ReportingService2005.CreateDataDrivenSubscription(String, ExtensionSettings, DataRetrievalPlan, String, String, String, ParameterValueOrFieldReference[]) Method


为指定的报表创建数据驱动订阅。Creates a data-driven subscription for a specified report.

 System::String ^ CreateDataDrivenSubscription(System::String ^ Report, ReportService2005::ExtensionSettings ^ ExtensionSettings, ReportService2005::DataRetrievalPlan ^ DataRetrievalPlan, System::String ^ Description, System::String ^ EventType, System::String ^ MatchData, cli::array <ReportService2005::ParameterValueOrFieldReference ^> ^ Parameters);
public string CreateDataDrivenSubscription (string Report, ReportService2005.ExtensionSettings ExtensionSettings, ReportService2005.DataRetrievalPlan DataRetrievalPlan, string Description, string EventType, string MatchData, ReportService2005.ParameterValueOrFieldReference[] Parameters);
member this.CreateDataDrivenSubscription : string * ReportService2005.ExtensionSettings * ReportService2005.DataRetrievalPlan * string * string * string * ReportService2005.ParameterValueOrFieldReference[] -> string
Public Function CreateDataDrivenSubscription (Report As String, ExtensionSettings As ExtensionSettings, DataRetrievalPlan As DataRetrievalPlan, Description As String, EventType As String, MatchData As String, Parameters As ParameterValueOrFieldReference()) As String



要为其创建数据驱动订阅的报表的完全限定 URL。The fully qualified URL of the report for which to create a data-driven subscription.


一个 ExtensionSettings 对象,该对象包含特定于传递扩展插件的设置的列表。An ExtensionSettings object that contains a list of settings that are specific to the delivery extension.


一个 DataRetrievalPlan 对象,该对象提供从传递查询中检索数据时所需的设置。A DataRetrievalPlan object that provides settings that are required to retrieve data from a delivery query. DataRetrievalPlan 对象包含对 DataSetDefinition 对象和 DataSourceDefinitionOrReference 对象的引用。The DataRetrievalPlan object contains a reference to a DataSetDefinition object and a DataSourceDefinitionOrReference object.


向用户显示的贴切描述。A meaningful description that is displayed to users.


触发数据驱动订阅的事件的类型。The type of event that triggers the data-driven subscription. 有效值是 TimedSubscriptionSnapshotUpdatedThe valid values are TimedSubscription or SnapshotUpdated.


与指定的 事件 类型参数关联的数据。The data that is associated with the specified EventType parameter. 此参数由事件使用,用来将数据驱动订阅与已经激发的事件进行匹配。This parameter is used by an event to match the data-driven subscription with an event that has fired.


ParameterValueOrFieldReference 对象的数组,它包含用于报表的参数的列表。An array of ParameterValueOrFieldReference objects that contains a list of parameters for the report.



一个String值,该值包含在报表服务器数据库内唯一标识数据驱动订阅的订阅 ID。A String value containing a subscription ID that uniquely identifies the data-driven subscription in the report server database.


若要编译此代码示例,必须引用 Reporting Services WSDL 并导入某些命名空间。To compile this code example, you must reference the Reporting Services WSDL and import certain namespaces. 有关详细信息,请参阅 编译和运行代码示例For more information, see Compiling and Running Code Examples. 下面的代码示例使用 CreateDataDrivenSubscription 将新的数据驱动订阅添加到 Report Server 数据库:The following code example uses CreateDataDrivenSubscription to add a new data-driven subscription to the report server database:

Imports System  
Imports System.Web.Services.Protocols  

Class Sample  
   Public Shared Sub Main()  
      Dim rs As New ReportingService2005()  
      rs.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials  

      Dim report As String = "/SampleReports/Employee Sales Summary"  
      Dim description As String = "My new data driven subscription"  

      ' Set the extension setting as report server email.  
      Dim settings As New ExtensionSettings()  
      settings.Extension = "Report Server Email"  

      ' Set the extension parameter values.  
      Dim extensionParams(7) As ParameterValueOrFieldReference  

      Dim [to] As New ParameterFieldReference() ' Data-driven.  
      [to].ParameterName = "TO"  
      [to].FieldAlias = "EmailAddress"  
      extensionParams(0) = [to]  

      Dim replyTo As New ParameterValue()  
      replyTo.Name = "ReplyTo"  
      replyTo.Value = ""  
      extensionParams(1) = replyTo  

      Dim includeReport As New ParameterValue()  
      includeReport.Name = "IncludeReport"  
      includeReport.Value = "False"  
      extensionParams(2) = includeReport  

