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微履行中心体系结构Micro-fulfillment center architecture

微履行中心解决方案允许以数字方式连接、监视和管理全自动履行中心的各个方面,以消除停机时间,同时提高安全性和整体效率,从而降低成本。Micro-fulfillment center solutions allow you to digitally connect, monitor, and manage all aspects of a fully automated fulfillment center to reduce costs by eliminating downtime while increasing security and overall efficiency. 可以使用 IoT Central 中的某个应用程序模板和下面的体系结构作为指导来构建这些解决方案。These solutions can be built by using one of the application templates within IoT Central and the architecture below as guidance.

Azure IoT Central 商店分析

  • 一组将遥测数据发送到网关设备的 IoT 传感器Set of IoT sensors sending telemetry data to a gateway device
  • 将遥测和聚合见解发送到 IoT Central 的网关设备Gateway devices sending telemetry and aggregated insights to IoT Central
  • 连续数据导出到所需的 Azure 服务以进行操作Continuous data export to the desired Azure service for manipulation
  • 可按所需格式对数据进行结构化并将其发送到存储服务Data can be structured in the desired format and sent to a storage service
  • 业务应用程序可以查询数据并生成可助力零售运营的见解Business applications can query data and generate insights that power retail operations

让我们来了解一些通常在微履行中心解决方案中起作用的关键组件。Let's take a look at key components that generally play a part in a micro-fulfillment center solution.

机器人载体Robotic carriers

微履行中心解决方案中可能会有大量产生各种遥测信号的机器人载体。A micro-fulfillment center solution will likely have a large set of robotic carriers generating different kinds of telemetry signals. 这些信号可以被网关设备接收、聚合,然后发送到 IoT Central,如体系结构图左侧所示。These signals can be ingested by a gateway device, aggregated, and then sent to IoT Central as reflected by the left side of the architecture diagram.

环境监视传感器Condition monitoring sensors

IoT 解决方案从一组传感器开始,这些传感器从履行中心捕获有意义的信号。An IoT solution starts with a set of sensors capturing meaningful signals from within your fulfillment center. 上面的体系结构图最左侧的各种传感器反映了这一点。It's reflected by different kinds of sensors on the far left of the architecture diagram above.

网关设备Gateway devices

许多 IoT 传感器可将原始信号直接送到云或位于其附近的网关设备。Many IoT sensors can feed raw signals directly to the cloud or to a gateway device located near them. 网关设备先在边缘执行数据聚合,然后将摘要见解发送到 IoT Central 应用程序。The gateway device performs data aggregation at the edge before sending summary insights to an IoT Central application. 网关设备还负责将命令和控制操作中继到传感器设备(如果适用)。The gateway devices are also responsible for relaying command and control operations to the sensor devices when applicable.

IoT Central 应用程序IoT Central application

Azure IoT Central 应用程序从履行中心环境中的各种 IoT 传感器、机器人以及网关设备引入数据,并生成一组有意义的见解。The Azure IoT Central application ingests data from different kinds of IoT sensors, robots, as well gateway devices within the fulfillment center environment and generates a set of meaningful insights.

Azure IoT Central 还为商店运营商提供定制的体验,使他们能够远程监视和管理基础结构设备。Azure IoT Central also provides a tailored experience to the store operator enabling them to remotely monitor and manage the infrastructure devices.

数据转换Data transform

解决方案中的 Azure IoT Central 应用程序可配置为将原始或聚合见解导出到一组 Azure PaaS(平台即服务)服务,这些服务可执行数据操作并丰富这些见解,然后将其引入业务应用程序。The Azure IoT Central application within a solution can be configured to export raw or aggregated insights to a set of Azure PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service) services that can perform data manipulation and enrich these insights before landing them in a business application.

业务应用程序Business application

IoT 数据可用于为零售环境中部署的各种业务应用程序提供支持。The IoT data can be used to power different kinds of business applications deployed within a retail environment. 履行中心经理或员工可以使用这些应用程序将业务见解可视化,并实时采取有意义的行动。A fulfillment center manager or employee can use these applications to visualize business insights and take meaningful actions in real time. 若要了解如何为零售团队构建实时 Power BI 仪表板,请按照教程操作。To learn how to build a real-time Power BI dashboard for your retail team, follow the tutorial.

后续步骤Next steps

  • 微履行中心应用程序模板入门。Get started with the Micro-fulfillment Center application template.
  • 请阅读教程,该教程指导你如何使用微履行中心应用模板构建解决方案。Take a look at the tutorial that walks you through how to build a solution using the Micro-fulfillment Center app template.