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Cloudyn 门户中可用的报表Reports available in the Cloudyn portal

本文介绍 Cloudyn 门户中包含的 Cloudyn 报表的用途。This article describes the purpose of the Cloudyn reports that are included in the Cloudyn portal. 另外还介绍了如何有效地使用这些报表。It also describes how you can effectively use the reports. 大多数报表都较为直观,具有统一的外观。Most reports are intuitive and have a uniform look and feel. 在一个报表中可以执行的大部分操作,在其他报表中也同样可以执行。Most of the actions that you can do in one report, you can also do in other reports. 有关如何使用 Cloudyn 报表(包括如何自定义并保存或计划报表)的概述,请参阅了解成本报表For an overview about how to use Cloudyn reports, including how to customize and save or to schedule reports, see Understanding cost reports.

Azure 成本管理提供了与 Cloudyn 类似的功能。Azure Cost Management offers similar functionality to Cloudyn. Azure 成本管理是一个本机 Azure 成本管理解决方案。Azure Cost Management is a native Azure cost management solution. 借助它,可以分析成本、创建和管理预算、导出数据,并能查看和采纳优化建议,从而节省资金。It helps you analyze costs, create and manage budgets, export data, and review and act on optimization recommendations to save money. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure 成本管理For more information, see Azure Cost Management.

备注

Cloudyn 将在 2020 年底弃用。Cloudyn is being deprecated by the end of 2020. 在可能的情况下,我们会将现有的 Cloudyn 功能直接集成到 Azure 门户中。Existing Cloudyn features are being integrated directly into the Azure portal wherever possible. 但 CSP 客户除外,新客户暂时都无法登记。With the exception of CSP customers, no new customers can onboard at this time. 对现有产品的支持将会保持到它被完全弃用为止。Support for the existing product will remain until it is fully deprecated. 有关确定是 Azure 成本管理还是 Cloudyn 最适合成本管理需求的信息,请参阅在 Azure 成本管理与 Cloudyn 之间进行选择For information about determining whether Azure Cost Management or Cloudyn is best for your cost management needs, see Choose between Azure Cost Management and Cloudyn.

报表类型Report types

有三种类型的 Cloudyn 报表:There are three types of Cloudyn reports:

  • 时段报表。Over-time reports. 例如,时段成本报表。For example, the Cost Over Time report. 时段报表通过预定义的精度显示选定间隔内的时间序列数据,并显示过去两个月内的每周精度。Over-time reports show a time series of data over a selected interval with a predefined resolution and show a weekly resolution for last two months. 可以使用分组和筛选功能来放大各数据点。You can use grouping and filtering to zoom in to various data points.
    • 使用时段报表,可以查看趋势并检测峰值或异常情况。Over-time reports can help you view trends and detect spikes or anomalies.
  • 分析报表。Analysis reports. 例如,成本分析报表。For example, the Cost Analysis report. 这些报表显示一段时间内用户定义并允许进行分组和筛选的聚合数据。These reports show aggregated data over a period that you define and allow grouping and filtering on the data.
    • 使用分析报表,可以查看峰值并确定异常情况的根本原因,并显示分解后更细化的数据。Analysis reports can help you view spikes and determine anomaly root-causes and to show you a granular break-down of your data.
  • 表格报表。Tabular reports. 可以通过表格形式查看任何报表,但部分报表只能以表格形式进行查看。You can view any report as a table, but some reports are viewed only as a table. 这些报表提供了详细的项列表。These reports provide you detailed lists of items.
    • 建议都是表格报表,没有适用于建议的可视化效果。Recommendations are tabular reports—there are no visualizations for recommendations. 但是,可以使建议结果可视化。However, you can visualize recommendation results. 例如,时段节约费用。For example, savings over time.
    • 可以将表格报表用作操作列表,或者用于数据导出以进一步处理。Tabular reports are useful as lists of actions or for data export for further processing. 例如,退款报表。For example, a chargeback report.

成本报表显示实际 成本或摊销 成本。Cost reports show either actual or amortized costs.

实际成本报表显示选定时间范围内完成的付款。Actual cost reports display the payments made during the selected time frame. 例如,诸如预留实例 (RI) 购买的所有的一次性费用在实际成本报表中显示为成本峰值。For example, all one-time fees such as reserved instance (RI) purchases are shown in actual cost reports as spikes in cost.

摊销成本报表将一段时间内的一次性费用分摊到实际应用的每一部分。Amortized cost reports spread one-time fees over a period to which they apply. 例如,用于 RI 购买的一次性费用分摊到预留期,不会显示为峰值。For example, one-time fees for RI purchases are spread over the reservation term and are not shown as a spike. 摊销的视图是查看真实趋势和进行成本预测的唯一方式。The amortized view is the only way to see true trends and make cost projections.

在某些情况下,摊销显示为一个单独的报表。In some cases, the amortization is presented as a separate report. 例如,成本分析报表和摊销成本分析报表。Examples include the Cost Analysis and Amortized Cost Analysis reports. 在其他情况下,摊销是诸如成本分摊报表和成本分析报表的报表策略。In other cases, amortization is a report policy such as the Cost Allocation and Cost Analysis reports.

可以计划定期交付任何报表。You can schedule any report for periodic delivery. 成本报表允许设置阈值,因此它们可用于提醒。Cost reports allow setting a threshold, so they're useful for alerts.

成本分析与成本分摊Cost analysis vs. cost allocation

成本分析报表显示来自云提供商的计费数据。Cost analysis reports display billing data from your cloud providers. 使用报表可以分组和深入查看计费文件中具体化的各个数据段。Using the reports, you can group and drill into various data segments itemized from the billing file. 使用报表可以根据不同云供应商的原始计费数据进行精细的成本调查。The reports enable granular cost navigation across your cloud vendor's raw billing data.

部分 成本分析报表不按资源标记对成本分组。Some cost analysis reports don't group costs by resource tags. 另外,只有在使用 Cost Allocation 360 创建成本模型以分摊成本后,报表中才会显示基于标记的计费信息。And, tag-based billing information only appears in reports after you allocate costs by creating a cost model using Cost Allocation 360.

使用 Cost Allocation 360 创建成本模型后,会提供成本分摊 报表。Cost allocation reports are available after you create a cost model using Cost Allocation 360. Cloudyn 处理成本和计费数据,并将这些数据与云帐户的用量和标记数据进行_匹配_。Cloudyn processes cost and billing data and matches the data to the usage and tag data of your cloud accounts. 若要匹配数据,Cloudyn 需要能够访问用量数据。To match the data, Cloudyn requires access to your usage data. 如果帐户缺少凭据,会将其标记为 未分类资源。If you have accounts that are missing credentials, they are labeled as uncategorized resources.