      Dim renderFormat As New ParameterValue()  
      renderFormat.Name = "RenderFormat"  
      renderFormat.Value = "HTML4.0"  
      extensionParams(3) = renderFormat  

      Dim priority As New ParameterValue()  
      priority.Name = "Priority"  
      priority.Value = "NORMAL"  
      extensionParams(4) = priority  

      Dim subject As New ParameterValue()  
      subject.Name = "Subject"  
      subject.Value = "Your sales report"  
      extensionParams(5) = subject  

      Dim comment As New ParameterValue()  
      comment.Name = "Comment"  
      comment.Value = "Here is the link to your report."  
      extensionParams(6) = comment  

      Dim includeLink As New ParameterValue()  
      includeLink.Name = "IncludeLink"  
      includeLink.Value = "True"  
      extensionParams(7) = includeLink  

      settings.ParameterValues = extensionParams  

      ' Create the data source for the delivery query.  
      Dim delivery As New DataSource()  
      delivery.Name = ""  
      Dim dataSourceDefinition As New DataSourceDefinition()  
      dataSourceDefinition.ConnectString = "data source=(local);initial catalog=Employee"  
      dataSourceDefinition.CredentialRetrieval = CredentialRetrievalEnum.Store  
      dataSourceDefinition.Enabled = True  
      dataSourceDefinition.EnabledSpecified = True  
      dataSourceDefinition.Extension = "SQL"  
      dataSourceDefinition.ImpersonateUserSpecified = False  
      dataSourceDefinition.UserName = "username"  
      dataSourceDefinition.Password = "runUnAtt1"  
      delivery.Item = dataSourceDefinition  

      ' Create the fields list.  
      Dim fieldsList(1) As Field  
      fieldsList(0) = New Field()  
      fieldsList(0).Name = "EmailAddress"  
      fieldsList(0).Alias = "EmailAddress"  
      fieldsList(1) = New Field()  
      fieldsList(1).Name = "EmpID"  
      fieldsList(1).Alias = "EmpID"  

      ' Create the data set for the delivery query.  
      Dim dataSetDefinition As New DataSetDefinition()  
      dataSetDefinition.AccentSensitivitySpecified = False  
      dataSetDefinition.CaseSensitivitySpecified = False  
      dataSetDefinition.KanatypeSensitivitySpecified = False  
      dataSetDefinition.WidthSensitivitySpecified = False  
      dataSetDefinition.Fields = fieldsList  
      Dim queryDefinition As New QueryDefinition()  
      queryDefinition.CommandText = "Select * from MailList"  
      queryDefinition.CommandType = "Text"  
      queryDefinition.Timeout = 45  
      queryDefinition.TimeoutSpecified = True  
      dataSetDefinition.Query = queryDefinition  
      Dim results As New DataSetDefinition()  
      Dim changed As Boolean  
      Dim paramNames as String() = Nothing  

         results = rs.PrepareQuery(delivery, dataSetDefinition, changed, paramNames)  
      Catch e As SoapException  
      End Try  

      Dim dataRetrieval As New DataRetrievalPlan()  
      dataRetrieval.DataSet = results  
      dataRetrieval.Item = dataSourceDefinition  

      ' Set the event type and match data for the delivery.  
      Dim eventType As String = "TimedSubscription"  
      Dim matchData As String = "<ScheduleDefinition><StartDateTime>2003-04-14T19:15:00-07:00</StartDateTime><WeeklyRecurrence><WeeksInterval>1</WeeksInterval><DaysOfWeek><Monday>True</Monday><Tuesday>True</Tuesday><Wednesday>True</Wednesday><Thursday>True</Thursday><Friday>True</Friday></DaysOfWeek></WeeklyRecurrence></ScheduleDefinition>"  

      ' Set the report parameter values.  
      Dim parameters(2) As ParameterValueOrFieldReference  

      Dim empID As New ParameterFieldReference() ' Data-driven.  
      empID.ParameterName = "EmpID"  
      empID.FieldAlias = "EmpID"  
      parameters(0) = empID  

      Dim reportYear As New ParameterValue()  
      reportYear.Name = "ReportYear"  
      reportYear.Value = "2004"  
      parameters(1) = reportYear  

      Dim reportMonth As New ParameterValue()  
      reportMonth.Name = "ReportMonth"  
      reportMonth.Value = "6" ' June  
      parameters(2) = reportMonth  

