CodeDomProvider 类

定义

CodeDomProvider 实现提供基类。Provides a base class for CodeDomProvider implementations. 此类为抽象类。This class is abstract.

public ref class CodeDomProvider abstract : System::ComponentModel::Component
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public abstract class CodeDomProvider : System.ComponentModel.Component
type CodeDomProvider = class
    inherit Component
Public MustInherit Class CodeDomProvider
Inherits Component
继承
派生
属性

示例

下面的示例程序可以基于使用Console类打印 "Hello World" 的程序的 CodeDOM 模型生成和编译源代码。The following example program can generate and compile source code based on a CodeDOM model of a program that prints "Hello World" using the Console class. 提供 Windows 窗体用户界面。A Windows Forms user interface is provided. 用户可以从多个选项中选择目标编程语言:C#、Visual Basic 和 JScript。The user can select the target programming language from several selections: C#, Visual Basic, and JScript.

#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <Microsoft.JScript.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::CodeDom;
using namespace System::CodeDom::Compiler;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace Microsoft::CSharp;
using namespace Microsoft::VisualBasic;
using namespace Microsoft::JScript;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

// This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
// using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
// code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
// JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
// must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
namespace CodeDOMExample
{
    [PermissionSet(SecurityAction::Demand, Name="FullTrust")]
    public ref class CodeDomExample
    {
    public:
        // Build a Hello World program graph using 
        // System::CodeDom types.
        static CodeCompileUnit^ BuildHelloWorldGraph()
        {
            // Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            // the program graph.
            CodeCompileUnit^ compileUnit = gcnew CodeCompileUnit;

            // Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            CodeNamespace^ samples = gcnew CodeNamespace( "Samples" );

            // Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit->Namespaces->Add( samples );

            // Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples->Imports->Add( gcnew CodeNamespaceImport( "System" ) );

            // Declare a new type called Class1.
            CodeTypeDeclaration^ class1 = gcnew CodeTypeDeclaration( "Class1" );

            // Add the new type to the namespace's type collection.
            samples->Types->Add( class1 );

            // Declare a new code entry point method.
            CodeEntryPointMethod^ start = gcnew CodeEntryPointMethod;

            // Create a type reference for the System::Console class.
            CodeTypeReferenceExpression^ csSystemConsoleType = gcnew CodeTypeReferenceExpression( "System.Console" );

            // Build a Console::WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs1 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csSystemConsoleType,"WriteLine", gcnew CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!") );

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start->Statements->Add( cs1 );

            // Build another Console::WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs2 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csSystemConsoleType,"WriteLine", gcnew CodePrimitiveExpression( "Press the Enter key to continue." ) );

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start->Statements->Add( cs2 );

            // Build a call to System::Console::ReadLine.
            CodeMethodReferenceExpression^ csReadLine = gcnew CodeMethodReferenceExpression( csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine" );
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs3 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csReadLine, gcnew array<CodeExpression^>(0) );

            // Add the ReadLine statement.
            start->Statements->Add( cs3 );

            // Add the code entry point method to
            // the Members collection of the type.
            class1->Members->Add( start );
            return compileUnit;
        }

        static void GenerateCode( CodeDomProvider^ provider, CodeCompileUnit^ compileunit )
        {
            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile;
            if ( provider->FileExtension->StartsWith( "." ) )
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph", provider->FileExtension );
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );
            }

            // Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            // a StreamWriter to the source file.
            IndentedTextWriter^ tw = gcnew IndentedTextWriter( gcnew StreamWriter( sourceFile,false ),"    " );

            // Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider->GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit( compileunit, tw, gcnew CodeGeneratorOptions );

            // Close the output file.
            tw->Close();
        }

        static CompilerResults^ CompileCode( CodeDomProvider^ provider, String^ sourceFile, String^ exeFile )
        {
            // Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            // and produces the specified executable file.
            array<String^>^referenceAssemblies = {"System.dll"};
            CompilerParameters^ cp = gcnew CompilerParameters( referenceAssemblies,exeFile,false );

            // Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp->GenerateExecutable = true;

            // Invoke compilation.
            CompilerResults^ cr = provider->CompileAssemblyFromFile( cp, sourceFile );

            // Return the results of compilation.
            return cr;
        }
    };

    public ref class CodeDomExampleForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
    {
    private:
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ run_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ compile_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ generate_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ textBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
        static System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ comboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Label^ label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
        void generate_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider = GetCurrentProvider();
            CodeDomExample::GenerateCode( provider, CodeDomExample::BuildHelloWorldGraph() );

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile;
            if ( provider->FileExtension->StartsWith( "." ) )
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph", provider->FileExtension );
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );
            }


            // Read in the generated source file and
            // display the source text.
            StreamReader^ sr = gcnew StreamReader( sourceFile );
            textBox1->Text = sr->ReadToEnd();
            sr->Close();
        }

        CodeDomProvider^ GetCurrentProvider()
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider;
            if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "CSharp" ) == 0 )
                provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("CSharp");
            else
                if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "Visual Basic" ) == 0 )
                    provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("VisualBasic");
                else
                    if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "JScript" ) == 0 )
                        provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("JScript");
                    else
                        provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("CSharp");

            return provider;
        }

        void compile_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider = GetCurrentProvider();

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );

            // Compile the source file into an executable output file.
            CompilerResults^ cr = CodeDomExample::CompileCode( provider, sourceFile, "TestGraph.exe" );
            if ( cr->Errors->Count > 0 )
            {
                // Display compilation errors.
                textBox1->Text = String::Concat( "Errors encountered while building ", sourceFile, " into ", cr->PathToAssembly, ": \r\n\n" );
                System::CodeDom::Compiler::CompilerError^ ce;
                for ( int i = 0; i < cr->Errors->Count; i++ )
                {
                    ce = cr->Errors[i];
                    textBox1->AppendText( String::Concat( ce->ToString(), "\r\n" ) );

                }
                run_button->Enabled = false;
            }
            else
            {
                textBox1->Text = String::Concat( "Source ", sourceFile, " built into ", cr->PathToAssembly, " with no errors." );
                run_button->Enabled = true;
            }
        }

        void run_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            Process::Start( "TestGraph.exe" );
        }

    public:
        CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
            this->SuspendLayout();

            // Set properties for label1.
            this->label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 395, 20 );
            this->label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 180, 22 );
            this->label1->Text = "Select a programming language:";

            // Set properties for comboBox1.
            this->comboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 560, 16 );
            this->comboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 190, 23 );
            this->comboBox1->Name = "comboBox1";
            array<String^>^temp1 = {"CSharp","Visual Basic","JScript"};
            this->comboBox1->Items->AddRange( temp1 );
            this->comboBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top);
            this->comboBox1->SelectedIndex = 0;

            // Set properties for generate_button.
            this->generate_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 16 );
            this->generate_button->Name = "generate_button";
            this->generate_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->generate_button->Text = "Generate Code";
            this->generate_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::generate_button_Click );

            // Set properties for compile_button.
            this->compile_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 16 );
            this->compile_button->Name = "compile_button";
            this->compile_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->compile_button->Text = "Compile";
            this->compile_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::compile_button_Click );

            // Set properties for run_button.
            this->run_button->Enabled = false;
            this->run_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 264, 16 );
            this->run_button->Name = "run_button";
            this->run_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->run_button->Text = "Run";
            this->run_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::run_button_Click );

            // Set properties for textBox1.
            this->textBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
            this->textBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 48 );
            this->textBox1->Multiline = true;
            this->textBox1->ScrollBars = System::Windows::Forms::ScrollBars::Vertical;
            this->textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
            this->textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 744, 280 );
            this->textBox1->Text = "";

            // Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            this->AutoScaleBaseSize = System::Drawing::Size( 5, 13 );
            this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 768, 340 );
            this->MinimumSize = System::Drawing::Size( 750, 340 );
            array<System::Windows::Forms::Control^>^myControl = {this->textBox1,this->run_button,this->compile_button,this->generate_button,this->comboBox1,this->label1};
            this->Controls->AddRange( myControl );
            this->Name = "CodeDomExampleForm";
            this->Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example";
            this->ResumeLayout( false );
        }

    public:
        ~CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
        }
    };

}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    Application::Run( gcnew CodeDOMExample::CodeDomExampleForm );
}
using System;
using System.CodeDom;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Microsoft.CSharp;
using Microsoft.VisualBasic;
using Microsoft.JScript;

// This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
// using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
// code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
// JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
// must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
namespace CodeDOMExample
{
    class CodeDomExample
    {
        // Build a Hello World program graph using 
        // System.CodeDom types.
        public static CodeCompileUnit BuildHelloWorldGraph()
        {
            // Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            // the program graph.
            CodeCompileUnit compileUnit = new CodeCompileUnit();

            // Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            CodeNamespace samples = new CodeNamespace("Samples");
            // Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit.Namespaces.Add(samples);

            // Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples.Imports.Add(new CodeNamespaceImport("System"));

            // Declare a new type called Class1.
            CodeTypeDeclaration class1 = new CodeTypeDeclaration("Class1");
            // Add the new type to the namespace type collection.
            samples.Types.Add(class1);

            // Declare a new code entry point method.
            CodeEntryPointMethod start = new CodeEntryPointMethod();

            // Create a type reference for the System.Console class.
            CodeTypeReferenceExpression csSystemConsoleType = new CodeTypeReferenceExpression("System.Console");

            // Build a Console.WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression cs1 = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine",
                new CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!"));

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs1);

            // Build another Console.WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression cs2 = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine",
                new CodePrimitiveExpression("Press the Enter key to continue."));

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs2);

            // Build a call to System.Console.ReadLine.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression csReadLine = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine");

            // Add the ReadLine statement.
            start.Statements.Add(csReadLine);

            // Add the code entry point method to
            // the Members collection of the type.
            class1.Members.Add(start);

            return compileUnit;
        }

        public static void GenerateCode(CodeDomProvider provider,
            CodeCompileUnit compileunit)
        {
            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            // a StreamWriter to the source file.
            IndentedTextWriter tw = new IndentedTextWriter(new StreamWriter(sourceFile, false), "    ");
            // Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider.GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(compileunit, tw, new CodeGeneratorOptions());
            // Close the output file.
            tw.Close();
        }

        public static CompilerResults CompileCode(CodeDomProvider provider,
                                                  String sourceFile,
                                                  String exeFile)
        {
            // Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            // and produces the specified executable file.
            String[] referenceAssemblies = { "System.dll" };
            CompilerParameters cp = new CompilerParameters(referenceAssemblies,
                                                           exeFile, false);
            // Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp.GenerateExecutable = true;

            // Invoke compilation.
            CompilerResults cr = provider.CompileAssemblyFromFile(cp, sourceFile);
            // Return the results of compilation.
            return cr;
        }
    }

    public class CodeDomExampleForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button run_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button compile_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button generate_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox comboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();

        private void generate_button_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider = GetCurrentProvider();
            CodeDomExample.GenerateCode(provider, CodeDomExample.BuildHelloWorldGraph());

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Read in the generated source file and
            // display the source text.
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(sourceFile);
            textBox1.Text = sr.ReadToEnd();
            sr.Close();
        }

        private void compile_button_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider = GetCurrentProvider();

