更新 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)Update Office 2019 (for IT Pros)

部署 Office 2019 的批量许可版(包括 Project 和 Visio)后,需将其保持在更新状态,这是因为 Microsoft 会发布安全更新和质量更新,例如向 Office 提供稳定性或性能改进的更新。After you deploy volume licensed versions of Office 2019, including Project and Visio, you’ll want to keep it updated as Microsoft releases security updates and quality updates, such as updates that provide stability or performance improvements for Office. Office 2019 大约每月更新一次,通常是在当月第二个星期二更新。Office 2019 will be updated approximately once a month, usually on the second Tuesday of the month.

备注

Office 2019 不会收到新功能。Office 2019 doesn't receive new features. 如果想要在现有基础上获取新的 Office 功能,应考虑迁移至包括 Office 的 Office 365 计划。If you want to get new Office features on an on-going basis, you should consider moving to an Office 365 plan that includes Office.

Office 2019 的批量许可版现使用即点即用而不是 Windows Installer (MSI) 技术,后者用于安装和更新 Office。Volume licensed versions of Office 2019 now use Click-to-Run, instead of Windows Installer (MSI), as the technology used to install and update Office.

如何更新 Office 2019How Office 2019 gets updated

即点即用处理更新的方式与 Windows Installer (MSI) 不同。Click-to-Run handles updates differently than Windows Installer (MSI). 下述信息介绍了如何对 Office 2019 进行更新。The following provides information about how updates work for Office 2019.

  • 如果存在 Office 2019 的更新,Microsoft 会在 Internet 上的 Office 内容交付网络 (CDN) 上发布 Office 2019 的新版本。When there are updates for Office 2019, Microsoft releases a new build of Office 2019 on the Office Content Delivery Network (CDN) on the Internet. 此新版本包含所有最新安全更新和质量更新。This new build includes all the latest security and quality updates.
  • Office 2019 默认配置为直接通过 Office CDN 自动更新,但可更改此行为。By default, Office 2019 is configured to be updated automatically directly from the Office CDN, although that can be changed. 稍后会详细介绍。More on that later.
  • 安装了 Office 2019 的计算机上有一个名为“Office 自动更新 2.0”的计划任务,它会定期检查是否有更新。There is a scheduled task named “Office Automatic Updates 2.0 ” on the computer on which Office 2019 is installed that checks for updates on a regular basis.
  • 如果有可用更新,Office 会开始自动下载更新。If updates are available, Office begins downloading the updates automatically. 用户无需执行任何操作。The user doesn’t have to do anything. 在该过程中,Office 也会弄清楚 Office CDN 上的 Office 2019 最新版本与计算机上安装的 Office 2019 版本之间的区别。As part of this process, Office also figures out what’s different between the latest version of Office 2019 up on the Office CDN and the version of Office 2019 that’s installed on the computer. 根据这一区别,它仅下载将 Office 2019 更新到最新版所需的内容。Based on that, it only downloads what’s needed to update Office 2019 to the latest version.
  • 下载更新时,用户可继续使用 Word 等 Office 应用。While the updates are being downloaded, users can continue to use Office apps, such as Word. 更新下载完毕后会进行安装。After the updates are downloaded, the updates are installed. 如果有 Office 应用已打开,系统会提示用户保存其作业并关闭应用,以便可安装更新。If any Office apps are open, users will be prompted to save their work and close the apps, so that the updates can be installed.
  • 安装更新后,用户可返回到其 Office 应用继续工作。After the updates are installed, users can go back to working in their Office apps.

Office 2019 中的更新有何不同How updates are different in Office 2019

即点即用处理更新的方式与 Windows Installer (MSI) 不同,因此你需要注意一些变化。Since Click-to-Run handles updates differently than Windows Installer (MSI), there are some changes you need to be aware of.