         Dim subscriptionID As String = rs.CreateDataDrivenSubscription(report, settings, dataRetrieval, description, eventType, matchData, parameters)  
      Catch e As SoapException  
      End Try  
   End Sub 'Main  
End Class 'Sample  
using System;  
using System.Web.Services.Protocols;  

class Sample  
   public static void Main()  
      ReportingService rs = new ReportingService2005();  
      rs.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;  

      string report = "/SampleReports/Employee Sales Summary";  
      string description = "My new data driven subscription";  

      // Set the extension setting as report server email.  
      ExtensionSettings settings = new ExtensionSettings();  
      settings.Extension = "Report Server Email";  

      // Set the extension parameter values.  
      ParameterValueOrFieldReference[] extensionParams =   
         new ParameterValueOrFieldReference[8];  

      ParameterFieldReference to = new ParameterFieldReference(); // Data-driven.  
      to.ParameterName = "TO";  
      to.FieldAlias = "EmailAddress";   
      extensionParams[0] = to;  

      ParameterValue replyTo = new ParameterValue();  
      replyTo.Name = "ReplyTo";  
      replyTo.Value ="";  
      extensionParams[1] = replyTo;  

      ParameterValue includeReport = new ParameterValue();  
      includeReport.Name = "IncludeReport";  
      includeReport.Value = "False";  
      extensionParams[2] = includeReport;  

      ParameterValue renderFormat = new ParameterValue();  
      renderFormat.Name = "RenderFormat";  
      renderFormat.Value = "HTML4.0";  
      extensionParams[3] = renderFormat;  

      ParameterValue priority = new ParameterValue();  
      priority.Name = "Priority";  
      priority.Value = "NORMAL";  
      extensionParams[4] = priority;  

      ParameterValue subject = new ParameterValue();  
      subject.Name = "Subject";  
      subject.Value = "Your sales report";  
      extensionParams[5] = subject;  

      ParameterValue comment = new ParameterValue();  
      comment.Name = "Comment";  
      comment.Value = "Here is the link to your report.";  
      extensionParams[6] = comment;  

      ParameterValue includeLink = new ParameterValue();  
      includeLink.Name = "IncludeLink";  
      includeLink.Value = "True";  
      extensionParams[7] = includeLink;  

      settings.ParameterValues = extensionParams;  

      // Create the data source for the delivery query.  
      DataSource delivery = new DataSource();  
      delivery.Name = "";  
      DataSourceDefinition dataSourceDefinition = new DataSourceDefinition();  
      dataSourceDefinition.ConnectString = "data source=(local);initial catalog=Employee";  
      dataSourceDefinition.CredentialRetrieval = CredentialRetrievalEnum.Store;  
      dataSourceDefinition.Enabled = true;  
      dataSourceDefinition.EnabledSpecified = true;  
      dataSourceDefinition.Extension = "SQL";  
      dataSourceDefinition.ImpersonateUserSpecified = false;  
      dataSourceDefinition.UserName = "username";  
      dataSourceDefinition.Password = "runUnAtt1";  
      delivery.Item = dataSourceDefinition;  

      // Create the fields list.  
      Field[] fieldsList = new Field[2];  
      fieldsList[0] = new Field();  
      fieldsList[0].Name = "EmailAddress";  
      fieldsList[0].Alias = "EmailAddress";  
      fieldsList[1] = new Field();  
      fieldsList[1].Name = "EmpID";  
      fieldsList[1].Alias = "EmpID";  

      // Create the data set for the delivery query.  
      DataSetDefinition dataSetDefinition = new DataSetDefinition();  
      dataSetDefinition.AccentSensitivitySpecified = false;  
      dataSetDefinition.CaseSensitivitySpecified = false;  
      dataSetDefinition.KanatypeSensitivitySpecified = false;  
      dataSetDefinition.WidthSensitivitySpecified = false;  
      dataSetDefinition.Fields = fieldsList;  
      QueryDefinition queryDefinition = new QueryDefinition();  
      queryDefinition.CommandText = "Select * from MailList";  
      queryDefinition.CommandType = "Text";  
      queryDefinition.Timeout = 45;  
      queryDefinition.TimeoutSpecified = true;  
      dataSetDefinition.Query = queryDefinition;  
      DataSetDefinition results = new DataSetDefinition();  
      bool changed;  
      string[] paramNames;  

         results = rs.PrepareQuery(delivery, dataSetDefinition, out changed, out paramNames);  
      catch (SoapException e)  