仪表板Dashboards

Cloudyn 中的仪表板提供报表的高级别视图。Dashboards in Cloudy provide a high-level view of reports. 仪表板由小组件组成,每个小组件实质上为报表缩略图。Dashboards are made up of widgets and each widget is essentially a report thumbnail. 自定义报表时,会将报表保存至“我的报表”,这些报表将被添加到仪表板中。When you customize reports, you save them to My Reports and they're added to the dashboard. 有关仪表板的详细信息,请参阅通过仪表板查看关键成本指标For more information about dashboards, see View key cost metrics with dashboards.

报表中的预算信息Budget information in reports

手动创建一项预算后,很多 Cloudyn 报表将显示预算信息。Many Cloudyn reports show budget information after you've manually created one. 也就是说,在创建预算之前,报表不会显示预算信息。So reports won't show budget information until you create a budget. 有关详细信息,请参阅预算管理设置For more information, see Budget Management settings.

报表和报告功能Reports and reporting features

Cloudyn 包括下列报表和报告功能。Cloudyn includes the following reports and reporting features.

成本导航器报表Cost Navigator report

成本导航器报表是使用仪表板视图查看计费使用情况的一种快速方式。The Cost Navigator report is a quick way to view your billing consumption using a dashboard view. 它具有筛选器和基本视图分组,可以立即显示组织成本的摘要视图。It has a subset of filters and basic views to immediately show a summarized view of organization's costs. 按日期显示成本。Costs are shown by date. 由于这种报表作为成本的初始视图,因此,它没有像你自己创建的许多其他报表或自定义仪表板那样灵活和详尽。Because the report is intended as an initial view of your costs, it's not as flexible or as comprehensive as many other reports or custom dashboards that you create yourself.

默认情况下,报表中的主要视图显示以下内容:By default, major views in the report show:

  • 显示工作周条形图视图的时段成本。Cost over time showing a work week bar chart view. 可以通过更改日期范围 来更改日期范围条形图。You can change the Date Range to change date range bar chart.
  • 服务支出(使用饼图)。Expenditures by service, using a pie chart.
  • 按标记的资源分类(使用饼图)。Resource categorization by tags, using a pie chart.
  • 成本实体支出(使用饼图)。Expenditures by cost entities, using a pie chart.
  • 在列表视图中显示每个日期的成本总计。Cost total, per date in a list view.

成本分析报表Cost Analysis report

成本分析报表是基于策略的报销和退款计算结果。The Cost Analysis report is a calculation of showback and chargeback, based on your policy. 它在将所有分配规则都应用到成本后,聚合选定时间范围内的云使用量。It aggregates your cloud consumption during a selected time frame, after having applied all allocation rules to your cost. 例如,它通过标记来计算成本、重新分配未标记资源的成本,并根据需要分配预留实例的使用率。For example, it calculates the costs by tags, reassigns the costs of untagged resources and optionally allocates the utilization of reserved instances.

Cost Allocation 360 中设置的策略用于成本分析报表,其结果会与云供应商的原始数据信息合并。The policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in the Cost Analysis report and results are then combined with information from your cloud vendor's raw data.

如何计算此报表?How is this report calculated? Cloudyn 服务通过应用_帐户关联_,确保分配结果保持每个链接帐户的完整性。The Cloudyn service ensures allocation retains the integrity of each linked account by applying account affinity. 关联可确保未使用特定服务的帐户不会分配此服务的任何成本。Affinity ensures an account that doesn't use a specific service doesn't have any costs of this service allocated to it. 该帐户中的应计成本保留在该帐户中,不会由分配策略计算。The costs accrued in that account remain in that account and are not calculated by the allocation policies. 例如,你可能有五个链接帐户。For example, you might have five linked accounts. 如果其中只有三个使用存储服务,则只会在三个帐户中的标记之间分配存储服务的成本。If only three of them use storage services, then the cost of storage services is only allocated across tags in the three accounts.

使用成本分析报表可以:Use the Cost Analysis report to:

  • 计算组织退款/报销数额Calculate your organization chargeback/showback
  • 对所有成本进行分类Categorize all your costs
  • 显示特定时间范围内整个部署的聚合视图。Display an aggregated view of your entire deployment for a specific time frame.
  • 根据成本模型中创建的策略,按标记类别查看成本。View costs by tag categories based on policies created in the cost model.

使用成本分析报表:To use the Cost Analysis report:

  1. 选择日期范围。Select a date range.
  2. 根据需要添加标记。Add tags, as needed.
  3. 添加组。Add groups.
  4. 选择之前创建的成本模型。Choose a cost model that you created previously.

成本历时报告Cost Over Time report

时段成本报表显示按时间序列分摊成本的结果。The Cost over Time report displays the results of cost allocation as time series. 使用它可以观察趋势并检测部署中的异常。It allows you to observe trends and detect irregularities in your deployment. 它实质上是显示定义时间段内的成本分布。It essentially shows costs distributed over a defined period. 该报表包含主要成本促成因素,包括选定时间范围内的持续成本,以及一次性支出的预留实例费用。The report includes your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame. 此报表使用 Cost Allocation 360 中设置的策略。Policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in this report.

使用时段成本报表可以:Use the Cost Over Time report to:

  • 查看一段时间内的变化,以及在不同的日期(或日期范围)哪些影响因素发生了变化。See changes over time and which influences change from one day (or date range) to the next.
  • 分析特定实例在一段时间内的成本。Analyze costs over time for a specific instance.
  • 了解特定实例的成本为何增长。Understand why there was a cost increase for a specific instance.

使用时段成本报表:To use the Cost Over Time report:

  1. 选择日期范围。Select a date range.
  2. 根据需要添加标记。Add tags, as needed.
  3. 添加组。Add groups.
  4. 选择之前创建的成本模型。Choose a cost model that you created previously.
  5. 选择实际成本或摊销成本。Select actual costs or amortized costs.
  6. 选择是否应用分配规则来查看原始计费数据视图或重新计算的成本视图。Choose whether to apply allocation rules to view raw billing data view or to recalculated cost view.

实际成本分析报表Actual Cost Analysis report

实际成本分析报表显示未经任何修改的提供商成本。The Actual Cost Analysis report shows provider costs with no modifications. 它显示主要成本促成因素,包括持续成本和一次性费用。It shows your main cost contributors, including ongoing costs and one-time fees.

可以使用报表来查看订阅的成本信息。You can use the report to view cost information for your subscriptions. 在报表中,Azure 订阅显示为帐户名 和帐号 。In the report, Azure subscriptions are shown as account name and account number. 链接帐户显示 AWS 订阅。Linked accounts show AWS subscriptions. 若要查看每个订阅费用(每个帐户的明细),请在“组” 下选择你已订阅的类型。To view per subscription costs, a breakdown for each account, under Groups, select the type of subscription that you have.

使用实际成本分析报表可以:Use the Actual Cost Analysis report to:

  • 分析和监视指定时间段内花费的提供商初始成本。Analyze and monitor raw provider costs spent during a specified time frame.
  • 计划阈值警报。Schedule a threshold alert.
  • 分析帐户和实体产生的未经修改的成本。Analyze unmodified costs incurred by your accounts and entities.

