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Azure 认可的 Linux 分发版Endorsed Linux distributions on Azure

合作伙伴在 Azure 市场中提供了 Linux 映像。Partners provide Linux images in the Azure Marketplace. 我们正积极与各大 Linux 社区合作,争取为认可分发列表添加更多成员。We are working with various Linux communities to add even more flavors to the Endorsed Distribution list. 在此期间,对于市场未提供的分发,用户始终可以按照创建并上传包含 Linux 操作系统的虚拟硬盘中的准则安装自己的 Linux。In the meantime, for distributions that are not available from the Marketplace, you can always bring your own Linux by following the guidelines at Create and upload a virtual hard disk that contains the Linux operating system.

支持的分发和版本Supported distributions and versions

下表列出了 Azure 支持的 Linux 分发和版本。The following table lists the Linux distributions and versions that are supported on Azure. 请参阅Microsoft Azure 中对 linux 映像的支持, 了解有关 Azure 中 linux 和开源技术的支持的更多详细信息。Refer to Support for Linux images in Microsoft Azure for more detailed information about support for Linux and open-source technology in Azure.

Hyper-V 和 Azure 的 Linux 集成服务 (LIS) 驱动程序是 Microsoft 直接为上游 Linux 内核提供的内核模块。The Linux Integration Services (LIS) drivers for Hyper-V and Azure are kernel modules that Microsoft contributes directly to the upstream Linux kernel. 某些 LIS 驱动程序默认内置于分发的内核中。Some LIS drivers are built into the distribution's kernel by default. 基于 Red Hat Enterprise (RHEL)/CentOS 的早期分发在用于 Hyper-V 和 Azure 的 Linux Integration Services 版本 4.2 以单独下载的形式提供。Older distributions that are based on Red Hat Enterprise (RHEL)/CentOS are available as a separate download at Linux Integration Services Version 4.2 for Hyper-V and Azure. 有关 LIS 驱动程序的详细信息,请参阅 Linux 内核要求See Linux kernel requirements for more information about the LIS drivers.

Azure Linux 代理已预安装在 Azure 市场映像中,通常可从分发的包存储库中获得。The Azure Linux Agent is already pre-installed on the Azure Marketplace images and is typically available from the distribution's package repository. 源代码可在 GitHub上找到。Source code can be found on GitHub.

分发组Distribution VersionVersion 驱动程序Drivers 代理Agent
CentOSCentOS CentOS 6.3+、7.0+CentOS 6.3+, 7.0+ CentOS 6.3:LIS 下载CentOS 6.3: LIS download

CentOS 6.4+:在内核中CentOS 6.4+: In kernel

包:在“WALinuxAgent”下的存储库Package: In repo under "WALinuxAgent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
CoreOSCoreOS 494.4.0+494.4.0+ 在内核中In kernel 源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
DebianDebian Debian 7.9+、8.2+Debian 7.9+, 8.2+ 在内核中In kernel 包:在“waagent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "waagent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
Oracle LinuxOracle Linux 6.4+、7.0+6.4+, 7.0+ 在内核中In kernel 包:在“WALinuxAgent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "WALinuxAgent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
Red Hat Enterprise LinuxRed Hat Enterprise Linux RHEL 6.7 +、7.1 +、8.0 +RHEL 6.7+, 7.1+, 8.0+ 在内核中In kernel 包:在“WALinuxAgent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "WALinuxAgent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
SUSE Linux EnterpriseSUSE Linux Enterprise SLES/SLES for SAPSLES/SLES for SAP
11 SP411 SP4
12 SP1+12 SP1+
1515
在内核中In kernel 包:Package:

对于 11,在 Cloud:Tools 存储库中for 11 in Cloud:Tools repo
对于 12,包含在“公有云”模块中的“python-azure-agent”下for 12 included in "Public Cloud" Module under "python-azure-agent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub

openSUSEopenSUSE openSUSE Leap 42.2+openSUSE Leap 42.2+ 在内核中In kernel 包:在“python-azure-agent”下的 Cloud:Tools 存储库中Package: In Cloud:Tools repo under "python-azure-agent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub
UbuntuUbuntu Ubuntu 12.04+ 1Ubuntu 12.04+ 1 在内核中In kernel 包:在“walinuxagent”下的存储库中Package: In repo under "walinuxagent"
源代码:GitHubSource code: GitHub

