更新 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)Update Office 2019 (for IT Pros)

部署 Office 2019 的批量许可版本 (包括 Project 和 Visio) 后, 您需要将其更新为 Microsoft 发布安全更新和质量更新, 例如为 Office 提供稳定性或性能改进的更新。After you deploy volume licensed versions of Office 2019, including Project and Visio, you’ll want to keep it updated as Microsoft releases security updates and quality updates, such as updates that provide stability or performance improvements for Office. Office 2019 将在每月的第二个星期二 (通常是每月的第二个星期二) 更新。Office 2019 will be updated approximately once a month, usually on the second Tuesday of the month.

备注

Office 2019 不会收到新功能。Office 2019 doesn't receive new features. 如果想要在现有基础上获取新的 Office 功能,应考虑迁移至包括 Office 的 Office 365 计划。If you want to get new Office features on an on-going basis, you should consider moving to an Office 365 plan that includes Office.

Office 2019 的批量许可版本现在使用 "即点即用" (而不是 Windows Installer (MSI)) 作为安装和更新 Office 的技术。Volume licensed versions of Office 2019 now use Click-to-Run, instead of Windows Installer (MSI), as the technology used to install and update Office.

如何更新 Office 2019How Office 2019 gets updated

即点即用图柄的更新不同于 Windows Installer (MSI)。Click-to-Run handles updates differently than Windows Installer (MSI). 下面提供了有关 Office 2019 更新的工作方式的信息。The following provides information about how updates work for Office 2019.

  • 如果存在 Office 2019 更新, Microsoft 会在 Internet 上的 Office 内容交付网络 (CDN) 上发布新版本的 Office 2019。When there are updates for Office 2019, Microsoft releases a new build of Office 2019 on the Office Content Delivery Network (CDN) on the Internet. 此新版本包括所有最新的安全和质量更新。This new build includes all the latest security and quality updates.
  • 默认情况下, Office 2019 配置为直接从 Office CDN 自动更新, 但可以更改。By default, Office 2019 is configured to be updated automatically directly from the Office CDN, although that can be changed. 有关详细信息, 请稍后再试。More on that later.
  • 在安装了 Office 2019 的计算机上, 有一个名为 "Office 自动更新 2.0" 的计划任务定期检查更新。There is a scheduled task named “Office Automatic Updates 2.0 ” on the computer on which Office 2019 is installed that checks for updates on a regular basis.
  • 如果有可用更新, 则 Office 将自动开始下载更新。If updates are available, Office begins downloading the updates automatically. 用户无需执行任何操作。The user doesn’t have to do anything. 作为此过程的一部分, Office 还将计算 office CDN 最新版本的 Office 2019 与计算机上安装的 Office 2019 版本之间的区别。As part of this process, Office also figures out what’s different between the latest version of Office 2019 up on the Office CDN and the version of Office 2019 that’s installed on the computer. 根据这种情况, 它仅下载将 Office 2019 更新到最新版本所需的内容。Based on that, it only downloads what’s needed to update Office 2019 to the latest version.
  • 下载更新时, 用户可以继续使用 Office 应用 (如 Word)。While the updates are being downloaded, users can continue to use Office apps, such as Word. 下载更新后, 将安装更新。After the updates are downloaded, the updates are installed. 如果打开了任何 Office 应用, 系统将提示用户保存其工作并关闭应用, 以便可以安装更新。If any Office apps are open, users will be prompted to save their work and close the apps, so that the updates can be installed.
  • 安装更新后, 用户可以返回到其 Office 应用中的工作。After the updates are installed, users can go back to working in their Office apps.

Office 2019 中的更新有何不同How updates are different in Office 2019

由于 "即点即用" 图柄的更新与 Windows Installer (MSI) 不同, 你需要注意一些更改。Since Click-to-Run handles updates differently than Windows Installer (MSI), there are some changes you need to be aware of.

