ICollection<T> 接口

定义

定义用于操作泛型集合的方法。Defines methods to manipulate generic collections.

generic <typename T>
public interface class ICollection : System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T>
public interface ICollection<T> : System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>
type ICollection<'T> = interface
    interface seq<'T>
    interface IEnumerable
Public Interface ICollection(Of T)
Implements IEnumerable(Of T)

类型参数

T

集合中元素的类型。The type of the elements in the collection.

派生
实现

示例

下面的示例实现 ICollection<T> 接口,以创建名为 BoxCollection的自定义 Box 对象的集合。The following example implements the ICollection<T> interface to create a collection of custom Box objects named BoxCollection. 每个 Box 都具有高度、长度和宽度属性,用于定义相等性。Each Box has height, length, and width properties, which are used to define equality. 相等性可以定义为相同的所有维度或相同的卷。Equality can be defined as all dimensions being the same or the volume being the same. Box 类实现 IEquatable<T> 接口,以将默认相等性定义为相同的维度。The Box class implements the IEquatable<T> interface to define the default equality as the dimensions being the same.

BoxCollection 类实现 Contains 方法以使用默认相等性来确定 Box 是否在集合中。The BoxCollection class implements the Contains method to use the default equality to determine whether a Box is in the collection. 此方法由 Add 方法使用,因此,添加到集合中的每个 Box 都具有一组唯一的维度。This method is used by the Add method so that each Box added to the collection has a unique set of dimensions. BoxCollection 类还提供了 Contains 方法的重载,该重载采用指定的 EqualityComparer<T> 对象,如示例中的 BoxSameDimensionsBoxSameVol 类。The BoxCollection class also provides an overload of the Contains method that takes a specified EqualityComparer<T> object, such as BoxSameDimensions and BoxSameVol classes in the example.

此示例还实现了 BoxCollection 类的 IEnumerator<T> 接口,以便可以枚举该集合。This example also implements an IEnumerator<T> interface for the BoxCollection class so that the collection can be enumerated.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        BoxCollection bxList = new BoxCollection();

        bxList.Add(new Box(10, 4, 6));
        bxList.Add(new Box(4, 6, 10));
        bxList.Add(new Box(6, 10, 4));
        bxList.Add(new Box(12, 8, 10));

        // Same dimensions. Cannot be added:
        bxList.Add(new Box(10, 4, 6));

        // Test the Remove method.
        Display(bxList);
        Console.WriteLine("Removing 6x10x4");
        bxList.Remove(new Box(6, 10, 4));
        Display(bxList);

        // Test the Contains method.
        Box BoxCheck = new Box(8, 12, 10);
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by dimensions: {3}", 
            BoxCheck.Height.ToString(), BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), 
            BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck).ToString());

        // Test the Contains method overload with a specified equality comparer.
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by volume: {3}", 
            BoxCheck.Height.ToString(), BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), 
            BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck, 
            new BoxSameVol()).ToString());
    }
    public static void Display(BoxCollection bxList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\nHeight\tLength\tWidth\tHash Code");
        foreach (Box bx in bxList)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2}\t{3}",
                bx.Height.ToString(), bx.Length.ToString(), 
                bx.Width.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode().ToString());
        }

        // Results by manipulating the enumerator directly:

        //IEnumerator enumerator = bxList.GetEnumerator();
        //Console.WriteLine("\nHeight\tLength\tWidth\tHash Code");
        //while (enumerator.MoveNext())
        //{
        //    Box b = (Box)enumerator.Current;
        //    Console.WriteLine("{0}\t{1}\t{2}\t{3}",
        //    b.Height.ToString(), b.Length.ToString(), 
        //    b.Width.ToString(), b.GetHashCode().ToString());
        //}

        Console.WriteLine();
    }

}

public class Box : IEquatable<Box>
{

    public Box(int h, int l, int w)
    {
        this.Height = h;
        this.Length = l;
        this.Width = w;
    }
    public int Height { get; set; }
    public int Length { get; set; }
    public int Width { get; set; }

