ArrayList.LastIndexOf 方法

定义

返回 ArrayList 或它的一部分中某个值的最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence of a value in the ArrayList or in a portion of it.

重载

LastIndexOf(Object)

在整个 ArrayList 中搜索指定的 Object,并返回最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the entire ArrayList.

LastIndexOf(Object, Int32)

搜索指定的 Object,并返回 ArrayList 中从第一个元素到指定索引这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the ArrayList that extends from the first element to the specified index.

LastIndexOf(Object, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的 Object,并返回 ArrayList 中到指定索引为止包含指定元素数的这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the ArrayList that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

LastIndexOf(Object)

在整个 ArrayList 中搜索指定的 Object,并返回最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the entire ArrayList.

public:
 virtual int LastIndexOf(System::Object ^ value);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object value);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object? value);
abstract member LastIndexOf : obj -> int
override this.LastIndexOf : obj -> int
Public Overridable Function LastIndexOf (value As Object) As Integer

参数

value
Object

要在 Object 中定位的 ArrayListThe Object to locate in the ArrayList. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

返回

Int32

如果在整个 ArrayList 中找到 value 的最后一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the last occurrence of value within the entire the ArrayList, if found; otherwise, -1.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何确定指定元素的最后一个匹配项的索引。The following code example shows how to determine the index of the last occurrence of a specified element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   myAL->Add( "in" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "barn" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString = "the";
   int myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList contains the following values:
    [0]:    the
    [1]:    quick
    [2]:    brown
    [3]:    fox
    [4]:    jumps
    [5]:    over
    [6]:    the
    [7]:    lazy
    [8]:    dog
    [9]:    in
    [10]:    the
    [11]:    barn

 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );
      myAL.Add( "in" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "barn" );

      // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      String myString = "the";
      int myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      int i = 0;
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn

The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("quick")
      myAL.Add("brown")
      myAL.Add("fox")
      myAL.Add("jumps")
      myAL.Add("over")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("lazy")
      myAL.Add("dog")
      myAL.Add("in")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("barn")
      
      ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      Dim myString As [String] = "the"
      Dim myIndex As Integer = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 8)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 10, 6)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
   End Sub
   
   
   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IEnumerable)
      Dim i as Integer
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myList
         Console.WriteLine("   [{0}]:    {1}", i, obj)
         i = i + 1
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
'
' The ArrayList contains the following values:
'    [0]:    the
'    [1]:    quick
'    [2]:    brown
'    [3]:    fox
'    [4]:    jumps
'    [5]:    over
'    [6]:    the
'    [7]:    lazy
'    [8]:    dog
'    [9]:    in
'    [10]:    the
'    [11]:    barn
'
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.

注解

ArrayList向后搜索从最后一个元素开始,到第一个元素结束。The ArrayList is searched backward starting at the last element and ending at the first element.

此方法执行线性搜索;因此,此方法是一个 O(n) 操作,其中 nCountThis method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

从 .NET Framework 2.0 开始,此方法使用集合的对象的 EqualsCompareTo 方法 item 来确定项是否存在。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 在 .NET Framework 的早期版本中,此决定是通过对 Equals CompareTo item 集合中的对象使用参数的和方法进行的。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

另请参阅

适用于

LastIndexOf(Object, Int32)

搜索指定的 Object,并返回 ArrayList 中从第一个元素到指定索引这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the ArrayList that extends from the first element to the specified index.

public:
 virtual int LastIndexOf(System::Object ^ value, int startIndex);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object value, int startIndex);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object? value, int startIndex);
abstract member LastIndexOf : obj * int -> int
override this.LastIndexOf : obj * int -> int
Public Overridable Function LastIndexOf (value As Object, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

参数

value
Object

要在 Object 中定位的 ArrayListThe Object to locate in the ArrayList. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

startIndex
Int32

向后搜索的从零开始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

返回

Int32

如果找到,则返回在 ArrayList 中从第一个元素到 startIndex 的元素范围内找到 value 的最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the last occurrence of value within the range of elements in the ArrayList that extends from the first element to startIndex, if found; otherwise, -1.

例外

startIndex 超出了 ArrayList 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for the ArrayList.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何确定指定元素的最后一个匹配项的索引。The following code example shows how to determine the index of the last occurrence of a specified element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   myAL->Add( "in" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "barn" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString = "the";
   int myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList contains the following values:
    [0]:    the
    [1]:    quick
    [2]:    brown
    [3]:    fox
    [4]:    jumps
    [5]:    over
    [6]:    the
    [7]:    lazy
    [8]:    dog
    [9]:    in
    [10]:    the
    [11]:    barn

 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );
      myAL.Add( "in" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "barn" );

      // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      String myString = "the";
      int myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      int i = 0;
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn

The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("quick")
      myAL.Add("brown")
      myAL.Add("fox")
      myAL.Add("jumps")
      myAL.Add("over")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("lazy")
      myAL.Add("dog")
      myAL.Add("in")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("barn")
      
      ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      Dim myString As [String] = "the"
      Dim myIndex As Integer = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 8)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 10, 6)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
   End Sub
   
   
   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IEnumerable)
      Dim i as Integer
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myList
         Console.WriteLine("   [{0}]:    {1}", i, obj)
         i = i + 1
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
'
' The ArrayList contains the following values:
'    [0]:    the
'    [1]:    quick
'    [2]:    brown
'    [3]:    fox
'    [4]:    jumps
'    [5]:    over
'    [6]:    the
'    [7]:    lazy
'    [8]:    dog
'    [9]:    in
'    [10]:    the
'    [11]:    barn
'
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.

