Action<T1,T2,T3> 委托

定义

封装一个方法,该方法具有三个参数并且不返回值。Encapsulates a method that has three parameters and does not return a value.

generic <typename T1, typename T2, typename T3>
public delegate void Action(T1 arg1, T2 arg2, T3 arg3);
public delegate void Action<in T1,in T2,in T3>(T1 arg1, T2 arg2, T3 arg3);
type Action<'T1, 'T2, 'T3> = delegate of 'T1 * 'T2 * 'T3 -> unit
Public Delegate Sub Action(Of In T1, In T2, In T3)(arg1 As T1, arg2 As T2, arg3 As T3)

类型参数

T1

此委托封装的方法的第一个参数的类型。The type of the first parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

T2

此委托封装的方法的第二个参数的类型。The type of the second parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

T3

此委托封装的方法的第三个参数的类型。The type of the third parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

参数

arg1

此委托封装的方法的第一个参数。The first parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

arg2

此委托封装的方法的第二个参数。The second parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

arg3

此委托封装的方法的第三个参数。The third parameter of the method that this delegate encapsulates.

继承
Action<T1,T2,T3>

注解

可以使用Action<T1,T2,T3>委托以参数形式传递方法, 而无需显式声明自定义委托。You can use the Action<T1,T2,T3> delegate to pass a method as a parameter without explicitly declaring a custom delegate. 封装的方法必须对应于由此委托定义的方法签名。The encapsulated method must correspond to the method signature that is defined by this delegate. 这意味着封装的方法必须具有三个按值传递给它的参数, 并且不能返回值。This means that the encapsulated method must have three parameters that are all passed to it by value, and it must not return a value. (在C#中, 该方法必须void返回。(In C#, the method must return void. 在 Visual Basic 中, 它必须由Sub...End SubIn Visual Basic, it must be defined by the SubEnd Sub 构造.construct. 它也可以是返回忽略的值的方法。)通常, 这种方法用于执行操作。It can also be a method that returns a value that is ignored.) Typically, such a method is used to perform an operation.

备注

若要引用具有三个参数并返回值的方法, 请改用泛型Func<T1,T2,T3,TResult>委托。To reference a method that has three parameters and returns a value, use the generic Func<T1,T2,T3,TResult> delegate instead.

使用Action<T1,T2,T3>委托时, 无需显式定义使用三个参数封装方法的委托。When you use the Action<T1,T2,T3> delegate, you do not have to explicitly define a delegate that encapsulates a method with three parameters. 例如, 下面的代码显式声明一个名为StringCopy的委托, 并向其委托实例分配对该CopyStrings方法的引用。For example, the following code explicitly declares a delegate named StringCopy and assigns a reference to the CopyStrings method to its delegate instance.

using System;

delegate void StringCopy(string[] stringArray1, 
                         string[] stringArray2, 
                         int indexToStart);
                         
public class TestDelegate
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] ordinals = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"};
      string[] copiedOrdinals = new string[ordinals.Length];           
      StringCopy copyOperation = CopyStrings;
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3);
      foreach (string ordinal in copiedOrdinals)
         Console.WriteLine(String.IsNullOrEmpty(ordinal) ? "<None>" : ordinal);
   }

   private static void CopyStrings(string[] source, string[] target, int startPos)
   {
      if (source.Length != target.Length) 
         throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.");

      for (int ctr = startPos; ctr <= source.Length - 1; ctr++)
         target[ctr] = String.Copy(source[ctr]);
   }

}
Delegate Sub StringCopy(stringArray1() As String, _
                        stringArray2() As String, _
                        indexToStart As Integer)

Module TestDelegate
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim ordinals() As String = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"}
      Dim copiedOrdinals(ordinals.Length - 1) As String
      Dim copyOperation As StringCopy = AddressOf CopyStrings
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3)
      For Each ordinal As String In copiedOrdinals
         Console.WriteLine(ordinal)
      Next    
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub CopyStrings(source() As String, target() As String, startPos As Integer)
      If source.Length <> target.Length Then 
         Throw New IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.")
      End If
      For ctr As Integer = startPos to source.Length - 1
         target(ctr) = String.Copy(source(ctr))
      Next
   End Sub
End Module

下面的示例通过实例化Action<T1,T2,T3>委托来简化此代码, 而不是显式定义一个新委托并为其分配一个命名方法。The following example simplifies this code by instantiating the Action<T1,T2,T3> delegate instead of explicitly defining a new delegate and assigning a named method to it.

