使用 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 管理 Office 365 专业增强版的更新Manage updates to Office 365 ProPlus with System Center Configuration Manager

Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 可以使用软件更新管理工作流来管理 Office 365 客户端更新。用户可以使用 Configuration Manager 来更新 Office 365 专业增强版、Visio Online 计划 2(以前称为 Visio Pro for Office 365)、Project Online 桌面客户端和 Office 365 商业版。System Center Configuration Manager has the ability to manage Office 365 client updates by using the Software Update management workflow. You can use Configuration Manager to update Office 365 ProPlus, Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), Project Online Desktop Client, and Office 365 Business.

当 Microsoft 将一个新的 Office 365 客户端更新发布到 Office 内容分发网络 (CDN) 时,Microsoft 会同时将一个更新包发布到 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)。然后,Configuration Manager 会将 Office 365 客户端更新从 WSUS 目录同步到站点服务器。随后,Configuration Manager 可以下载更新并将其分发到管理员选择的分发点。Configuration Manager 桌面客户端随后告知 Office 客户端获取此更新的位置以及开始此更新安装过程的时间。When Microsoft publishes a new Office 365 client update to the Office Content Delivery Network (CDN), Microsoft simultaneously publishes an update package to Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Then, Configuration Manager synchronizes the Office 365 client update from the WSUS catalog to the site server. Configuration Manager can then download the update and distribute it to distribution points selected by the administrator. The Configuration Manager desktop client then tells the Office client where to get the update and when to start the update installation process.

以下是启用 Configuration Manager 来管理 Office 365 客户端更新的步骤概述:Here's an overview of the steps to enable Configuration Manager to manage Office 365 client updates:

  1. 查看要求Review the requirements

  2. 启用 Configuration Manager 以接收 Office 365 客户端程序包通知Enable Configuration Manager to receive Office 365 client package notifications

  3. 启用 Office 365 客户端以接收来自 Configuration Manager 的更新Enable Office 365 clients to receive updates from Configuration Manager

执行这些步骤后,可以使用 Configuration Manager 的软件更新管理功能来部署更新。有关详细信息,请参阅在 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 中管理软件更新After you perform these steps, you can use the software update management capabilities of Configuration Manager to deploy the updates. For more information, see Manage software updates in System Center Configuration Manager.

使用 Configuration Manager 管理 Office 365 客户端更新的要求Requirements for using Configuration Manager to manage Office 365 client updates

若要启用 Configuration Manager 以管理 Office 365 客户端更新,需要执行以下操作:To enable Configuration Manager to manage Office 365 client updates, you need the following:

  • Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager (Current Branch)Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager (Current Branch)

  • Office 365 客户端 - Office 365 专业增强版、Visio Online 计划 2(以前称为 Visio Pro for Office 365)、Project Online 桌面客户端或 Office 365 商业版An Office 365 client - Office 365 ProPlus, Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), Project Online Desktop Client, or Office 365 Business

  • Office 365 客户端支持的频道版本。有关详细信息,请参阅 Office 365 专业增强版的更新发布信息Supported channel version for Office 365 client. For more details, see Release information for updates to Office 365 ProPlus

  • Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 4.0Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 4.0

    不能使用 WSUS 本身来部署这些更新。需要将 WSUS 与 Configuration Manager 结合使用You can't use WSUS by itself to deploy these updates. You need to use WSUS in conjunction with Configuration Manager

  • 层次结构的顶级 WSUS 服务器和顶级 Configuration Manager 站点服务器必须有权访问以下 URL:.microsoft.com、.msocdn.com、.office.com、.office.net、*.onmicrosoft.com、officecdn.microsoft.com、officecdn.microsoft.com.edgesuite.net。The hierarchy's top level WSUS server and the top level Configuration Manager site server must have access to the following URLs: *.microsoft.com, *.msocdn.com, *.office.com, *.office.net, *.onmicrosoft.com, officecdn.microsoft.com, officecdn.microsoft.com.edgesuite.net. 有关更多详细信息,请参阅 Office 365 URL 和 IP 地址范围For more details, see Office 365 URLs and IP address ranges.

  • 在安装了 Office 365 客户端的计算机上,Office COM 对象已启用On the computers that have the Office 365 client installed, the Office COM object is enabled.

启用 Configuration Manager 以接收 Office 365 客户端程序包通知Enable Configuration Manager to receive Office 365 client package notifications

若要开始,需要配置 Configuration Manager,以便在 Office 365 客户端更新程序包可用时接收通知。为此,请使用以下步骤:To start, you need to configure Configuration Manager to receive notifications when Office 365 client update packages are available. To do that, use the following steps:

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,选择“站点配置”**** > “站点”****,然后选择站点服务器。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Site Configuration > Sites, and then select your site server.

  2. 在“主页”**** 选项卡上的“设置”**** 组中,选择“配置站点组件”****,然后选择“软件更新点”****。On the Home tab, in the Settings group, choose Configure Site Components, and then choose Software Update Point.

  3. 在“软件更新点组件属性”**** 对话框中,执行下列操作:In the Software Update Point Component Properties dialog box, do the following:

    • 在“产品”**** 选项卡上的“Office”**** 下,选择“Office 365 客户端”****。On the Products tab, under Office, select Office 365 Client.

