用户指南:使用 Azure 信息保护客户端对文件或电子邮件进行分类User Guide: Classify a file or email with the Azure Information Protection client

适用于: Active Directory Rights Management Services、 Azure 信息保护、windows 10、Windows 8.1、Windows 8Applies to: Active Directory Rights Management Services, Azure Information Protection, Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 8

说明:适用于 Windows 的 Azure 信息保护客户端Instructions for: Azure Information Protection client for Windows

备注

为了提供统一、简化的客户体验,Azure 门户中的 Azure 信息保护客户端(经典)和标签管理将于 2021 年 3 月 31 日弃用。To provide a unified and streamlined customer experience, Azure Information Protection client (classic) and Label Management in the Azure Portal are being deprecated as of March 31, 2021. 在此时间框架内,所有 Azure 信息保护客户都可以使用 Microsoft 信息保护统一标记平台转换到我们的统一标记解决方案。This time-frame allows all current Azure Information Protection customers to transition to our unified labeling solution using the Microsoft Information Protection Unified Labeling platform. 有关详细信息,请参阅官方弃用通知Learn more in the official deprecation notice.

备注

借助这些说明,对文档和电子邮件进行分类(但不保护)。Use these instructions to help you classify (but not protect) your documents and emails. 如果还需对文档和电子邮件进行保护,请参阅分类和保护说明If you need to also protect your documents and emails, see the classify and protect instructions. 如果不确定应使用哪组说明,请与管理员或支持人员核实。If you are not sure which set of instructions to use, check with your administrator or help desk.

在 Office 桌面应用(Word、Excel、PowerPoint、Outlook)中创建和编辑文档和电子邮件时对其进行分类最为简单****************。The easiest way to classify your documents and emails is when you are creating or editing them from within your Office desktop apps: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook.

但是,也可使用文件资源管理器对文件进行分类****。However, you can also classify files by using File Explorer. 此方法支持其他文件类型,它是一次性对多个文件进行分类的便捷方法。This method supports additional file types and is a convenient way to classify multiple files at once.

使用 Office 应用对文档和电子邮件进行分类Using Office apps to classify your documents and emails

使用 Azure 信息保护栏并选择其中一个已为你配置的标签。Use the Azure Information Protection bar and select one of the labels that has been configured for you.

例如,在下图中,因为“敏感度”**** 显示“未设置”****,因此尚未标记文档。For example, the following picture shows that the document hasn't yet been labeled because the Sensitivity shows Not set. 要设置标签,例如“常规”,请单击“常规”****。To set a label, such as "General", click General. 如果你不确定要将哪种标签应用于当前文档或电子邮件,请使用标签工具提示详细了解每种标签及其应用情况。If you're not sure which label to apply to the current document or email, use the label tooltips to learn more about each label and when to apply it.

Azure 信息保护栏示例

如果已将某种标签应用于文档,并且想要进行更改,可以选择其他标签。If a label is already applied to the document and you want to change it, you can select a different label. 如果标签没有显示在栏上,请首先单击当前标签值旁边的“编辑标签”**** 图标。If the labels are not displayed on the bar, first click the Edit Label icon, next to the current label value.

提示

还可从“文件”选项卡上的“保护”按钮中选择标签********。You can also select labels from the Protect button, on the File tab.

除了手动选择标签,还可通过以下方式应用标签:In addition to manually selecting labels, labels can also be applied in the following ways:

  • 管理员配置了默认标签,你可保留或更改该标签。Your administrator configured a default label, which you can keep or change.

  • 管理员配置了建议提示,当检测到敏感数据时将提示选择特定标签。Your administrator configured recommended prompts to select a specific label when sensitive data is detected. 你可以接受此建议(应用标签),或拒绝建议(不应用建议标签)。You can accept the recommendation (and the label is applied), or reject it (the recommended label is not applied).