    // Defines equality using the
    // BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    public bool Equals(Box other)
    {
        if (new BoxSameDimensions().Equals(this, other))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override bool Equals(object obj)
    {
        return base.Equals(obj);
    }

    public override int GetHashCode()
    {
        return base.GetHashCode();
    }
}

public class BoxCollection : ICollection<Box>
{
    // The generic enumerator obtained from IEnumerator<Box>
    // by GetEnumerator can also be used with the non-generic IEnumerator.
    // To avoid a naming conflict, the non-generic IEnumerable method
    // is explicitly implemented.

    public IEnumerator<Box> GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new BoxEnumerator(this);
    }
    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new BoxEnumerator(this);
    }

    // The inner collection to store objects.
    private List<Box> innerCol;

    public BoxCollection()
    {
        innerCol = new List<Box>();
    }

    // Adds an index to the collection.
    public Box this[int index]
    {
        get { return (Box)innerCol[index]; }
        set { innerCol[index] = value; }
    }

    // Determines if an item is in the collection
    // by using the BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    public bool Contains(Box item)
    {
        bool found = false;

        foreach (Box bx in innerCol)
        {
            // Equality defined by the Box
            // class's implmentation of IEquatable<T>.
            if (bx.Equals(item))
            {
                found = true;
            }
        }

        return found;
    }

    // Determines if an item is in the 
    // collection by using a specified equality comparer.
    public bool Contains(Box item, EqualityComparer<Box> comp)
    {
        bool found = false;

        foreach (Box bx in innerCol)
        {
            if (comp.Equals(bx, item))
            {
                found = true;
            }
        }

        return found;
    }

    // Adds an item if it is not already in the collection
    // as determined by calling the Contains method.
    public void Add(Box item)
    {

        if (!Contains(item))
        {
            innerCol.Add(item);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A box with {0}x{1}x{2} dimensions was already added to the collection.",
                item.Height.ToString(), item.Length.ToString(), item.Width.ToString());
        }
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
        innerCol.Clear();
    }

    public void CopyTo(Box[] array, int arrayIndex)
    {
        if (array == null)
           throw new ArgumentNullException("The array cannot be null.");
        if (arrayIndex < 0)
           throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("The starting array index cannot be negative.");
        if (Count > array.Length - arrayIndex + 1)
           throw new ArgumentException("The destination array has fewer elements than the collection.");
           
        for (int i = 0; i < innerCol.Count; i++) {
            array[i + arrayIndex] = innerCol[i];
        }
    }

    public int Count
    {
        get
        {
            return innerCol.Count;
        }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
        get { return false; }
    }

    public bool Remove(Box item)
    {
        bool result = false;

        // Iterate the inner collection to 
        // find the box to be removed.
        for (int i = 0; i < innerCol.Count; i++)
        {

            Box curBox = (Box)innerCol[i];

            if (new BoxSameDimensions().Equals(curBox, item))
            {
                innerCol.RemoveAt(i);
                result = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
}


// Defines the enumerator for the Boxes collection.
// (Some prefer this class nested in the collection class.)
public class BoxEnumerator : IEnumerator<Box>
{
    private BoxCollection _collection;
    private int curIndex;
    private Box curBox;

    public BoxEnumerator(BoxCollection collection)
    {
        _collection = collection;
        curIndex = -1;
        curBox = default(Box);
    }

    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        //Avoids going beyond the end of the collection.
        if (++curIndex >= _collection.Count)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            // Set current box to next item in collection.
            curBox = _collection[curIndex];
        }
        return true;
    }

    public void Reset() { curIndex = -1; }

    void IDisposable.Dispose() { }

    public Box Current
    {
        get { return curBox; }
    }

    object IEnumerator.Current
    {
        get { return Current; }
    }
}

// Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same dimensions.
public class BoxSameDimensions : EqualityComparer<Box>
{

    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if (b1.Height == b2.Height && b1.Length == b2.Length
                            && b1.Width == b2.Width)
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}

// Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same volume.
public class BoxSameVol : EqualityComparer<Box>
{

    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if ((b1.Height * b1.Length * b1.Width) ==
                (b2.Height * b2.Length * b2.Width))
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        Console.WriteLine("HC: {0}", hCode.GetHashCode());
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}


/* 
This code example displays the following output:
================================================

A box with 10x4x6 dimensions was already added to the collection.

Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
10      4       6       46104728
4       6       10      12289376
6       10      4       43495525
12      8       10      55915408

Removing 6x10x4

Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
10      4       6       46104728
4       6       10      12289376
12      8       10      55915408

Contains 8x12x10 by dimensions: False
Contains 8x12x10 by volume: True 
 */

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Class Program
    Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        Dim bxList As BoxCollection = New BoxCollection()

        bxList.Add(New Box(10, 4, 6))
        bxList.Add(New Box(4, 6, 10))
        bxList.Add(New Box(6, 10, 4))
        bxList.Add(New Box(12, 8, 10))

        ' Same dimensions. Cannot be added:
        bxList.Add(New Box(10, 4, 6))

        ' Test the Remove method.
        Display(bxList)
        Console.WriteLine("Removing 6x10x4")
        bxList.Remove(New Box(6, 10, 4))
        Display(bxList)

        ' Test the Contains method
        Dim BoxCheck As Box = New Box(8, 12, 10)
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by dimensions: {3}", BoxCheck.Height.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), BoxCheck.Width.ToString(), bxList.Contains(BoxCheck).ToString())

        ' Test the Contains method overload with a specified equality comparer.
        Console.WriteLine("Contains {0}x{1}x{2} by volume: {3}", BoxCheck.Height.ToString(),
            BoxCheck.Length.ToString(), BoxCheck.Width.ToString(),
            bxList.Contains(BoxCheck, New BoxSameVol()).ToString())

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal bxList As BoxCollection)
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Height" & vbTab & "Length" & vbTab & "Width" & vbTab & "Hash Code")
        For Each bx As Box In bxList
            Console.WriteLine("{0}" & vbTab & "{1}" & vbTab & "{2}" & vbTab & "{3}", bx.Height.ToString(), bx.Length.ToString(), bx.Width.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode().ToString())
        Next
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

Public Class Box : Implements IEquatable(Of Box)
    Public Sub New(ByVal h As Integer, ByVal l As Integer, ByVal w As Integer)
        Me.Height = h
        Me.Length = l
        Me.Width = w
    End Sub

    Private _Height As Integer
    Public Property Height() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Height
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Height = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Length As Integer
    Public Property Length() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Length
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Length = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Width As Integer
    Public Property Width() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Width
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Width = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Overloads Function Equals(ByVal other As Box) As Boolean Implements IEquatable(Of Box).Equals
        Dim BoxSameDim = New BoxSameDimensions()
        If BoxSameDim.Equals(Me, other) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal obj As Object) As Boolean
        Return MyBase.Equals(obj)
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode() As Integer
        Return MyBase.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class

Public Class BoxCollection : Implements ICollection(Of Box)
    ' The generic enumerator obtained from IEnumerator<Box> by GetEnumerator can also
    ' be used with the non-generic IEnumerator. To avoid a naming conflict, 
    ' the non-generic IEnumerable method is explicitly implemented.

    Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator(Of Box) _
        Implements IEnumerable(Of Box).GetEnumerator

        Return New BoxEnumerator(Me)
    End Function

    Private Function GetEnumerator1() As IEnumerator _
        Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator

        Return Me.GetEnumerator()
    End Function

    ' The inner collection to store objects.
    Private innerCol As List(Of Box)

    Public Sub New()
        innerCol = New List(Of Box)
    End Sub

    ' Adds an index to the collection.
    Default Public Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As Box
        Get
            'If index <> -1 Then
            Return CType(innerCol(index), Box)
            'End If
            'Return Nothing
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Box)
            innerCol(index) = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    ' Determines if an item is in the collection
    ' by using the BoxSameDimensions equality comparer.
    Public Function Contains(ByVal item As Box) As Boolean _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Contains
        Dim found As Boolean = False