  • 不单独下载安全更新或质量更新。There are no separate downloads for security or quality updates. 更新已作为 Office CDN 上发布的 Office 2019 新版本的一部分包含在内。Updates are already included as part of a new build of Office 2019 that’s posted on the Office CDN.
  • 更新是累积性的,因此 Office CDN 上提供的 Office 2019 最新版包括 Office 2019 先前版本的所有安全更新和质量更新。Updates are cumulative, so the latest version of Office 2019 available on the Office CDN includes all the security and quality updates from all the previous versions of Office 2019.
  • 从 Office CDN 下载和安装 Office 2019 时,该软件已是最新状态。When you download and install Office 2019 from the Office CDN, it’s up to date already. 安装 Office 2019 后,无需下载和应用任何更新或服务包。You don’t have to download and apply any updates or service packs after you install Office 2019.
  • 由于更新是累积性的,并且已包含在 Office CDN 上的 Office 2019 最新版中,因此不使用 Microsoft 更新或 Windows Server Updates Services (WSUS) 来更新 Office 2019。Since updates are cumulative and already included in the latest version of Office 2019 on the Office CDN, you don’t use Microsoft Updates or Windows Server Updates Services (WSUS) to update Office 2019. 但是,你可使用 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager 来帮助部署和管理 Office 2019 更新,包括控制何时以及从何处应用更新。But you can use System Center Configuration Manager to help you deploy and manage updates to Office 2019, including controlling when and from where updates are applied.

配置从何处更新 Office 2019Configure where Office 2019 gets updates from

如果网络连接正常,并且根据组织要求实施的其他注意事项均已满足,则建议从 Office CDN 自动更新 Office 2019。If network connectivity and other considerations based on your organizational requirements aren’t an issue, we recommend that Office 2019 is updated automatically from the Office CDN. 从 Office CDN 更新是默认行为,因此无需执行额外操作,且很容易就可将 Office 2019 保持在最新状态。Updating from the Office CDN is the default, so there’s nothing extra you need to do and it’s an easy way to keep Office 2019 up to date.

如果不希望安装了 Office 2019 的计算机连接到 Office CDN 来获取更新,可配置 Office 2019,使其从内部网络内的共享文件夹中获取更新。If you don’t want computers installed with Office 2019 to connect to the Office CDN to get updates, you can configure Office 2019 to get updates from a shared folder from within your internal network. 仍然至少需要一台计算机才能访问 Office CDN,从而能够将 Office 2019 最新版下载到内部网络的共享文件夹中。You still need a least one computer to have access to the Office CDN to be able to download the latest version of Office 2019 to the shared folder on your internal network.

请记住,要从本地网络上的共享文件夹安装和更新 Office 2019,需要的管理工作量和磁盘空间会多很多。Keep in mind that installing and updating Office 2019 from a shared folder on your local network requires significantly more administrative effort and more disk space. 例如,你必须持续跟踪何时有可用的 Office 2019 新版本,然后必须将 Office 2019 的更新版本下载到你的网络中。For example, you have to keep track of when new builds of Office 2019 are available and then download the updated version of Office 2019 to your network. 下载到本地网络的共享文件夹时,将始终下载 Office 更新版的完整副本。Downloading to a shared folder on your local network will always download a full copy of the updated version of Office.

你也可使用企业软件部署工具(例如 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager)来帮助更新 Office 2019。You can also use enterprise software deployment tools, such as System Center Configuration Manager, to help you update Office 2019.

Office 2019 查找更新的位置是在 configuration.xml 文件中指定的,该文件用于结合 Office 部署工具来部署 Office 2019。The location where Office 2019 looks for updates is specified in the configuration.xml file that you use to deploy Office 2019 with the Office Deployment Tool. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)For more information, see Deploy Office 2019 (for IT Pros). 也可使用组策略You can also use Group Policy.

检查 Office 2019 更新Check for updates for Office 2019

你可手动检查更新,而不是等待计划任务运行来检查更新。Instead of waiting for the scheduled task to run to check for updates, you can manually check for updates. 为此,请打开任意 Office 应用(如 Word),然后转到“文件” > “帐户” > “更新选项” > “立即更新”。To do that, open any Office app, such as Word, and go to File > Account > Update Options > Update Now.

这会引发即点即用服务在你配置 Office 查找更新的位置去查找更新。This causes the Click-to-Run service to go look for updates at the location that you’ve configured Office to look for updates. 例如,直接从 Internet 上的 Office CDN 获取。For example, directly from the Office CDN on the Internet. 如果有可用更新,Office 会开始下载过程。If updates are available, Office begins the process to download.

Office 2019 更新的大小Size of updates for Office 2019

从更新位置下载到用户计算机的更新大小取决于多种因素,包括自上次更新 Office 2019 以来过去多长时间,以及存在多少个安全更新和质量更新。The size of the updates that are downloaded to the user's computer from the update location varies depends on several factors, including how long it’s been since you last updated Office 2019 and how many security and quality updates there are.