    • 在“分类”**** 选项卡上,选择“更新”****。On the Classifications tab, select Updates.

      可以在“产品”**** 和“分类”**** 选项卡中选中其他复选框。但是,需要为 Configuration Manager 选中“Office 365 客户端”**** 和“更新”****,这样才能在 Office 365 客户端更新程序包可用时接收通知。You can have other check boxes selected in the Products and Classifications tabs. But, Office 365 Client and Updates need to be selected for Configuration Manager to receive notifications when Office 365 client update packages are available.

  4. 接下来,同步软件更新。如果不这样做,控制台中将不显示更新,并且更新将无法用于部署。有关如何同步软件更新的详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 中的软件更新简介Next, synchronize software updates. If you don't do that, you won't see the updates in the console and the updates won't be available to deploy. For more information about how to synchronize software updates, see Introduction to software updates in System Center Configuration Manager.

启用 Office 365 客户端以接收来自 Configuration Manager 的更新Enable Office 365 clients to receive updates from Configuration Manager

对于能够管理 Office 365 客户端更新的 Configuration Manager,需要在安装了 Office 的计算机上启用 Office COM 对象。Office COM 对象采用来自 Configuration Manager 的命令下载并安装客户端更新。For Configuration Manager to be able to manage Office 365 client updates, an Office COM object needs to be enabled on the computer where Office is installed. The Office COM object takes commands from Configuration Manager to download and install client updates.

可以通过使用 Configuration Manager 中的客户端策略、组策略或 Office 部署工具来启用 Office COM 对象。You can enable the Office COM object by using client policy in Configuration Manager, Group Policy, or the Office Deployment Tool. 如果使用多个方法,组策略设置将确定最终的配置。If you use more than one method, the Group Policy setting determines the final configuration.

方法 1:使用 Configuration Manager 中的客户端策略启用来自 Configuration Manager 的更新Method 1: Use client policy in Configuration Manager to enable updates from Configuration Manager

若要通过使用客户端策略来启用 Configuration Manager 以在特定计算机上管理 Office 365 客户端更新,请执行下列操作:To enable Configuration Manager to manage Office 365 client updates on specific computers by using client policy, do the following:

  • 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,单击“管理” > “概述” > “客户端设置”。In the Configuration Manager console, click Administration > Overview > Client Settings.
  • 打开客户端设置,单击“软件更新”,然后为“启用 Office 365 客户端代理的管理”设置选择“”。Open the client settings, click Software Updates and select Yes for the Enable management of the Office 365 Client Agent setting.

有关详细信息,请参阅客户端策略For more information, see client policy.

方法 2:使用组策略启用来自 Configuration Manager 的更新Method 2: Use Group Policy to enable updates from Configuration Manager

可以使用组策略启用 Configuration Manager 以在特定计算机上管理 Office 365 客户端更新。You can enable Configuration Manager to manage Office 365 client updates on specific computers by using Group Policy. 你可以将此设置应用到多台计算机、组织单位 (OU) 或域。You can apply this setting to multiple computers, an organizational unit (OU), or a domain.

若要使用组策略,请执行下列操作:To use Group Policy, do the following:

  • 可以从 Microsoft 下载中心下载和安装 Office 管理模板文件 (ADMX/ADML)Download and install the Administrative Template files (ADMX/ADML) for Office from the Microsoft Download Center.

  • 启用“Office 365 客户端管理”**** 策略设置。可以在“计算机配置\策略\管理模板\Microsoft Office 2016 (计算机)\更新”下找到此策略设置。Enable the Office 365 Client Management policy setting. You can find this policy setting under Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\Updates.

方法 3:使用 Office 部署工具启用来自 Configuration Manager 的更新Method 3: Use the Office Deployment Tool to enable updates from Configuration Manager

可以使用最新版本的 Office 部署工具配置 Office 365 客户端以接收来自 Configuration Manager 的更新。You can use the latest version of the Office Deployment Tool to configure Office 365 clients to receive updates from Configuration Manager.

若要配置此功能,请使用文本编辑器(如记事本)修改 Office 部署工具的配置文件。To configure this capability, use a text editor, such as Notepad, to modify the configuration file for the Office Deployment Tool. 在 Add 元素中,包括 OfficeMgmtCOM 属性并将其值设置为 True,如以下示例所示。In the Add element, include the OfficeMgmtCOM attribute and set its value to True, as seen in the following example.

<Configuration>
  <Add OfficeClientEdition="32" Channel="Monthly" OfficeMgmtCOM="True" >
    <Product ID="O365ProPlusRetail">
      <Language ID="en-us" />
    </Product>
  </Add>  
  <Updates Enabled="True"  /> 
 </Configuration>

我们建议你在 Updates 元素中将 Enabled 属性的值设置为 True(请注意这是默认设置)。We recommend that you also set the value of the Enabled attribute to True in the Updates element (note that this is the default setting). 当 OfficeMgmtCOM 和 Updates 元素均设置为 true 时,更新仍然仅由 SCCM 提供。When OfficeMgmtCOM and Updates element are both set to true, updates are still delivered only by SCCM. 请注意,计划的任务“Office 自动更新 2.0”(该任务是在 Office 365 专业增强版安装期间注册的)必须仍保持启用状态。Note that the scheduled task Office Automatic Updates 2.0, which is registered during Office 365 ProPlus installation, must remain enabled. 该任务会启动渠道管理等产品配置任务。That task initiates product configuration tasks such as channel management.