时段实际成本报表Actual Cost Over Time report

时段实际成本报表是一份标准的成本分析报表,可根据定义的时间精度显示成本分布。The Actual Cost Over Time report is a standard cost analysis report distributing cost over a defined time resolution. 该报表显示特定一段时间的支出,以便能够观察趋势并检测异常支出。The report displays spending over time to allow you to observe trends and detect spending irregularities. 此报表显示主要成本促成因素,包括选定时间范围内的持续成本,以及一次性支出的预留实例费用。This report shows your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame.

使用时段实际成本报表可以:Use the Actual Cost Over Time report to:

  • 查看一段时间内的成本趋势。See cost trends over time.
  • 发现异常成本。Find irregularities in cost.
  • 发现与云提供商相关的所有成本问题。Find all cost-related questions related to cloud providers.

摊销成本报表Amortized cost reports

这套摊销成本报表显示线性的非基于用量的服务费用或者一次性的应付成本,并已根据服务整个生存期的不同时间段将成本均匀分摊。This set of amortized cost reports shows linearized non-usage based service fees, or one-time payable costs and spread their cost over time evenly during their lifespan. 例如,一次性费用可能包括:For example, one-time fees might include:

  • 年度支持费用Annual support fees
  • 年度安全组件费用Annual security component fees
  • 预留实例购买费用Reserved Instances purchase fees
  • 某些 Azure 市场项目Some Azure Marketplace items

在计费文件中,如果服务耗用开始和结束日期(时间戳)的值相同,则一次性费用将会特征化。In the billing file, one-time fees are characterized when the service consumption start and end dates (timestamp) have equal values. 然后,Cloudyn 服务将它们识别为摊销的一次性费用。The Cloudyn service then recognizes them as one-time fees that are amortized. 存在按需使用成本的基于使用量的其他服务不可摊销。Other consumption-based services with on-demand usage costs are not amortized.

摊销成本报表包括以下内容:Amortized cost reports include:

  • 摊销成本分析Amortized cost analysis
  • 摊销时段成本Amortized cost over time

成本分析报表Cost Analysis report

成本分析报表提供选定时间范围内云消耗量和支出的深入信息。The Cost Analysis report provides insight into your cloud consumption and spending during a selected time frame. 成本分析报表使用 Cost Allocation 360 中设置的策略。The policies set in the Cost Allocation 360 are used in the Cost Analysis report.

Cloudyn 如何计算此报表?How does Cloudyn calculate this report?

Cloudyn 通过应用_帐户关联_,确保分配结果保持每个链接帐户的完整性。Cloudyn ensures that allocation retains the integrity of each linked account by applying account affinity. 关联可确保未使用特定服务的帐户同样不会分配此服务的任何成本。Affinity ensures an account that doesn't use a specific service also doesn't have any costs of this service allocated to it. 该帐户中的应计成本保留在该帐户中,不会由分配策略计算。The costs accrued in that account remain in that account and aren't calculated by the allocation policies. 例如,你可能有五个链接帐户。For example, you might have five linked accounts. 如果其中只有三个使用存储服务,则只会在三个帐户中的标记之间分配存储服务的成本。If only three of them use storage services, then the cost of storage services is only allocated across tags in the three accounts.

使用成本分析报表可以:Use the Cost Analysis report to:

  • 显示特定时间范围内整个部署的聚合视图。Display an aggregated view of your entire deployment for a specific time frame.
  • 根据成本模型中创建的策略,按标记类别查看成本。View costs by tag categories based on policies created in the cost model.

成本历时报告Cost Over Time report

时段成本报表显示一段时间内的支出,以便可以发现趋势,并注意到部署中的异常。The Cost Over Time report displays spending over time so you can spot trends and notice irregularities in your deployment. 它实质上是显示定义时间段内的成本分布。It essentially shows costs distributed over a defined period. 该报表包含主要成本促成因素,包括选定时间范围内的持续成本,以及一次性支出的预留实例费用。The report includes your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame. 此报表使用 Cost Allocation 360 中设置的策略。Policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in this report.

使用时段成本报表可以:Use the Cost Over Time report to:

  • 查看一段时间内的变化,以及在不同的日期(或日期范围)哪些影响因素发生了变化。See changes over time and which influences change from one day (or date range) to the next.
  • 分析特定实例在一段时间内的成本。Analyze costs over time for a specific instance.
  • 了解特定实例的成本为何增长。Understand why there was a cost increase for a specific instance.

自定义费用报表Custom Charges report

企业和 CSP 用户经常发现他们除了向外部或内部客户提供自己的云资源消耗之外,还向这些客户提供附加服务。Enterprise and CSP users often find themselves providing added services to their external or internal customers, in addition to their own cloud resource consumption. 在客户的计费或退款报表中,将添加的针对附加服务定义的费用或折扣定义为自定义明细项目。You define custom charges for added services or discounts that are added to customer's billing or chargeback reports as custom line items.

自定义服务费用反映通常不会显示在账单中的服务。Custom service charges reflect services that aren't normally shown in a bill. 然后,创建的自定义费用会显示在成本报告中。The custom charges that you create are then shown in Cost reports.

自定义费用不是自定义定价。Custom charges aren't custom pricing. 自定义费用的列表不会显示可能要支付的不同费率。The list of custom charges doesn't show the different rates that you may be charging. 例如,AWS 计费费用就显示为支付的费用。For example, AWS billing charges are displayed just as they are charged.

创建自定义费用:To create a custom charge:

  1. 在“自定义费用” 中,单击“添加新的” 。In Custom Charges, click Add New. 显示“添加新的自定义费用” 对话框。The Add New Custom Charge dialog box is displayed.
  2. 在“提供商名称” 中,输入提供商的名称。In Provider Name, enter the name of the provider.
  3. 在“服务名称” 中,输入服务的类型。In Service Name, enter the type of service.
  4. 在“说明” 中,添加自定义费用的说明。In Description, add a description for the custom charge.
  5. 在“类型” 中,输入选择的“百分比” ,然后在“服务”下拉菜单中,选择要作为自定义费用包含在成本报表中的服务。In Type, enter the select Percentage and then in Services dropdown, select the services to include as custom charges in the cost reports.
  6. 在“付款” 中,选择费用是一次性费用还是周期性费用。In Payment, select if the charge is a One-Time Fee or Recurring Fee. 如果费用是周期性费用,并且你希望摊销该费用,请选择“摊销”,并选择月数。If the charge is a Recurring Fee, select Amortized if you want the charge to be amortized and select the number of months.
  7. 在“日期” 中,如果选择了一次性费用,那么,在“生效日期” 中,输入支付费用的日期。In Dates, if a one-time fee is selected, in Effective Date, enter the date the charge is paid. 如果选择了周期性费用,请输入包括费用开始日期和结束日期的日期范围。If Recurring Fee is selected, enter the date range including start date and the end date for the charge.
  8. 在“实体树” 中,选择想要应用该费用的实体,然后选择“启用” 。In the Entities tree, select the entities that you want to apply the charge to and then select On.

