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入门:构建云治理团队Get started: Build a cloud governance team

云调控团队可确保正确评估和管理云采用的风险和风险容差。A cloud governance team ensures that cloud-adoption risks and risk tolerance are properly evaluated and managed. 此团队确定了企业无法承受的风险,并将风险转换为管理公司策略。The team identifies risks that can't be tolerated by the business, and it converts risks into governing corporate policies.

开始构建云调控团队

步骤1:确定是否需要云调控团队Step 1: Determine whether a cloud governance team is needed

云采用框架中的官方指导是始终创建云治理团队。The official guidance in the Cloud Adoption Framework is to always create a cloud governance team. 首先,团队可能非常小。At first, the team might be very small. 无论其大小如何,其角色都非常重要。Regardless of its size, its role is important. 如果不需要团队,则现有应用团队中的组或个人应同意实现与 云调控职能相关的责任。If a team isn't needed, a group or individual on an existing adoption team should agree to fulfill the responsibilities associated with cloud governance functions.

Deliverables:

  • 确定是否需要云治理团队。Determine whether you need a cloud governance team.
  • 通过开发一个跨团队矩阵来确定团队间的责任,该矩阵标识 负责人 (RACI) 方。Align responsibilities across teams by developing a cross-team matrix that identifies responsible, accountable, consulted, and informed (RACI) parties. 使用工作表中的 RACI 模板 记录决策和负责人 Org AlignmentDocument the decision and the responsible individuals using the RACI template in the Org Alignment worksheet.

支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

  • 云监管功能 可能已经分散到多个个人或团队。Cloud governance functions might already be spread across multiple individuals or teams. 标题为 "云监管团队" 的团队并不重要,但所需的功能应与一方或团队合作。Having a team that goes by the title "cloud governance team" isn't important, but the required capabilities should reside with an accountable party or team.
  • 如果可以在一个云环境中从一个登陆区域提供公司的长期云采用策略,则管理和运营工作量可能会足够小,足以让一个人或一个团队交付。If the company's long-term cloud adoption strategy can be delivered from one landing zone in one cloud environment, the amount of governance and operations efforts might be small enough for delivery by one person or one team. 此团队不太可能被称为云监管,因为它提供的功能超出了云管理范围。That team is unlikely to be called cloud governance, because it serves many functions beyond cloud governance. 即使对于这一团队,此入门指南也有助于确保它能够提供此重要的管理功能。Even for that team, this getting started guide can help ensure that it can deliver on this important function of governance.

负责团队Accountable team 负责人和支持团队Responsible and supporting teams
  • 云策略团队Cloud strategy team
  • 云采用团队Cloud adoption team
  • 步骤2:与其他团队保持一致Step 2: Align with other teams

    调控团队确保一致性并遵守一组常用策略。The governance team ensures consistency and adherence to a set of common policies. 这些策略与其他团队正在进行协调。Those policies come from an ongoing alignment with other teams.

    在建立策略或自动进行云监管之前,云管理团队应与 RACI 模板中标识的其他团队会面。Before it establishes policies or automated cloud governance, the cloud governance team should meet with other teams that are identified in the RACI template. 这将有助于确保关键主题(如安全性、成本、性能、操作和部署)的对齐。This will help ensure alignment on critical topics, such as security, cost, performance, operations, and deployment. 步骤4和5有助于实现对齐。Steps 4 and 5 can help facilitate the alignment.

    Deliverables:

    • 讨论每个团队的当前状态实现和正在进行的采用计划。Discuss current-state implementation and ongoing adoption plans with each team.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    • 查看公司的 策略和计划模板和 云策略团队的成员,了解动机、指标和策略。Review your company's strategy and plan template with members of the cloud strategy team to understand motivations, metrics, and strategy.
    • 查看公司的 云采用计划 ,其中包含云采用团队的成员,以了解时间线和优先顺序。Review your company's cloud adoption plan with members of the cloud adoption team to understand timelines and prioritization.
    • 查看操作团队的 运营管理工作簿 ,了解已与业务建立的操作要求和承诺。Review the operation team's operations management workbook to understand the operational requirements and commitments that have been established with the business.

    负责团队Accountable team 负责人和支持团队Responsible and supporting teams
  • 云治理团队Cloud governance team
  • 云策略团队Cloud strategy team
  • 云采用团队Cloud adoption team
  • 云运营团队Cloud operations team
  • 优秀或中心 IT 团队的云中心Cloud center of excellence or central IT team
  • 步骤3:与其他团队建立节奏Step 3: Establish a cadence with other teams

    云采用通常以波形或版本提供。Cloud adoption generally comes in waves, or releases. 与这些版本保持一致的定期节奏使云调控团队可以提前了解并了解下一轮会引入的风险。A regular cadence that's aligned with those releases lets the cloud governance team look ahead and understand the risks that will be introduced in the next wave. 在规划和评审期间保持与策略、采用和运营团队保持联系,还可以帮助调控团队维持面临的风险。Staying engaged with the strategy, adoption, and operations teams during planning and review also helps the governance team stay ahead of coming risks.

    Deliverables:

    • 与支持团队建立节奏。Establish a cadence with the supporting teams. 如果可能,请将该节奏与发布和计划周期对齐。If possible, align that cadence with release and planning cycles.
    • 直接与云策略团队 (或各种团队成员建立单独的步调) ,以查看与下一种使用情况关联的风险,并衡量团队在这些风险下的容错级别。Establish a separate cadence directly with the cloud strategy team (or various team members) to review risks that are associated with the next wave of adoption and gauge the team's level of tolerance for those risks.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:


    负责团队Accountable team 负责人和支持团队Responsible and supporting teams
  • 云治理团队Cloud governance team
  • 云策略团队Cloud strategy team
  • 云采用团队Cloud adoption team
  • 云运营团队Cloud operations team
  • 步骤4:查看方法Step 4: Review the methodology

    若要帮助建立未来的管理构想,并为该远景提供可行的方法,请查看云采用框架的控制方法。To help establish a future vision for governance and a working approach to that vision, review the Govern methodology of the Cloud Adoption Framework.