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Compile the source file into an executable output file.
            CompilerResults cr = CodeDomExample.CompileCode(provider,
                                                            sourceFile,
                                                            "TestGraph.exe");

            if (cr.Errors.Count > 0)
            {
                // Display compilation errors.
                textBox1.Text = "Errors encountered while building " +
                                sourceFile + " into " + cr.PathToAssembly + ": \r\n\n";
                foreach (CompilerError ce in cr.Errors)
                    textBox1.AppendText(ce.ToString() + "\r\n");
                run_button.Enabled = false;
            }
            else
            {
                textBox1.Text = "Source " + sourceFile + " built into " +
                                cr.PathToAssembly + " with no errors.";
                run_button.Enabled = true;
            }
        }

        private void run_button_Click(object sender,
            System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Process.Start("TestGraph.exe");
        }

        private CodeDomProvider GetCurrentProvider()
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider;
            switch ((string)this.comboBox1.SelectedItem)
            {
                case "CSharp":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp");
                    break;
                case "Visual Basic":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("VisualBasic");
                    break;
                case "JScript":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("JScript");
                    break;
                default:
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp");
                    break;
            }
            return provider;
        }

        public CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // Set properties for label1
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(395, 20);
            this.label1.Size = new Size(180, 22);
            this.label1.Text = "Select a programming language:";
            // Set properties for comboBox1
            this.comboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(560, 16);
            this.comboBox1.Size = new Size(190, 23);
            this.comboBox1.Name = "comboBox1";
            this.comboBox1.Items.AddRange(new string[] { "CSharp", "Visual Basic", "JScript" });
            this.comboBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left
                                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
                                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top;
            this.comboBox1.SelectedIndex = 0;
            // Set properties for generate_button. 
            this.generate_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
            this.generate_button.Name = "generate_button";
            this.generate_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.generate_button.Text = "Generate Code";
            this.generate_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.generate_button_Click);
            // Set properties for compile_button.
            this.compile_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 16);
            this.compile_button.Name = "compile_button";
            this.compile_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.compile_button.Text = "Compile";
            this.compile_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.compile_button_Click);
            // Set properties for run_button.
            this.run_button.Enabled = false;
            this.run_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(264, 16);
            this.run_button.Name = "run_button";
            this.run_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.run_button.Text = "Run";
            this.run_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.run_button_Click);
            // Set properties for textBox1.        
            this.textBox1.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 48);
            this.textBox1.Multiline = true;
            this.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical;
            this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(744, 280);
            this.textBox1.Text = "";
            // Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(768, 340);
            this.MinimumSize = new System.Drawing.Size(750, 340);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {this.textBox1, 
                this.run_button, this.compile_button, this.generate_button,
                this.comboBox1, this.label1 });
            this.Name = "CodeDomExampleForm";
            this.Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
        }

        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.Run(new CodeDomExampleForm());
        }
    }
}
Imports System.CodeDom
Imports System.CodeDom.Compiler
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports Microsoft.CSharp
Imports Microsoft.JScript

' This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
' using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
' code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
' JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
' must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
Namespace CodeDOMExample

    Class CodeDomExample
        ' Build a Hello World program graph using 
        ' System.CodeDom types.
        Public Shared Function BuildHelloWorldGraph() As CodeCompileUnit

            ' Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            ' the program graph.
            Dim compileUnit As New CodeCompileUnit()

            ' Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            Dim samples As New CodeNamespace("Samples")

            ' Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit.Namespaces.Add(samples)

            ' Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples.Imports.Add(New CodeNamespaceImport("System"))

            ' Declare a new type called Class1.
            Dim class1 As New CodeTypeDeclaration("Class1")

            ' Add the new type to the namespace type collection.
            samples.Types.Add(class1)

            ' Declare a new code entry point method.
            Dim start As New CodeEntryPointMethod()

            ' Create a type reference for the System.Console class.
            Dim csSystemConsoleType As New CodeTypeReferenceExpression( _
                "System.Console")

            ' Build a Console.WriteLine statement.
            Dim cs1 As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine", _
                New CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!"))

            ' Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs1)

            ' Build another Console.WriteLine statement.
            Dim cs2 As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine", _
                New CodePrimitiveExpression("Press the Enter key to continue."))

            ' Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs2)

            ' Build a call to System.Console.ReadLine.
            Dim csReadLine As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine")

            ' Add the ReadLine statement.
            start.Statements.Add(csReadLine)

            ' Add the code entry point method to
            ' the Members collection of the type.
            class1.Members.Add(start)

            Return compileUnit
        End Function

        Public Shared Sub GenerateCode(ByVal provider As CodeDomProvider, ByVal compileunit As CodeCompileUnit)

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            ' Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            ' a StreamWriter to the source file.
            Dim tw As New IndentedTextWriter(New StreamWriter(sourceFile, False), "    ")
            ' Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider.GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(compileunit, tw, New CodeGeneratorOptions())
            ' Close the output file.
            tw.Close()
        End Sub

        Public Shared Function CompileCode(ByVal provider As CodeDomProvider, _
                                           ByVal sourceFile As String, _
                                           ByVal exeFile As String) As CompilerResults

            ' Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            ' and produces the specified executable file.
            Dim referenceAssemblies As String() = {"System.dll"}
            Dim cp As New CompilerParameters(referenceAssemblies, exeFile, False)

            ' Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp.GenerateExecutable = True

            ' Invoke compilation.
            Dim cr As CompilerResults = provider.CompileAssemblyFromFile(cp, _
                sourceFile)
            ' Return the results of compilation.
            Return cr
        End Function
    End Class

    Public Class CodeDomExampleForm
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
        Private run_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private compile_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private generate_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private textBox1 As New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox()
        Private comboBox1 As New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox()
        Private label1 As New System.Windows.Forms.Label()

        Private Sub generate_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider = GetCurrentProvider()
            CodeDomExample.GenerateCode(provider, CodeDomExample.BuildHelloWorldGraph())

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            ' Read in the generated source file and
            ' display the source text.
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(sourceFile)
            textBox1.Text = sr.ReadToEnd()
            sr.Close()
        End Sub

        Private Sub compile_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider = GetCurrentProvider()

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            Dim cr As CompilerResults = CodeDomExample.CompileCode(provider, _
                                                                   sourceFile, _
                                                                   "TestGraph.EXE")

            If cr.Errors.Count > 0 Then
                ' Display compilation errors.
                textBox1.Text = "Errors encountered while building " + _
                                sourceFile + " into " + _
                                cr.PathToAssembly + ": " + ControlChars.CrLf

                Dim ce As System.CodeDom.Compiler.CompilerError
                For Each ce In cr.Errors
                    textBox1.AppendText(ce.ToString() + ControlChars.CrLf)
                Next ce
                run_button.Enabled = False
            Else
                textBox1.Text = "Source " + sourceFile + " built into " + _
                                cr.PathToAssembly + " with no errors."
                run_button.Enabled = True
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub run_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

            Process.Start("TestGraph.EXE")
        End Sub

        Private Function GetCurrentProvider() As CodeDomProvider

            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider
            Select Case CStr(Me.comboBox1.SelectedItem)
                Case "CSharp"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp")
                Case "Visual Basic"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("VisualBasic")
                Case "JScript"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("JScript")
                Case Else
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp")
            End Select
            Return provider
        End Function