        Dim bx As Box
        For Each bx In innerCol
            If New BoxSameDimensions().Equals(bx, item) Then
                found = True
            End If
        Next

        Return found
    End Function

    ' Determines if an item is in the 
    ' collection by using a specified equality comparer.
    Public Function Contains(ByVal item As Box, _
        ByVal comp As EqualityComparer(Of Box)) As Boolean
        Dim found As Boolean = False

        Dim bx As Box
        For Each bx In innerCol
            If comp.Equals(bx, item) Then
                found = True
            End If
        Next

        Return found
    End Function

    ' Adds an item if it is not already in the collection
    ' as determined by calling the Contains method.
    Public Sub Add(ByVal item As Box) _
        Implements ICollection(Of Box).Add

        If Not Me.Contains(item) Then
            innerCol.Add(item)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("A box with {0}x{1}x{2} dimensions was already added to the collection.",
                item.Height.ToString(), item.Length.ToString(), item.Width.ToString())
        End If
    End Sub

    Public Sub Clear() Implements ICollection(Of Box).Clear
        innerCol.Clear()
    End Sub

    Public Sub CopyTo(array As Box(), arrayIndex As Integer) _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).CopyTo
        If array Is Nothing Then
           Throw New ArgumentNullException("The array cannot be null.")
        Else If arrayIndex < 0 Then
           Throw New ArgumentOutOfRangeException("The starting array index cannot be negative.")
        Else If Count > array.Length - arrayIndex + 1 Then
           Throw New ArgumentException("The destination array has fewer elements than the collection.")
        End If
        
        For i As Integer = 0 To innerCol.Count - 1
            array(i + arrayIndex) = innerCol(i)
        Next
    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Count() As Integer _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Count
        Get
            Return innerCol.Count
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property IsReadOnly() As Boolean _
           Implements ICollection(Of Box).IsReadOnly
        Get
            Return False
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Function Remove(ByVal item As Box) As Boolean _
            Implements ICollection(Of Box).Remove
        Dim result As Boolean = False

        ' Iterate the inner collection to 
        ' find the box to be removed.

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To innerCol.Count - 1

            Dim curBox As Box = CType(innerCol(i), Box)

            If New BoxSameDimensions().Equals(curBox, item) Then
                innerCol.RemoveAt(i)
                result = True
                Exit For
            End If
        Next
        Return result
    End Function
End Class

' Defines the enumerator for the Boxes collection.
' (Some prefer this class nested in the collection class.)
Public Class BoxEnumerator
    Implements IEnumerator(Of Box)
    Private _collection As BoxCollection
    Private curIndex As Integer
    Private curBox As Box


    Public Sub New(ByVal collection As BoxCollection)
        MyBase.New()
        _collection = collection
        curIndex = -1
        curBox = Nothing

    End Sub

    Private Property Box As Box
    Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).MoveNext
        curIndex = curIndex + 1
        If curIndex = _collection.Count Then
            ' Avoids going beyond the end of the collection.
            Return False
        Else
            'Set current box to next item in collection.
            curBox = _collection(curIndex)
        End If
        Return True
    End Function

    Public Sub Reset() _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Reset
        curIndex = -1
    End Sub

    Public Sub Dispose() _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Dispose

    End Sub

    Public ReadOnly Property Current() As Box _
        Implements IEnumerator(Of Box).Current

        Get
            If curBox Is Nothing Then
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End If

            Return curBox
        End Get
    End Property

    Private ReadOnly Property Current1() As Object _
        Implements IEnumerator.Current

        Get
            Return Me.Current
        End Get
    End Property
End Class

' Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same dimensions.
Public Class BoxSameDimensions
    Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If b1.Height = b2.Height And b1.Length = b2.Length And b1.Width = b2.Width Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class

' Defines two boxes as equal if they have the same volume.
Public Class BoxSameVol
    Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)

    Public Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If (b1.Height * b1.Length * b1.Width) _
            = (b2.Height * b2.Length * b2.Width) Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width
        Console.WriteLine("HC: {0}", hCode.GetHashCode())
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class