将费用分配到某个实体后,用户无法进行更改。 由管理员添加到父实体的费用是只读的。When charges are assigned to an entity, users can't change them. Charges that are added by an administrator to a parent entity are read-only.

查看自定义费用:To view custom charges:

自定义费用显示在成本报表中。Custom charges are shown in Cost reports. 例如,打开实际成本分析报表,然后在“扩展筛选器” 下,选择“独立” 。For example, open the Actual Cost Analysis report, then under Extended Filters, select Standalone. 然后进行筛选以显示“自定义费用” 。Then filter to show Custom Charges.

Cost Allocation 360Cost Allocation 360

使用 Cost Allocation 360 创建自定义成本分摊模型,将成本分配给消耗型云资源。You use Cost Allocation 360 to create custom cost allocation models to assign costs to consumed cloud resources. 许多报表显示来自已使用自定义成本模型创建的自定义成本模型的信息。Many reports show information from custom cost models that you've created with custom cost models. 而且,某些报表仅显示创建包含成本分配的自定义成本模型后的信息。And, some reports only show information after you've created a custom cost model with cost allocation.

有关创建自定义成本模型的详细信息,请参阅教程:使用 Cloudyn 来管理成本For more information about creating custom cost models, see Tutorial: Manage costs by using Cloudyn.

时段成本与预算报表Cost vs. Budget Over Time report

使用时段成本与预算报表,可以比较针对预算的主要成本促成因素。The Cost vs. Budget Over Time report allows you to compare the main cost contributors against your budget. 报表中显示已分配的预算,可以查看随时间推移的(超出/低于/标准)预算使用量。The assigned budget appears in the report so that you can view your (over/under/par) budget consumption over time. 使用报表顶部的“显示/隐藏字段”,可以选择查看成本、预算、累计成本或总预算。Using Show/Hide Fields at the top of the report, you can select to view cost, budget, accumulated cost, and total budget.

本月预测成本报表Current Month Projected Cost report

本月预测成本报表提供对本月至今成本摘要的见解。The Current Month Projected Cost report provides insight into your current month-to-date cost summary. 此报表显示自本月月初的成本、自前一个月的成本以及本月总预测成本。This report displays your costs from the beginning of month, from the previous month, and the total projected cost for the current month. 本月预测成本的计算方法为:每月最新成本与基于过去 30 天内监测成本的预测值之和。The current month projected cost is calculated as sum of the up-to-date monthly cost and a projection based on the cost monitored in the last 30 days.

使用本月预测成本报表可以执行如下操作:Use the Current Month Projected Cost report to:

  • 预测以服务为依据的每月成本Project monthly costs by service
  • 预测以帐户为依据的每月成本Project monthly costs by account

年度预测成本报表Annual Projected Cost report

使用年度预测成本报表,可以查看基于以前的支出趋势的年度预测成本。The Annual Projected Costs report allows you to view annual projected costs based on previous spending trends. 它显示接下来 12 个月的整体预测成本。It shows the next 12 months of overall projected costs. 使用趋势函数对接下来的 12 个月进行推断,根据与过去 30 天的使用情况相关的成本展开预测。The projections are made using a trend function extrapolated over the next 12 months, based on the costs associated with the last 30 days of usage.

预算管理设置Budget Management settings

使用预算管理,可以为会计年度设定一个预算。Budget Management allows you to set a budget for your fiscal year.

向实体添加预算的具体步骤:To add a budget to an entity:

  1. 在“预算管理”页面的“实体” 下,选择要在其中创建预算的实体。On the Budget Management page, under Entities, select the entity where you want to create the budget.
  2. 在预算年度中,选择要创建预算的年度。In the budget year, select the year where you want to create the budget.
  3. 在每个月内,设置你的预算,然后单击“保存” 。In each month, set your budget and then and click Save.

若要导入年度预算文件,请执行以下操作:To import a file for the annual budget:

  1. 选择“操作” 下的“导出” ,以下载用作预算基础的空 CSV 模板。Under Actions, select Export to download an empty CSV template to use as your basis for the budget.
  2. 在 CSV文件中填写预算条目,并将文件保存到本地。Fill in the CSV file with your budget entries and save it locally.
  3. 选择“操作” 下的“导入” 。Under Actions, select Import.
  4. 选择已保存的文件,然后单击“确定” 。Select your saved file and then click OK.

若要将已完成的预算导出为 CSV 文件,请选择“操作” 下的“导出” 来下载文件。To export your completed budget as a CSV file, under Actions, select Export to download the file.

完成后,预算会显示在成本分析报表和时段成本与预算报告中。When completed, your budget is shown in Cost Analysis reports and in the Cost vs. Budget Over Time report. 还可以根据预算阈值安排生成报表。You can also schedule reports based on budget thresholds.

Azure 资源浏览器报表Azure Resource Explorer report

Azure 资源浏览器报表显示在 Cloudyn 中可用的所有 Azure 资源的大容量列表。The Azure Resource Explorer report shows a bulk list of all the Azure resources available in Cloudyn. 若要有效地使用报表,你的 Azure 帐户应启用扩展指标。To effectively use the report, your Azure accounts should have extended metrics enabled. 扩展指标为 Azure 虚拟机提供 Cloudyn 访问权限。Extended metrics provide Cloudyn access to your Azure VMs. 有关详细信息,请参阅为 Azure 虚拟机添加扩展指标.For more information, see Add extended metrics for Azure virtual machines.

时段 Azure 资源报表Azure Resources Over Time report

时段 Azure 资源报表显示特定时间段内运行的所有资源的细分。The Azure Resources Over Time report shows a breakdown of all resources running over a specific period. 若要有效地使用报表,你的 Azure 帐户应启用扩展指标。To effectively use the report, your Azure accounts should have extended metrics enabled. 扩展指标为 Azure 虚拟机提供 Cloudyn 访问权限。Extended metrics provide Cloudyn access to your Azure VMs. 有关详细信息,请参阅为 Azure 虚拟机添加扩展指标.For more information, see Add extended metrics for Azure virtual machines.

实例资源管理器报表Instance Explorer report

实例资源管理器报表用于查看虚拟机资产的各种指标。The Instance Explorer report is used to view various metrics for assets of your virtual machines. 可以深入特定实例,查看以下类似信息:You can drill-into specific instances to view information such as:

  • 实例运行时间间隔Instance running intervals
  • 所选时间段内的生命周期Life cycle in the selected period
  • CPU 使用率CPU utilization
  • 网络输入Network input
  • 输出流量Output traffic
  • 活动磁盘Active disks

实例资源管理器报表收集定义的日期范围内所有正在运行的时间间隔,并相应地聚合数据。The Instance Explorer report collects all running intervals within the defined date range and aggregates data accordingly. 若要查看日期范围内每个正在运行的时间间隔,请展开该实例。To view each of the running intervals during the date range, expand the instance. 根据 AWS 和 Azure 列表定价对选定日期范围计算每个实例的成本。The cost of each instance is calculated for the date range selected based on AWS and Azure list prices. 不应用任何折扣。No discounts are applied. 可以使用“显示/隐藏字段”将其他字段添加到报表。You can add additional fields to the report using Show/Hide Fields.

