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了解 Azure 的使用情况和费用文件中的条款Understand the terms in your Azure usage and charges file

详细的使用情况和费用文件包含协商的率、 购买 (例如,预订,收取的 Marketplace) 和退款基于指定时段内的每日已评分的使用情况。The detailed usage and charges file contains daily rated usage based on negotiated rates, purchases (for example, reservations, Marketplace fees), and refunds for the specified period. 费用不包括信用额度、 税款,或其他费用或折扣。Fees don't include credits, taxes, or other charges or discounts. 下表介绍,为每个帐户类型提供了哪些费用。The following table covers which charges are included for each account type.

帐户类型Account type Azure 使用情况Azure usage Marketplace 使用情况Marketplace usage 购买Purchases 退款Refunds
企业协议 (EA)Enterprise Agreement (EA) Yes Yes Yes No
Microsoft 客户协议 (MCA)Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) Yes Yes Yes Yes
即用即付 (PAYG)Pay-as-you-go (PAYG) Yes No No No

若要了解有关 Marketplace 订单 (也称为外部服务) 的详细信息,请参阅了解 Azure 外部服务费用To learn more about Marketplace orders (also known as external services), see Understand your Azure external service charges.

请参阅如何获取 Azure 帐单发票和每日使用情况数据有关下载说明。See How to get your Azure billing invoice and daily usage data for download instructions. 使用情况和费用文件现已推出的以逗号分隔值 (.csv) 文件格式,可以在电子表格应用程序中打开。The usage and charges file is available in a comma-separated values (.csv) file format, which you can open in a spreadsheet application.

条款和说明的列表List of terms and descriptions

下表描述了使用 Azure 使用情况和费用文件的最新版本中的重要术语。The following table describes the important terms used in the latest version of the Azure usage and charges file. 列表介绍了即用即付 (PAYG)、 企业协议 (EA) 和 Microsoft 客户协议 (MCA) 帐户。The list covers pay-as-you-go (PAYG), Enterprise Agreement (EA), and Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) accounts.