要尽量减少需要下载的更新大小,建议将 Office 2019 保持在最新状态。To minimize the size of the updates that need to be downloaded, we recommend that you keep Office 2019 up to date. Office 使用一种名为二进制增量压缩的技术来帮助减少需应用于用户计算机的更新大小。Office uses a technology called binary delta compression to help reduce the size of the updates that need to be applied to the user's computer. 但是,仅在从 Office 最新版本更新时,才可使用二进制增量压缩技术。But binary delta compression is only available if you're updating from a recent version of Office. 例如,如果你从 9 月版或 10 月版更新到 11 月版。For example, if you're updating from the September or October version to the November version. 但是,如果更新旧得多的 Office 版本,例如从 6 月版更新到 11 月版,则不可使用二进制增量压缩技术。But if you're updating a much older version of Office, such as from the June to November version, binary delta compression won't be available.

Office 2019 更新频道Update channel for Office 2019

Office 使用更新频道概念来确定所安装的 Office 版本要接收哪些更新。Office uses the concept of update channels to determine which updates an installed version of Office receives. 更新频道是在 configuration.xml 文件中指定的,该文件由 Office 部署工具使用。The update channel is specified in the configuration.xml file that is used by the Office Deployment Tool. 应始终显式指定更新频道。You should always explicitly specify the update channel. 有关详细信息,请参阅部署 Office 2019(面向 IT 专业人员)For more information, see Deploy Office 2019 (for IT Pros).

PerpetualVL2019 是 Office 专业增强版 2019 和 Office 标准版 2019 唯一受支持的更新频道。“PerpetualVL2019” is the only supported update channel for Office Professional Plus 2019 and Office Standard 2019. 它也是 Project 2019 和 Visio 2019 的批量许可版本的默认更新渠道,尽管它们可以与任何更新渠道一起安装,例如每月或半年一次。It's also the default update channel for volume licensed versions of Project 2019 and Visio 2019, although they can be installed with any update channel, such as Monthly or Semi-Annual.

更新频道是一项计算机范围的设置。Update channel is a computer-wide setting. 使用哪个更新频道应由要部署的 Office 套件版本决定。Which update channel you use should be determined by which version of the Office suite that you’re deploying. 如果随附 Office 一起部署 Project 和 Visio,它们必须与 Office 套件使用相同的更新频道。If you’re deploying Project and Visio along with Office, they must use the same update channel as the Office suite. 如果 Office、Project 和 Visio 的版本全部是 2019 批量许可版,则毫无问题。This shouldn’t be an issue if all the versions of Office, Project, and Visio are the 2019 volume licensed versions.

如果要随附 Office 365 专业增强版一起部署 Project 2019 或 Visio 2019 批量许可版,则应为 Project 2019 和 Visio 2019 指定与 Office 365 专业增强版使用的同一更新频道。If you’re deploying a volume licensed version of Project 2019 or Visio 2019 along with Office 365 ProPlus, you should specify the same update channel for Project 2019 and Visio 2019 that you’re using for Office 365 ProPlus. 例如,“每月”表示每月频道,“宽泛”表示半年频道。For example, “Monthly” for Monthly Channel or “Broad” for Semi-Annual Channel. 有关详细信息,请参阅在同一台计算机上安装不同版本的 Office、Visio 和 Project 受支持方案For more information, see Supported scenarios for installing different versions of Office, Project, and Visio on the same computer.

使用“组策略”指定更新设置Use Group Policy to specify update settings

如果已在组织中部署 Windows Server 和 Active Directory 域服务 (AD DS),则可通过使用组策略来配置 Office 2019 批量许可版的更新设置。If you have Windows Server and Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) deployed in your organization, you can configure update settings for volume licensed versions of Office 2019 by using Group Policy. 为此,请下载最新的管理模板文件(适用于 Office 的 ADMX/ADML),其中包括 Office 2019 的策略设置。To do this, download the most current Administrative Template files (ADMX/ADML for Office), which include the policy settings for Office 2019.

将管理模板文件复制到 AD DS 之后,可在组策略管理控制台中的 Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\ Updates下找到这些更新策略设置。After you copy the Administrative Template files to AD DS, you'll find the update policy settings under Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Microsoft Office 2016 (Machine)\ Updates in the Group Policy Management Console. 还可在此找到有关如何配置每个策略设置的说明。You'll also find a description of how to configure each policy setting. 例如,可使用“更新路径”组策略设置来指定 Office 2019 应在何处查找更新。For example, you can use the “Update path” Group Policy setting to specify where Office 2019 should look for updates.