      DataRetrievalPlan dataRetrieval = new DataRetrievalPlan();  
      dataRetrieval.DataSet = results;  
      dataRetrieval.Item = dataSourceDefinition;  
      // Set the event type and match data for the delivery.  
      string eventType = "TimedSubscription";  
      string matchData = "<ScheduleDefinition><StartDateTime>2003-04-14T19:15:00-07:00</StartDateTime><WeeklyRecurrence><WeeksInterval>1</WeeksInterval><DaysOfWeek><Monday>True</Monday><Tuesday>True</Tuesday><Wednesday>True</Wednesday><Thursday>True</Thursday><Friday>True</Friday></DaysOfWeek></WeeklyRecurrence></ScheduleDefinition>";  

      // Set the report parameter values.  
      ParameterValueOrFieldReference[] parameters = new ParameterValueOrFieldReference[3];  

      ParameterFieldReference empID = new ParameterFieldReference(); // Data-driven.  
      empID.ParameterName = "EmpID";  
      empID.FieldAlias = "EmpID";  
      parameters[0] = empID;  

      ParameterValue reportYear = new ParameterValue();  
      reportYear.Name = "ReportYear";  
      reportYear.Value = "2004";  
      parameters[1] = reportYear;  

      ParameterValue reportMonth = new ParameterValue();  
      reportMonth.Name = "ReportMonth";  
      reportMonth.Value = "6"; // June  
      parameters[2] = reportMonth;  

         string subscriptionID = rs.CreateDataDrivenSubscription(   
   report, settings, dataRetrieval, description, eventType, matchData, parameters);  
      catch (SoapException e)  


下表显示了有关此操作的标头和权限信息。The table below shows header and permissions information on this operation.

SOAP 标头SOAP Headers (In) BatchHeaderValue(In) BatchHeaderValue

(Out) ServerInfoHeaderValue(Out) ServerInfoHeaderValue
所需的权限Required Permissions ExecuteAndViewCreateAnySubscriptionExecuteAndView AND CreateAnySubscription

参数的长度 Report 不能超过260个字符; 否则,将引发带有错误代码 RSITEMLENGTHEXCEEDED 的 SOAP 异常。The length of the Report parameter cannot exceed 260 characters; otherwise, a SOAP exception is thrown with the error code rsItemLengthExceeded.

Report参数不能为 null 或为空,也不能包含以下保留字符: : ? ; @ & = + $ , \ * > < | . "The Report parameter cannot be null or empty or contain the following reserved characters: : ? ; @ & = + $ , \ * > < | . ". 您可以使用正斜杠 (/) 来分隔文件夹的完整路径名中的项,但不能在文件夹名称的末尾使用。You can use the forward slash character (/) to separate items in the full path name of the folder, but you cannot use it at the end of the folder name.

您可以使用 GetExtensionSettings 方法检索传递扩展插件所需的设置的列表。You can use the GetExtensionSettings method to retrieve a list of the required settings for a delivery extension. 必须在参数中为这些必需的设置传递值 ExtensionSettingsYou must pass values for these required settings in the ExtensionSettings parameter. 有关电子邮件传递设置的信息,请参阅 Reporting Services 传递扩展插件设置For information about e-mail delivery settings, see Reporting Services Delivery Extension Settings.

DataRetrievalPlan参数采用 DataRetrievalPlan 对象作为其参数。The DataRetrievalPlan parameter takes a DataRetrievalPlan object as its argument. DataRetrievalPlan对象包含具有传递查询的数据集。The DataRetrievalPlan object contains a dataset with a delivery query. CommandType QueryDefinition 默认情况下,对于数据驱动订阅,传递查询 (对象) 的属性将设置为 Text ,并且无需指定。The CommandType property of the delivery query (QueryDefinition object) is set to Text by default for data-driven subscriptions and does not have to be specified. 如果为属性指定值 CommandType ,则该值必须是 TextIf you specify a value for the CommandType property, the value must be Text.

在传递查询的数据集中提供或引用的数据源必须具有 CredentialRetrieval 设置 StoreThe data source provided or referenced in the dataset for the delivery query must have a CredentialRetrieval setting of Store.

传递扩展插件设置和参数的值可以设置为静态值或字段引用。Values for delivery extension settings and parameters can be set to either static values or to field references. 为传递扩展插件设置或参数指定字段引用时,设置或参数的值是数据驱动的。When a field reference is specified for delivery extension setting or a parameter, the value of the setting or parameter is data driven. 使用传递查询的数据集具有一组字段 (Field 对象) 映射到传递扩展插件设置 (ExtensionParameter 对象) 和报表参数值 (对象) ParameterValueThe dataset with the delivery query has a set of fields (Field objects) that are mapped to delivery extension settings (ExtensionParameter objects) and report parameter values (ParameterValue objects). 传递扩展插件设置和报表参数值中引用的所有字段都必须与数据集中的字段相对应。All fields referenced in delivery extension settings and report parameter values must correspond to the fields in the dataset. 如果传递查询未返回在传递扩展插件设置或参数值中指定的字段,则在处理订阅时,Report Server 将引发错误。If the delivery query does not return a field that is specified in a delivery extension setting or a parameter value, the report server raises an error when the subscription is processed.