术语Term 帐户类型Account type 描述Description
AccountNameAccountName EAEA 注册帐户的显示名称。Display name of the enrollment account.
AccountOwnerIdAccountOwnerId EAEA 注册帐户的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the enrollment account.
AdditionalInfoAdditionalInfo 全部All 服务特定的元数据。Service-specific metadata. 例如,虚拟机的映像类型。For example, an image type for a virtual machine.
BillingAccountIdBillingAccountId EA, MCAEA, MCA 计费帐户的根的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the root billing account.
BillingAccountNameBillingAccountName EA, MCAEA, MCA 计费帐户的名称。Name of the billing account.
BillingCurrencyBillingCurrency EA, MCAEA, MCA 与计费帐户关联的货币。Currency associated with the billing account.
BillingPeriodBillingPeriod EAEA 计费周期的费用。The billing period of the charge.
BillingPeriodEndDateBillingPeriodEndDate EA, MCAEA, MCA 在计费周期结束日期。The end date of the billing period.
BillingPeriodStartDateBillingPeriodStartDate EA, MCAEA, MCA 在计费周期开始日期。The start date of the billing period.
BillingProfileIdBillingProfileId EA, MCAEA, MCA EA 注册或 MCA 计费配置文件的唯一标识符。Unique identifier of the EA enrollment or MCA billing profile.
BillingProfileNameBillingProfileName EA, MCAEA, MCA EA 注册或 MCA 计费配置文件的名称。Name of the EA enrollment or MCA billing profile.
ChargeTypeChargeType EA, MCAEA, MCA 指示该费用是否表示使用情况 (使用情况),购买 (购买),或退款 (退款)。Indicates whether the charge represents usage (Usage), a purchase (Purchase), or a refund (Refund).
ConsumedQuantityConsumedQuantity PAYGPAYG 请参阅数量。See Quantity.
ConsumedServiceConsumedService 全部All 与关联的服务费用的名称。Name of the service the charge is associated with.
成本Cost EAEA 请参阅 CostInBillingCurrency。See CostInBillingCurrency.
CostCenterCostCenter EA, MCAEA, MCA 定义用于跟踪成本 (仅在打开的 MCA 帐户的计费周期中可用) 的订阅成本中心。The cost center defined for the subscription for tracking costs (only available in open billing periods for MCA accounts).
CostInBillingCurrencyCostInBillingCurrency MCAMCA 计费货币信用额度或税前费用的成本。Cost of the charge in the billing currency before credits or taxes.
CostInPricingCurrencyCostInPricingCurrency MCAMCA 定价的货币信用额度或税前费用的成本。Cost of the charge in the pricing currency before credits or taxes.
CurrencyCurrency PAYGPAYG 请参阅 BillingCurrency。See BillingCurrency.
DateDate EA, MCAEA, MCA 电量使用情况或购买日期。The usage or purchase date of the charge.
ExchangeRateDateExchangeRateDate MCAMCA 已建立汇率的日期。Date the exchange rate was established.
ExchangeRatePricingToBillingExchangeRatePricingToBilling MCAMCA 用于将定价货币成本转换为计费货币的汇率。Exchange rate used to convert the cost in the pricing currency to the billing currency.
频率Frequency EA, MCAEA, MCA 指示是否应费用重复。Indicates whether a charge is expected to repeat. 费用是可以执行一次 (OneTime),请重复按每月或每年 (重复执行),或根据使用情况 (UsageBased)。Charges can either happen once (OneTime), repeat on a monthly or yearly basis (Recurring), or be based on usage (UsageBased).
IncludedQuantityIncludedQuantity PAYGPAYG 在当前计费周期中免费附送的计量的量。The amount of the meter that is included at no charge in your current billing period.
InstanceIdInstanceId PAGYPAGY 资源 Id,请参阅。See ResourceId.
InvoiceIdInvoiceId EA, MCAEA, MCA 发票 PDF 上列出的唯一的文档 ID。The unique document ID listed on the invoice PDF.
InvoiceSectionInvoiceSection MCAMCA 请参阅 InvoiceSectionName。See InvoiceSectionName.
InvoiceSectionIdInvoiceSectionId EA, MCAEA, MCA EA 部门或 MCA 发票部分的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the EA department or MCA invoice section.
InvoiceSectionNameInvoiceSectionName EA, MCAEA, MCA EA 部门或 MCA 发票部分的名称。Name of the EA department or MCA invoice section.
IsAzureCreditEligibleIsAzureCreditEligible EA, MCAEA, MCA 指示是否可为使用 Azure 信用额度支付费用 (值:True、 False)。Indicates if the charge is eligible to be paid for using Azure credits (Values: True, False).
IsEstimatedIsEstimated 全部All 指示是否关闭/完成计费周期。Indicates whether the billing period is closed/finalized. 使用情况数据可以更改整个计费周期之前生成发票。Usage data can change throughout the billing period until the invoice is generated. 这些记录将被标记为"估计"。These records are marked as "estimated".
LocationLocation EA, MCAEA, MCA 该资源正在其中运行的数据中心位置。Datacenter location where the resource is running.
MeterCategoryMeterCategory 全部All 测定仪分类类别的名称。Name of the classification category for the meter. 例如,云服务网络For example, Cloud services and Networking.
计量 IDMeterId 全部All 计量的唯一标识符。The unique identifier for the meter.
MeterNameMeterName 全部All 计量的名称。The name of the meter.