using System;
                         
public class TestAction3
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] ordinals = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"};
      string[] copiedOrdinals = new string[ordinals.Length];           
      Action<string[], string[], int> copyOperation = CopyStrings;
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3);
      foreach (string ordinal in copiedOrdinals)
         Console.WriteLine(String.IsNullOrEmpty(ordinal) ? "<None>" : ordinal);
   }

   private static void CopyStrings(string[] source, string[] target, int startPos)
   {
      if (source.Length != target.Length) 
         throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.");

      for (int ctr = startPos; ctr <= source.Length - 1; ctr++)
         target[ctr] = String.Copy(source[ctr]);
   }
}
Module TestAction3
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim ordinals() As String = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"}
      Dim copiedOrdinals(ordinals.Length - 1) As String
      Dim copyOperation As Action(Of String(), String(), Integer) = AddressOf CopyStrings
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3)
      For Each ordinal As String In copiedOrdinals
         Console.WriteLine(ordinal)
      Next    
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub CopyStrings(source() As String, target() As String, startPos As Integer)
      If source.Length <> target.Length Then 
         Throw New IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.")
      End If
      For ctr As Integer = startPos to source.Length - 1
         target(ctr) = String.Copy(source(ctr))
      Next
   End Sub
End Module

你还可以在中Action<T1,T2,T3> C#将委托与匿名方法一起使用, 如下面的示例所示。You can also use the Action<T1,T2,T3> delegate with anonymous methods in C#, as the following example illustrates. (有关匿名方法的介绍, 请参阅匿名方法。)(For an introduction to anonymous methods, see Anonymous Methods.)

using System;
                         
public class TestAnon
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] ordinals = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"};
      string[] copiedOrdinals = new string[ordinals.Length];           
      Action<string[], string[], int> copyOperation = delegate(string[] s1, 
                                                               string[] s2, 
                                                               int pos) 
                                      { CopyStrings(s1, s2, pos); };
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3);
      foreach (string ordinal in copiedOrdinals)
         Console.WriteLine(String.IsNullOrEmpty(ordinal) ? "<None>" : ordinal);
   }

   private static void CopyStrings(string[] source, string[] target, int startPos)
   {
      if (source.Length != target.Length) 
         throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.");

      for (int ctr = startPos; ctr <= source.Length - 1; ctr++)
         target[ctr] = String.Copy(source[ctr]);
   }
}

你还可以将 lambda 表达式分配给Action<T1,T2,T3>委托实例, 如下面的示例所示。You can also assign a lambda expression to an Action<T1,T2,T3> delegate instance, as the following example illustrates. (有关 lambda 表达式的介绍, 请参阅Lambda 表达式。)(For an introduction to lambda expressions, see Lambda Expressions.)

using System;
                         
public class TestLambda
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string[] ordinals = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"};
      string[] copiedOrdinals = new string[ordinals.Length];           
      Action<string[], string[], int> copyOperation = (s1, s2, pos) =>
                                      CopyStrings(s1, s2, pos); 
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3);
      foreach (string ordinal in copiedOrdinals)
         Console.WriteLine(ordinal == string.Empty ? "<None>" : ordinal);
   }

   private static void CopyStrings(string[] source, string[] target, int startPos)
   {
      if (source.Length != target.Length) 
         throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.");

      for (int ctr = startPos; ctr <= source.Length - 1; ctr++)
         target[ctr] = String.Copy(source[ctr]);
   }
}
Public Module TestLambda
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim ordinals() As String = {"First", "Second", "Third", "Fourth", "Fifth"}
      Dim copiedOrdinals(ordinals.Length - 1) As String           
      Dim copyOperation As Action(Of String(), String(), Integer) = _
                           Sub(s1, s2, pos) CopyStrings(s1, s2, pos) 
      copyOperation(ordinals, copiedOrdinals, 3)
      For Each ordinal As String In copiedOrdinals
         If String.IsNullOrEmpty(ordinal) Then
            Console.WriteLine("<None>")
         Else
            Console.WriteLine(ordinal)
         End If      
      Next   
   End Sub

   Private Function CopyStrings(source() As String, target() As String, startPos As Integer) As Integer
      If source.Length <> target.Length Then 
         Throw New IndexOutOfRangeException("The source and target arrays must have the same number of elements.")
      End If
      
      For ctr As Integer = startPos To source.Length - 1 
         target(ctr) = String.Copy(source(ctr))
      Next
      Return source.Length - startPos 
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Fourth
'       Fifth

扩展方法

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

获取指示指定委托表示的方法的对象。Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

适用于

另请参阅