参数的值 EventType 必须对应于为 Report Server 配置的事件。The value of the EventType parameter must correspond to an event that is configured for the report server. 用于创建订阅的两个事件为 TimedSubscriptionSnapshotUpdatedThe two events that are used to create subscriptions are TimedSubscription and SnapshotUpdated. 使用 ListEvents 方法可返回为 Report Server 配置的所有事件的列表。Use the ListEvents method to return a list of all events configured for the report server.

参数的值 MatchData 取决于事件类型。The value of the MatchData parameter depends on the event type. 如果事件是 TimedSubscription 事件,则 ScheduleDefinition 需要对象作为 MatchData 参数。If the event is a TimedSubscription event, a ScheduleDefinition object is required as the MatchData parameter. 必须先将对象序列化为 XML,才能将 ScheduleDefinition 其作为字符串值传递,并基于计划创建订阅。You must first serialize the ScheduleDefinition object as XML in order to pass it as a string value and create a subscription based on the schedule. XML 结构可能类似于以下示例:The XML structure might look like the one in the following example:


StartDateTime作为 XML 字符串传递时,元素的值应对应于日期格式 ISO 8601。The value of the StartDateTime element when passed as an XML string should correspond to the date format ISO 8601. 此国际日期和时间标准是扩展格式 CCYY-MM-DD-Yyyy-mm-ddthh: MM: ss +/-Z,其中 "CC" 表示世纪,"YY" 表示年份,"MM" 表示年份,"DD" 表示天。This international date and time standard is the extended format CCYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss+/-Z where "CC" represents the century, "YY" the year, "MM" the month and "DD" the day. 字母 "T" 是日期和时间分隔符,"hh"、"mm"、"ss" 分别表示小时、分钟和秒。The letter "T" is the date and time separator and "hh", "mm", "ss" represent hour, minute and second, respectively. 此表示形式后面可能紧跟 "Z",以指示协调世界时 (UTC) 。This representation may be immediately followed by a "Z" to indicate Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). 若要指示时区(表示为本地时间与协调世界时之间的差值),"Z" 前面有一个 "+" 或 "-" 符号,后跟 UTC 表示为 hh: mm 的差。To indicate the time zone, represented as the difference between the local time and Coordinated Universal Time, "Z" is preceded by a "+" or "-" sign, followed by the difference from UTC represented as hh:mm.

如果的计划定义 TimedSubscription 是共享计划,则必须将共享计划的计划 ID 作为 MatchData 参数传递。If the schedule definition for a TimedSubscription is a shared schedule, you must pass the schedule ID of the shared schedule as the MatchData parameter. 计划 ID 作为进行传递 String ,例如 "4608ac1b-fc75-4149-9e15-5a8b5781b843"。The schedule ID is passed as a String, for example, "4608ac1b-fc75-4149-9e15-5a8b5781b843". 可以通过调用方法来获取计划 ID ListSchedulesThe schedule ID can be obtained by calling the ListSchedules method.

您可以使用 XmlSerializer 类来自动将对象类转换为 XML 字符串。You can use the XmlSerializer class to convert your object class to an XML string automatically. 有关类的详细信息 XmlSerializer ,请参阅 Microsoft .NET 框架文档中的 "System.Xml.Xml序列化程序类"。For more information about the XmlSerializer class, see "System.Xml.XmlSerializer Class" in the Microsoft .NET Framework documentation.

如果该事件是一个 SnapshotUpdated 订阅,则的值 MatchDatanull (或 Nothing Visual Basic) 中。If the event is a SnapshotUpdated subscription, the value of MatchData should be null (or Nothing in Visual Basic).

使用此方法将订阅的属性设置为,将订阅的属性设置为 LastExecutedSpecified none Status new subscription ,并将订阅对象的所有属性 Active false 设置为。Using this method sets the LastExecutedSpecified property of the subscription to none, the Status property of the subscription to new subscription, and all properties of the subscription’s Active object to false. ModifiedBy报表的和 ModifiedDate 属性也会更新。The ModifiedBy and ModifiedDate properties of the report are also updated.

Applies to