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将迁移的资源升级到生产需要执行哪些操作?What is required to promote a migrated resource to production?

升级到生产将工作负荷迁移到云的完成标记。Promotion to production marks the completion of a workload's migration to the cloud. 资产及其所有依赖项升级后,将重新路由生产流量。After the asset and all of its dependencies are promoted, production traffic is rerouted. 重新路由流量使本地资产过时,并支持将其停用。The rerouting of traffic makes the on-premises assets obsolete, allowing them to be decommissioned.

升级过程根据工作负荷的体系结构而有所不同。The process of promotion varies according to the workload's architecture. 但是,有几个一致的先决条件和几个常见任务。However, there are several consistent prerequisites and a few common tasks. 本文介绍每个,并将其用作一种升级前清单。This article describes each and serves as a kind of pre-promotion checklist.

先决条件过程Prerequisite processes

在生产部署之前,应执行、记录并验证以下每个过程:Each of the following processes should be executed, documented, and validated prior to production deployment:

  • 评估 已针对云兼容性评估工作负荷。Assess: The workload has been assessed for cloud compatibility.
  • 架构师 工作负荷的结构已正确设计为与所选的云提供程序保持一致。Architect: The structure of the workload has been properly designed to align with the chosen cloud provider.
  • 复制 资产已复制到云环境。Replicate: The assets have been replicated to the cloud environment.
  • 阶段 已复制的资产已在云环境的暂存实例中还原。Stage: The replicated assets have been restored in a staged instance of the cloud environment.
  • 业务测试 工作负荷已由业务用户完全测试和验证。Business testing: The workload has been fully tested and validated by business users.
  • 业务更改计划 企业已与生产促销共享计划以进行更改;这应该包括用户采用计划、对业务流程的更改、需要培训的用户以及各种活动的时间线。Business change plan: The business has shared a plan for the changes to be made in accordance with the production promotion; this should include a user adoption plan, changes to business processes, users that require training, and timelines for various activities.
  • 就绪 通常,必须在升级之前做出一系列技术更改。Ready: Generally, a series of technical changes must be made before promotion.

升级之前要执行的最佳实践Best practices to execute prior to promotion

可能需要完成和记录以下技术更改作为升级过程的一部分:The following technical changes will likely need to be completed and documented as part of the promotion process:

  • 域匹配。Domain alignment. 某些企业策略需要单独的域进行暂存和生产。Some corporate policies require separate domains for staging and production. 确保所有资产都已加入到正确的域。Ensure that all assets are joined to the proper domain.
  • 用户路由。User routing. 验证用户是否通过适当的网络路由访问工作负荷;验证性能预期是否一致。Validate that users are accessing the workload through proper network routes; verify consistent performance expectations.
  • 身份匹配。Identity alignment. 验证重新路由到应用程序的用户是否在域中具有适当的权限以托管应用程序。Validate that the users being rerouted to the application have proper permissions within the domain to host the application.
  • 性能。Performance. 对工作负荷性能执行最终验证以最大程度地减少意外情况。Perform a final validation of workload performance to minimize surprises.
  • 验证业务连续性和灾难恢复。Validation of business continuity and disaster recovery. 验证相应的备份和恢复过程是否按预期运行。Validate that proper backup and recovery processes are functioning as expected.
  • 数据分类。Data classification. 验证数据分类以确保实施了适当的保护和策略。Validate data classification to ensure that proper protections and policies have been implemented.
  • 首席信息安全官 (CISO) 验证。Chief information security officer (CISO) verification. 验证信息安全官是否审查了工作负荷、业务风险、风险容忍度和缓解策略。Validate that the information security officer has reviewed the workload, business risks, risk tolerance, and mitigation strategies.

最终步骤:升级Final step: Promote

工作负荷将需要不同级别的详细审查和升级过程。Workloads will require varying levels of detailed review and promotion processes. 但是,网络重新匹配充当所有升级发布的常见最后一步。However, network realignment serves as the common final step for all promotion releases. 当所有内容准备就绪时,更新 DNS 记录或 IP 地址,将流量路由到迁移的工作负荷。When everything else is ready, update DNS records or IP addresses to route traffic to the migrated workload.

后续步骤Next steps

工作负荷升级标志着发布已完成。Promotion of a workload signals the completion of a release. 但是,在迁移的同时,停用的资产需要解除授权以停用服务。However, in parallel with migration, retired assets need to be decommissioned taking them out of service.