使用实例资源管理器报表可以执行以下操作:Use Instance Explorer report to:

  • 计算每个计算机的预计成本。Calculate the estimated cost per machine.
  • 创建一个完整列表,其中包含在某个时间范围内处于活动状态的所有计算机的聚合的正在运行小时数。Create a full list, including aggregated running hours, of all machines that were active during a time range.
  • 基于云服务提供商或帐户创建列表。Create a list by cloud service provider or account.
  • 查看在一个时间范围内已创建或已终止的计算机。View machines created or terminated during a time range.
  • 查看当前已停止的所有计算机。View all currently stopped machines.
  • 查看每台计算机的标记。View the tags of each machine.

时段实例报表Instances Over Time report

使用时段实例报表,可以看到每个选定的时间范围内处于活动状态的计算机的最大数目。Using the Instances Over Time report, you can see the maximum number of machines that were active each during the selected time range. 如果定义的精度是按周或月,结果将是在该月内任何给定日处于活动状态的计算机的最大数目。If the defined resolution is by week or month, results are the maximum number of machines active on any given day during that month. 选择一个日期范围,以便选择想要在报表中显示的筛选器。Select a date range to select the filters that you want displayed in the report.

时段实例利用率报表Instance Utilization Over Time report

此报表显示所有实例随时间推移的 CPU 或内存使用的细分。This report shows a breakdown of CPU or memory use over time for all your instances.

时段计算能力成本报表Compute Power Cost Over Time report

时段计算能力成本报表提供指定日期范围内的计算能力细分。The Compute Power Over Time report provides a breakdown of compute power over a specified date range. 尽管其他报表显示正在运行的计算机数目或运行小时数,但此报表显示核心小时数、计算单位小时数或 GB RAM 小时数。Although other reports show the number of running machines or the runtime hours, this report shows Core hours, Compute unit hours, or GB RAM hours.

使用此报表可以执行以下操作:Use the report to:

  • 查看指定日期范围内的计算能力。Check compute power within a specified date range.
  • 查看基于成本分摊模型的计算次数。View compute times based on cost allocation models.

此报表链接到你的 Cost Allocation 360 策略,因此,根据定义的标记和你选择作为成本策略的策略显示结果。This report is linked to your Cost Allocation 360 policies so results are shown based on the defined tagging and policies your selected cost policy. 如果未创建策略,则不会显示结果。When you don't have a policy created, then results aren't shown.

时段计算能力平均成本报表Compute Power Average Cost Over Time report

使用时段计算能力平均成本报表,除了可以查看每个正在运行的计算机的成本之外,还可以查看许多其他信息。You use the Compute Power Average Cost Over Time report to view more than just the cost of each running machine. 此报表显示每个实例小时、核心小时、计算单位小时和 GB RAM 小时的平均成本。The report shows your average cost per instance hour, core hour, compute unit hour, and GB RAM hour. 报表提供了对你的部署效率的深入见解。The report provides insight into the efficiency of your deployment.

此报表链接到你的 Cost Allocation 360 策略,因此,根据定义的标记和你选择作为成本策略的策略显示结果。This report is linked to your Cost Allocation 360 policies so results are displayed based on the defined tagging and policies your selected cost policy. 如果未创建策略,则不会显示结果。When you don't have a policy created, then results aren't shown.

时段 S3 成本报表S3 Cost Over Time report

时段 S3 成本报表提供指定时间范围内随时间推移的每个存储桶的 Amazon 简单存储服务 (S3) 成本的细分。The S3 Cost Over Time report provides a breakdown of Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) costs per bucket over time for a specified time frame. 此报表可帮助找到作为主要成本驱动程序的存储桶,并且显示了 S3 使用情况和支出的趋势。The report helps you find the buckets that are your main cost drivers and it shows you trends in your S3 usage and spending.

S3 成本分配报表S3 Distribution of Cost report

使用此报表,可以根据存储桶和存储类分析过去一个月的 S3 成本。Use the report to analyze your S3 cost for the last month by bucket and storage class. 可以使用饼图视图设置可见性阈值。You can use the pie chart view to set the visibility threshold. 或者,可以使用表视图查看小计。Or, you can use the table view to see subtotals.

S3 存储桶属性报表S3 Bucket Properties report

使用报表查看 S3 存储桶属性。Use the report to view S3 bucket properties. 可以使用饼图视图设置可见性阈值。You can use the pie chart view to set the visibility threshold. 或者,可以使用表视图查看小计。Or, you can use the table view to see subtotals.

时段 RDS 实例报表RDS Instances Over Time report

使用此报表可以查看在指定时段内运行的所有 Amazon 关系数据库服务 (RDS) 实例的细分。Use the report to view a breakdown of all Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) instances running during the specified period.

RDS 活动实例报表RDS Active Instances report

使用此报表可以分析 RDS 活动实例。Use the report to analyze RDS active instances. 在报表中,展开明细项目可以查看更多信息。In the report, expand the line item to view additional information.

Azure 预留实例报表Azure Reserved Instances report

Azure 预留实例报表提供所有 Azure 预留实例的单一视图。The Azure Reserved Instances report provides you with a single view of all your Azure reserved instances. 此报告将每次购买显示为其自己的明细项目。This report displays each purchase as is its own line item. 另外,此报表还显示有关该购买的详细信息,如用于购买的帐户、购买类型和实例类型、剩余天数等。The report also shows details about that purchase such as the account that purchased it, the type of purchase and instance type, days remaining and so on. 可以使用“显示/隐藏字段”显示或隐藏报表数据。You can show or hide report data using Show/Hide Fields.

使用 Azure 预留实例报表可以查看以下内容:Use the Azure Reserved Instances report to view:

  • 基于购买日期的所有预留项的列表。A list of all reservations by purchase date.
  • RI 过期前的剩余时间。Time remaining until the RI expires.
  • 一次性收费。One-time fees.
  • 购买了 RI 的帐户和购买时间。The account that purchased RIs, and when.

AWS 预留实例报表AWS Reserved Instances report

AWS 预留实例报表提供所有 AWS 预留实例的单一视图。The AWS Reserved Instances report provides you with a single view of all AWS reserved instances. 另外,此报表还将每个购买显示为其自己的明细项目,以及显示有关该购买的详细信息,如用于购买的帐户、购买类型和实例类型、剩余天数等。This report displays each purchase is its own line item and details about that purchase such as the account that purchased it, the type of purchase and instance type, days remaining and so on. 可以使用“显示/隐藏字段”显示或隐藏报表数据。You can show or hide report data using Show/Hide Fields.

