ArraySegment<T> 结构

定义

分隔一维数组的一部分。Delimits a section of a one-dimensional array.

generic <typename T>
public value class ArraySegment : System::Collections::Generic::ICollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IList<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System::Collections::Generic::IReadOnlyList<T>
generic <typename T>
public value class ArraySegment
public struct ArraySegment<T> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyList<T>
[System.Serializable]
public struct ArraySegment<T>
[System.Serializable]
public struct ArraySegment<T> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IList<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<T>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyList<T>
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
type ArraySegment<'T> = struct
    interface IList<'T>
    interface IReadOnlyList<'T>
    interface ICollection<'T>
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
    interface IReadOnlyCollection<'T>
Public Structure ArraySegment(Of T)
Implements ICollection(Of T), IEnumerable(Of T), IList(Of T), IReadOnlyCollection(Of T), IReadOnlyList(Of T)
Public Structure ArraySegment(Of T)

类型参数

T

数组段中元素的类型。The type of the elements in the array segment.

继承
ArraySegment<T>
属性
实现

示例

下面的代码示例将 ArraySegment<T> 结构传递给方法。The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */

using System;

public class SamplesArray  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };

      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

注解

ArraySegment<T> 是一种数组的包装器,该数组分隔数组中的一系列元素。ArraySegment<T> is a wrapper around an array that delimits a range of elements in that array. 多个 ArraySegment<T> 实例可以引用同一个原始数组,并且可以重叠。Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap. 原始数组必须是一维的,并且必须具有从零开始的索引。The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

备注

ArraySegment<T>.NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6开始实现 IReadOnlyCollection<T> 接口;在以前版本的 .NET Framework 中,ArraySegment<T> 结构未实现此接口。ArraySegment<T> implements the IReadOnlyCollection<T> interface starting with the .NET Framework 4.6.NET Framework 4.6; in previous versions of the .NET Framework, the ArraySegment<T> structure did not implement this interface.

每当在不同段中操作数组的元素时,ArraySegment<T> 结构都非常有用。The ArraySegment<T> structure is useful whenever the elements of an array will be manipulated in distinct segments. 例如:For example:

  • 可以将只表示数组一部分的 ArraySegment<T> 对象作为参数传递给方法,而不是调用相对开销较高的方法(如 Copy)以传递数组部分的副本。You can pass an ArraySegment<T> object that represents only a portion of an array as an argument to a method, rather than call a relatively expensive method like Copy to pass a copy of a portion of an array.

  • 在多线程应用程序中,可以使用 ArraySegment<T> 结构使每个线程仅在数组的一个部分上操作。In a multithreaded app, you can use the ArraySegment<T> structure to have each thread operate on only a portion of the array.

  • 对于基于任务的异步操作,可以使用 ArraySegment<T> 对象来确保每个任务在数组的不同分段上运行。For task-based asynchronous operations, you can use an ArraySegment<T> object to ensure that each task operates on a distinct segment of the array. 下面的示例将一个数组分成多个包含十个元素的单独段。The following example divides an array into individual segments with up to ten elements. 该段中的每个元素都乘以其段数。Each element in the segment is multiplied by its segment number. 结果显示,使用 ArraySegment<T> 类以这种方式操作元素将更改其基础数组的值。The result shows that using the ArraySegment<T> class to manipulate elements in this way changes the values of its underlying array.

    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Threading.Tasks;
    
    public class Example
    {
       private const int segmentSize = 10;
    
       public static async Task Main()
       {
          List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
    
          // Create array.
          int[] arr = new int[50];
          for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)
             arr[ctr] = ctr + 1;
    
          // Handle array in segments of 10.
          for (int ctr = 1; ctr <= Math.Ceiling(((double)arr.Length)/segmentSize); ctr++) {
             int multiplier = ctr;
             int elements = (multiplier - 1) * 10 + segmentSize > arr.Length ?
                             arr.Length - (multiplier - 1) * 10 : segmentSize;
             ArraySegment<int> segment = new ArraySegment<int>(arr, (ctr - 1) * 10, elements);
             tasks.Add(Task.Run( () => { IList<int> list = (IList<int>) segment;
                                         for (int index = 0; index < list.Count; index++)
                                            list[index] = list[index] * multiplier;
                                       } ));
          }
          try {
             await Task.WhenAll(tasks.ToArray());
             int elementsShown = 0;
             foreach (var value in arr) {
                Console.Write("{0,3} ", value);
                elementsShown++;
                if (elementsShown % 18 == 0)
                   Console.WriteLine();
             }
          }
          catch (AggregateException e) {
             Console.WriteLine("Errors occurred when working with the array:");
             foreach (var inner in e.InnerExceptions)
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", inner.GetType().Name, inner.Message);
          }
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //      1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  22  24  26  28  30  32  34  36
    //     38  40  63  66  69  72  75  78  81  84  87  90 124 128 132 136 140 144
    //    148 152 156 160 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250
    
