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恢复服务保管库概述Recovery Services vaults overview

本文介绍恢复服务保管库的功能。This article describes the features of a Recovery Services vault. 恢复服务保管库是 Azure 中用于存储数据的存储实体。A Recovery Services vault is a storage entity in Azure that houses data. 数据通常是虚拟机 (VM)、工作负荷、服务器或工作站的数据或配置信息的副本。The data is typically copies of data, or configuration information for virtual machines (VMs), workloads, servers, or workstations. 可以使用恢复服务保管库为各种 Azure 服务(例如 IaaS VM(Linux 或 Windows))和 Azure SQL 数据库存储备份数据。You can use Recovery Services vaults to hold backup data for various Azure services such as IaaS VMs (Linux or Windows) and Azure SQL databases. 恢复服务保管库支持 System Center DPM、Windows Server、Azure 备份服务器等。Recovery Services vaults support System Center DPM, Windows Server, Azure Backup Server, and more. 使用恢复服务保管库可以方便地组织备份数据,并将管理开销降至最低。Recovery Services vaults make it easy to organize your backup data, while minimizing management overhead.

在 Azure 订阅中,每个区域每个订阅最多可以创建 500 个恢复服务保管库。Within an Azure subscription, you can create up to 500 Recovery Services vaults per subscription per region.

比较恢复服务保管库和备份保管库Comparing Recovery Services vaults and Backup vaults

如果仍然使用备份保管库,它们将自动升级到恢复服务保管库。If you still have Backup vaults, they are being auto-upgraded to Recovery Services vaults. 在 2017 年 11 月 之前,所有备份保管库均已升级到恢复服务保管库。By November 2017, all Backup vaults have been upgraded to Recovery Services vaults.

恢复服务保管库基于 Azure 的 Azure 资源管理器模型,而备份保管库则基于 Azure Service Manager 模型。Recovery Services vaults are based on the Azure Resource Manager model of Azure, whereas Backup vaults were based on the Azure Service Manager model. 将备份保管库升级到恢复服务保管库时,备份数据在升级过程中和升级后均会保持不变。When you upgrade a Backup vault to a Recovery Services vault, the backup data remains intact during and after the upgrade process. 恢复服务保管库提供不适用于备份保管库的功能,例如:Recovery Services vaults provide features not available for Backup vaults, such as:

  • 有助于确保备份数据安全的增强功能:使用恢复服务保管库时,Azure 备份提供用于保护云备份的安全功能。Enhanced capabilities to help secure backup data: With Recovery Services vaults, Azure Backup provides security capabilities to protect cloud backups. 这些安全功能确保可以保护备份并安全地恢复数据,即使生产服务器和备份服务器受到危害。The security features ensure you can secure your backups, and safely recover data, even if production and backup servers are compromised. 了解详细信息Learn more

  • 针对混合 IT 环境进行集中监视:使用恢复服务保管库时,可以通过中心门户监视 Azure IaaS VM本地资产Central monitoring for your hybrid IT environment: With Recovery Services vaults, you can monitor not only your Azure IaaS VMs but also your on-premises assets from a central portal. 了解详细信息Learn more

  • 基于角色的访问控制 (RBAC) :RBAC 在 Azure 中提供精细的访问管理控制。Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): RBAC provides fine-grained access management control in Azure. Azure 提供各种内置角色,而 Azure 备份包含三个用于管理恢复点的内置角色Azure provides various built-in roles, and Azure Backup has three built-in roles to manage recovery points. 恢复服务保管库兼容 RBAC,后者会限制对已定义用户角色集的备份和还原访问权限。Recovery Services vaults are compatible with RBAC, which restricts backup and restore access to the defined set of user roles. 了解详细信息Learn more

