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Azure 云迁移最佳做法清单Azure cloud migration best practices checklist

如果对迁移到 Azure 有兴趣,建议先阅读云采用框架中的 Azure 迁移指南Start with the Azure migration guide in the Cloud Adoption Framework if you're interested in migrating to Azure. 该指南详细介绍了用于将虚拟机迁移到云的一组工具和基本方法。That guide walks you through a set of tools and basic approaches to migrating virtual machines to the cloud.

以下清单中提供的 Azure 云迁移最佳做法已超出了基本云本机工具的范围。The following checklists provide Azure cloud migration best practices that go beyond the basic cloud-native tools. 以下清单概述了常见的复杂领域,有可能需要将迁移范围扩展到 Azure 迁移指南适用范围以外的领域。These outline the common areas of complexity that might require the scope of the migration to expand beyond the Azure migration guide.

业务驱动型范围扩展的迁移最佳做法Migration best practices for business-driven scope expansion

  • 支持全球市场 业务在多个具有不同数据主权需求的地区运营。Support global markets: The business operates in multiple geographic regions with disparate data sovereignty requirements. 为满足这些需求,在迁移过程中对资产进行先决条件审核和分发时,应考虑其他因素。To meet those requirements, you should factor in additional considerations to the prerequisite review and distribution of assets during migration.

技术驱动型范围扩展的迁移最佳做法Migration best practices for technology-driven scope expansion

  • VMware 迁移 迁移 VMware 主机可以加快总体迁移过程。VMware migration: Migrating VMware hosts can accelerate the overall migration process. 每个迁移的 VMware 主机都可将多个工作负载移到云端。Each migrated VMware host can move multiple workloads to the cloud. 迁移后,这些 VM 和工作负载可留在 VMware 中,也可迁移到现代云功能。After migration, those VMs and workloads can stay in VMware, or be migrated to modern cloud capabilities.
  • SQL Server 迁移 迁移 SQL Server 的实例可加速总体迁移过程。SQL Server migration: Migrating instances of SQL Server can accelerate the overall migration process. 每个迁移的实例都可移动多个数据库和服务,从而可能加速多个工作负载。Each migrated instance can move multiple databases and services, potentially accelerating multiple workloads.
  • 多个数据中心 迁移多个数据中心会大大增加复杂度。Multiple datacenters: Migrating multiple datacenters adds significant complexity. 在移动(评估、迁移、优化和管理)的每个流程中,还讨论了为更复杂的环境做准备时需考虑的其他事项。During each process of the move (assess, migrate, optimize, and manage), additional considerations are discussed to prepare for more complex environments.
  • 数据要求超出网络容量 现有数据中心的容量、速度或稳定性不再令人满意,公司经常会选择迁移到云。Data requirements exceed network capacity: Companies frequently choose to migrate to the cloud because the capacity, speed, or stability of an existing datacenter is no longer satisfactory. 遗憾的是,这些相同约束给迁移过程增加了复杂性,需要在评估和迁移流程中进行额外规划。Unfortunately, those same constraints add complexity to the migration process, requiring additional planning during the assessment and migration processes.
  • 治理或符合性策略 如果管理和符合性对迁移的成功至关重要,则 IT 管理团队和云采用团队必须确保彼此在其他方面保持一致。Governance or compliance strategy: When governance and compliance are vital to the success of a migration, IT governance teams and the cloud adoption team must ensure additional alignment with one another.

其他迁移最佳做法Additional migration best practices

后续步骤Next steps

查看 Azure 迁移最佳做法时,建议先阅读以下内容。The following is a good starting point for reviewing Azure migration best practices.