    Imports System.Collections.Generic
    Imports System.Threading.Tasks
    
    Module Example
      Private Const SegmentSize As Integer = 10
      
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim tasks As New List(Of Task)
          
           ' Create array.
          Dim arr(49) As Integer
          For ctr As Integer = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
             arr(ctr) = ctr + 1
          Next
    
          ' Handle array in segments of 10.
          For ctr As Integer = 1 To CInt(Math.Ceiling(arr.Length / segmentSize))
             Dim multiplier As Integer = ctr
             Dim elements As Integer = If((multiplier - 1) * 10 + segmentSize > arr.Length,
                                          arr.Length - (multiplier - 1) * 10,
                                          segmentSize)
             Dim segment As New ArraySegment(Of Integer)(arr, (ctr - 1) * 10, elements)
             tasks.Add(Task.Run( Sub()
                                    Dim list As IList(Of Integer) = CType(segment, IList(Of Integer))
                                    For index As Integer = 0 To list.Count - 1
                                       list(index) = list(index) * multiplier
                                    Next
                                 End Sub ))
          Next
          Try
             Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray())
             Dim elementsShown As Integer = 0
             For Each value In arr
                Console.Write("{0,3} ", value)
                elementsShown += 1
                If elementsShown Mod 18 = 0 Then Console.WriteLine()
             Next
          Catch e As AggregateException
             Console.WriteLine("Errors occurred when working with the array:")
             For Each inner As Exception In e.InnerExceptions
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", inner.GetType().Name, inner.Message)
             Next
          End Try
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '         1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  22  24  26  28  30  32  34  36
    '        38  40  63  66  69  72  75  78  81  84  87  90 124 128 132 136 140 144
    '       148 152 156 160 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250
    

但请注意,尽管 ArraySegment<T> 结构可用于将一个数组划分为不同的段,但这些段并不完全相互独立。Note, however, that although the ArraySegment<T> structure can be used to divide an array into distinct segments, the segments are not completely independent of one another. Array 属性返回整个原始数组,而不是数组的副本;因此,对 Array 属性返回的数组所做的更改将对原始数组进行。The Array property returns the entire original array, not a copy of the array; therefore, changes made to the array returned by the Array property are made to the original array. 如果不需要这样做,则应在数组的副本上执行操作,而不是对表示数组部分的 ArraySegment<T> 对象执行操作。If this is undesirable, you should perform operations on a copy of the array, rather than an ArraySegment<T> object that represents a portion of the array.

Equals 方法和相等和不相等运算符在比较两个 ArraySegment<T> 对象时测试引用是否相等。The Equals method and the equality and inequality operators test for reference equality when they compare two ArraySegment<T> objects. 若要将两个 ArraySegment<T> 对象视为相等,它们必须满足以下所有条件:For two ArraySegment<T> objects to be considered equal, they must meet all of the following conditions:

  • 引用相同的数组。Reference the same array.

  • 从数组中的同一索引开始。Begin at the same index in the array.

  • 具有相同数量的元素。Have the same number of elements.