  • 安全更新或质量更新不需要单独下载。There are no separate downloads for security or quality updates. 已将更新作为 Office 2019 的一部分包含在 Office CDN 上发布的新版本中。Updates are already included as part of a new build of Office 2019 that’s posted on the Office CDN.
  • 更新具有累积性, 因此 Office CDN 上可用的最新版本的 office 2019 包括所有早期版本的 Office 2019 中的所有安全和质量更新。Updates are cumulative, so the latest version of Office 2019 available on the Office CDN includes all the security and quality updates from all the previous versions of Office 2019.
  • 从 Office CDN 下载并安装 Office 2019 时, 它已是最新版本。When you download and install Office 2019 from the Office CDN, it’s up to date already. 安装 Office 2019 后, 无需下载和应用任何更新或服务包。You don’t have to download and apply any updates or service packs after you install Office 2019.
  • 由于更新是累积式的, 并且已包含在 Office CDN 的最新版本的 Office 2019 中, 因此您不使用 Microsoft 更新或 Windows Server 更新服务 (WSUS) 更新 Office 2019。Since updates are cumulative and already included in the latest version of Office 2019 on the Office CDN, you don’t use Microsoft Updates or Windows Server Updates Services (WSUS) to update Office 2019. 但是, 你可以使用 System Center Configuration Manager 帮助你部署和管理 Office 2019 的更新, 包括控制应用更新的时间和位置。But you can use System Center Configuration Manager to help you deploy and manage updates to Office 2019, including controlling when and from where updates are applied.

配置 Office 2019 从何处获取更新Configure where Office 2019 gets updates from

如果网络连接和基于组织要求的其他注意事项不是问题, 我们建议从 Office CDN 自动更新 Office 2019。If network connectivity and other considerations based on your organizational requirements aren’t an issue, we recommend that Office 2019 is updated automatically from the Office CDN. 从 Office CDN 进行更新是默认设置, 因此无需额外的操作, 它是一种使 Office 2019 保持最新的简便方法。Updating from the Office CDN is the default, so there’s nothing extra you need to do and it’s an easy way to keep Office 2019 up to date.

如果不希望使用 Office 2019 安装的计算机连接到 Office CDN 以获取更新, 可以将 Office 2019 配置为从内部网络内获取共享文件夹的更新。If you don’t want computers installed with Office 2019 to connect to the Office CDN to get updates, you can configure Office 2019 to get updates from a shared folder from within your internal network. 你还需要至少一台计算机才能访问 Office CDN, 以便能够将最新版本的 Office 2019 下载到内部网络上的共享文件夹。You still need a least one computer to have access to the Office CDN to be able to download the latest version of Office 2019 to the shared folder on your internal network.

请记住, 从本地网络上的共享文件夹安装和更新 Office 2019 需要更多的管理工作和更多的磁盘空间。Keep in mind that installing and updating Office 2019 from a shared folder on your local network requires significantly more administrative effort and more disk space. 例如, 你必须跟踪 Office 2019 的新版本可用, 然后将更新版本的 Office 2019 下载到你的网络。For example, you have to keep track of when new builds of Office 2019 are available and then download the updated version of Office 2019 to your network. 下载到本地网络上的共享文件夹时, 将始终下载更新版本的 Office 的完整副本。Downloading to a shared folder on your local network will always download a full copy of the updated version of Office.

你还可以使用企业软件部署工具 (如 System Center Configuration Manager) 来帮助你更新 Office 2019。You can also use enterprise software deployment tools, such as System Center Configuration Manager, to help you update Office 2019.

Office 2019 查找更新的位置在配置 .xml 文件中指定, 用于使用 Office 部署工具部署 Office 2019。The location where Office 2019 looks for updates is specified in the configuration.xml file that you use to deploy Office 2019 with the Office Deployment Tool. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)For more information, see Deploy Office 2019 (for IT Pros). 您也可以使用组策略You can also use Group Policy.

检查 Office 2019 的更新Check for updates for Office 2019

你可以手动检查更新, 而不是等待计划任务运行以检查更新。Instead of waiting for the scheduled task to run to check for updates, you can manually check for updates. 若要执行此操作, 请打开任何 Office 应用 (如 Word), 然后转到 "文件 > 帐户 > 更新选项 > "立即更新To do that, open any Office app, such as Word, and go to File > Account > Update Options > Update Now.

这将导致即点即用服务在你已配置 Office 的位置查找更新。This causes the Click-to-Run service to go look for updates at the location that you’ve configured Office to look for updates. 例如, 直接从 Internet 上的 Office CDN 开始。For example, directly from the Office CDN on the Internet. 如果有可用更新, 则 Office 将开始下载该进程。If updates are available, Office begins the process to download.