映像的更新节奏Image update cadence

Azure 要求受认可 Linux 分发版的发布者在每个季度或以更快的节奏,定期使用最新修补程序和安全修复程序,更新其在 Azure 市场中的映像。Azure requires that the publishers of the endorsed Linux distributions regularly update their images in the Azure Marketplace with the latest patches and security fixes, at a quarterly or faster cadence. 在 Azure 市场中更新的映像将自动以新版映像 SKU 的形式提供给客户使用。Updated images in the Azure Marketplace are available automatically to customers as new versions of an image SKU. 有关如何查找 Linux 映像的详细信息:在 Azure 市场中查找 Linux VM 映像More information about how to find Linux images: Find Linux VM images in the Azure Marketplace.

Azure 优化的内核Azure-tuned kernels

Azure 与众多认可的 Linux 分发商密切合作,以优化他们在 Azure 市场中发布的映像。Azure works closely with various endorsed Linux distributions to optimize the images that they published to the Azure Marketplace. 这种协作的一个方面体现在:开发针对 Azure 平台优化的 Linux 内核,并以完全受支持组件的形式交付 Linux 分发版。One aspect of this collaboration is the development of "tuned" Linux kernels that are optimized for the Azure platform and delivered as fully supported components of the Linux distribution. Azure 优化的内核整合了新的功能和性能改进,并且与分发版中提供的默认或常规内核相比,其发布节奏更快(通常每季度发布一次)。The Azure-Tuned kernels incorporate new features and performance improvements, and at a faster (typically quarterly) cadence compared to the default or generic kernels that are available from the distribution.

在大多数情况下,你会发现这些内核已预装在 Azure 市场中的默认映像内,因此,Azure 客户可以立即获得这些优化内核的优势。In most cases you will find these kernels pre-installed on the default images in the Azure Marketplace, and so Azure customers will immediately get the benefit of these optimized kernels. 可在以下链接中找到有关这些 Azure 优化内核的详细信息:More information about these Azure-Tuned kernels can be found in the following links:

  • CentOS Azure 优化内核 - 通过 CentOS 虚拟化 SIG 提供 - 详细信息CentOS Azure-Tuned Kernel - Available via the CentOS Virtualization SIG - More Info
  • Debian 云内核 - 适用于 Azure 上的 Debian 10 和 Debian 9“后向移植”映像 - 详细信息Debian Cloud Kernel - Available with the Debian 10 and Debian 9 "backports" image on Azure - More Info
  • SLES Azure 优化内核 - 详细信息SLES Azure-Tuned Kernel - More Info
  • Ubuntu Azure 优化内核 - 详细信息Ubuntu Azure-Tuned Kernel - More Info

合作伙伴Partners

CoreOSCoreOS

https://coreos.com/docs/running-coreos/cloud-providers/azure/

从 CoreOS 网站:From the CoreOS website:

CoreOS 在设计时就已考虑到了安全性、一致性和可靠性。CoreOS 使用 Linux 容器在更高的抽象级别管理服务,而不是通过 yum 或 apt 来安装程序包。单个服务的代码和所有依赖项都打包在一个容器中,这个容器可以运行在一个或多个 CoreOS 计算机中。CoreOS is designed for security, consistency, and reliability. Instead of installing packages via yum or apt, CoreOS uses Linux containers to manage your services at a higher level of abstraction. A single service's code and all dependencies are packaged within a container that can be run on one or many CoreOS machines.

CredativCredativ

https://www.credativ.co.uk/credativ-blog/debian-images-microsoft-azure

Credativ 是一家独立的咨询和服务公司,致力于使用免费软件开发和实施专业解决方案。Credativ is an independent consulting and services company that specializes in the development and implementation of professional solutions by using free software. Credativ 是获得国际认可的开源领域专业先行者,为许多公司的 IT 部门提供支持。As leading open-source specialists, Credativ has international recognition with many IT departments that use their support. Credativ 与 Microsoft 合作,目前正在为 Debian 8 (Jessie) 以及 Debian 7 (Wheezy) 之前的版本准备相应的 Debian 映像。In conjunction with Microsoft, Credativ is currently preparing corresponding Debian images for Debian 8 (Jessie) and Debian before 7 (Wheezy). 这些映像经过专门的设计,可以在 Azure 上运行并通过该平台轻松进行管理。Both images are specially designed to run on Azure and can be easily managed via the platform. Credativ 还会通过其开源支持中心为 Azure 的 Debian 映像的维护和更新提供长期支持。Credativ will also support the long-term maintenance and updating of the Debian images for Azure through its Open Source Support Centers.

