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Azure 中 Linux 虚拟机的大小Sizes for Linux virtual machines in Azure

本文介绍可用于运行 Linux 应用和工作负荷的 Azure 虚拟机的可用大小与选项。This article describes the available sizes and options for the Azure virtual machines you can use to run your Linux apps and workloads. 此外,还提供了你在计划使用这些资源时要考虑的部署注意事项。It also provides deployment considerations to be aware of when you're planning to use these resources. 本文也适用于 Windows 虚拟机This article is also available for Windows virtual machines.

类型Type 大小Sizes DescriptionDescription
常规用途General purpose B, Dsv3, Dv3, DSv2, Dv2, Av2, DCB, Dsv3, Dv3, DSv2, Dv2, Av2, DC CPU 与内存之比平衡。Balanced CPU-to-memory ratio. 适用于测试和开发、小到中型数据库和低到中等流量 Web 服务器。Ideal for testing and development, small to medium databases, and low to medium traffic web servers.
计算优化Compute optimized Fsv2、Fs、FFsv2, Fs, F 高 CPU 与内存之比。High CPU-to-memory ratio. 适用于中等流量的 Web 服务器、网络设备、批处理和应用程序服务器。Good for medium traffic web servers, network appliances, batch processes, and application servers.
内存优化Memory optimized Esv3、Ev3、M、GS、G、DSv2、Dv2Esv3, Ev3, M, GS, G, DSv2, Dv2 高内存与 CPU 之比。High memory-to-CPU ratio. 适用于关系数据库服务器、中到大型规模的缓存和内存中分析。Great for relational database servers, medium to large caches, and in-memory analytics.
存储优化Storage optimized LSLs 高磁盘吞吐量和 IO。High disk throughput and IO. 适用于大数据、SQL 和 NoSQL 数据库。Ideal for Big Data, SQL, and NoSQL databases.
GPUGPU NV、NVv2、NC、NCv2、NCv3、ND、NDv2(预览)NV, NVv2, NC, NCv2, NCv3, ND, NDv2 (Preview) 针对大量图形绘制和视频编辑的专用虚拟机,以及带有深度学习功能的模型定型和推断 (ND)。Specialized virtual machines targeted for heavy graphic rendering and video editing, as well as model training and inferencing (ND) with deep learning. 可选择单个或多个 GPU。Available with single or multiple GPUs.
高性能计算High performance compute HH 速度最快、功能最强大的 CPU 虚拟机具有可选的高吞吐量网络接口 (RDMA)。Our fastest and most powerful CPU virtual machines with optional high-throughput network interfaces (RDMA).


REST APIREST API

若要了解如何使用 REST API 查询 VM 大小,请参阅以下文章:For information on using the REST API to query for VM sizes, see the following:

ACUACU

了解有关 Azure 计算单元 (ACU) 如何帮助你跨 Azure SKU 比较计算性能的详细信息。Learn more about how Azure compute units (ACU) can help you compare compute performance across Azure SKUs.

基准评分Benchmark scores

使用 CoreMark 基准测试分数,详细了解 Linux VM 的计算性能。Learn more about compute performance for Linux VMs using the CoreMark benchmark scores.

后续步骤Next steps

了解关于可用的各种 VM 大小的详细信息:Learn more about the different VM sizes that are available: