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成本管理规则概述Cost Management discipline overview

成本管理规则是云采用框架治理模型中的云治理五项规则之一。The Cost Management discipline is one of the Five Disciplines of Cloud Governance within the Cloud Adoption Framework governance model. 对于许多客户而言,采用云技术时,管理其成本是主要考虑因素。For many customers, governing their costs is a major concern when adopting cloud technologies. 平衡性能需求、采用速度和云服务成本可能有难度。Balancing performance demands, adoption pacing, and cloud services costs can be challenging. 这在实施云技术的主要业务转型期间尤为重要。This is especially relevant during major business transformations that implement cloud technologies. 本部分概述了一种方法,用于制定成本管理规则,使其作为云治理策略一部分。This section outlines the approach to developing a Cost Management discipline as part of a cloud governance strategy.

备注

成本管理规则不会替换现有的业务团队、记帐行为和过程。在组织对那些与 IT 相关的成本进行财务管理时,会涉及这些行为和过程。Cost Management discipline does not replace the existing business teams, accounting practices, and procedures that are involved in your organization's financial management of IT-related costs. 此规则的主要用途是标识与 IT 支出相关的潜在云相关风险,并为负责部署和管理云资源的业务和 IT 团队负提供风险缓解指导。The primary purpose of this discipline is to identify potential cloud-related risks related to IT spending, and provide risk-mitigation guidance to the business and IT teams responsible for deploying and managing cloud resources.

本指南的主要读者是组织的云架构师和云治理团队的其他成员。The primary audience for this guidance is your organization's cloud architects and other members of your cloud governance team. 根据此规则产生的决策、策略和流程应在相关业务和 IT 团队成员的参与和讨论的基础上确立,尤其是那些负责拥有、管理和支付基于云的工作负荷的领导者。The decisions, policies, and processes that emerge from this discipline should involve engagement and discussions with relevant members of your business and IT teams, especially those leaders responsible for owning, managing, and paying for cloud-based workloads.

策略语句Policy statements

可操作策略语句和生成的体系结构要求将用作成本管理规则的基础。Actionable policy statements and the resulting architecture requirements serve as the foundation of a Cost Management discipline. 示例策略语句作为定义成本管理策略的起点。Use sample policy statements as a starting point for defining your Cost Management policies.

注意

示例策略来自普通客户体验。The sample policies come from common customer experiences. 若要更好地将这些策略与特定云治理需求保持一致,请执行以下步骤来创建满足独特业务需求的策略语句。To better align these policies to specific cloud governance needs, execute the following steps to create policy statements that meet your unique business needs.

开发治理策略声明Develop governance policy statements

下列步骤将帮助你定义治理策略来控制环境中的成本。The following steps help you define governance policies to control costs in your environment.

     

“模板”图标

成本管理规则模板:下载用于记录成本管理规则的模板。Cost Management discipline template: Download the template for documenting a Cost Management discipline.

“风险”图标

业务风险:了解通常与成本管理规则相关的动机和风险。Business risks: Understand the motives and risks commonly associated with the Cost Management discipline.

“指标”图标

指示器和指标:用于了解是否是投资云管理规则的正确时机的指示器。Indicators and metrics: Indicators to understand whether it's the right time to invest in the Cost Management discipline.

“遵循”图标

策略遵循流程:支持成本管理规则中策略符合性的建议过程。Policy adherence processes: Suggested processes for supporting policy compliance in the Cost Management discipline.

“成熟度”图标

成熟度:使云管理成熟度与云采用阶段保持一致。Maturity: Align cloud management maturity with phases of cloud adoption.

“工具链”图标

工具链:可实现为支持成本管理规则的 Azure 服务。Toolchain: Azure services that can be implemented to support the Cost Management discipline.

后续步骤Next steps

通过评估特定环境中的业务风险开始使用。Get started by evaluating business risks in a specific environment.