'  This code example displays the following output:
'  ================================================
'
'  A box with 10x4x6 dimensions was already added to the collection.
'
'  Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
'  10      4       6       46104728
'  4       6       10      12289376
'  6       10      4       43495525
'  12      8       10      55915408
'
'  Removing 6x10x4
'
'  Height  Length  Width   Hash Code
'  10      4       6       46104728
'  4       6       10      12289376
'  12      8       10      55915408
'
'  Contains 8x12x10 by dimensions: False
'  Contains 8x12x10 by volume: True
'

注解

ICollection<T> 接口是 System.Collections.Generic 命名空间中的类的基接口。The ICollection<T> interface is the base interface for classes in the System.Collections.Generic namespace.

ICollection<T> 接口扩展 IEnumerable<T>;IDictionary<TKey,TValue>IList<T> 是扩展 ICollection<T>的专用接口。The ICollection<T> interface extends IEnumerable<T>; IDictionary<TKey,TValue> and IList<T> are more specialized interfaces that extend ICollection<T>. IDictionary<TKey,TValue> 实现是键/值对的集合,如 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 类。A IDictionary<TKey,TValue> implementation is a collection of key/value pairs, like the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class. IList<T> 实现是值的集合,并且可以按索引(如 List<T> 类)访问其成员。A IList<T> implementation is a collection of values, and its members can be accessed by index, like the List<T> class.

如果 IDictionary<TKey,TValue> 接口和 IList<T> 接口都不满足所需集合的要求,则改为从 ICollection<T> 接口派生新的集合类,以便获得更大的灵活性。If neither the IDictionary<TKey,TValue> interface nor the IList<T> interface meet the requirements of the required collection, derive the new collection class from the ICollection<T> interface instead for more flexibility.

属性

Count

获取 ICollection<T> 中包含的元素数。Gets the number of elements contained in the ICollection<T>.

IsReadOnly

获取一个值,用于指示 ICollection<T> 是否为只读。Gets a value indicating whether the ICollection<T> is read-only.

方法

Add(T)

将某项添加到 ICollection<T> 中。Adds an item to the ICollection<T>.

Clear()

ICollection<T> 中移除所有项。Removes all items from the ICollection<T>.

Contains(T)

确定 ICollection<T> 是否包含特定值。Determines whether the ICollection<T> contains a specific value.

CopyTo(T[], Int32)

从特定的 ICollection<T> 索引开始,将 Array 的元素复制到一个 Array 中。Copies the elements of the ICollection<T> to an Array, starting at a particular Array index.

GetEnumerator()

返回循环访问集合的枚举器。Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.

(继承自 IEnumerable)
Remove(T)

ICollection<T> 中移除特定对象的第一个匹配项。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the ICollection<T>.

扩展方法

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

从指定的集合创建一个不可变数组。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

通过向源键应用转换函数,从现有元素集合构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于对序列进行某种形式的转换来构造一个不可变字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变哈希集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变哈希集,并为集类型使用指定的相等性比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变列表。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

枚举并转换序列,然后使用指定的键和值比较器生成其内容的不可变排序字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

枚举序列,并生成其内容的不可变排序集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

枚举序列,生成其内容的不可变排序集,并使用指定的比较器。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在给定其泛型参数 DataTableDataRow 的输入 IEnumerable<T> 对象的情况下,返回包含 T 对象副本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

在给定其泛型参数 DataRowDataTable 的输入 IEnumerable<T> 对象的情况下,将 T 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

在给定其泛型参数 DataRowDataTable 的输入 IEnumerable<T> 对象的情况下,将 T 对象复制到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器初始值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

对序列应用累加器函数。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 将指定的种子值用作累加器的初始值,并使用指定的函数选择结果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中的所有元素是否都满足条件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

确定序列是否包含任何元素。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

确定序列中是否存在任意一个元素满足条件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

将一个值追加到序列末尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回类型化为 IEnumerable<T> 的输入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的平均值,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的元素强制转换为指定的类型。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