如果要在 ArraySegment<T> 对象中按索引检索某个元素,则必须将其强制转换为 IList<T> 对象,并使用 IList<T>.Item[] 属性对其进行检索或修改。If you want to retrieve an element by its index in the ArraySegment<T> object, you must cast it to an IList<T> object and retrieve it or modify it by using the IList<T>.Item[] property. 下面的示例检索 ArraySegment<T> 对象中的元素,该元素分隔字符串数组的部分。The following example retrieves the element in an ArraySegment<T> object that delimits a section of a string array.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String[] names = { "Adam", "Bruce", "Charles", "Daniel",
                         "Ebenezer", "Francis", "Gilbert",
                         "Henry", "Irving", "John", "Karl",
                         "Lucian", "Michael" };
      var partNames = new ArraySegment<String>(names, 2, 5);

      // Cast the ArraySegment object to an IList<String> and enumerate it.
      var list = (IList<String>) partNames;
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= list.Count - 1; ctr++)
         Console.WriteLine(list[ctr]);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Charles
//    Daniel
//    Ebenezer
//    Francis
//    Gilbert
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim names() As String = { "Adam", "Bruce", "Charles", "Daniel", 
                                "Ebenezer", "Francis", "Gilbert", 
                                "Henry", "Irving", "John", "Karl",
                                "Lucian", "Michael" }
      Dim partNames As New ArraySegment(Of String)(names, 2, 5)
      
      ' Cast the ArraySegment object to an IList<String> and enumerate it.
      Dim list = CType(partNames, IList(Of String))
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To list.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine(list(ctr))
      Next     
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Charles
'    Daniel
'    Ebenezer
'    Francis
'    Gilbert

构造函数

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新实例,该结构用于分隔指定数组中的所有元素。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

初始化 ArraySegment<T> 结构的新结构,该结构用于分隔指定数组中指定的元素范围。Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

属性

Array

获取原始数组,其中包含数组段分隔的元素范围。Gets the original array containing the range of elements that the array segment delimits.

Count

获取由数组段分隔的范围中的元素个数。Gets the number of elements in the range delimited by the array segment.

Empty

表示空数组段。Represents the empty array segment. 此字段为只读。This field is read-only.

Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的元素。Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

Offset

获取由数组段分隔的范围中的第一个元素的位置(相对于原始数组的开始位置)。Gets the position of the first element in the range delimited by the array segment, relative to the start of the original array.

方法

CopyTo(ArraySegment<T>)

将此实例的内容复制到相同类型 T 的指定目标数组段中。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array segment of the same type T.

CopyTo(T[])

将此实例的内容复制到相同类型 T 的指定目标数组中。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array of the same type T.

CopyTo(T[], Int32)

从指定的目标索引开始,将此实例的内容复制到相同类型 T 的指定目标数组中。Copies the contents of this instance into the specified destination array of the same type T, starting at the specified destination index.

Equals(ArraySegment<T>)

确定指定的 ArraySegment<T> 结构是否等于当前实例。Determines whether the specified ArraySegment<T> structure is equal to the current instance.

Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前实例。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current instance.

GetEnumerator()

返回一个可用于循环访问数组段的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that can be used to iterate through the array segment.

GetHashCode()

返回当前实例的哈希代码。Returns the hash code for the current instance.

Slice(Int32)

从指定索引处开始,形成当前数组段的一个切片。Forms a slice out of the current array segment starting at the specified index.

Slice(Int32, Int32)

从指定索引处开始,形成当前数组段的一个指定长度的切片。Forms a slice of the specified length out of the current array segment starting at the specified index.

ToArray()

将此数组段的内容复制到新数组中。Copies the contents of this array segment into a new array.

运算符

Equality(ArraySegment<T>, ArraySegment<T>)

指示两个 ArraySegment<T> 结构是否相等。Indicates whether two ArraySegment<T> structures are equal.

Implicit(T[] to ArraySegment<T>)

定义 T 类型的数组到 T 类型的数组段的隐式转换。Defines an implicit conversion of an array of type T to an array segment of type T.

Inequality(ArraySegment<T>, ArraySegment<T>)

指示两个 ArraySegment<T> 结构是否不相等。Indicates whether two ArraySegment<T> structures are unequal.

显式接口实现

ICollection<T>.Add(T)

在所有情况下都会引发 NotSupportedException 异常。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

ICollection<T>.Clear()

在所有情况下都会引发 NotSupportedException 异常。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

ICollection<T>.Contains(T)

确定数组段是否包含特定值。Determines whether the array segment contains a specific value.

ICollection<T>.CopyTo(T[], Int32)

从指定的数组索引开始,将数组段的元素复制到一个数组中。Copies the elements of the array segment to an array, starting at the specified array index.

ICollection<T>.IsReadOnly

获取一个值,该值指示该数组段是否为只读。Gets a value that indicates whether the array segment is read-only.