        Public Sub New()
            Me.SuspendLayout()
            ' Set properties for label1.
            Me.label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(395, 20)
            Me.label1.Size = New Size(180, 22)
            Me.label1.Text = "Select a programming language:"
            ' Set properties for comboBox1.
            Me.comboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(560, 16)
            Me.comboBox1.Size = New Size(190, 23)
            Me.comboBox1.Name = "comboBox1"
            Me.comboBox1.Items.AddRange(New String() {"CSharp", "Visual Basic", "JScript"})
            Me.comboBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top
            Me.comboBox1.SelectedIndex = 0
            ' Set properties for generate_button.
            Me.generate_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 16)
            Me.generate_button.Name = "generate_button"
            Me.generate_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.generate_button.Text = "Generate Code"
            AddHandler generate_button.Click, AddressOf Me.generate_button_Click
            ' Set properties for compile_button.
            Me.compile_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 16)
            Me.compile_button.Name = "compile_button"
            Me.compile_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.compile_button.Text = "Compile"
            AddHandler compile_button.Click, AddressOf Me.compile_button_Click
            ' Set properties for run_button.
            Me.run_button.Enabled = False
            Me.run_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(264, 16)
            Me.run_button.Name = "run_button"
            Me.run_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.run_button.Text = "Run"
            AddHandler run_button.Click, AddressOf Me.run_button_Click
            ' Set properties for textBox1.
            Me.textBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
            Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 48)
            Me.textBox1.Multiline = True
            Me.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical
            Me.textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
            Me.textBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(744, 280)
            Me.textBox1.Text = ""
            ' Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(768, 340)
            Me.MinimumSize = New System.Drawing.Size(750, 340)
            Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.textBox1, _
                Me.run_button, Me.compile_button, Me.generate_button, _
                Me.comboBox1, Me.label1})
            Me.Name = "CodeDomExampleForm"
            Me.Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example"
            Me.ResumeLayout(False)
        End Sub

        Protected Overloads Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            Application.Run(New CodeDomExampleForm())
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

注解

CodeDomProvider可用于创建和检索代码生成器和代码编译器的实例。A CodeDomProvider can be used to create and retrieve instances of code generators and code compilers. 代码生成器可用于以特定的语言生成代码,而代码编译器可用于将代码编译为程序集。Code generators can be used to generate code in a particular language, and code compilers can be used to compile code into assemblies.

备注

在中.NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0,代码生成器和代码编译器中提供的方法可直接从代码提供程序获得。In the .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0, the methods made available in the code generator and code compiler are available directly from the code provider. 不需要调用CreateGeneratorCreateCompiler访问方法,这些方法被标记为过时。You do not need to call CreateGenerator or CreateCompiler to access the methods, and those methods are marked as obsolete. 这适用于预先存在的以及新的代码提供程序实现。This applies to preexisting as well as new code provider implementations.

CodeDomProvider实现通常提供代码生成和/或代码编译接口,用于为单一编程语言生成代码和管理编译。A CodeDomProvider implementation typically provides code generation and/or code compilation interfaces for generating code and managing compilation for a single programming language. Windows SDK 附带的CodeDomProvider实现支持多种语言。Several languages are supported by CodeDomProvider implementations that ship with the Windows SDK. 这些语言包括 C#、Visual Basic、C++ 和 JScript。These languages include C#, Visual Basic, C++, and JScript. 开发人员或编译器供应商可以ICodeGenerator实现ICodeCompiler和接口,并CodeDomProvider提供将 CodeDOM 支持扩展到其他编程语言的。Developers or compiler vendors can implement the ICodeGenerator and ICodeCompiler interfaces and provide a CodeDomProvider that extends CodeDOM support to other programming languages.

计算机配置文件(machine.config)中的 <> system.object 元素提供了一种机制,使开发人员和编译器供应商可以为其他CodeDomProvider实现添加配置设置。The <system.codedom> Element in the machine configuration file (Machine.config) provides a mechanism for developers and compiler vendors to add configuration settings for additional CodeDomProvider implementations.

类提供静态方法用于发现和枚举计算机上CodeDomProvider的实现。 CodeDomProviderThe CodeDomProvider class provides static methods to discover and enumerate the CodeDomProvider implementations on a computer. 方法返回计算机上所有CodeDomProvider实现的设置。 GetAllCompilerInfoThe GetAllCompilerInfo method returns the settings for all CodeDomProvider implementations on a computer. 方法根据编程语言名称返回特定CodeDomProvider实现的设置。 GetCompilerInfoThe GetCompilerInfo method returns the settings for a specific CodeDomProvider implementation, based on the programming language name. 方法返回特定语言的CodeDomProvider实现的实例。 CreateProviderThe CreateProvider method returns an instance of a CodeDomProvider implementation for a specific language.

有关配置文件中的语言提供程序设置的更多详细信息, 请参阅编译器和语言提供程序设置架构For more details on language provider settings in the configuration file, see Compiler and Language Provider Settings Schema.