注解

ArrayList向后搜索从 startIndex 第一个元素开始和结束的位置。The ArrayList is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at the first element.

此方法执行线性搜索;因此,此方法是一个 O(n) 操作,其中 n 是从开始到的元素的数目 ArrayList startIndexThis method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements from the beginning of the ArrayList to startIndex.

此方法通过调用来确定相等性 Object.EqualsThis method determines equality by calling Object.Equals.

从 .NET Framework 2.0 开始,此方法使用集合的对象的 EqualsCompareTo 方法 item 来确定项是否存在。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 在 .NET Framework 的早期版本中,此决定是通过对 Equals CompareTo item 集合中的对象使用参数的和方法进行的。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

另请参阅

适用于

LastIndexOf(Object, Int32, Int32)

搜索指定的 Object,并返回 ArrayList 中到指定索引为止包含指定元素数的这部分元素中最后一个匹配项的从零开始的索引。Searches for the specified Object and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the ArrayList that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

public:
 virtual int LastIndexOf(System::Object ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int LastIndexOf (object? value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member LastIndexOf : obj * int * int -> int
override this.LastIndexOf : obj * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function LastIndexOf (value As Object, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

参数

value
Object

要在 Object 中定位的 ArrayListThe Object to locate in the ArrayList. 该值可以为 nullThe value can be null.

startIndex
Int32

向后搜索的从零开始的起始索引。The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

count
Int32

要搜索的部分中的元素数。The number of elements in the section to search.

返回

Int32

如果在 ArrayList 中到 startIndex 为止包含 count 个元素的这部分元素中找到 value 的最后一个匹配项,则为该项的从零开始的索引;否则为 -1。The zero-based index of the last occurrence of value within the range of elements in the ArrayList that contains count number of elements and ends at startIndex, if found; otherwise, -1.

例外

startIndex 超出了 ArrayList 的有效索引范围。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for the ArrayList.

- 或 --or- count 小于零。count is less than zero.

- 或 --or- startIndexcount 未在 ArrayList 中指定有效部分。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in the ArrayList.

示例

下面的代码示例演示如何确定指定元素的最后一个匹配项的索引。The following code example shows how to determine the index of the last occurrence of a specified element. 请注意, LastIndexOf 是向后搜索; 因此, count 必须小于或等于 startIndex + 1。Note that LastIndexOf is a backward search; therefore, count must be less than or equal to startIndex + 1.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   myAL->Add( "in" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "barn" );
   
   // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString = "the";
   int myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   
   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = myAL->LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   int i = 0;
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList contains the following values:
    [0]:    the
    [1]:    quick
    [2]:    brown
    [3]:    fox
    [4]:    jumps
    [5]:    over
    [6]:    the
    [7]:    lazy
    [8]:    dog
    [9]:    in
    [10]:    the
    [11]:    barn

 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );
      myAL.Add( "in" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "barn" );

      // Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myAL );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      String myString = "the";
      int myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 8 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

      // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf( myString, 10, 6 );
      Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      int i = 0;
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}]:    {1}", i++, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn

The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList with three elements of the same value.
      Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("quick")
      myAL.Add("brown")
      myAL.Add("fox")
      myAL.Add("jumps")
      myAL.Add("over")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("lazy")
      myAL.Add("dog")
      myAL.Add("in")
      myAL.Add("the")
      myAL.Add("barn")
      
      ' Displays the values of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList contains the following values:")
      PrintIndexAndValues(myAL)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
      Dim myString As [String] = "the"
      Dim myIndex As Integer = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the ArrayList.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 8)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
      
      ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the ArrayList.  Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
      myIndex = myAL.LastIndexOf(myString, 10, 6)
      Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 10 and index 5 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
   End Sub
   
   
   Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myList As IEnumerable)
      Dim i as Integer
      Dim obj As [Object]
      For Each obj In  myList
         Console.WriteLine("   [{0}]:    {1}", i, obj)
         i = i + 1
      Next obj
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
'
' The ArrayList contains the following values:
'    [0]:    the
'    [1]:    quick
'    [2]:    brown
'    [3]:    fox
'    [4]:    jumps
'    [5]:    over
'    [6]:    the
'    [7]:    lazy
'    [8]:    dog
'    [9]:    in
'    [10]:    the
'    [11]:    barn
'
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 10 and index 5 is at index 10.

注解

ArrayList startIndex startIndex count 如果 count 大于0,则搜索从开始,到从减号 + 1 开始向后终止。The ArrayList is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex minus count plus 1, if count is greater than 0.

此方法执行线性搜索;因此,此方法是一个 O(n) 操作,其中 ncountThis method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is count.

此方法通过调用来确定相等性 Object.EqualsThis method determines equality by calling Object.Equals.

从 .NET Framework 2.0 开始,此方法使用集合的对象的 EqualsCompareTo 方法 item 来确定项是否存在。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 在 .NET Framework 的早期版本中,此决定是通过对 Equals CompareTo item 集合中的对象使用参数的和方法进行的。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

另请参阅

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