Azure 信息保护栏的异常Exceptions for the Azure Information Protection bar

你的 Office 应用程序中看不到此信息保护栏?Don't see this Information Protection bar in your Office apps?
  • 可能未安装 Azure 信息保护客户端。You might not have the Azure Information Protection client installed.

  • 安装了客户端,但管理员配置的设置不显示信息保护栏。You have the client installed, but your administrator has configured a setting that doesn't display the bar. 可改为从 Office 功能区“文件”选项卡上的“保护”按钮选择标签********。Instead, select labels from the Protect button, on the File tab from the Office ribbon.

你希望看到的标签没有显示在栏上?Is the label that you expect to see not displayed on the bar?
  • 如果管理员最近为你配置了新标签,请尝试关闭 Office 应用程序的所有实例,然后重新打开。If your administrator has recently configured a new label for you, try closing all instances of your Office app and reopening it. 此操作将检查对你的标签所做的更改。This action checks for changes to your labels.

  • 此标签采用的作用域策略可能不包括你的帐户。The label might be in a scoped policy that doesn't include your account. 请与你的技术支持或管理员一起检查。Check with your help desk or administrator.

使用文件资源管理器对文件进行分类Using File Explorer to classify files

使用文件资源管理器时,可快速对单个文件、多个文件或文件夹进行分类。When you use File Explorer, you can quickly classify a single file, multiple files, or a folder.

选择文件夹时,将自动为你设置的分类选项选择该文件夹及其所有子文件夹中的所有文件。When you select a folder, all the files in that folder and any subfolders it has are automatically selected for the classification that you set. 但不会自动对在该文件夹或子文件夹中创建的新文件进行分类。However, new files that you create in that folder or subfolders are not automatically classified.

使用文件资源管理器对文件进行分类时,如果一个或多个标签显示为灰色,则所选文件不支持分类,也不会对其进行保护。When you use File Explorer to classify your files, if one or more of the labels appear dimmed, the files that you selected do not support classification without also protecting them.

管理员指南包含支持分类但不保护的文件类型完整列表:仅分类支持的文件类型The admin guide contains a full list of the file types that support classification without protection: File types supported for classification only.

使用文件资源管理器对文件进行分类To classify a file by using File Explorer

  1. 在文件资源管理器中,选择你的文件、多个文件或文件夹。In File Explorer, select your file, multiple files, or a folder. 右键单击,然后选择“分类和保护”****。Right-click, and select Classify and protect. 例如:For example:

    在文件资源管理器中,右键单击“使用 Azure 信息保护进行分类和保护”

  2. 在“分类和保护 - Azure信息保护”对话框中,请像在 Office 应用程序中那样使用标签,这样可以按管理员定义的方式设置分类****。In the Classify and protect - Azure Information Protection dialog box, use the labels as you would do in an Office application, which sets the classification as defined by your administrator.

    如果无法选择标签(它们显示为灰色),则所选文件不支持分类。If none of the labels can be selected (they appear dimmed): The selected file does not support classification. 例如:For example:

    “分类和保护 - Azure 信息保护”对话框中无可用标签

  3. 如果所选文件不支持分类,请单击“关闭”****。If you selected a file that does not support classification, click Close. 无法对此文件进行分类,也无法对其提供保护。You cannot classify this file without also protecting it.

    如果选择标签,请单击“应用”,然后等到“工作完成”消息出现即可查看结果********。If you selected a label, click Apply and wait for the Work finished message to see the results. 然后单击 “关闭”Then click Close.

若要更改所选标签,只需重复此过程,然后选择其他标签即可。If you change your mind about the label you chose, simply repeat this process and choose a different label.

指定的分类会保留在文件中,即使通过电子邮件发送文件或将其保存到其他位置也是如此。The classification that you specified stays with the file, even if you email the file or save it to another location.

其他说明Other instructions

有关操作方法说明的详细信息,请参阅 Azure 信息保护用户指南:More how-to instructions from the Azure Information Protection user guide:

为管理员提供的其他信息Additional information for administrators

请参阅配置 Azure 信息保护策略See Configuring the Azure Information Protection policy.