备注

此类在类级别建立链接要求和继承要求。This class makes a link demand and an inheritance demand at the class level. 如果直接调用方或派生类不具有 "完全信任" 权限,则会引发。SecurityExceptionA SecurityException is thrown if either the immediate caller or the derived class does not have full trust permission. 有关安全要求的详细信息, 请参阅链接要求继承要求For details about security demands, see Link Demands and Inheritance Demands.

继承者说明

在 .NET Framework 版本1.0 和1.1 中,代码提供CodeDomProvider程序由ICodeParserICodeGenerator、和ICodeCompiler的实现组成。In the .NET Framework versions 1.0 and 1.1, code providers consist of implementations of CodeDomProvider, ICodeGenerator, ICodeParser, and ICodeCompiler. .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0在中CreateCompiler()ICodeGenerator ICodeCompiler 、和方法CodeDomProvider已过时,并且和的方法直接在类中可用。 CreateParser() CreateGenerator()In the .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0, the CreateGenerator(), CreateParser(), and CreateCompiler() methods are obsolete, and the methods of ICodeGenerator and ICodeCompiler are directly available in the CodeDomProvider class. 应在代码提供程序实现中重写这些方法,而不调用基方法。You should override those methods in your code provider implementation and not call the base methods.

构造函数

CodeDomProvider()

初始化 CodeDomProvider 类的新实例。Initializes a new instance of the CodeDomProvider class.

属性

CanRaiseEvents

获取一个指示组件是否可以引发事件的值。Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(继承自 Component)
Container

获取 IContainer,它包含 ComponentGets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(继承自 Component)
DesignMode

获取一个值,用以指示 Component 当前是否处于设计模式。Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(继承自 Component)
Events

获取附加到此 Component 的事件处理程序的列表。Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(继承自 Component)
FileExtension

获取用于当前语言的源代码文件的默认文件扩展名。Gets the default file name extension to use for source code files in the current language.

LanguageOptions

获取语言功能标识符。Gets a language features identifier.

Site

获取或设置 ComponentISiteGets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(继承自 Component)

方法

CompileAssemblyFromDom(CompilerParameters, CodeCompileUnit[])

基于包含在 System.CodeDom 对象的指定数组中的 CodeCompileUnit 树,使用指定的编译器设置编译程序集。Compiles an assembly based on the System.CodeDom trees contained in the specified array of CodeCompileUnit objects, using the specified compiler settings.

CompileAssemblyFromFile(CompilerParameters, String[])

从包含在指定文件中的源代码,使用指定的编译器设置编译程序集。Compiles an assembly from the source code contained in the specified files, using the specified compiler settings.

CompileAssemblyFromSource(CompilerParameters, String[])

从包含源代码的字符串的指定数组,使用指定的编译器设置编译程序集。Compiles an assembly from the specified array of strings containing source code, using the specified compiler settings.

CreateCompiler()

在派生类中重写时,创建一个新的代码编译器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code compiler.

CreateEscapedIdentifier(String)

创建指定值的转义标识符。Creates an escaped identifier for the specified value.

CreateGenerator()

在派生类中重写时,创建一个新的代码生成器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator.

CreateGenerator(String)

在派生类中重写时,使用指定文件名创建新的代码生成器以用于输出。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator using the specified file name for output.

CreateGenerator(TextWriter)

在派生类中重写时,使用指定的 TextWriter 创建新的代码生成器以用于输出。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator using the specified TextWriter for output.

CreateObjRef(Type)

创建一个对象,该对象包含生成用于与远程对象进行通信的代理所需的全部相关信息。Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(继承自 MarshalByRefObject)
CreateParser()

在派生类中重写时,创建一个新的代码分析器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code parser.

CreateProvider(String)

获取指定语言的 CodeDomProvider 实例。Gets a CodeDomProvider instance for the specified language.