让 Office 365 客户端从 Office CDN 而不是 Configuration Manager 接收更新Enable Office 365 clients to receive updates from the Office CDN instead of Configuration Manager

如果它满足你的业务和技术要求,我们建议你从 Office CDN 自动更新你的客户端设备。If it meets your business and technical requirements, we recommend updating your client devices automatically from the Office CDN. 若要让设备从 Office CDN 而不是 Configuration Manager 接收更新,请使用以下方法之一:To enable a device to recieve updates from the Office CDN instead of from Configuration Manager, use one of the following methods:

方法 1:使用 Configuration Manager 中的客户端策略启用来自 CDN 的更新Method 1: Use client policy in Configuration Manager to enable updates from the CDN

  • 在 Configuration Manager 控制台中,单击“管理” > “概述” > “客户端设置”。In the Configuration Manager console, click Administration > Overview > Client Settings.
  • 打开相应的设备设置以启用客户端代理。Open the appropriate device settings to enable the client agent. 有关默认和自定义客户端设置的详细信息,请参阅如何在 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 中配置客户端设置For more information about default and custom client settings, see How to configure client settings in System Center Configuration Manager.
  • 单击“软件更新”,然后为“启用 Office 365 客户端代理的管理”设置选择“”。Click Software Updates and select No for the Enable management of the Office 365 Client Agent setting.

有关详细信息,请参阅客户端策略For more information, see client policy.

方法 2:使用组策略启用来自 CDN 更新Method 2: Use Group Policy to enable updates from the CDN

  • 可以从 Microsoft 下载中心下载和安装 Office 管理模板文件 (ADMX/ADML)Download and install the Administrative Template files (ADMX/ADML) for Office from the Microsoft Download Center.

  • 禁用“Office 365 客户端管理”策略设置。Disable the Office 365 Client Management policy setting. 可以在 Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\Updates 下找到此策略设置。You can find this policy setting under Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\Updates.

重要

Microsoft Office 即点即用服务负责在服务启动过程中注册和取消注册 Office COM 应用程序。The Microsoft Office Click-to-Run Service is responsible for registering and unregistering Office COM application during service startup. 更改域策略或 Configuration Manager 客户端设置要求明确选择“禁用”,这样才能成功取消注册 Office COM 并还原默认配置。Change domain policy or Configuration Manager client settings require explicit Disable selection for Office COM to be successfully deregistered and restore default configuration. 通过 GPO 或 SCCM 客户端设置将 Office 365 客户端管理从“已启用”切换为“未配置”是不够的。Toggling Office 365 Client Management via GPO or SCCM Clients settings from Enabled to Not Configured is not sufficent.

面向 WSUS 的 Office 365 客户端更新程序包的内容Contents of the Office 365 client update package for WSUS

Microsoft 发布到 WSUS 的更新程序包仅出现在 WSUS 目录中。它不包含 Office CDN 上 Office 的更新版本的副本。而是包含 Configuration Manager 能够下载并分发 Office 的更新版本所需的信息。The update package that Microsoft publishes to WSUS only appears in the WSUS catalog. It doesn't contain a copy of the updated version of Office that's on the Office CDN. Instead, it contains information that Configuration Manager needs to be able to download and distribute the updated version of Office.

程序包中包含名为“noop.exe”的文件。但是,该文件不包含任何代码,用户也不应下载或运行它。The package contains a file named noop.exe. But, that file doesn't contain any code and shouldn't be downloaded or run.

对于每个更新发行版,每个体系结构和每个更新频道均有不同的程序包。例如,对于 5 月更新发行版,32 位版本的每月频道和 64 位版本的每月频道分别有一个程序包。6 月将会有每月频道的两个新程序包,每个体系结构一个。程序包中包含相关信息,以便 Configuration Manager 知道哪些程序包比其他程序包更新。例如,6 月程序包会取代 5 月程序包。For each update release there are different packages for each architecture and for each update channel. For example, for the May update release, there is a package for the 32-bit edition of the Monthly Channel and a package for the 64-bit edition of the Monthly Channel. In June, there will be two new packages for Monthly Channel, one for each architecture. The packages contain information so that Configuration Manager knows which packages are more recent than other packages. For example, that the June package supersedes the May package.

There aren't separate packages for the different Office 365 clients. For example, an update package for the 32-bit edition of the Monthly Channel has information about the Office 365 ProPlus, Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), Project Online Desktop Client, and Office 365 Business clients.There aren't separate packages for the different Office 365 clients. For example, an update package for the 32-bit edition of the Monthly Channel has information about the Office 365 ProPlus, Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), Project Online Desktop Client, and Office 365 Business clients.