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什么是 Azure Data Box 磁盘?What is Azure Data Box Disk?

使用 Microsoft Azure Data Box 磁盘解决方案可以通过快速、经济、可靠的方式将 TB 量级的本地数据发送到 Azure。The Microsoft Azure Data Box Disk solution lets you send terabytes of on-premises data to Azure in a quick, inexpensive, and reliable way. Microsoft 会向你寄送 1 到 5 块固态硬盘 (SSD),帮助加速安全数据传输。The secure data transfer is accelerated by shipping you 1 to 5 solid-state disks (SSDs). 这些加密的 8 TB 磁盘将通过区域运营商寄送到你的数据中心。These 8-TB encrypted disks are sent to your datacenter through a regional carrier.

可以通过 Azure 门户中的 Data Box 服务快速配置、连接和解锁这些磁盘。You can quickly configure, connect, and unlock the disks through the Data Box service in Azure portal. 将数据复制到磁盘,然后将磁盘寄回到 Azure。Copy your data to disks and ship the disks back to Azure. 在 Azure 数据中心,将会通过高速专用上传链路,将数据自动从驱动器上传到云中。In the Azure datacenter, your data is automatically uploaded from drives to the cloud using a fast, private network upload link.

用例Use cases

在无网络连接或者连接受限的情况下,使用 Data Box 磁盘传输 TB 量级的数据。Use Data Box Disk to transfer TBs of data in scenarios with no to limited network connectivity. 数据移动的方式可以是一次性的、定期的,或者先执行批量数据传输,再定期传输。The data movement can be one-time, periodic, or an initial bulk data transfer followed by periodic transfers.

  • 一次性迁移 - 需要将大量本地数据移到 Azure 时。One time migration - when large amount of on-premises data is moved to Azure. 例如,将离线磁带中的数据移到 Azure 冷存储中的存档数据。For example, moving data from offline tapes to archival data in Azure cool storage.
  • 增量传输 - 需要先使用 Data Box 磁盘(种子)执行初始批量传输,然后通过网络执行增量传输时。Incremental transfer - when an initial bulk transfer is done using Data Box Disk (seed) followed by incremental transfers over the network. 例如,使用 Commvault 和 Data Box 磁盘将备份副本移到 Azure。For example, Commvault and Data Box Disk are used to move backup copies to Azure. 完成此迁移后,使用网络将增量数据复制到 Azure 存储。This migration is followed by copying incremental data using network to Azure Storage.
  • 定期上传 - 定期生成大量数据,并需要将这些数据移到 Azure 时。Periodic uploads - when large amount of data is generated periodically and needs to be moved to Azure. 例如,能源勘探领域生成有关钻井平台和风力发电农场的视频内容。For example in energy exploration, where video content is generated on oil rigs and windmill farms.

从 Data Box 引入数据Ingestion of data from Data Box

Azure 提供程序和非 Azure 提供程序均可以从 Azure Data Box 引入数据。Azure providers and non-Azure providers can ingest data from Azure Data Box. 提供 Azure Data Box 数据引入功能的 Azure 服务包括:The Azure services that provide data ingestion from Azure Data Box include:

  • SharePoint Online - 使用 Azure Data Box 和 SharePoint 迁移工具 (SPMT) 将文件共享内容迁移到 SharePoint Online。SharePoint Online - use Azure Data Box and the SharePoint Migration Tool (SPMT) to migrate your file share content to SharePoint Online. 使用 Data Box,可以删除用于传输数据的 WAN 链接上依赖项。Using Data Box, you remove the dependency on your WAN link to transfer the data. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Azure Data Box Heavy 将文件共享内容迁移到 SharePoint OnlineFor more information, see Use the Azure Data Box Heavy to migrate your file share content to SharePoint Online.

  • Azure 文件同步 - 将文件从 Data Box 复制到 Azure 文件共享,这使你能够将文件服务汇聚到 Azure 中,同时又能保持对数据的本地访问权限。Azure File Sync - replicates files from your Data Box to an Azure file share, enabling you to centralize your file services in Azure while maintaining local access to your data. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署 Azure 文件同步For more information, see Deploy Azure File Sync.

  • HDFS 存储 - 使用 Data Box 将数据从 Hadoop 群集的本地 Hadoop 分布式文件系统 (HDFS) 存储迁移到 Azure 存储中。HDFS stores - migrate data from an on-premises Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) store of your Hadoop cluster into Azure Storage using Data Box. 有关详细信息,请参阅使用 Azure Data Box 从本地 HDFS 存储迁移到 Azure 存储For more information, see Migrate from on-prem HDFS store to Azure Storage with Azure Data Box.

  • Azure 备份 - 使你能够通过脱机机制将关键企业数据的大型备份移动到 Azure 恢复服务保管库。Azure Backup - allows you to move large backups of critical enterprise data through offline mechanisms to an Azure Recovery Services Vault. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure 备份概述For more information, see Azure Backup overview.

可以将 Data Box 数据与多个非 Azure 服务提供程序协同使用。You can use your Data Box data with many non-Azure service providers. 例如:For instance:

  • Commvault - 允许你使用 Azure Data Box 将大量数据迁移到 Microsoft Azure。Commvault - allows you to migrate large volumes of data to Microsoft Azure using the Azure Data Box.
  • Veeam - 使你能够将大量数据从 Hyper-V 计算机备份及复制到 Data Box。Veeam - allows you to backup and replicated large amounts of data from your Hyper-V machine to your Data Box.

有关与 Data Box 集成的其他非 Azure 服务提供程序的列表,请参阅 Azure Data Box 合作伙伴For a list of other non-Azure service providers that integrate with Data Box, see Azure Data Box Partners.

工作流The workflow

典型的流包括以下步骤:A typical flow includes the following steps:

  1. 订购 - 在 Azure 门户中创建订单,提供发货信息和数据的目标 Azure 存储帐户。Order - Create an order in the Azure portal, provide shipping information, and the destination Azure Storage account for your data. 如果磁盘有货,则 Azure 会加密、准备、寄送磁盘并随附发货跟踪 ID。If disks are available, Azure encrypts, prepares, and ships the disks with a shipment tracking ID.

  2. 接收 - 收到磁盘后,打开包装并将磁盘连接到要复制数据的计算机。Receive - Once the disks are delivered, unpack, and connect the disks to the computer that has the data to be copied. 解锁磁盘。Unlock the disks.

  3. 复制数据 - 通过拖放操作复制磁盘上的数据。Copy data - Drag and drop to copy the data on the disks.

  4. 退回 - 准备好磁盘并寄回到 Azure 数据中心。Return - Prepare and ship the disks back to Azure datacenter.

  5. 上传 - 将磁盘中的数据自动复制到 Azure。Upload - Data is automatically copied from the disks to Azure. 根据美国国家标准和技术协会 (NIST) 的准则安全擦除磁盘数据。The disks are securely erased as per the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) guidelines.

在整个过程中,你会收到有关所有状态更改的电子邮件通知。Throughout this process, you are notified through email on all status changes. 有关详细流的详细信息,请参阅在 Azure 门户中部署 Data Box 磁盘For more information about the detailed flow, go to Deploy Data Box Disks in Azure portal.


Data Box 磁盘旨在将大量数据移到 Azure,且不影响网络。Data Box Disk is designed to move large amounts of data to Azure with no impact to network. 该解决方案具有以下优点:The solution has the following benefits:

  • 速度 - Data Box 磁盘使用 USB 3.0 连接,在不到一周内将最多 35 TB 数据移到 Azure。Speed - Data Box Disk uses a USB 3.0 connection to move up to 35 TB of data into Azure in less than a week.

  • 易用 - Data Box 是一种简单易用的解决方案。Easy to use - Data Box is an easy to use solution.

    • 磁盘使用 USB 连接,几乎不需要任何设置。The disks use USB connectivity with almost no setup time.
    • 磁盘的外形规格较小,使之易于操控。The disks have a small form factor that makes them easy to handle.
    • 磁盘没有外部电源要求。The disks have no external power requirements.
    • 可以在数据中心服务器、台式机或便携式计算机上使用这些磁盘。The disks can be used with a datacenter server, desktop, or a laptop.
    • 该解决方案使用 Azure 门户提供端到端的跟踪。The solution provides end-to-end tracking using the Azure portal.
  • 安全 - Data Box 磁盘为磁盘、数据和服务提供内置安全保护。Secure - Data Box Disk has built-in security protections for the disks, data, and the service.

    • 磁盘可防篡改,支持安全更新功能。The disks are tamper-resistant and support secure update capability.
    • 磁盘上的数据始终受到 AES 128 位加密的保护。The data on the disks is secured with an AES 128-bit encryption at all times.
    • 只能使用 Azure 门户中提供的密钥解锁磁盘。The disks can only be unlocked with a key provided in the Azure portal.
    • 服务受 Azure 安全功能的保护。The service is protected by the Azure security features.
    • 将数据上传到 Azure 后,会根据 NIST 800-88r1 标准完全擦除磁盘数据。Once your data is uploaded to Azure, the disks are wiped clean, in accordance with NIST 800-88r1 standards.

有关详细信息,请参阅 Azure Data Box 磁盘安全性和数据保护For more information, go to Azure Data Box Disk security and data protection.

功能和规格Features and specifications

规范Specifications 说明Description
重量Weight < 0.9 千克< 2 lbs. /盒。per box. 每盒最多 5 块磁盘Up to 5 disks in the box
维度Dimensions 磁盘 - 2.5 英寸 SSDDisk - 2.5" SSD
电缆Cables 每块磁盘配 1 根 USB 3.1 连接线1 USB 3.1 cable per disk
每笔订单的存储容量Storage capacity per order 40 TB(可用容量大约为 35 TB)40 TB (usable ~ 35 TB)
磁盘存储容量Disk storage capacity 8 TB(可用容量大约为 7 TB)8 TB (usable ~ 7 TB)
数据接口Data interface USBUSB
安全性Security 使用 BitLocker 和安全更新预先加密Pre-encrypted using BitLocker and secure update
通过支持密钥保护的磁盘Passkey protected disks
数据始终加密Data encrypted at all times
数据传输率Data transfer rate 最高 430 MBps,具体取决于文件大小up to 430 MBps depending on the file size
管理Management Azure 门户Azure portal

上市区域Region availability

有关适用地区的信息,请转到 Azure 可用产品(按区域)For information on region availability, go to Azure products available by region. Data Box Disk 也可以部署在 Azure 政府云中。Data Box Disk can also be deployed in the Azure Government Cloud. 有关详细信息,请参阅什么是 Azure 政府?For more information, see What is Azure Government?.


有关定价的信息,请访问定价页For information on pricing, go to Pricing page.

后续步骤Next steps