使用 AWS 预留实例报表可以查看以下内容:Use the AWS Reserved Instances report to view:

  • 基于购买日期的所有预留项的列表。A list of all reservations by purchase date.
  • RI 过期前的剩余时间。Time remaining until the RI expires.
  • 一次性收费。One-time fees.
  • 原始购买 ID(预留 ID)。Original purchase ID (reservation ID).
  • 购买了 RI 的帐户和购买时间。The account that purchased RIs and when.

EC2 RI 购买建议报表EC2 RI Buying Recommendations report

云资源使用情况的基础是按需模型,其中资源只有在使用时才会产生费用。The foundation of cloud resource consumption is the on-demand model, where resources incur cost only when used. 无前期承诺使用量,使用时只需为所使用的内容付费。There are no up-front commitments — you pay only for what you use, when you use it.

AWS 提供针对其弹性计算云 (EC2) 服务的替代定价模型:预留实例 (RI)。AWS offers an alternative pricing model for its Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) services — the reserved instance (RI). 在 RI 持续时间内,只要用户需要,此定价模型就能为用户提供容量保证。This pricing model guarantees users the capacity whenever they need it for the duration of the RI. RI 针对按需定价提供重大价格折扣。The RI offers significant price discounts over on-demand pricing. 作为回报,用户针对虚拟实例的使用做出前期使用量承诺。In return, users make an upfront commitment for the use of a virtual instance. 承诺使用量与承诺期内(一年或三年)特定系列、大小、可用性区域 (AZ) 和操作系统相关。The commitment is bound to a specific family, size, availability zone (AZ), and operating system, over the period of commitment (one or three years). RI 允许 AWS 有效地规划未来的容量,以及获得客户使用其服务的承诺。The RI allows AWS to efficiently plan future capacity, as well as to gain customer commitment to using its services.

RI 的三种支付方式都是全部预付:Three payment options for RIs, which are all-upfront:

  • 在第 0 天大批量总计,提供最高折扣Bulk sum at day 0, offering the highest discount
  • 无预付:RI 成本在 RI 持续时间内以每月分期付款方式支付,提供最低折扣No upfront - in which the cost of RI is paid in monthly installments over the duration of the RI, offering the lowest discount
  • 部分预付,价格的 ¼ - ½ 预先支付,剩余部分每月分期付款,折扣率较低,但接近全部预付的折扣率Partial upfront, in which ¼ - ½ of the price is paid up front, and the rest in monthly installments, with a discount rate that is lower, but close, to the all-upfront rate

Cloudyn 评估最近 30 天内每台计算机的正常运行时间。Cloudyn evaluates the uptime of each machine for the last 30 days. 如果在当前正常运行时间级别使用 RI 运行计算机更加经济高效,那么 Cloudyn 建议购买 RI。Cloudyn recommends buying RIs when it is more cost-effective to run the machine with an RI at the current uptime level.

此报表显示其建议可以节约一年内的大部分成本的理由。The report shows the justification for its recommendations to save the most money over the year. 建议会推荐使用 RI 替换按需实例。The recommendations suggest replacing on-demand instances with RIs. 用户可以直接从报表购买 RI。You can purchase RIs directly from the report.

每个选项卡作为一个完整的报表打开。Each tab opens as a full report. 选项卡中值得注意的部分包括:Notable sections in tabs include:

  • EC2 RI 购买影响:本部分提供了按需实例与预留实例之间的差异模拟。EC2 RI Purchase Impact - This section provides a simulation of the difference between on-demand vs reserved instances. 单击“放大” 可以使用已定义到建议的筛选器查看完整的 EC2 RI 购买影响报表。Click Zoom in, to see the full EC2 RI Purchase Impact report with the filters already defined to your recommendation. 此报表显示 RI 购买所有可能的购买影响。This report shows the purchase impact of all potential RI purchases. 可以调整预期平均运行时间,以查看购买 EC2 预留实例时可能节约的成本。You can adjust the expected average uptime to see the potential saving when you purchase EC2 Reserved Instances.

  • 节约分析 - 本部分提供在遵循 Cloudyn 建议时可能节约的成本以及可以反映节约的月份。Saving Analysis - This section provides the potential savings achieved and the month the savings are actualized when following Cloudyn recommendations. 实际节约金额和节约的百分比以红色突出显示。The actual savings and the percent saved are highlighted in red.

  • EC2 RI 类型比较 - 本部分强调 Cloudyn 建议部署的投资回报率亮点,包括所有相关选项。EC2 RI Type Comparison - This section emphasizes the ROI highlights of Cloudyn's recommended deployment, including all relevant options. 此报表中的结果假定计算机正在以 100% 的正常运行时间运行。The results in this report assume that the machine is running at 100% uptime. 单击“放大” 可以打开详细的报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 时段实例:此部分显示与建议关联的所有实例的细分:按需实例、预留实例和竞价实例。Instances Over Time - This section displays a breakdown of all instances associated with the recommendation, OnDemand, Reserved Instances, and Spot. 单击“放大” 可以打开详细的报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 损益均衡点:此部分显示包含所有可能的建议部署、投资回报率和投资回报率发生时的月份的一个表格。Breakeven Points - This section displays a table of all the possible recommended deployments and the ROI and the month when the ROI occurs. 单击“放大” 可以打开详细的报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

EC2 时段预留报表EC2 Reservations Over Time report

EC2 时段预留报表跟踪已购买 EC2 RI 的使用情况状态。The EC2 Reservations Over Time report tracks the status of your usage of your purchased EC2 RIs. 可以将报表的精度设置为小时、天或周。You can set the resolution of the report to hour, day, or week.

使用此报表可以执行以下操作:Use the report to:

  • 显示购买的(使用和不使用的)预留项。Display reservations purchased that are used and not used.
  • 将精度细化到小时以查看每小时的 RI 使用情况。Drill in to the resolution by hour to see RI usage per hour.

时段节约报表Savings Over Time report

使用时段节约报表,可以查看使用预留实例和竞价实例实现的节约情况。Use the Savings Over Time report to view the savings achieved using reserved instances as well as spot instances. 此报表显示通过 RI 购买实现的时段投资回报率。The report shows the ROI achieved over time resulting from RI purchases.

若要查看 RI 成本节约,将结果按价格模型 进行分组,然后选择“预留” 。To view savings from RIs, group the results by Price Model and select Reservation. 若要查看通过特定帐户或实例类型实现的 RI 成本节约,将相关分组和筛选器添加到帐户或实例类型。To view RI savings achieved by a specific account or instance type, add the relevant grouping and filter to the account or instance type.

若要查看通过使用竞价实例实现的成本节约,请将“价格模型” 筛选为“竞价” 。To see savings from Spot instance use, filter the Price Model to Spot. 此报表的默认筛选器是 RI 和竞价实例。The default filter for this report is RI and Spot Instances.