  • 保护 Azure 虚拟机的所有配置:恢复服务保管库保护基于 Resource Manager 的 VM,其中包括高级磁盘、托管磁盘和加密 VM。Protect all configurations of Azure Virtual Machines: Recovery Services vaults protect Resource Manager-based VMs including Premium Disks, Managed Disks, and Encrypted VMs. 将备份保管库升级到恢复服务保管库以后,即可将基于 Service Manager 的 VM 升级到基于 Resource Manager 的 VM。Upgrading a Backup vault to a Recovery Services vault gives you the opportunity to upgrade your Service Manager-based VMs to Resource Manager-based VMs. 在升级保管库的同时,可以保留基于 Service Manager 的 VM 恢复点,并为已升级(已启用 Resource Manager)的 VM 配置保护。While upgrading the vault, you can retain your Service Manager-based VM recovery points and configure protection for the upgraded (Resource Manager-enabled) VMs. 了解详细信息Learn more

  • 适用于 IaaS VM 的即时还原:使用恢复服务保管库时,可以从 IaaS VM 还原文件和文件夹,不需还原整个 VM,从而缩短还原时间。Instant restore for IaaS VMs: Using Recovery Services vaults, you can restore files and folders from an IaaS VM without restoring the entire VM, which enables faster restore times. 适用于 IaaS VM 的即时还原可供 Windows 和 Linux VM 使用。Instant restore for IaaS VMs is available for both Windows and Linux VMs. 了解详细信息Learn more

在门户中管理恢复服务保管库Managing your Recovery Services vaults in the portal

在 Azure 门户中创建和管理恢复服务保管库很容易,因为备份服务可集成到其他 Azure 服务中。Creation and management of Recovery Services vaults in the Azure portal is easy because the Backup service integrates into other Azure services. 这种集成意味着,可以在目标服务上下文中创建和管理恢复服务保管库。This integration means you can create or manage a Recovery Services vault in the context of the target service. 例如,若要查看 VM 的恢复点,请选中该 VM,并在“操作”菜单中单击“备份”。For example, to view the recovery points for a VM, select your VM, and click Backup in the Operations menu.

VM 中的恢复服务保管库详细信息

如果 VM 未配置备份,则会提示你配置备份。If the VM doesn't have backup configured, then it will prompt you to configure backup. 如果已配置备份,你将看到有关 VM 的备份信息,包括还原点列表。If backup has been configured, you'll see backup information about the VM, including a list of restore points.

VM 中的恢复服务保管库详细信息

在前面的示例中,ContosoVM 是虚拟机的名称。In the previous example, ContosoVM is the name of the virtual machine. ContosoVM-demovault 是恢复服务保管库的名称。ContosoVM-demovault is the name of the Recovery Services vault. 不需记住用于存储恢复点的恢复服务保管库的名称,可以在虚拟机中访问该信息。You don't need to remember the name of the Recovery Services vault that stores the recovery points, you can access this information from the virtual machine.

如果一个恢复服务保管库保护多个服务器,则查看恢复服务保管库可能更符合逻辑。If one Recovery Services vault protects multiple servers, it may be more logical to look at the Recovery Services vault. 可以在订阅中搜索所有恢复服务保管库,并从列表中选择一个。You can search for all Recovery Services vaults in the subscription, and choose one from the list.

以下部分包含多篇文章的链接,这些文章说明了如何在每类活动中使用恢复服务保管库。The following sections contain links to articles that explain how to use a Recovery Services vault in each type of activity.

备注

如果恢复服务保管库在 24 小时内被删除,则无法以相同的名称创建它。Recovery Services vault cannot be created with the same name if it has been deleted within 24 hours. 请使用其他资源名称或选择其他资源组,或者在 24 小时后重试。Use a different resource name or choose a different resource group or retry again after 24 hours.

备份数据Back up data

管理恢复点Manage recovery points

从保管库还原数据Restore data from the vault

保护保管库Secure the vault

后续步骤Next Steps

使用以下文章了解相关操作:Use the following articles to:
备份 IaaS VMBack up an IaaS VM
备份 Azure 备份服务器Back up an Azure Backup Server
备份 Windows ServerBack up a Windows Server