连接两个序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

通过使用默认的相等比较器确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 确定序列是否包含指定的元素。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的元素数量。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示在指定的序列中满足条件的元素数量的数字。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的类型参数的默认值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

返回指定序列中的元素;如果序列为空,则返回单一实例集合中的指定值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,返回序列中的非重复元素。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回序列中指定索引处的元素;如果索引超出范围,则返回默认值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的差集。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的第一个元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的第一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的第一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组中的元素进行投影。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 通过使用比较器对键进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键进行比较。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数对序列中的元素进行分组,并且从每个组及其键中创建结果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 通过使用指定的比较器对键值进行比较,并且通过使用指定的函数对每个组的元素进行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于键值等同性对两个序列的元素进行关联,并对结果进行分组。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对值进行比较,生成两个序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用默认的相等比较器对键进行比较。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

基于匹配键对两个序列的元素进行关联。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 对键进行比较。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的最后一个元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的最后一个元素;如果序列中不包含任何元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足条件的最后一个元素;如果未找到这样的元素,则返回默认值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回表示序列中元素总数的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回表示序列中满足条件的元素的数量的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最大结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回可以为 null 的最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

对序列中的每个元素调用转换函数,并返回最小结果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根据指定类型筛选 IEnumerable 的元素。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按升序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据键按降序对序列的元素进行排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比较器按降序对序列的元素排序。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

向序列的开头添加值。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反转序列中元素的顺序。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

将序列中的每个元素投影到新表单。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

通过合并元素的索引,将序列的每个元素投影到新窗体中。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T> 并将结果序列合并为一个序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的投影表。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

将序列的每个元素投影到 IEnumerable<T>,并将结果序列合并为一个序列,并对其中每个元素调用结果选择器函数。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 每个源元素的索引用于该元素的中间投影表。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用相应类型的默认相等比较器对序列的元素进行比较,以确定两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 来比较两个序列的元素,以确定这两个序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列的唯一元素;如果该序列并非恰好包含一个元素,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果有多个这样的元素存在,则会引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

返回序列中的唯一元素;如果该序列为空,则返回默认值;如果该序列包含多个元素,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

返回序列中满足指定条件的唯一元素;如果这类元素不存在,则返回默认值;如果有多个元素满足该条件,此方法将引发异常。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

跳过序列中指定数量的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 source 中的元素,但省略了源集合中的 count 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

如果指定的条件为 true,则跳过序列中的元素,然后返回剩余的元素。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

计算 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

计算 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

计算 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

计算 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Decimal 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Double 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int32 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Int64 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

计算可以为 null 的 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

计算 Single 值序列的总和,这些值可通过对输入序列中的每个元素调用转换函数获得。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

从序列的开头返回指定数量的相邻元素。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

返回一个新的可枚举集合,它包含 count 中的最后 source 个元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的条件为 true,就会返回序列的元素。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用元素的索引。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 中创建数组。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用 comparer 通过 IEnumerable<T> 创建 HashSet<T>,以用于比较键。Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数和键比较器,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根据指定的键选择器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根据指定的键选择器函数、比较器和元素选择器函数,从 IEnumerable<T> 创建一个 Lookup<TKey,TElement>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

通过使用默认的相等比较器,生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

通过使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 生成两个序列的并集。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

基于谓词筛选值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 将在谓词函数的逻辑中使用每个元素的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

使用两个指定序列中的元素生成元组序列。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

将指定函数应用于两个序列的对应元素,以生成结果序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

启用查询的并行化。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 转换为 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

将泛型 IEnumerable<T> 转换为泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个节点的上级。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子代节点的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回经过筛选的元素集合,其中包含源集合中每个元素和文档的子代元素。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个元素和文档的子元素的集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

返回源集合中经过筛选的每个元素和文档的子元素集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中仅包括具有匹配 XName 的元素。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回节点集合(其中包含源集合中的所有节点),并按文档顺序排列。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

返回源集合中每个文档和元素的子节点集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

将源集合中的每个节点从其父节点中移除。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

适用于

另请参阅