OracleOracle

https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/cloud/faq-1963009.html

Oracle 的策略是为公有云和私有云提供广泛的解决方案,Oracle’s strategy is to offer a broad portfolio of solutions for public and private clouds. 让客户面临如何在 Oracle 云以及其他云中部署 Oracle 软件这一问题时拥有更多选择权和灵活性。The strategy gives customers choice and flexibility in how they deploy Oracle software in Oracle clouds and other clouds. 通过 Oracle 与 Microsoft 的合作关系,客户可以凭借可信的证书和 Oracle 支持在 Microsoft 公有和私有云中部署 Oracle 软件。Oracle’s partnership with Microsoft enables customers to deploy Oracle software in Microsoft public and private clouds with the confidence of certification and support from Oracle. Oracle 对 Oracle 公有和私有云的承诺和投资保持不变。Oracle’s commitment and investment in Oracle public and private cloud solutions is unchanged.

Red HatRed Hat

https://www.redhat.com/en/partners/strategic-alliance/microsoft

作为世界上领先的开源解决方案提供商,Red Hat 帮助 90% 以上的财富 500 强公司解决业务难题、调整 IT 与业务策略,以及为未来技术做准备。The world's leading provider of open source solutions, Red Hat helps more than 90% of Fortune 500 companies solve business challenges, align their IT and business strategies, and prepare for the future of technology. Red Hat 通过开放式业务模型和价格合理、可预测的订阅模型提供安全的解决方案,从而实现了此目的。Red Hat does this by providing secure solutions through an open business model and an affordable, predictable subscription model.

SUSESUSE

https://www.suse.com/suse-linux-enterprise-server-on-azure

Azure 上的 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 是一个已验证的平台,该平台为云计算提供了高级可靠性和安全性。SUSE Linux Enterprise Server on Azure is a proven platform that provides superior reliability and security for cloud computing. SUSE 的通用 Linux 平台可与 Azure 云服务无缝集成,以便交付易于管理的云环境。SUSE's versatile Linux platform seamlessly integrates with Azure cloud services to deliver an easily manageable cloud environment. 借助 1,800 多个独立软件供应商提供的适用于 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 的 9,200 多个认证应用程序,SUSE 可确保满怀信心地在 Azure 上部署数据中心内支持的运行负载。With more than 9,200 certified applications from more than 1,800 independent software vendors for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, SUSE ensures that workloads running supported in the data center can be confidently deployed on Azure.

规范Canonical

https://www.ubuntu.com/cloud/azure

Canonical 工程和开放社区监管对 Ubuntu 在客户端、服务器和云计算(包括用户的个人云服务)方面获得成功起到了推动作用。Canonical engineering and open community governance drive Ubuntu's success in client, server, and cloud computing, which includes personal cloud services for consumers. Canonical 期望使用 Ubuntu 开发一个统一的免费平台(从手机到云),该平台带有一系列适用于手机、平板电脑、TV 和桌面的相关接口,Canonical's vision of a unified, free platform in Ubuntu, from phone to cloud, provides a family of coherent interfaces for the phone, tablet, TV, and desktop. 从而使 Ubuntu 成为各种机构(从公有云提供商到消费类电子产品制造商)的首选以及各个技术专家的最爱。This vision makes Ubuntu the first choice for diverse institutions from public cloud providers to the makers of consumer electronics and a favorite among individual technologists.

借助遍布全球的开发人员和工程中心这一独特优势,Canonical 将与硬件制造商、内容提供商和软件开发人员通力合作,将 Ubuntu 解决方案推向 PC、服务器和手持设备市场。With developers and engineering centers around the world, Canonical is uniquely positioned to partner with hardware makers, content providers, and software developers to bring Ubuntu solutions to market for PCs, servers, and handheld devices.