ICollection<T>.Remove(T)

在所有情况下都会引发 NotSupportedException 异常。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问数组段的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through an array segment.

IEnumerable<T>.GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问数组段的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the array segment.

IList<T>.IndexOf(T)

确定数组段中特定项的索引。Determines the index of a specific item in the array segment.

IList<T>.Insert(Int32, T)

在所有情况下都会引发 NotSupportedException 异常。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IList<T>.Item[Int32]

获取或设置指定索引处的元素。Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

IList<T>.RemoveAt(Int32)

在所有情况下都会引发 NotSupportedException 异常。Throws a NotSupportedException exception in all cases.

IReadOnlyList<T>.Item[Int32]

获取数组段的指定索引处的元素。Gets the element at the specified index of the array segment.

扩展方法

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

从指定的集合创建一个不可变数组。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

通过向源键应用转换函数,从现有元素集合构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于对序列进行某种形式的转换来构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变哈希集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变哈希集,并为集类型使用指定的相等性比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变列表。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变排序集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变排序集,并使用指定的比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataTable 的输入 DataRow 对象的情况下,返回包含 IEnumerable<T> 对象副本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

在给定其泛型参数 TDataRow 的输入 DataTable 对象的情况下,将 IEnumerable<T> 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器初始值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器的初始值,并使用指定的函数选择结果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中的所有元素是否都满足条件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

确定序列是否包含任何元素。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中的任何元素是否都满足条件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

将一个值追加到序列末尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回类型化为 IEnumerable<T> 的输入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

连接两个序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

通过使用默认的相等比较器确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的元素数量。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示在指定的序列中满足条件的元素数量的数字。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的类型参数的默认值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的指定值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素;如果索引超出范围,则返回默认值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的第一个元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的第一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组中的元素进行投影。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 通过使用比较器对键进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键值进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的最后一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的最后一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回表示序列中元素总数的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示序列中满足条件的元素的数量的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按降序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按降序对序列的元素排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

向序列的开头添加值。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反转序列中元素的顺序。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

将序列中的每个元素投影到新表单。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

通过合并元素的索引,将序列的每个元素投影到新窗体中。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的投影表。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的中间投影表。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用相应类型的默认相等比较器对序列的元素进行比较,以确定两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 来比较两个序列的元素,以确定这两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的唯一元素;如果该序列并非恰好包含一个元素,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果有多个这样的元素存在,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的唯一元素;如果该序列为空,则返回默认值;如果该序列包含多个元素,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果这类元素不存在,则返回默认值;如果有多个元素满足该条件,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

跳过序列中指定数量的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 source 中的元素,但省略了源集合中的 count 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

从序列的开头返回指定数量的相邻元素。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 count 中的最后 source 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 中创建数组。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用 comparer 通过 IEnumerable<T> 创建 HashSet<T>,以用于比较键。Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器,生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用每个元素的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

使用两个指定序列中的元素生成元组序列。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

将指定函数应用于两个序列的对应元素,以生成结果序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

将泛型 IEnumerable<T> 转换为泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>)

在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的内存区域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32)

从指定位置开始到段的结尾,在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的内存区域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment starting at a specified position to the end of the segment.

AsMemory<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32, Int32)

从具有指定长度的指定位置开始,在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的内存区域。Creates a new memory region over the portion of the target array segment beginning at a specified position with a specified length.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>)

在目标数组段上创建新的跨度。Creates a new span over a target array segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Index)

在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的跨度,从指定的索引开始,以段的末尾结束。Creates a new span over a portion of the target array segment beginning at a specified index and ending at the end of the segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32)

从指定位置到段的结尾,在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的跨度。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment from a specified position to the end of the segment.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Int32, Int32)

从指定长度的指定位置在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的跨度。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment from a specified position for a specified length.

AsSpan<T>(ArraySegment<T>, Range)

使用范围起始和结束索引在目标数组段的一部分上创建新的跨度。Creates a new span over a portion of a target array segment using the range start and end indexes.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子代节点的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个元素和文档的子元素的集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回源集合中经过筛选的每个元素和文档的子元素集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回节点集合(其中包含源集合中的所有节点),并按文档顺序排列。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子节点集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

将源集合中的每个节点从其父节点中移除。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

适用于

另请参阅