a list of supported SharePoint versions and the DPM versions required to back them up see What can DPM back up?

开始之前Before you start

在将 SharePoint 场备份到 Azure 之前,需要确保满足几个条件。There are a few things you need to confirm before you back up a SharePoint farm to Azure.

先决条件Prerequisites

在继续之前,请确保符合使用 Microsoft Azure 备份保护工作负荷的所有先决条件Before you proceed, make sure that you have met all the prerequisites for using Microsoft Azure Backup to protect workloads. 先决条件包括如下任务:创建备份保管库、下载保管库凭据、安装 Azure 备份代理,以及在保管库中注册 DPM/Azure 备份服务器。Some tasks for prerequisites include: create a backup vault, download vault credentials, install Azure Backup Agent, and register DPM/Azure Backup Server with the vault.

其他先决条件和限制可以在使用 DPM 备份 SharePoint 一文中找到。Additional prerequisites and limitations can be found on the Back up SharePoint with DPM article.

配置备份Configure backup

要备份 SharePoint 场,则使用 ConfigureSharePoint.exe 配置 SharePoint 保护,然后在 DPM 中创建保护组。To back up SharePoint farm you configure protection for SharePoint by using ConfigureSharePoint.exe and then create a protection group in DPM. 有关说明,请参阅 DPM 文档中的配置备份For instructions, see Configure Backup in the DPM documentation.

监视Monitoring

若要监视备份作业,请按照监视 DPM 备份中的说明进行操作To monitor the backup job, follow the instructions in Monitoring DPM backup

还原 SharePoint 数据Restore SharePoint data

若要了解如何使用 DPM 从磁盘还原 SharePoint 项目,请参阅还原 SharePoint 数据To learn how to restore a SharePoint item from a disk with DPM, see Restore SharePoint data.

使用 DPM 从 Azure 还原 SharePoint 数据库Restore a SharePoint database from Azure by using DPM

  1. 若要恢复 SharePoint 内容数据库,请浏览各个恢复点(如上所示),并选择要还原的恢复点。To recover a SharePoint content database, browse through various recovery points (as shown previously), and select the recovery point that you want to restore.

    DPM SharePoint 保护 8

  2. 双击 SharePoint 恢复点以显示可用的 SharePoint 目录信息。Double-click the SharePoint recovery point to show the available SharePoint catalog information.

    备注

    由于 SharePoint 场在 Azure 中受长期保留保护,因此 DPM 服务器上没有可用的目录信息(元数据)。Because the SharePoint farm is protected for long-term retention in Azure, no catalog information (metadata) is available on the DPM server. 这样,每当需要恢复时间点 SharePoint 内容数据库时,都需要重新编录 SharePoint 场。As a result, whenever a point-in-time SharePoint content database needs to be recovered, you need to catalog the SharePoint farm again.

  3. 选择“重新编录”。Select Re-catalog.

    DPM SharePoint 保护 10

    此时显示“云重新编录”状态窗口。The Cloud Recatalog status window opens.

    DPM SharePoint 保护 11

    完成编录后,状态更改为“成功” 。After cataloging is finished, the status changes to Success. 选择“关闭” 。Select Close.

    DPM SharePoint 保护 12

  4. 选择 DPM“恢复”选项卡中显示的 SharePoint 对象,获取内容数据库结构。Select the SharePoint object shown in the DPM Recovery tab to get the content database structure. 右键单击相应的项,并选择“恢复”。Right-click the item, and then select Recover.

    DPM SharePoint 保护 13

  5. 此时,请按照本文前面介绍的恢复步骤,从磁盘恢复 Sharepoint 内容数据库。At this point, follow the recovery steps earlier in this article to recover a SharePoint content database from disk.

切换前端 Web 服务器Switching the Front-End Web Server

如果你有多个前端 Web 服务器,并且希望切换 DPM 用于保护场的服务器,请按照切换前端 Web 服务器中的说明进行操作。If you have more than one front-end web server, and want to switch the server that DPM uses to protect the farm, follow the instructions in Switching the Front-End Web Server.

后续步骤Next steps