ArrayList.IsSynchronized 属性

定义

获取一个值,该值指示是否同步对 ArrayList 的访问(线程安全)。Gets a value indicating whether access to the ArrayList is synchronized (thread safe).

public:
 virtual property bool IsSynchronized { bool get(); };
public virtual bool IsSynchronized { get; }
member this.IsSynchronized : bool
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property IsSynchronized As Boolean

属性值

Boolean

如果对 true 的访问是同步的(线程安全),则为 ArrayList;否则为 falsetrue if access to the ArrayList is synchronized (thread safe); otherwise, false. 默认值为 falseThe default is false.

实现

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何使用在 SyncRoot 整个枚举过程中锁定集合。The following code example shows how to lock the collection using the SyncRoot during the entire enumeration.

ArrayList^ myCollection = gcnew ArrayList();
bool lockTaken = false;
try
{
    Monitor::Enter(myCollection->SyncRoot, lockTaken);
    for each (Object^ item in myCollection);
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
finally
{
    if (lockTaken)
    {
        Monitor::Exit(myCollection->SyncRoot);
    }
}
ArrayList myCollection = new ArrayList();

lock(myCollection.SyncRoot)
{
    foreach (object item in myCollection)
    {
        // Insert your code here.
    }
}
Dim myCollection As New ArrayList()

SyncLock myCollection.SyncRoot
    For Each item As Object In myCollection
        ' Insert your code here.
    Next item
End SyncLock

检索此属性的值是一个 O(1) 运算。Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation.

下面的代码示例演示如何同步 ArrayList ,确定 ArrayList 是否同步并使用同步的 ArrayListThe following code example shows how to synchronize an ArrayList, determine if an ArrayList is synchronized and use a synchronized ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList instance.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   
   // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ mySyncdAL = ArrayList::Synchronized( myAL );
   
   // Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
   String^ szRes = myAL->IsSynchronized ?  (String^)"synchronized" :  "not synchronized";
   Console::WriteLine(  "myAL is {0}.", szRes );
   String^ szSyncRes = mySyncdAL->IsSynchronized ?  (String^)"synchronized" :  "not synchronized";
   Console::WriteLine(  "mySyncdAL is {0}.", szSyncRes );
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 myAL is not synchronized.
 mySyncdAL is synchronized.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );

      // Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
      ArrayList mySyncdAL = ArrayList.Synchronized( myAL );

      // Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
      Console.WriteLine( "myAL is {0}.", myAL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
      Console.WriteLine( "mySyncdAL is {0}.", mySyncdAL.IsSynchronized ? "synchronized" : "not synchronized" );
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

myAL is not synchronized.
mySyncdAL is synchronized.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList
    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        
        ' Creates a synchronized wrapper around the ArrayList.
        Dim mySyncdAL As ArrayList = ArrayList.Synchronized(myAL)
        
        ' Displays the sychronization status of both ArrayLists.
        Dim str As String
        If myAL.IsSynchronized Then
            str = "synchronized"
        Else
            str = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("myAL is {0}.", str)
        If mySyncdAL.IsSynchronized Then
            str = "synchronized"
        Else
            str = "not synchronized"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("mySyncdAL is {0}.", str)
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' myAL is not synchronized.
' mySyncdAL is synchronized. 

注解

若要保证的线程安全 ArrayList ,必须通过方法返回的包装执行所有操作 SynchronizedTo guarantee the thread safety of the ArrayList, all operations must be done through the wrapper returned by the Synchronized method.

枚举整个集合本质上不是一个线程安全的过程。Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 即使某个集合已同步,其他线程仍可以修改该集合,这会导致枚举数引发异常。Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 若要确保枚举过程中的线程安全性,可以在整个枚举期间锁定集合,或者捕获由其他线程进行的更改所导致的异常。To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

适用于

另请参阅