RDS RI 购买建议报表RDS RI Buying Recommendations report

RDS RI 购买建议报表会建议何时使用 RDS RI(而不使用按需实例)。RDS RI Buying Recommendations report recommends when to use RDS RIs instead of on-demand instances.

每个选项卡作为一个完整的报表打开。Each tab opens as a full report. 选项卡中值得注意的部分包括:Notable sections in tabs include:

  • RDS RI 购买影响:本部分提供了按需实例与预留实例之间的差异模拟。RDS RI Purchase Impact - This section provides a simulation of the difference between on demand vs reserved instances. 单击“放大” 可以使用已定义到建议的筛选器查看完整的 RDS RI 购买影响报表。Click Zoom in to see the full RDS RI Purchase Impact report with the filters already defined to your recommendation. 使用此报表,可以查看 RI 购买所有可能的购买影响。This report allows you to see the purchase impact of all potential RI purchases. 可以调整预期的平均运行时间,并查看通过购买 RI 可能实现的成本节约。You can adjust the expected average uptime and see the potential saving by purchasing RIs.

  • 节约分析 – 本部分提供在遵循 Cloudyn 建议时可能节约的成本以及可以反映节约的月份。Saving Analysis – This section provides the potential savings achieved and the month the savings are actualized when following Cloudyn recommendations. 实际节约金额和节约的百分比以红色突出显示。The actual savings and the percent saved are highlighted in red.

  • RDS RI 类型比较:本部分强调建议部署的投资回报率亮点,包括所有相关选项。RDS RI Type Comparison - This section emphasizes the ROI highlights of the recommended deployment, including all relevant options. 此报表中的结果假定计算机正在以 100% 的正常运行时间运行。The results in this report assume that the machine is running at 100% uptime. 单击“放大” 可以打开选定计算机的详细报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report for the selected machine.

  • 时段实例:此部分显示与建议关联的所有实例的细分:按需实例、预留实例和竞价实例。Instances Over Time – This section displays a breakdown of all instances associated with the recommendation, OnDemand, Reserved Instances, and Spot. 单击“放大” 可以打开详细的报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 损益均衡点:此部分显示包含所有可能的建议部署、投资回报率和投资回报率发生时的月份的一个表格。Breakeven Points – This section displays a table of all the possible recommended deployments and the ROI and the month when the ROI occurs. 单击“放大” 可以打开详细的报表。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

RDS 时段预留报表RDS Reservations Over Time report

使用 RDS 时段预留报表,可以在指定时段内查看已使用和未使用预留的细分。Use the RDS Reservation Over Time report to view a breakdown of both your used and unused reservations during the specified period.

预留实例购买影响报表Reserved Instance Purchase Impact report

使用 EC2 RI 购买影响报表,可以模拟随时间的推移的预留实例成本与按需成本。The EC2 RI Purchase Impact report allows you to simulate reserved instance cost versus on-demand cost over time. 它可以帮助你做出更好的购买决策。It can help you make better purchasing decisions. 调整筛选器,例如平均运行时间、术语、平台和其他信息,以在考虑 RI 购买时做出明智的决策。Adjust the filters such as average runtime, term, platform, and others to make informed decisions when you consider RI purchases.

经济高效的大小调整建议报表Cost-Effective Sizing Recommendations report

经济高效的大小调整建议报表提供 AWS 和 Azure 的结果。The Cost-Effective Sizing Recommendations report provides results for AWS and Azure. 对于 AWS 用户,将 RI 购买纳入考虑范围,结果不包含作为 RI 运行的计算机。For AWS users, your RI purchases are taken into consideration and the results don't include machines running as RI's. 此报表提供了一列未充分利用的实例,它们是候选的缩小对象。This report provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. 建议的依据是过去 30 天的使用情况和性能数据。Recommendations are based on your usage and performance data from the last 30 days. 每一项建议中包含一列候选的缩小对象、缩小的理由,以及可查看实例详细信息和性能指标的一个链接。In each recommendation is a list of candidates to downsize, the justification to downsize, and a link to view complete details and performance metrics of the instance. 以及相关建议何时建议更改为更新的生成实例类型。And when relevant recommendations advise changing to newer generation instance types.

无法下载建议从此报表缩小的实例 ID 列表。You can't download the list of instance IDs that are recommended to downsize from this report. 若要下载实例 ID,请使用所有大小调整建议报表。To download Instance IDs, use the All Sizing Recommendations report.

请考虑以下缩小示例:Consider the following downsizing example:

你具有六个 m3.xlarge 正在运行的实例。You have six m3.xlarge running instances. Cloudyn 分析显示其中五个具有较低的 CPU 使用率。Cloudyn analysis shows that five of them have low CPU utilization. 请考虑缩减它们的大小。Consider downsizing them.

在“成本影响”中会计算成本影响。In Cost Impact, the cost impact is calculated. 在本例中,通过展开明细项目,可以看到一个 m3.xlarge 实例 (Linux/Unix) 当前花费 0.266 美元/小时,一个 m3.large 实例 (Linux/Unix) 当前花费 0.133 美元/小时。In this example, by expanding the line item, you can see the current price for one m3.xlarge instance (Linux/Unix) costs $0.266 per hour and one m3.large instance (Linux/Unix) costs $0.133 per hour. 因此,以 100% 使用率运行的五个 m3.xlarge 实例年度花费为 11,651 美元。So, the annual cost is $11,651 for five m3.xlarge instances running at 100% utilization. 以 100% 使用率运行的五个 m3.large 实例年度花费为 5,825 美元。The annual cost is $5,825 for five m3.large instances running at 100% utilization. 可能节约的金额为 5,825 美元。The potential savings are $5,825.

若要查看经济高效的调整大小理由,请单击“+”展开明细项目。To view cost-effective sizing justifications, click + to expand the line item. 在“详细信息” 中:In Details:

  • “建议理由” 部分显示当前部署以及建议缩小的实例数。The Recommendation Justification section displays the current deployment and the number of instances recommended to downsize.
  • “成本影响” 部分显示用于确定可能的成本节约的计算结果。The Cost Impact section displays the calculation used to determine potential savings.
  • “每年可能节约的成本” 部分显示在按 Cloudyn 的建议缩小规模后每年可能实现的节约金额。The Potential Annual Savings section displays the potential annual savings when downsizing per Cloudyn's recommendation.

所有大小调整建议报表All Sizing Recommendations report

此报表提供了一列未充分利用的实例,它们是候选的缩小对象。This report provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. 建议的依据是过去 30 天的使用情况和性能数据。The recommendations are based on your usage and performance data from the last 30 days. 在每一项建议中,可以查看完整的详细信息和实例的性能指标。In each recommendation, you can view complete details and performance metrics of the instance.

如果已购买 AWS 预留实例,那么此报表包含所有正在运行的实例(包括作为 RI 运行的实例)结果。If you've purchased AWS reserved instances, this report contains results for all running instances, including instances running as RIs.

