CharEnumerator.MoveNext CharEnumerator.MoveNext CharEnumerator.MoveNext CharEnumerator.MoveNext Method

定义

递增当前 CharEnumerator 对象的内部索引使其指向枚举的字符串的下一个字符。Increments the internal index of the current CharEnumerator object to the next character of the enumerated string.

public:
 virtual bool MoveNext();
public bool MoveNext ();
abstract member MoveNext : unit -> bool
override this.MoveNext : unit -> bool
Public Function MoveNext () As Boolean

返回

如果索引递增成功并且在枚举字符串内,则为 true;否则为 falsetrue if the index is successfully incremented and within the enumerated string; otherwise, false.

实现

示例

下面的示例使用CharEnumerator类来枚举字符串中的单个字符。The following example uses the CharEnumerator class to enumerate the individual characters in a string. 它通过CharEnumerator MoveNext调用方法来实例化对象, 并通过调用方法从一个字符移动到下一个字符, 并通过检索Current属性的值来显示当前字符。 String.GetEnumeratorIt instantiates a CharEnumerator object by calling the String.GetEnumerator method, moves from one character to the next by calling the MoveNext method, and displays the current character by retrieving the value of the Current property.

String ^ title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
CharEnumerator ^ chEnum = title->GetEnumerator();
int ctr = 1;
String ^ outputLine1 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine2 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine3 = nullptr; 

while (chEnum->MoveNext())
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += chEnum->Current + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console::WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title->Length);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console::WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
string title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
CharEnumerator chEnum = title.GetEnumerator();
int ctr = 1;
string outputLine1 = null;
string outputLine2 = null;
string outputLine3 = null; 

while (chEnum.MoveNext())
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += chEnum.Current + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title.Length);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
Dim title As String = "A Tale of Two Cities"
Dim chEnum As CharEnumerator = title.GetEnumerator()
Dim ctr As Integer = 1
Dim outputLine1, outputLine2, outputLine3 As String 

Do While chEnum.MoveNext()
   outputLine1 += CStr(iif(ctr < 10 Or ctr Mod 10 <> 0, "  ", CStr(ctr \ 10) + " ")) 
   outputLine2 += (ctr Mod 10)& " "
   outputLine3 += chEnum.Current & " "
   ctr += 1
Loop

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", _
                  title.Length)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2)    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3)
' The example displays the following output to the console:      
'       The length of the string is 20 characters:
'                         1                   2
'       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
'       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s

但请注意, 可以使用foreach (在中C#) 或For Each (在 Visual Basic 中) 以更直观的方式执行相同的操作, 如下面的示例所示。Note, however, that the same operation can be performed somewhat more intuitively by using foreach (in C#) or For Each (in Visual Basic), as the following example shows.

String ^ title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
int ctr = 1;
String ^ outputLine1 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine2 = nullptr;
String ^ outputLine3 = nullptr; 

for each (wchar_t ch in title)
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += ch + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console::WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title->Length);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console::WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console::WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
string title = "A Tale of Two Cities";
int ctr = 1;
string outputLine1 = null;
string outputLine2 = null;
string outputLine3 = null; 

foreach (char ch in title)
{
   outputLine1 += ctr < 10 || ctr % 10 != 0 ? "  " : (ctr / 10) + " ";
   outputLine2 += (ctr % 10) + " ";
   outputLine3 += ch + " ";
   ctr++;
}

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", 
                  title.Length);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1);
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2);    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3);
// The example displays the following output to the console:      
//       The length of the string is 20 characters:
//                         1                   2
//       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
//       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s
Dim title As String = "A Tale of Two Cities"
Dim ctr As Integer = 1
Dim outputLine1, outputLine2, outputLine3 As String 

For Each ch As Char In title
   outputLine1 += CStr(iif(ctr < 10 Or ctr Mod 10 <> 0, "  ", CStr(ctr \ 10) + " ")) 
   outputLine2 += (ctr Mod 10)& " "
   outputLine3 += ch & " "
   ctr += 1
Next

Console.WriteLine("The length of the string is {0} characters:", _
                  title.Length)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine1)
Console.WriteLine(outputLine2)    
Console.WriteLine(outputLine3)
' The example displays the following output to the console:      
'       The length of the string is 20 characters:
'                         1                   2
'       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
'       A   T a l e   o f   T w o   C i t i e s

注解

类维护枚举字符串的内部索引, 方法将MoveNext索引递增1。 CharEnumeratorThe CharEnumerator class maintains an internal index to the enumerated string, and the MoveNext method increments the index by one. MoveNext调用GetEnumeratorReset后调用, 以将当前字符位置递增到枚举字符串中的第一个字符。Call MoveNext after calling GetEnumerator or Reset to increment the current character position to the first character in the enumerated string. 检查返回值是否true为, 以确定当前字符位置是否有效。Check that the return value is true to determine that the current character position is valid.

如果索引已经超出枚举字符串的最后一个字符, 则不会更改该索引并false返回。If the index is already beyond the last character of the enumerated string, the index is not changed and false is returned.

请注意, 如果枚举的字符串为空 (""), 则的CharEnumerator状态始终无效。Notice that if the enumerated string is empty (""), the state of the CharEnumerator is always invalid. 这是因为的CharEnumerator内部索引最初位于枚举字符串的第一个字符之前, 因此无效。This is because the internal index for the CharEnumerator is initially before the first character of the enumerated string and is therefore invalid. MoveNext在逻辑上将索引设置为枚举字符串的最后一个 (不存在的) 字符之后也无效。MoveNext logically sets the index after the last (nonexistent) character of the enumerated string which is also invalid.

适用于