CreateProvider(String, IDictionary<String,String>)

获取指定的语言和提供程序选项的 CodeDomProvider 实例。Gets a CodeDomProvider instance for the specified language and provider options.

CreateValidIdentifier(String)

为指定的值创建有效标识符。Creates a valid identifier for the specified value.

Dispose()

释放由 Component 使用的所有资源。Releases all resources used by the Component.

(继承自 Component)
Dispose(Boolean)

释放由 Component 占用的非托管资源,还可以另外再释放托管资源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(继承自 Component)
Equals(Object)

确定指定的对象是否等于当前对象。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(继承自 Object)
GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(CodeCompileUnit, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 编译单元生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) compilation unit and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromExpression(CodeExpression, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 表达式生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) expression and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromMember(CodeTypeMember, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 成员声明生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) member declaration and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromNamespace(CodeNamespace, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 命名空间生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) namespace and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromStatement(CodeStatement, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 语句生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) statement and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromType(CodeTypeDeclaration, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

为指定的代码文档对象模型 (CodeDOM) 类型声明生成代码,并使用指定的选项将代码发送到指定的文本编写器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) type declaration and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GetAllCompilerInfo()

返回此计算机的语言提供程序和编译器配置设置。Returns the language provider and compiler configuration settings for this computer.

GetCompilerInfo(String)

返回指定语言的语言提供程序和编译器配置设置。Returns the language provider and compiler configuration settings for the specified language.

GetConverter(Type)

获取指定数据类型的 TypeConverterGets a TypeConverter for the specified data type.

GetHashCode()

作为默认哈希函数。Serves as the default hash function.

(继承自 Object)
GetLanguageFromExtension(String)

返回与指定文件扩展名关联的语言名称,如 CodeDomProvider 编译器配置节中所配置的那样。Returns a language name associated with the specified file name extension, as configured in the CodeDomProvider compiler configuration section.

GetLifetimeService()

检索控制此实例的生存期策略的当前生存期服务对象。Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(继承自 MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type)

返回一个对象,该对象表示由 Component 或它的 Container 提供的服务。Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(继承自 Component)
GetType()

获取当前实例的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(继承自 Object)
GetTypeOutput(CodeTypeReference)

获取由指定的 CodeTypeReference 指示的类型。Gets the type indicated by the specified CodeTypeReference.

InitializeLifetimeService()

获取生存期服务对象来控制此实例的生存期策略。Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(继承自 MarshalByRefObject)
IsDefinedExtension(String)

测试文件扩展名是否在计算机上配置了关联的 CodeDomProvider 实现。Tests whether a file name extension has an associated CodeDomProvider implementation configured on the computer.

IsDefinedLanguage(String)

测试某语言是否已在计算机上配置了 CodeDomProvider 实现。Tests whether a language has a CodeDomProvider implementation configured on the computer.

IsValidIdentifier(String)

返回一个值,该值指示指定的值是否是当前语言的有效标识符。Returns a value that indicates whether the specified value is a valid identifier for the current language.

MemberwiseClone()

创建当前 Object 的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(继承自 Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

创建当前 MarshalByRefObject 对象的浅表副本。Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(继承自 MarshalByRefObject)
Parse(TextReader)

将从指定文本流读取的代码编译进 CodeCompileUnitCompiles the code read from the specified text stream into a CodeCompileUnit.

Supports(GeneratorSupport)

返回一个值,该值指示是否提供了指定的代码生成支持。Returns a value indicating whether the specified code generation support is provided.

ToString()

返回包含 Component 的名称的 String(如果有)。Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. 不应重写此方法。This method should not be overridden.

(继承自 Component)

事件

Disposed

当通过调用 Dispose() 方法释放组件时发生。Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(继承自 Component)

安全性

LinkDemand
完全信任直接调用方。for full trust for the immediate caller. 此类不能由部分信任的代码使用。This class cannot be used by partially trusted code.

InheritanceDemand
完全信任继承者。for full trust for inheritors. 此类不能由部分信任的代码继承。This class cannot be inherited by partially trusted code.

适用于

另请参阅