    Deliverables:

    • 了解支持管理方法的方法、方法和实现。Gain an understanding of the methodology, approach, and implementation that supports the Govern methodology.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    负责团队:Accountable team:

    • 云调控团队负责为管理建立愿景和方法。The cloud governance team is accountable for establishing a vision and approach to governance.

    步骤5:完成调控基准Step 5: Complete the governance benchmark

    管理是一个广泛的主题。Governance is a broad topic. 简短评估可以帮助团队了解开始使用的位置。A short assessment can help the team understand where to get started.

    Deliverables:

    • 根据与不同利益干系人的对话完成调控基准评估。Complete the governance benchmark assessment, based on conversations with various stakeholders. 或要求其他团队自行完成评估。Or ask other teams to complete the assessment on their own.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    负责团队:Accountable team:

    • 云管理团队应了解调控准则中标识的缺口,并提供有助于解决空白的管理方向。The cloud governance team should understand the gaps that are identified in the governance benchmark and then provide direction on governance that helps address the gaps.

    步骤6:实现最初的监管最佳实践和配置Step 6: Implement the initial governance best practice and configuration

    控制方法为初始管理基础提供了两种方法。The Govern methodology includes two approaches to an initial governance foundation. 查看每种方法,并实现最符合需要的方法。Review each approach, and implement the one that most closely matches your needs.

    Deliverables:

    • 部署在接下来的几个采用目的中控制环境所需的基本管理工具和组织配置。Deploy the basic governance tools and organization configurations that are required to govern the environment during the next few waves of adoption efforts.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    负责团队:Accountable team:

    • 云监管团队负责审查和实现调控最佳实践和最初的管理基础。The cloud governance team is accountable for the review and implementation of governance best practices and an initial governance foundation.

    步骤7:持续提高治理成熟度Step 7: Continuously improve governance maturity

    随着额外的云采纳工作的完成,监管需求会增长。Governance needs grow as additional cloud adoption efforts are completed. 保持与正在进行的采用计划保持一致,以确保调控方法可以维护适当的管理和控制级别。Stay aligned with the ongoing adoption plan to ensure that the governance approach can maintain the proper levels of governance and control.

    Deliverables:

    • 实施调控改进,防范不断变化的风险和监管需求。Implement governance improvements to guard against changing risks and governance needs.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    负责团队:Accountable team:

    • 云调控团队负责协调正在进行的采用计划。The cloud governance team is accountable for aligning with ongoing adoption plans.

    步骤8:评估登陆区域更改Step 8: Evaluate landing zone changes

    部署并扩展登陆区域时,可能会出现新的风险或管辖冲突。As landing zones are deployed and expanded, new risks or governance violations might emerge. 定期查看登陆区域配置,以确定与云本机管理工具不会捕获的策略的任何偏差。Periodically review landing zone configurations to identify any deviations from policy that aren't caught by the cloud-native governance tools. 确保每个登录区域部署都遵循登陆区域治理的指导原则。Ensure that each landing zone deployment adheres to guidelines for landing zone governance.

    Deliverables:

    • 帮助云平台团队改善登陆区域,这必须符合调控政策。Help the cloud platform team develop improvements to the landing zone, which must comply with governance policies.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:

    负责团队:Accountable team:

    • 云调控团队应确保每个登录区域部署都遵循监管指导原则。The cloud governance team should make sure that each landing zone deployment adheres to governance guidelines.

    步骤9:采用移交Step 9: Adoption handoffs

    随着新的采用工作的完成,云采用团队将操作责任移交给云运营团队和云治理团队。As new adoption efforts are completed, the cloud adoption team hands off operational responsibilities to the cloud operations team and cloud governance teams. 与采用版本节奏保持一致,以确保正确的文档和策略对齐,并帮助团队承担工作负荷的责任。Stay aligned with adoption release cadences to ensure proper documentation and policy alignment, and to help the team assume responsibility for the workloads.

    Deliverables:

    • 定期查看并接受来自其他云采用团队的移交。Regularly review and accept handoffs from other cloud adoption teams.

    支持交付完成的指南:Guidance to support deliverable completion:


    负责团队Accountable team 负责人和支持团队Responsible and supporting teams
  • 云采用团队Cloud adoption teams
  • 云治理团队Cloud governance team
  • 云运营团队Cloud operations team
  • 后续步骤What's next

    所有公司都是唯一的,因此它们是管理需求。All companies are unique, and so are their governance needs. 选择适合你的组织的成熟度级别,并使用云采用框架来指导可帮助你获取的做法、流程和工具。Choose the level of maturity that fits your organization, and use the Cloud Adoption Framework to guide the practices, processes, and tooling that can help you get there.

    随着云监管的发展,团队可以更快地采用云。As cloud governance matures, teams are empowered to adopt the cloud at a faster pace. 不断地采用云的做法,就是在 IT 运营中触发成熟度。Continuous cloud adoption efforts tend to trigger maturity in IT operations. 若要确保监管是操作开发的一部分,请开发 云运营团队 或与现有的云运营团队同步。To ensure that governance is a part of operations development, either develop a cloud operations team or sync with your existing cloud operations team.