MeterRegionMeterRegion 全部All 基于位置的数据中心位置定价的服务的名称。Name of the datacenter location for services priced based on location. 请参阅位置。See Location.
MeterSubCategoryMeterSubCategory 全部All 计量子分类类别的名称。Name of the meter subclassification category.
OfferIdOfferId EA, MCAEA, MCA 购买的产品/服务的名称。Name of the offer purchased.
PartNumberPartNumber EAEA 用于获取特定计量定价的标识符。Identifier used to get specific meter pricing.
planNamePlanName EAEA Marketplace 计划名称。Marketplace plan name.
PreviousInvoiceIdPreviousInvoiceId MCAMCA 对原始发票如果此行项是退款的引用。Reference to an original invoice if this line item is a refund.
PricingCurrencyPricingCurrency MCAMCA 评级基于协商价格时使用的货币。Currency used when rating based on negotiated prices.
产品Product MCAMCA 请参阅产品名称。See ProductName.
ProductIdProductId EA, MCAEA, MCA 该产品的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the product.
ProductNameProductName EAEA 产品的名称。Name of the product.
ProductOrderIdProductOrderId EA, MCAEA, MCA 产品订单的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the product order.
ProductOrderNameProductOrderName EA, MCAEA, MCA 产品订单的唯一名称。Unique name for the product order.
PublisherNamePublisherName EA, MCAEA, MCA 对 Marketplace 服务的发布服务器。Publisher for Marketplace services.
PublisherTypePublisherType EA, MCAEA, MCA 发布服务器的类型 (值: firstParty,thirdPartyReseller,thirdPartyAgency)。Type of publisher (Values: firstParty, thirdPartyReseller, thirdPartyAgency).
数量Quantity EA, MCAEA, MCA 购买或使用的单位数。The number of units purchased or consumed.
费率Rate PAYGPAYG 请参阅单价。See UnitPrice.
预订 IDReservationId EA, MCAEA, MCA 购买的预订实例的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the purchased reservation instance.
ReservationNameReservationName EA, MCAEA, MCA 购买的预订实例的名称。Name of the purchased reservation instance.
ResourceGroupIdResourceGroupId EA, MCAEA, MCA 唯一标识符资源组资源处于。Unique identifier for the resource group the resource is in.
ResourceGroupNameResourceGroupName EA, MCAEA, MCA 名称资源组资源处于。Name of the resource group the resource is in.
ResourceIdResourceId EA, MCAEA, MCA 唯一标识符Azure 资源管理器资源。Unique identifier of the Azure Resource Manager resource.
ResourceLocationResourceLocation EA, MCAEA, MCA 该资源正在其中运行的数据中心位置。Datacenter location where the resource is running. 请参阅位置。See Location.
ResourceNameResourceName EAEA 资源的名称。Name of the resource.
ResourceTypeResourceType MCAMCA 资源实例的类型。Type of resource instance.
ServiceFamilyServiceFamily EA, MCAEA, MCA 服务所属的服务系列。Service family that the service belongs to.
ServiceInfo1ServiceInfo1 全部All 服务特定的元数据。Service-specific metadata.
ServiceInfo2ServiceInfo2 全部All 使用可选的服务特定元数据的旧字段。Legacy field with optional service-specific metadata.
ServicePeriodEndDateServicePeriodEndDate MCAMCA 分级周期的结束日期的定义和锁定的已使用或购买服务的定价。The end date of the rating period that defined and locked pricing for the consumed or purchased service.
ServicePeriodStartDateServicePeriodStartDate MCAMCA 分级周期的开始日期的定义和锁定的已使用或购买服务的定价。The start date of the rating period that defined and locked pricing for the consumed or purchased service.
SubscriptionIdSubscriptionId 全部All 订阅的的唯一标识符。Unique identifier for the subscription.
SubscriptionNameSubscriptionName 全部All 订阅的名称。Name of the subscription.
标记Tags 全部All 分配给资源标记。Tags assigned to the resource. 不包括资源组标记。Doesn't include resource group tags. 可用于分组或分配内部退款的费用。Can be used to group or distribute costs for internal chargeback. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用标记来组织 Azure 资源For more information, see Organize your Azure resources with tags.
单位Unit PAYGPAYG 请参阅 UnitOfMeasure。See UnitOfMeasure.
UnitOfMeasureUnitOfMeasure 全部All 对服务计费的度量单位。The unit of measure for billing for the service. 例如,计算每小时对服务进行计费。For example, compute services are billed per hour.
UnitPriceUnitPrice EAEA 每个单位的费用价格。The price per unit for the charge.
UsageDateUsageDate PAYGPAYG 请参阅日期。See Date.

请注意某些字段的大小写和帐户类型之间的间距可能有所不同。Note some fields may differ in casing and spacing between account types. 较旧版本的即用即付的使用情况文件有各单独章节的语句和每日使用情况。Older versions of pay-as-you-go usage files have separate sections for the statement and daily usage.

确保你的费用是正确的Ensure that your charges are correct

若要了解有关详细的使用量和费用的详细信息,请阅读有关如何了解你即用即付Microsoft 客户协议发票。To learn more about detailed usage and charges, read about how to understand your pay-as-you-go or Microsoft Customer Agreement invoice.

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