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成本管理训练科目中的风险容差指标和指标Risk tolerance metrics and indicators in the Cost Management discipline

了解量化与成本管理学科关联的业务风险容差。Learn to quantify business risk tolerance associated with the Cost Management discipline. 定义度量值和指示器有助于创建业务案例,以便在此层面中进行投资。Defining metrics and indicators helps to create a business case for investing in the maturity of this discipline.


成本管理通常侧重于与成本相关的指标。Cost management generally focuses on metrics related to costs. 作为风险分析的一部分,你将需要收集与你当前和计划的基于云的工作负荷相关的数据,以确定你所面临的风险,以及成本管理准则中的重要投资对你计划的云部署的投资。As part of your risk analysis, you'll want to gather data related to your current and planned spending on cloud-based workloads to determine how much risk you face, and how important investment in your Cost Management discipline is for your planned cloud deployments.

下面是一些有用的指标示例,你应该收集这些指标,以帮助评估成本管理训练科目内的风险容差:The following are examples of useful metrics that you should gather to help evaluate risk tolerance within the Cost Management discipline:

  • 年支出: 云提供商提供的服务的总年成本。Annual spending: The total annual cost for services provided by a cloud provider.
  • 每月支出: 云提供商提供的服务的每月总费用。Monthly spending: The total monthly cost for services provided by a cloud provider.
  • 预测与实际比率: 用于比较预测支出和实际支出 (每月或每年) 的比率。Forecasted versus actual ratio: The ratio comparing forecasted and actual spending (monthly or annual).
  • 采用 (月) 比率的采用率: 每月与每月的云成本的增量百分比。Pace of adoption (month-over-month) ratio: The percentage of the delta in cloud costs from month to month.
  • 累计成本: 从月开始算起的每日总累计支出。Accumulated cost: Total accrued daily spending, starting from the beginning of the month.
  • 支出趋势: 针对预算的支出趋势。Spending trends: Spending trend against the budget.

风险容忍度指示器Risk tolerance indicators

在早期小规模部署(如开发/测试或实验性的第一个工作负载)期间,成本管理可能会相对较低的风险。During early small-scale deployments, such as dev/test or experimental first workloads, cost management is likely to be of relatively low risk. 随着部署更多资产,风险会增长,企业的风险容错可能会下降。As more assets are deployed, the risk grows and the business's tolerance for risk is likely to decline. 此外,随着越来越多的云采用团队能够将资产配置或部署到云中,也会导致风险越来越高,风险容忍度越来越低。Additionally, as more cloud adoption teams are given the ability to configure or deploy assets to the cloud, the risk grows and tolerance decreases. 与此相反,开发成本管理训练科目将会使来自云采用阶段的人员部署更具创新性的技术。Conversely, developing a Cost Management discipline will take people from the cloud adoption phase to deploying more innovative technologies.

在云采用的早期阶段,你将与企业一起确定风险容忍度基线。In the early stages of cloud adoption, you will work with your business to determine a risk tolerance baseline. 确定基线后,便需要确定触发在成本管理规范方面投资的条件。Once you have a baseline, you will need to determine the criteria that would trigger an investment in the Cost Management discipline. 这些条件可能因组织而异。These criteria will likely be different for every organization.

确定业务风险后,便要与企业一起确定基准,用来确定可能会增加这些风险的触发器。Once you have identified business risks, you will work with your business to identify benchmarks that you can use to identify triggers that could potentially increase those risks. 下面的几个示例说明了如何将度量值(如上面所述)与风险基线容差进行比较,以指示业务需要进一步投资成本管理。The following are a few examples of how metrics, such as those mentioned above, can be compared against your risk baseline tolerance to indicate your business's need to further invest in cost management.

  • 承诺驱动的 (最常见) : 一个公司,该公司致力于在云供应商的今年 $xCommitment-driven (most common): A company that is committed to spending $x,000,000 this year on a cloud vendor. 他们需要一种成本管理准则来确保企业不超过其支出目标超过20%,并且他们将使用至少90% 的承诺。They need a Cost Management discipline to ensure that the business doesn't exceed its spending targets by more than 20%, and that they will use at least 90% of their commitment.
  • 百分比触发器: 一家公司,其云支出对于其生产系统是稳定的。Percentage trigger: A company with cloud spending that is stable for their production systems. 如果此项更改超过 x%,则成本管理准则是一项明智的投资。If that changes by more than x%, then a Cost Management discipline is a wise investment.
  • 过度预配触发器: 认为他们部署的解决方案的公司是过度预配的。Overprovisioned trigger: A company who believes their deployed solutions are overprovisioned. 成本管理是一项优先投资,直到正确地调整预配和资产利用率。Cost management is a priority investment until they demonstrate proper alignment of provisioning and asset utilization.
  • 月度支出触发器: 每个月的 $x, 每月000美元的公司被认为是一种很高的成本。Monthly spending trigger: A company that spends over $x,000 per month is considered a sizable cost. 如果在给定月份中支出超过该数量,则需要投资成本。If spending exceeds that amount in a given month, they will need to invest in cost management.
  • 年度支出触发器: 具有 IT R&D 预算的公司,可以在云试验中花费 $x, 每年000美元。Annual spending trigger: A company with an IT R&D budget that allows for spending $x,000 per year on cloud experimentation. 它们可能在云中运行生产工作负荷,但如果预算不超过该数量,它们仍会被视为实验性解决方案。They may run production workloads in the cloud, but they're still considered experimental solutions if the budget doesn't exceed that amount. 如果超出预算,则需要将预算视为生产投资,并密切管理支出。If the budget is exceeded, they will need to treat the budget like a production investment and manage spending closely.
  • 运营费用-不利 (罕见) : 作为一家公司,他们不喜欢运营费用,并在部署开发/测试工作负荷之前需要进行成本管理控制。Operating expense-adverse (uncommon): As a company, they're averse to operating expenses and will need cost management controls in place before deploying a dev/test workload.

后续步骤Next steps

使用 成本管理训练模板 来记录与当前的云采用计划一致的指标和容差指标。Use the Cost Management discipline template to document metrics and tolerance indicators that align to the current cloud adoption plan.

查看示例成本管理策略,作为开发自己的策略的起点,以解决与云采用计划相一致的特定业务风险。Review sample Cost Management policies as a starting point to develop your own policies to address specific business risks aligned with your cloud adoption plans.