使用所有大小调整建议报表可以执行以下操作:Use the All Sizing Recommendations report to:

  • 查看候选的缩小对象的所有实例列表。See a list of all your instances that are candidates to downsize.
  • 导出包含实例名称和 ID 的报表列表。Export a report list containing Instance Names and IDs.

若要查看特定实例的建议详细信息,请单击“+” 展开详细信息。To view recommendation details for a specific Instance, click + to expand the details. “建议详细信息”部分提供了建议的概述。The Recommendation Details section provides an overview of the recommendation.

“标记” 部分提供所选实例的标记键和值的列表。The Tags section provides the list of the tag keys and values for the selected instance. 在左侧窗格中使用“标记”可筛选出该部分。Use Tags in the left pane to filter the section.

“CPU 使用率” 部分提供最近一个月内实例的 CPU 利用率(以天为单位)。The CPU Utilization section provides the CPU utilization for the instance over the last month, by day.

单击图表向下钻取,打开时段实例 CPU 报表以查看实例细分。Click the graph to drill down and open the Instance CPU Over Time Report to see a breakdown of the instances.

  • 使用“显示/隐藏字段”添加或删除字段 :时间戳、平均 CPU、最小 CPU、最大 CPU。Use Show/Hide Fields to add or remove fields: Timestamp, Avg CPU, Min CPU, Max CPU.
  • 使用“日期范围” 输入日期或日期范围,并深入探查特定的实例 ID。Use Date Range to enter a date or date range and drill into a specific InstanceID.
  • 使用“扩展筛选器” 显示所有或特定的实例 IDUse Extended Filters to show all or a specific Instance ID
  • 单击“放大” 打开 CPU 使用率报告Click Zoom in to open the CPU Utilization Report

如果实例未监视天数达 30 天,会显示不完整的数据。If the instance hasn't been monitored for 30 days, incomplete data is shown.

“内存使用率(GB)” 部分提供了有关已使用内存的信息。The Memory Utilization (GB) section provides information about the memory utilized. 对于 AWS 用户,内存指标不会自动提供,需要通过 AWS 为每个实例进行添加。For AWS users, memory metrics are not automatically available and need to be added per instance through AWS. AWS 将收取用于启用 EC2 实例内存指标的费用。AWS charges you to enable memory metrics for EC2 instances.

“内存使用率(%)” 部分显示已用内存的百分比。The Memory Utilization (%) section displays the percent of memory used.

“网络输入流量” 部分显示所选实例的网络流量、平均值和最大值随时间推移的快照。The Network Input Traffic section displays a snapshot over time of the network traffic, average, and maximum, for the selected instance. 将鼠标悬停在各行上,查看该时间的日期和最大流量。Hover over the lines to see the date and maximum traffic for that time. 单击“放大” ,打开网络输入流量报表。Click Zoom In to open the Network Input Traffic Report.

“网络输出流量” 部分显示所选实例的网络输出流量的快照。The Network Output Traffic section displays a snapshot of the network output traffic for the selected instance. 将鼠标悬停在各行上,查看该时间的日期和最大流量。Hover over the lines to see the date and maximum traffic for that time. 单击“放大” ,打开网络输出流量报表。Click Zoom In to open the Network Output Traffic report.

实例指标资源管理器报表Instance Metrics Explorer report

实例指标资源管理器报表显示每个实例的跨云性能指标。The Instance Metrics Explorer report shows cross-cloud performance metrics per instance. 使用报表,基于 CPU、内存和网络指标阈值来查看过度利用或未充分利用的实例。Use the report to view instances that are over or under-utilized based on CPU, memory, and network metric thresholds.

若要查看每个实例的跨云性能,请执行以下操作:To view cross-cloud performance per instance:

  1. 在“日期范围” 中,选择要查看性能的日期范围。In Date Range, select a date range for which you want to view performance.
  2. 在“标记” 中,选择要查看的任何标记。In Tags, select any tags that you want to view.
  3. 在“筛选器” 中,选择要显示在报表中的筛选器。In Filters, select the filters you want to display in the report.
  4. 在“扩展筛选器” 中,调整以下对象的报表阈值:In Extended Filters, adjust the report thresholds for:
    • 平均 CPUAvg CPU
    • 最大 CPUMax CPU
    • 平均内存Avg Memory
    • 最大内存Max Memory
  5. 在“扩展筛选器” 中,单击“显示” ,然后选择要显示的实例类型。In Extended Filters, click Show and then select the type of instances to display.

若要随时间推移的特定实例指标,请执行以下操作:To view a specific instance's metrics over time:

  • 转到实例指标资源管理器报表,然后单击“+” 查看详细信息。Go to the Instance Metrics Explorer report and click + to view details.

RDS 大小调整建议报表RDS Sizing Recommendations report

RDS 大小调整建议报表提供了 RDS 大小调整建议来优化云使用情况。The RDS Sizing Recommendations report provides RDS sizing recommendations to optimize your cloud usage. 它提供了一列未充分利用的实例,它们是候选的缩小对象。It provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. Cloudyn 建议的依据是过去 30 天的使用情况和性能数据。Cloudyn recommendations are based on the usage and performance data of the last 30 days. 可以按帐户名称、区域、实例类型和状态筛选建议。You can filter recommendations by Account Name, Region, Instance Type, and Status.

调整大小阈值管理器报表Sizing Threshold Manager report

Cloudyn 内置的大小调整建议特性使用一种复杂算法进行计算,提供准确的大小调整建议。Cloudyn's built-in sizing recommendations are calculated using a complex algorithm to provide accurate sizing suggestions. 可以调整缩小建议的阈值。You can adjust the thresholds for downsizing recommendations.

若要手动调整阈值大小调整建议,请执行以下操作:To manually adjust threshold sizing recommendations:

  1. 在“调整大小阈值管理器”中,视需要调整以下阈值:In Sizing Threshold Manager, adjust the following thresholds as you like:
    • 平均 CPU 百分比Average CPU %
    • 最大 CPU 百分比Maximum CPU %
    • 平均内存百分比Average Memory %
    • 最大内存百分比Maximum Memory %
  2. 单击“应用” 保存所做的更改。Click Apply to save changes.
  3. 更改立即应用于所有建议。Changes apply immediately to all your recommendations.

若要还原默认阈值,请执行以下操作:To restore default thresholds:

  • 在“调整大小阈值管理器”中,单击“还原默认设置” 。In Sizing Threshold Manager, click Restore Defaults.

计算实例类型报表Compute Instance Types report

使用实例类型报表可以执行以下操作:Use the Instance Types report to:

  • 查看按服务、系列、API 名称和名称列出的实例类型。View instance types by Service, Family, API Name, and Name.
  • 查看详细信息,例如 CPU、ECU,RAM 和网络。View details such as CPU, ECU, RAM, and Network.

可以使用“搜索” 来查找特定明细项目。You can use Search to find specific line items.

后续步骤Next steps