Office 2019 更新的大小Size of updates for Office 2019

从更新位置下载到用户计算机的更新的大小取决于多个因素, 包括自上次更新 Office 2019 以来的时间, 以及有多少安全和质量更新。The size of the updates that are downloaded to the user's computer from the update location varies depends on several factors, including how long it’s been since you last updated Office 2019 and how many security and quality updates there are.

为了最大程度减少需要下载的更新的大小, 我们建议你将 Office 2019 保持最新状态。To minimize the size of the updates that need to be downloaded, we recommend that you keep Office 2019 up to date. Office 使用名为二进制增量压缩的技术来帮助减少需要应用到用户计算机的更新的大小。Office uses a technology called binary delta compression to help reduce the size of the updates that need to be applied to the user's computer. 但是, 仅当从最新版本的 Office 更新时, 二进制增量压缩才可用。But binary delta compression is only available if you're updating from a recent version of Office. 例如, 如果您是从9月或10月版本更新到11月版本。For example, if you're updating from the September or October version to the November version. 但是, 如果你要更新较旧版本的 Office (例如从六月到11月版本), 则不能使用二进制增量压缩。But if you're updating a much older version of Office, such as from the June to November version, binary delta compression won't be available.

Office 2019 更新频道Update channel for Office 2019

Office 使用更新频道概念来确定已安装的 Office 版本所接收的更新。Office uses the concept of update channels to determine which updates an installed version of Office receives. 更新通道在配置 .xml 文件中指定, 该文件由 Office 部署工具使用。The update channel is specified in the configuration.xml file that is used by the Office Deployment Tool. 你应始终显式指定更新通道。You should always explicitly specify the update channel. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)For more information, see Deploy Office 2019 (for IT Pros).

"PerpetualVL2019" 是 Office Professional Plus 2019 和 Office Standard 2019 支持的唯一支持的更新频道。“PerpetualVL2019” is the only supported update channel for Office Professional Plus 2019 and Office Standard 2019. 它也是适用于 Project 2019 和 Visio 2019 的批量许可版本的默认更新频道。It's also the default update channel for volume licensed versions of Project 2019 and Visio 2019.

更新频道是计算机范围的设置。Update channel is a computer-wide setting. 你所使用的更新通道应由你部署的 Office 套件版本决定。Which update channel you use should be determined by which version of the Office suite that you’re deploying. 如果你要与 Office 一起部署 Project 和 Visio, 它们必须使用与 Office suite 相同的更新通道。If you’re deploying Project and Visio along with Office, they must use the same update channel as the Office suite. 如果 Office、Project 和 Visio 的所有版本都是2019批量许可版本, 这就不是问题。This shouldn’t be an issue if all the versions of Office, Project, and Visio are the 2019 volume licensed versions.

如果你要在 Office 365 专业增强版的情况下部署 Project 2019 或 Visio 2019 的批量许可版本, 你应该为 Office 2019 专业增强版指定与 Project 2019 和 Visio 365 相同的更新频道。If you’re deploying a volume licensed version of Project 2019 or Visio 2019 along with Office 365 ProPlus, you should specify the same update channel for Project 2019 and Visio 2019 that you’re using for Office 365 ProPlus. 例如, "每月" 表示每月频道或 "宽" 表示半年频道。For example, “Monthly” for Monthly Channel or “Broad” for Semi-Annual Channel.

使用组策略指定更新设置Use Group Policy to specify update settings

如果你的组织中部署了 Windows Server 和 Active Directory 域服务 (AD DS), 则可以使用组策略为批量许可版本的 Office 2019 配置更新设置。If you have Windows Server and Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) deployed in your organization, you can configure update settings for volume licensed versions of Office 2019 by using Group Policy. 若要执行此操作, 请下载最新的管理模板文件 (适用于 office 的 ADMX/ADML), 其中包括 office 2019 的策略设置。To do this, download the most current Administrative Template files (ADMX/ADML for Office), which include the policy settings for Office 2019.

将管理模板文件复制到 AD DS 之后, 你将在 "组策略管理" 控制台中的 "计算机 Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (计算机) \ 更新" 下找到更新策略设置。After you copy the Administrative Template files to AD DS, you'll find the update policy settings under Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\ Updates in the Group Policy Management Console. 你还可以找到有关如何配置每个策略设置的说明。You'll also find a description of how to configure each policy setting. 例如, 你可以使用 "更新路径" 组策略设置指定 Office 2019 应在何处查找更新。For example, you can use the “Update path” Group Policy setting to specify where Office 2019 should look for updates.